Feminism and Black Womanist Identity

Alexander-Floyd, Nikol G. “Theorizing Race and Gender in Black Studies: Reflections on Recent Examinations of Black Political Leadership.” International Journal of Africana Studies 9 (Spring 2003) 57-74.

Anderson, Victor. Beyond Ontological Blackness: An Essay on African American Religious and Cultural Criticism. New York: Continuum, 1999. 180 p.

Ashford, Tomeiko. “Daughters of Zion Spiritual Power in Black Womanist Narrative.” Ph.D. Thesis, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2000.

Bates, Geraline Washington. “Womanist Aesthetic Theory: Building a Black Feminist Literary Critical Tradition, 1892-1994.” Ph.D. Thesis, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, 1997.

Beauboeuf-Lafontant, Tamara. “Keeping Up Appearances, Getting Fed Up: The Embodiment of Strength among African American Women.” Meridians 2005 5(2): 104-123.

Bell, Bernard W. “Beloved: A Womanist Neo-Slave Narrative; or, Multivocal Remembrances of Things Past.” In Solomon, Barbara H., ed. Critical essays on Toni Morrison’s Beloved. New York: G.K. Hall, 1998. 308 p.

Brogan, Jacqueline Vaught. “From Warrior to Womanist: The Development of June Jordan’s Poetry.” In Reesman, Jeanne Campbell, ed. Speaking the Other Self: American Women Writers. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1997. 312 p.

Brown, Elsa Barkley. “Womanist Consciousness: Maggie Lena Walker and the Independent Order of Saint Luke.” Signs 14 (1989): 610-633. Reprinted in Malson, Micheline R., ed. Black Women in America: Social Science Perspectives. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990. 340 p.

Burrow, Rufus, Jr. “Enter Womanist Theology and Ethics.” Western Journal of Black Studies 22 (1998): 19-29.

Bynoe, Linda Turner. “African American Blues Women’s Contribution to Womanist Theory: An Ethnographic Educational Study.” Ph.D. Thesis, University of San Francisco, 1996.

Calhoun-Brown, Allison. “No Respect of Persons? Religion, Churches and Gender Issues in the African American Community.” Women & Politics 20 (1999): 27-44.

Cannon, Katie G. Black Womanist Ethics. Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1988. 183 p.

_____. Katie’s Canon: Womanism and the Soul of the Black Community. New York: Continuum, 1995. 191 p.

_____. “Womanist Perspectival Discourse and Canon Formation + Identification of Critical Contestable Issues in African-American Womens Literary Tradition as a Coherent Representation of Black Existence in Contemporary Society.” Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion 9 (Spring-Fall 1993): 29-37.

Carlton-LaNey, Iris. “Elizabeth Ross Haynes: An African American Reformer of Womanist Consciousness, 1908-1940.” Social Work 42 (November 1997): 573-83.

Carr-Hamilton, Jacqueline D. “Motherwit in Southern Religion: A Womanist Perspective.” In Johnson, Alonzo and Paul T. Jersild, eds. Ain’t Gonna Lay My ‘ligion Down: African American Religion in the South. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1996. 141 p.

Carstarphen, Meta G. “Gettin’ Real Love: Waiting to Exhale and Film Representations of Womanist Identity.” In Meyers, Marian, ed. Mediated Women: Representations in Popular Culture. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press, 1999. 428 p.

Childress, Paulette. “A Womanist Social Protest Tradition in Twentieth Century African American Literature: Fiction by Marita Bonner, Ann Petry, Dorothy West, and Gwendolyn Brooks.” Ph.D. Thesis, Wayne State University, 1998.

Coleman, Monica A. “Speak Out.” African American Pulpit 8 (Summer 2005): 73-77.

Crawford, A. Elaine. “From Victim to Vessel: Prolegomena to a Womanist Theology of Hope.” Ph.D. Thesis, Union Theological Seminary and Presbyterian School, 1999.

Crooms, Lisa A. “‘To Establish My Legitimate Name Inside the Consciousness of Strangers’: Critical Race Praxis, Progressive Women-of-Color Theorizing, and Human Rights.” Howard Law Journal 46 (Winter 2003): 229-268.

Crosby, Nandi S. “Black Feminist Praxis: (Re)Visioning Sexism, Solidarity, and Social Movement.” International Journal of Africana Studies 10 (Spring 2004): 92+

Davis, Olga Idriss. “In the Kitchen: Transforming the Academy through Safe Spaces of Resistance.” Western Journal of Communication 63 (Summer 1999): 364-381.

Eugene, Toinette M. “Moral Values and Black Womanists.” In Kelly, William J , ed. Black Catholic Theology: A Sourcebook: Readings in the Black Catholic Religious Experience in the United States. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2000. 396 p.

_____. “There is a Balm in Gilead: Black Women and the Black Church as Agents of a Therapeutic Community.” Women & Therapy 16 (1995): 55-71.

Floyd-Thomas, Stacey M. “A Womanist Model for Black Leadership.” International Journal of Africana Studies 9 (Spring 2003): 1-26.

Ford, Theresa. “The Influence of Womanist Identity on the Development of Eating Disorders and Depression in African American Female College Students.” Ph.D. Thesis, College of William and Mary, 2000.

Gilkes, Cheryl. If It Wasn’t for the Women– : Black Women’s Experience and Womanist Culture in Church and Community. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2001. 253 p.

Gillespie, Carmen Renee. “Visions of the Goddess: Self-Affirmation and Contemporary African-American Women Writers: A Womanist Reading.” Ph.D. Thesis, Emory University, 1991.

Grant, Jacquelyn. “Servanthood Revisited: Womanist Explorations of Servanthood Theology.” In Hopkins, Dwight N., ed. Black Faith and Public Talk: Critical Essays on James H. Cone’s Black Theology and Black Power. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1999. 262 p.

_____. “Womanist Jesus and the Mutual Struggle for Liberation.” Copher, Charles B., Randall C. Bailey and Jacquelyn Grant, eds. The Recovery of Black Presence: An Interdisciplinary Exploration: Essays in Honor of Dr. Charles B. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1995. 250 p.

_____, ed. Perspectives on Womanist Theology. Atlanta, GA: The ITC Press, 1995. 278 p. Also published as a special issue of the Journal of the Interdenominational Theological Center, volume XXII, number 2, Spring 1995.

Hargrove, Lisa Paler. “Racial Identity, Womanist Identity, and Body Image Attitudes: An Examination of the Intersection of Identities in Black Women.” Ph.D. Thesis, University of Maryland, 1999.

Hayes, Diana L. “And Still We Rise; Feminist Theology, Womanist Theology: A Black Catholic Perspective.” In Kelly, William J., ed. Black Catholic Theology: A Sourcebook: Readings in the Black Catholic Religious Experience in the United States. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2000. 396 p.

_____. Hagar’s Daughters: Womanist Ways of Being in the World. New York: Paulist Press, 1995. 67p.

Haywood, Chanta M. “Prophesying Daughters: Nineteenth-Century Black Women Preachers, Religious Conviction and Resistance.” Ph.D. Thesis, University of California, San Diego, 1995.

Hunter, Rhashell D. “Homiletic Method: PREACHING AS TESTIMONY: African American Womanist Preaching.” African American Pulpit 6 (Winter 2002-2003): 14-17.

Irving, Toni. “‘Discipline & Punish’: Sexuality and Citizenship in the Third Wave.” Special Section. Black Renaissance 6 (Fall 2004): 26-107.

Karim, Jamillah. “Through Sunni Women’s Eyes: Black Feminism and the Nation of Islam.” Souls 8 (Fall 2006): 19-30.

Mitchem, Stephanie Y. “Getting Off the Cross: African American Women, Health, and Salvation.” Ph.D. Thesis, Northwestern University, 1998.

Mori, Aoi. Toni Morrison and Womanist Discourse. New York: P. Lang, 1999. 165 p.

Phillips, Julia. “Toward Integrating Feminist and Multicultural Pedagogies.” Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development 32 (2004): 414.

Phillips, Layli, Kerri Reddick-Morgan, and Dionne Patricia Stephens. “Oppositional Consciousness within an Oppositional Realm: The Case of Feminism and Womanism in Rap and Hip Hop, 1976-2004.” Journal of African American History 90 (Summer 2005): 253-277.

Poindexter-Cameron, Jan M. and Tracy L. Robinson. “Relationships among Racial Identity Attitudes, Womanist Identity Attitudes, and Self-Esteem in African American College Women.” Journal of College Student Development 38 (May-June 1997): 288-296.

Powell, Annie Ruth. “A Womanist Critique of Black Churches’ Portrait of Jesus.” Ph. D. Thesis, Union Theological Seminary, 1995.

Riggs, Marcia. Awake, Arise, & Act: A Womanist Call for Black Liberation. Cleveland, OH: Pilgrim Press, 1994. 149 p.

Royster, Jacqueline Jones. “A View from a Bridge: Afrafeminist Ideologies and Rhetorical Studies.” In Traces of a Stream: Literacy and Social Change among African American Women. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2000. 333 p.

Sherman, Charlotte Watson. Sisterfire: Black Womanist Fiction and Poetry. London: Women’s Press, 1995. 378 p.

Stephens, Dionne. “Putting Sisters in the Center: Using Womanist Theory and Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model of Human Development to Examine Young African-American Women’s Sexual Education Processes.” Abafazi 10 (2000): 59-71.

Taylor, Wilma L. “Theology: Black Women’s Experience as Paradigm for Inclusion in the Life of Black Theology and the African Methodist Episcopal Church.” A.M.E. Church Review 120 (April-June 2004): 61-75.

Thompson, Dorothy Perry. “Africana Womanist Revision in Gloria Naylor’s Mama Day and Bailey’s Cafe.” In Kelley, Margot Anne, ed. Gloria Naylor’s Early Novels. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1999. 168 p.

Townes, Emilie Maureen. In a Blaze of Glory: Womanist Spirituality as Social Witness. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1995. 160 p.

_____, ed. Embracing the Spirit: Womanist Perspectives on Hope, Salvation, and Transformation. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1997. 300 p.

Tylee, Claire. “Womanist Propaganda, African-American Great War Experience, and Cultural Strategies of the Harlem Renaissance: Plays by Alice Dunbar-Nelson and Mary P. Burrill.” Women’s Studies International Forum 20 (January 1997): 153-163.

Watt, Sherry Kay. “Identity and the Making of Meaning: Psychosocial Identity, Racial Identity, Womanist Identity, Self-Esteem, and the Faith Development of African American College Women.” Ph.D. Thesis, North Carolina State University, 1997.

West, Carolyn M. “‘Feminism is a Black Thing’? Feminist Contributions to Black Family Life.” State of Black America (2003): 13-27.

Williams, Carmen. “African American Women, Afrocentrism and Feminism: Implications for Therapy.” Women & Therapy 22 (2000): 1-16.

Williams, Sherley Anne. “Some Implications of Womanist Theory.” In Gates, Henry Louis, Jr., ed. Reading Black, Reading Feminist: A Critical Anthology. New York: Meridian Book, 1990. 534 p. Reprinted in Napier, Winston, ed. African American Literary Theory: A Reader. New York: New York University Press, 2000. 730 p.

Winters, Marion Yvonne. “African Ancestral Womanist Pedagogy, Elder Women’s Perspectives: Application in the Education of African American Adolescent Girls.” Ph.D. Thesis, University of San Francisco, 2000.

Young-Minor, Ethel A. “To Redeem Her Body”: Performing Womanist Liberation.” Ph.D. Thesis, Bowling Green State University, 1997.