Hip Hop Culture

Alridge, Derrick P. “From Civil Rights to Hip Hop: Toward a Nexus of Ideas.” Journal of African American History 90 (Summer 2005): 226-252.

Aldridge, Derrick P. and James B. Stewart. “Introduction: Hip Hop in History: Past, Present, and Future.” Journal of African American History 90 (Summer 2005): 190-195.

Baker, Houston A., Jr. “Beyond Artifacts: Cultural Studies and the New Hybridity of Rap.” In Ezell, Margaret J. M. and Katherine O’Brien O’Keefee, eds. Cultural Artifacts and the Production of Meaning: The Page, the Image, and the Body. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1994. 252 p.

Baldwin, Davarian L. “Black Empires, White Desires: The Spatial Politics of Identity in the Age of Hip Hop.” Black Renaissance/Renaissance Noir 2 (Summer 1999): 138-159.

Bartlett, Andrew. “Airshafts, Loudspeakers, and the Hip Hop Sample: Contexts and African American Musical Aesthetics.” African American Review 28 (1994): 639-652.

Berry, Venise T. “Rap Music, Self Concept and Low Income Black Adolescents.” Popular Music and Society 14 (1990): 89-107.

Binder, Amy. “Constructing Racial Rhetoric: Media Depictions of Harm in Heavy Metal and Rap Music.” American Sociological Review 58 (1993): 753-767.

Blair, M. Elizabeth. “Commercialization of the Rap Music Youth Subculture.” Journal of Popular Culture 1993 27 (3): 21-33.

Boyd, Todd.  Am I Black Enough for You?: Popular Culture from the ‘Hood and Beyond. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1997.

_____. The New H.N.I.C. (Head Niggas in Charge): The Death of Civil Rights and the Reign of Hip Hop.  New York: New York University Press, 2002. 169 p.

Chang, Jeff. Can’t Stop, Won’t Stop: A History Of The Hip-hop Generation. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2005. 546p.

_____. “Race, Class, Conflict and Empowerment: On Ice Cube’s ‘Black Korea’.” Amerasia Journal 19 (1993): 87-107.

Charnas, Dan.  The Big Payback: The History of the Business of Hip-Hop. New York: New American Library, 2010.  660p.

Cherry, Myisha V. “It’s Time We do a Collabo.” African American Pulput 10 (Winter 2006-2007): 36-40.

Cross, Brian. It’s Not about a Salary– :  Rap, Race, and Resistance in Los Angeles. New York: Verso, 1994. 335 p.

D., Chuck with Yusaf Jah. Fight the Power: Rap, Race, and Reality. New York: Delacorte Press,c1997. 274 p.

Dagbovie, Pero Gaglo. “‘Of All our Studies, History is Best Qualified to Reward our Research.’ Black History’s Relevance to the Hip Hop Generation.” Journal of African American History 90 (Summer 2005): 299-323.

Dixon, Wheeler Wilson. “Urban Black American Music in the Late 1980s: The ‘Word’ as Cultural Signifier.” Midwest Quarterly 30(1989): 229-241.

Dyson, Michael Eric. Between God and Gangsta Rap: Bearing Witness to Black Culture. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996. 218 p.

_____. Holler If You Hear Me: Searching for Tupac Shakur. New York: Basic Civitas Books, 2001.  292 p.

Forman, Murray. “Movin’ Closer to an Independent Funk: Black Feminist Theory, Standpoint, and Women in Rap.” Women’s Studies 23 (January 1994): 35+

_____. “The ‘Hood Comes First’: Race, Space, and Place in Rap Music and Hip Hop, 1978-1996.” Ph.D. Thesis, McGill University, 1997. 390 p.

Gaunt, Kyra D. “Translating Double-Dutch to Hip-Hop: The Musical Vernacular of Black Girls Play.” In Adjaye, Joseph K. and Adrianne R. Andrews, eds.  Language, Rhythm, and Sound: Black Popular Cultures into the Twenty-First Century. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1997.

George, Nelson. Hip Hop America. New York: Viking, 1998. 226 p.

Gibbs, Melvin. “ThugGods: Spiritual Darkness and Hip-Hop.”  In Tate, Greg, ed. Everything but the Burden: What White People are Taking from Black Culture. New York: Broadway Books, 2003. .

Gladney, Marvin J. “The Black Arts Movement and Hip-Hop.” African American Review 29 (Summer 1995): 291-301.

Gray, Jonathan W.  “I’ll be Forever Mackin’: The Social Construction of Black Masculine Identity in Hip Hop’s Platinum Age.”  In Juan Battle and Sandra Barnes, eds.  Black Sexualities: Probing Powers, Passions, Practices, and Policies.  New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2010, chapter 19.

Hall, Perry A. “Hip Hop and the Black Studies Canon”. International Journal of Africana Studies 2010 16 (1): 13-41.

Hamilton, Kendra. “Making Some Noise: The Academy’s Hip-Hop Generation.” Black Issues in Higher Education 21 (April 22, 2004): 34-35.

Harvey, Bonita Michelle.  “Perceptions of Young African-American Males about Rap Music and Its Impact on Their Attitudes Toward Women.”  Ph.D. Thesis, University of Massachusetts Amherst, 1999.

Henderson, Errol A. “Black Nationalism and Rap Music.” Journal of Black Studies 1996 26(3): 308-339.

Hikes, Zenobia L. “Hip-Hop Viewed Through the Prisms of Race and Gender.” Black Issues in Higher Education 21 (August 12, 2004): 66.

Hill, Kamasi C. “Voices of Resistance: An Analysis of the Relationship Between the Spirituals & Hip Hop Music.” A.M.E. Church Review 120 (October-December 2004): 51-64.

Hinds, Selwyn Seyfu. “About Time: Hip-Hop: A Gift Or A Curse?” Savoy 1 (February 2005): 26-28.

Jenkins, Toby S. “A Beautiful Mind: Black Male Intellectual Identity and Hip-Hop Culture.” Journal of Black Studies 42(November 2011): 1231-1251.

Keeling, Kara. “‘A Homegrown Revolutionary?’ Tupac Shakur and the Legacy of the Black Panther Party.” Black Scholar 1999 29(2-3): 59-63.

Keyes, Cheryl L. “Empowering Self, Making Choices, Creating Spaces: Black Female Identity via Rap Music Performance.” Journal of American Folklore 113(2000): 255-269.

_____. Rap Music and Street Consciousness. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2002. 302 p.

Kitwana, Bakari.  The Hip Hop Generation: Young Blacks and the Crisis in African American Culture.  New York: Basic Civitas Books, 2002.  230 p.

Krims, Adam. Rap Music and the Poetics of Identity.New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000. 217 p.

KRS-ONE. Ruminations.  New York: Welcome Rain Publishers, 2003. 263 p.

Kunjufu, Jawanza. Hip-Hop vs. MAAT: A Psycho/Social Analysis of Values. Chicago: African American Images, 1993. 151 p.

Kuwahara, Yasue.  “Power to the People Y’All: Rap Music, Resistance, and Black College Students.” Humanity and Society 16(1992): 54-73.

Lang, Clarence.  “The New Global and Urban Order: Legacies for the ‘Hip-Hop Generation’.” Race & Society 3 (2000): 111-142.

Light, Alan, ed. The Vibe History of Hip Hop. New York: Three Rivers Press, 1999. 418 p.

Livingston, Samuel Thomas. “The Ideological and Philosophical Influence of the Nation of Islam on Hip-Hop Culture.” Ph.D. Thesis, Temple University, 1998. 242 p.

Lunine, Brij David.  “Genocide ‘n’ Juice: Reading the Postcolonial Discourses in Hip-Hop Culture.” In King, C. Richard, ed. Postcolonial America. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2000. 361 p.

Lusane, Clarence. “Rap, Race, and Politics.” Race & Class 35 (1993): 41-56.

McDonnell, Judith. “Rap Music: Its Role as an Agent of Change.” Popular Music and Society 16 (1992): 89-107.

McFarland, Pancho. “Chicano Rap Roots: Black-Brown Cultural Exchange and the Making of a Genre.” Callaloo 29 (Summer 2006): 939

McLeod, Kembrew. “Authenticity within Hip-Hop and other Cultures Threatened with Assimilation.” Journal of Communication 49 (1999): 134-150.

Martinez, Theresa.  “Popular Culture: Rap as Resistance.” Sociological Perspectives 40 (1997): 265-286.

Morgan, Joan. “Fly-Girls, Bitches, and Hoes: Notes of a Hip-Hop Feminist.” Social Text 14 (Winter 1995): 151-57.

Morgan, Marcyliena. “Hip-Hop Women Shredding the Veil: Race and Class in Popular Feminist Identity.” South Atlantic Quarterly 104, no. 3 (Summer2005 2005): 425-444

Mtume ya Salaam. “The Aesthetics of Rap.” African American Review 29 (1995): 303-315.

Muhammad, Jesse. “Hip Hoppers Urged to Reclaim Culture from Exploiters.” The Final Call 23 (14 October 2003): 37-38.

Murray, Derek Conrad and Soraya Murray. “A Rising Generation and the Pleasures of Freedom.” In Post-Black, Post-Soul, or Hip-Hop Iconography-Defining a New Aesthetics, special issue, International Review of African American Art 2005 20 (2): 2-11.

Nelson, Angela M. S. “The Persistence of Ethnicity in African American Popular Music: A Theology of Rap Music.” Explorations in Ethnic Studies 1992 15(1): 47-57.

_____., ed. ‘This Is How We Flow’: Rhythm in Black Cultures. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1999. 160 p.

Niesel, Jeff. “Hip-Hop Matters: Rewriting the Sexual Politics of Rap Music.” In Heywood, Leslie, and Jennifer Drake, eds. Third Wave Agenda: Being Feminist, Doing Feminism. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1997. 268 p.

Ogbar, Jeffrey O. G. “Slouching Toward Bork: The Culture Wars and Self-Criticism in Hip-Hop Music.” Journal of Black Studies 30 (1999): 164-183.

Osumare, Halifu. “African Aesthetics, American Culture: Hip Hop in the Global Era.” Ph.D. Thesis, U. of Hawaii 1999. 475 p.

Perkins, William Eric, ed. Droppin’ Science: Critical Essays on Rap Music and Hip Hop Culture. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1996. 276 p.

Petchauer, Emery Marc.  “Welcome to the underground”: Portraits of worldview and education among hip-hop collegians.”  Ph.D. Thesis, Regent University, 2007.  326 p.

Phillips, Layli, Kerri Reddick-Morgan and Dionne Patricia Stephens. “Oppositional Consciousness within an Oppositional Realm: The Cast of Feminism and Womanism in Rap and Hip Hop, 1976-2004.” Journal of African American History 90 (Summer 2005): 253-277.

Pinn, Anthony. “‘Gettin’ Grown’: Note on Gangsta Rap Music and Notions of Manhood.” Journal of African American Men 2 (1996): 61-73.

_____. “‘How Ya Livin’?’: Notes on Rap Music and Social Transformation.” Western Journal of Black Studies 23 (1999): 10-21.

Potter, Russell A. Spectacular Vernaculars: Hip-Hop and the Politics of Postmodernism. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1995. 197 p.

Quinn, Michael. “‘Never Shoulda been Let out of the Penitentiary’: Gangsta Rap and the Struggle over Racial Identity.” Cultural Critique 34 (Fall 1996): 65-89.

Rabaka, Reiland.  Hip Hop’s Amnesia: From Blues and the Black Women’s Club Movement to Rap and the Hip Hop Movement. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2012. 354p.

_____.  Hip Hop’s Inheritance: From the Harlem Renaissance to the Hip Hop Feminist Movement. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2011. 284p.

Ratcliff, Anthony. “The Crisis of the Hip Hop Intellectual”. International Journal of Africana Studies 2010 16 (1): 195-220.

Ro, Ronin. Gangsta: Merchandizing the Rhymes of Violence. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1996. 194 p.

Roach, Ronald. “Decoding Hip-Hop’s Cultural Impact.” Black Issues in Higher Education 21 (April 22, 2004): 30-32.

Roberts, Robin. “‘Ladies First’: Queen Latifah’s Afrocentric Feminist Music Video.” In Black Women’s Culture, special issue, African American Review 28 (Summer 1994): 245-257.

Rose, Tricia.  Black Noise: Rap Music and Black Culture in Contemporary America.  Hanover, NH:  Wesleyan University Press, 1994.  237 p.

_____.  “‘Fear of a Black Planet’: Rap Music and Black Cultural Politics in the 1990s.” Journal of Negro Education 60 (1991): 276-290.

Rose-Robinson, Sia. “A Qualitative Analysis of Hardcore and Gangsta Rap Lyrics: 1985-1995.” Ph.D. Thesis, Howard U. 1999. 181 p.

Schloss, Joseph G. “‘Like Old Folk Songs Handed Down from Generation to Generation’: History, Canon, and Community in B-boy Culture.” Ethnomusicology 50 (Fall 2006): 411-432.

Sexton, Adam, ed. Rap on Rap: Straight-Up Talk on Hip-Hop Culture. New York: Delta, 1995. 270 p.

Shank, Barry. “Fears of the White Unconscious: Music, Race, and Identification in the Censorship of ‘Cop Killer’.” Radical History Review 66 (1996): 124-145.

Sharpley-Whiting, T.  Denean.  Pimps Up, Ho’s Down: Hip Hop’s Hold On Young Black Women.  New York: New York University Press, 2007.  187p.

Shaw, William. Westside: Young Men and Hip Hop in L.A. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2000. 332 p.

Shelton, Marla L. “Can’t Touch This! Representations of the African American Female Body in Urban Rap Videos.”  Popular Music and Society 21 (Fall 1997): 107-116.

Slovenz, Madeline. “‘Rock the House’: The Aesthetic Dimensions of Rap Music in New York City.” New York Folklore 14 (1998): 151-163.

Smith, Christopher Holmes. “Method in the Madness: Exploring the Boundaries of Identity in Hip-Hop Performativity.”  Social Identities 3 (October 1997): 345-374.

Sorett, Josef. “Beats, Rhymes, and Bibles: An Introduction to Gospel Hip Hop.” African American Pulpit 10 (Winter 2006-2007): 12-16.

Spady, James G., Charles G. Lee and H. Samy Alim. Street Conscious Rap. Philadelphia, PA.: Black History Museum Umum/Loh Pub., 1999. 568 p.

Stanford, Karin L. and Ronald J. Stephens “More than Just Rap Music: Hip Hop Education, Pedagogy and Scholarship in the Academy”. International Journal of Africana Studies 16 (1): 1-12.

Stephens, Ronald Jemal. “Keepin’ It Real: Towards an Afrocentric Aesthetic Analysis of Rap Music and Hip-Hop Subculture.” Ph.D. Thesis, Temple University, 1996. 389 p.

Stoute, Steve.  The Tanning of America: How Hip-Hop Created a Culture that Rewrote the Rules of the New Economy.  New York: Gotham Books, 2011. 290p.

Suddreth, Courtney B.  “Hip-hop Dress and Identity: A Qualitative Study of Music, Materialism, and Meaning.”  Ph.D. Thesis, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 2009.  136p.

Sullivan, Rachel E. “Rap and Race: It’s got a Nice Beat, But What About the Message?” Journal of Black Studies 33 (May 2003): 605-622.

Walcott, Rinaldo Wayne. “Performing the Postmodern: Black Atlantic Rap and Identity in North America.” Ph.D. Thesis, University of Toronto, 1996. 266 p.

Washington, Michele Y. “Shaping the New Language of Visual Culture.” International Review of African American Art 2005 20(2): 12-15.

Watkins, S. Craig. Representing: Hip Hop Culture and the Production of Black Cinema. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998. 314 p.

Watts, Eric King. “Reconstituting `the Message’: An Exploration of Double Consciousness in Rap Artistry.” Ph. D. Thesis, Northwestern University, 1995. 261 p.

Williams, Frank Douglas. “Rap Music in Society.” Ph. D. Thesis, University of Florida, 1995. 336 p.

Williams, Matthew W. “Notes from a Hip Hop Preacher.” African American Pulpit 10 (Winter 2006-2007): 18-21.

Willis, Andre. “A Womanist Turn on the Hip-Hop Theme: Leslie Harris’s Just Another Girl on the IRT.” In Adjaye, Joseph K. and Adrianne R. Andrews, eds. Language, Rhythm, and Sound: Black Popular Cultures into the Twenty-First Century. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1997. 324 p.

Yasin, Jon A. “Rap in the African-American Music Tradition: Cultural Assertion and Continuity.” In Spears, Arthur K., ed. Race and Ideology: Language, Symbolism, and Popular Culture. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1999.

Zook, Kristal Brent.  “Reconstructions of Nationalist Thought in Black Music.” In Dines, Gail and Jean Humez eds. Gender, Race, and Class in Media. Thousands Oaks: Sage Publications, 1995.