(Update: This resource is no longer available online.)
- FORMIS: A Master Bibliography of Ant Literature. Porter, Sanford D. and Cesare Baroni Urbani. Gainesville, FL: USDA, ARS, CMAVE, 1999- .
The database is a composite of several ant literature indexes, including UCD Ant Literature Database, Biblio Fourmis, Baroni Urbani Bibliography, references from AGRICOLA, and citations from Hölldobler and Wilson's The Ants. It contained about 30,000 references at the time of viewing. It can be searched on the Web or downloaded in EndNote format for PCs or Macs.
- Sakai Literature. Haas, Fabian.
Sakai's massive Dermapterorum Catalogus and its continuation, Forficula, gather together most of the world literature of the Dermaptera. However, there is no overall index for the 30-plus volumes in the series, so this database was created. It provides author, year, title and keyword(s) of the articles in the various volumes. At the time of viewing, it was incomplete, containing only records from volumes 10, 11, 12, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31 of Dermapterorum Catalogus and volumes 1 to 6 of Forficula. Link does not work at the present time.
- Nomina auctorum: Auflösung von Abkürzungen taxonomischer Autoren-Namen. Schmitt, Michael, Heike Hübner, and Reinhard Gaedike. Berlin: Wiley-VCH, 1998. 189 p. (Nova supplementa entomologica, Heft 11). ISSN 0948-6038.
According to the International Code on Zoological Nomenclature, zoologists should cite the original author who described a species or genus without abbreviating the name, but in past years names were often abbreviated. Volume 1 of this set lists 4.687 abbreviations and gives the full names of the authors, while volume 2 lists 3.533 authors with birth and death dates along with the abbreviations used for their names and their taxonomic specialties. The Web site contains the full text of the printed volumes. (Update: This resource is no longer available online.)
- Biosystematic Database of World Diptera. Thompson, F. C., ed. Washington, DC: Systematic Entomology Laboratory, ARS, USDA, Honolulu, Hawaii; B. Bishop Museum, 1998.
The database provides names and information about world Diptera. It consists of four major parts, a Nomenclator listing valid and invalid names, the Species Database (under construction) providing information such as distribution, biological associates, and economic importance, a Reference database, and a selection of tools such as a directory of dipterologists and historical information (also under construction). The site also provides an outline of the family level classification used in the database.
- Checklist of Beetles of Canada and Alaska. Bousquet, Yves, ed. Ottawa, Canada: Agriculture Canada, 1991. 430 p. (Publication, Agriculture Canada, 1861/E). ISBN 0660137674.
This checklist covers all species and subspecies of beetles found in Canada and Alaska. Species names are arranged alphabetically within the genera, and include synonyms, distribution by province or region, and references to keys. Also available on this Web site. Link does not work at this moment.
- Checklist of the Collembola of the World. Bellinger, P.F., K.A. Christiansen, and F. Janssens. 1996-2001.
The site includes a great deal of information on the world's Collembola, including a bibliography, glossary of morphological terms, image gallery, classification, list of genera, list of keys to genera, and much more.
- A Checklist of the Insects of Subsaharan Africa. Washington, DC: National Museum of Natural History, Dept. of Systematic Biology, Entomology, 2000- .
This database is designed as an authoritative record of the over 10,000 species of insects known to occur in Subsaharan Africa. It is both printable and searchable by genus and species names. The site also includes a "Summary of Key Literature on Identification of Afrotropical Insects and Spiders". (Update: This resource is no longer available online.)
- Classification of the Class Scorpionida. Stockwell, Scott A. 1996.
This site is based on the author's 1989 Ph. D. dissertation, Revision of the Phylogeny and Higher Classification of Scorpions (Chelicerata). The author also provides links to other scorpion sites. This link is not accessible at the present moment.
- Common Names of Insects and Related Organisms. 4th ed. Committee on Common Names of Insects. Lanham, MD: Entomological Society of America, 1997. ISBN 0938522647.
This list provides official common names of 2,046 insects from the US. There are four sections: insects listed by common name, insects listed by scientific name, a hierarchical listing of names, and a final section listing vernacular equivalents for higher taxonomic groups. The list is updated on the society's Web page.
- Common Names of Insects in Canada (revised 1999). Belton, E. M. and D. C. Eidt. Entomological Society of Canada, 1999.
This list is based on Paul Benoit's Nomenclatura Insectorum Canadensium (5th ed.). The updated list is only available electronically, either on the Web or as a DOS zip file. English and French common names are included for each species, as well as scientific names and order and family names.
- Families and Subfamilies of Coleoptera. Coleopterists Society.
This site lists the higher-order taxonomy of the Coleoptera. It is based on J. F. Lawrence and A. F. Newton, Jr.'s "Families and subfamilies of Coleoptera (with selected genera, notes, references and data on family-group names)", pp. 779-1006 in Biology, Phylogeny, and Classification of Coleoptera: Papers Celebrating the 80th Birthday of Roy A. Crowson, 1995.
- Insects and Related Arthropods of North America. Opler, Paul A., coordinator. Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Home Page, 1999.
This site provides access to checklists of insects found at various parks, refuges, and management units within North America. At the time of viewing, only a few lists were provided but more are expected. Separate lists are provided for Lepidoptera and dragonflies.
- List of Odonata of the World. (2013 Version). Schorr, Martin, Martin Lindeboom, and Dennis Paulson.
An attempt to list all valid species of Odonata. It includes the author and year of description for all genera and species, plus synonyms for almost all North American, South American, Australian, and African species. At the time of viewing, synonyms for Eurasian species were still incomplete. Updates D. Allen Davies and Pamela Tobin's The Dragonflies of the World: A Systematic List of the Extant Species of Odonata.
- Mantophasmatodea: Gladiators. Zompro, Oliver.
Zompro is one of the original discoverers of this new order of insects. This Web site includes a bibliography and species list as well as information on keeping these insects in captivity.
- Mayfly Central. West Lafayette, IN: Department of Entomology, Purdue University.
The two main resources available at this site at the time of viewing were The Mayflies of North America and The Mayflies of Central America, two species lists maintained by researchers at Mayfly Central.
- Neotropical Leafhoppers Taxonomic Resource Page. Yepez, Fernando Francisco. Maracay, Venezuela: Museo del Instituto Agricola.
The site presents information on the neotropical leafhoppers. At the time of viewing, the only data available were species lists for the neotropical subfamilies, photographs of about 10 species, and links to other sites. In English, Spanish, and Portuguese. (Update: This resource is no longer available online.)
- New Entomological Taxa. Vol. 1- . Davis, CA: Scientific Reference Resources, 1999- . Monthly. ISSN 1525-2396.
An index of new taxa and nomenclature changes for insects, acarines, arachnids and myriapods, in addition to their parasites, pathogens, and symbionts. Both fossil and living species are included. The print version is available in eight separate taxonomic sections or as a combined set. Over 700 journals and book series are scanned for the index. At the time of viewing, records from Volume 1, number 5 were available on the Web. Publication of New Entomological Taxa has been discontinued. (Update: This resource is no longer available online.)
- Nomina Insecta Nearctica: A Check List of the Insects of North America. Rockville, MD: Entomological Information Services, 1996-97. 4 vols. plus CD-ROM.
This set provides a directory of scientific names applied to the insects of North America, including synonyms, homonyms, unavailable names, and misspellings. It is intended as a preliminary checklist. The CD-ROM consists of a database divided into three groups of tables: family names, generic names, and species names. The associated Web site provides a classification of the North American insects covered in the print volumes that serves as a table of contents to the individual checklists.
- North American Stonefly List. (February 16, 2001 version). Stark, Bill P. 1998.
The list contains 628 species of stoneflies found in North America. It is in systematic order and includes the state and provinces where each species is found.
- The Odonata of North America. Dragonfly Society of the Americas. 1998- .
This list is both a current North American checklist and a list of standard common names. The common names were originally established in 1978 and revised over the years by the members of the Common Names Committee of the society.
- Spiders of North America (North of Mexico). American Arachnological Society, Spiders of North America Check-list Committee.
Based on Platnick's Advances in Spider Taxonomy1992-1995 (see below), this site provides a list of valid names for the spiders of North America north of Mexico. Names are listed in alphabetic order within each family. The entries include synonymy and the states where the species are known to occur. The site also includes modern names for the spiders listed in three well-known older works: Kaston's Spiders of Connecticut, Kaston's How to Know the Spiders, and Emerton's Common Spiders of the United States. (Update: This resource is no longer available online.)
- A Synonymic List of the New World Odonata. (November 2003 Version). Garrison, Rosser W.
This page updates Garrison's "A synonymic list of the New World Odonata" published in Argia 3(2): 1-30, 1991.
- Trichoptera World Checklist. Trichoptera Checklist Coordinating Committee, International Symposia on Trichoptera.
Includes taxonomic hierarchy and searchable database of the names of living and fossil Trichoptera. The database can be searched by taxon/synonym, type country, and biogeographic regions, and records also list biogeographic region and notes.
- World Checklist of Extant Mecoptera Species. Penny, Norman D. California Academy of Sciences, 1997.
Provides an updated list of the world species of Mecoptera with references. Most species are listed with author and date of description and distribution. There are also a few photographs.
- World List of Marine, Freshwater and Terrestrial Isopod Crustaceans. Kensley, Brian, Marilyn Schotte, and Steve Schilling. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institute, 1996.
The taxonomy of the isopods is in a state of confusion, so this list is intended as a rough guide to the correct nomenclature. The list includes information on the classification, type locality, habitat/depth, original genus, and remarks for each taxon and can be searched or browsed. An extensive bibliography is also provided. As of the date of accession, 10,184 names were included in the list.
- The Torre-Bueno Glossary of Entomology, rev. ed. Torre-Bueno, J.R. de la, et al. New York: New York Entomological Society in cooperation with the American Museum of Natural History, 1989. 840 p. ISBN 0913424137.
This is a revised and expanded edition of Torre-Bueno's 1937 Glossary of Entomology, and includes the 1960 Supplement A by George S. Tulloch. The terms covered include systematic, descriptive, and general terms. The editors have also included an extensive list of references. A portion of the glossary dealing with social insects is available at the American Museum of Natural History's Social Insects Web site. (Update: This resource is no longer available online.)
- Arachnology Home Page: The Arachnological Hub of the World Wide Web. 1995- .
This site contains over 2,000 links arranged by order or subject. The links include sites from around the world in several different languages and are appropriate for both amateurs and arachnologists.
- Colorado State University Entomology. Bishop, Jason and Lou Bjostad. Fort Collins, CO: Colorado State University, 1994- .
According to the Web site, this was the first entomology site in the world, in existence since February 1994. The site provides an extensive list of sources in a number of categories, such as jobs, universities, publications, favorite readings, images, and movies.
- Electronic Resources on Lepidoptera: Butterflies and Moths. Majka, Christopher. 1996- .
This directory provides an extensive series of links dealing with Lepidoptera. The links are arranged alphabetically, by subject, and by geographical region and include both popular and research-oriented sites.
- The Entomology Index of Internet Resources. Van Dyke, John and L. B. Bjostad. Ames, IA: Iowa State University.
This excellent directory is arranged by subjects such as beekeeping, insect sounds, and pesticides and resource types such as bibliographies and newsgroups.
- Insect and Spider Collections of the World. Samuelson, Al and Neal Evenhuis.
Based on The Insect and Spider Collections of the World, 2nd edition, by R.H. Arnett, G.A. Samuelson and G.M. Nishida. The database can be searched by coden, location, or name and collections with Web sites are linked.
- NC State AgNIC Systematic Entomology: A Guide to Online Insect Systematic Resources.
The results of collaboration between North Carolina State University Libraries and the North Carolina State Department of Entomology, this site provides access to research and practical resources on the identification, classification, nomenclature, and evolution of insects and related arthropods. Links are organized into several categories, including North Carolina Resources, Educational Resources, Catalogues, Checklists, and Phylogenies, People and Places, Identification and Research Tools, and Electronic Publications. The site is an excellent source of information.
- Antbase. Agosti, Donat and Norman Johnson. American Museum of Natural History.
Antbase was created to provide free information on Hymenoptera. The center of the site is an updated list of species names, currently containing 11,006 species of ants. This "Hymenoptera Name Server" provides valid names, initial description, synonyms, and links to the "Hymenoptera On-Line" database. The database provides access to other information, such as images, citations, maps, online keys, links to databases such as GenBank, and more. Other resources available from AntBase include the FORMIS ant bibliography (see Indexes, above), the IUCN Red List for ants, the Ant Image database from Japan, and general information about ants. The site is the first of several planned to cover other social insects such as social wasps, bees, and termites.
- Butterflies of North America. (Version 12 DEC 2003). Opler, Paul A., Harry Pavulaan, and Ray E. Stanford, coordinators. Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Home Page, 1995.
A companion to Ferguson's Moths of North America web page, above, containing the same types of information.
- Coleoptera Home Page. Baptist, Vratislav R. E. M. J. Sydney, Australia: University of Sydney.
Gathers a variety of information of interest to coleopterists, including taxonomic databases, bibliographies, control information, and a wide variety of miscellaneous tips and websites. Amateurs and students will find much of interest as well, such as photographs, cartoons, biggest and smallest species, and more.
- Collecting and Preserving Insects and Mites: Techniques and Tools. Schauff, M. E., ed. Washington, DC: National Museum of Natural History.
An updated version of USDA Miscellaneous Publication 1443, this manual provides methods for collecting and preserving insects. It is designed for both amateurs and professional entomologists, and covers trapping, rearing, preserving, mounting, labeling, and shipping specimens.
- Crustacea.net: An Information Retrieval System for Crustaceans of the World. Lowry, J. K., Les Watling, and Matz Berggren, eds. Sydney: Australian Museum, 1999- .
This site provides a variety of information on the crustaceans of the world, including keys, morphological descriptions, glossaries of morphological terminology, current family level lists, and links to other crustacean sites.
- Dragonflies and Damselflies (Odonata) of the United States. (Version 12 DEC 2003). Kondratieff, B. C. Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, 2000.
This extensive site provides information on all of the Odonata of the United States, including distribution maps, photographs, checklists, links to other sites, and references.
- Ephemeroptera Galactica: The Ephemeropterists' Home Page. Permanent Committee of the International Conferences on Ephemeroptera.
This site is the official page for the Permanent Committee of the International Conferences on Ephemeroptera. It lists news, publications, catalogs, other links, and directories. Many faunal and systematic lists are provided for mayflies around the world.
- Fleas (Siphonaptera). Medvedev, Sergei G. and Valentin Vashchonok. St. Petersburg, Russia: Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences.
This site provides information on the biology, ecology, morphology, distribution, taxonomy, hosts, and control of fleas. The creators of the site also provide images, references to the literature, links to other Web pages, and more.
- Mayflies of the United States. Kondratieff, Boris C., coordinator. Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Home Page, 2000.
One of several similar sites from the Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, this site provides distribution maps, checklists, links to other sites, and references to the distribution of Ephemeroptera in the United States.
- Moths of North America. (Version 12 DEC 2003). Ferguson, Douglas C., et al., coordinators. Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, 1999.
One of several similar sites covering the distribution and identification of plants and animals of the United States, this site contains distribution maps, species accounts, and photographs for the moths of the United States and northern Mexico. Canadian moths will be added in the future. There are also checklists for counties in the US and states in Mexico, links to other butterfly resources, and FAQs.
- Online Termite Database. Constantino, Reginaldo. Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade de Brasília.
This taxonomic database is complete for the Nearctic and Neotropical regions, with data based on the author's "Catalog of the Living Termites of the New World", which was published in Arquivos de Zoologia (São Paulo) 35(2):135-231 (1998). It has been expanded to include a nearly complete list of genera and species of the world, though the information on the New World species is more complete. The data included for each species include full synonymic and taxonomic information, illustrations, distribution maps, pest status, bibliography, and type depositories.
- Orthoptera Species Online. (Version 2). Otte, Daniel and Piotr Naskrecki. 1997.
The Orthoptera Species File (OSF) is a taxonomic database of the world's orthopteroid insects. It contains full synonymic and taxonomic information for over 25,000 species and genera. At the time of viewing, Version 2 (using SQL Server) did not contain the images or sound recordings found in Version 1 but did include corrections. The site also includes a searchable database of entomologists working on the Orthoptera and links to other Orthoptera sites.
- Scalenet: A Database of the Scale Insects of the World. Beltsville, MD: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Systematic Entomology Laboratory, 1997- .
The site covers the scale insects (Coccoidea) world wide. The site covers classification, nomenclatural history, distribution, hosts, and references to the literature. At the time of viewing, data were available for about 25 families, with plans to expand the site to cover the remaining 3 families in the near future. Users can also find general information about scale insects, links to other sites, a glossary, and even poetry about scale insects.
- Stoneflies of the United States. Kondratieff, Boris C. and Richard W. Baumann, coordinators. Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Home Page, 2000.
A sibling to the mayfly site listed above, containing the same types of information for the Plecoptera of the United States.
- TaxoDros: The Database on Taxonomy of Drosophilidae. Bächli, Gerhard.
Based on the Drosophila Taxonomy Database maintained by the author since 1975, this searchable database contains information on the classification, descriptions, and biodiversity of Drosophila and related fruitflies. There is also a searchable database of references.
- Termites: Urban Entomology Program. Toronto: Urban Entomology Program, University of Toronto, 1998.
This site is part of the University of Toronto's Urban Entomology Program's Web site. The termite site provides information on termite biology, taxonomy, phylogeny, distribution of northern termites, termite control, images, and keys as well as a wealth of miscellaneous information and links.
- The World Spider Catalog. Platnick, N. I. New York: American Museum of Natural History, 2004.
This site is the electronic version of Brignoli's Catalogue of the Araneae and Platnick's three volume Advances in Spider Taxonomy supplements, and will update the printed works.
- Zoraptera Database. Hubbard, Michael D.
This site contains a catalog of the 30 or so species of Zoraptera, current to about 1990, and a general bibliography as well as a general introduction and links to other Zorapteran sites.
- CITES Identification Guide - Butterflies: Guide to the Identification of Butterfly Species Controlled Under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. Coote, Lonny D. Ottawa: Environment Canada, 2000. 204 p. ISBN 0660615622.
Covers 45 species of the family Papillionidae that are covered by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). In English, French, and Spanish. The full text of this identification guide can be found at this Web site.
- Generic Key to Adult North American Dragonflies. Alan W. Harvey. Statesboro, GA: Georgia Southern University.
Key to 63 genera of adult dragonflies. It can be used online with illustrations of features or printed. It is based on Needham and Westfall's 1955 classic, A Manual of the Dragonflies of North America (Anisoptera) (see above for the second edition). Harvey's key includes page numbers referring to the first edition of Needham and Westfall. This link is not accessible at the present moment.
- Singing Insects of North America. Walker, Thomas J. and Thomas E. Moore. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida, 2000- .
When completed, this site will provide images, sounds, descriptions, and other information to assist users in identifying the crickets, katydids, and cicadas of North America. There are keys to families and subfamilies, genera, and species to assist identification as well as checklists, distribution maps, and more. The site was still under construction at the time of viewing, but was already quite extensive.
- Annals of the Entomological Society of America. Vol. 1- . Lanham, MD: Entomological Society of America, 1908- . Bimonthly. $196.00. ISSN 0013-8746.
The articles in this journal report on the basic aspects of the biology of arthropods. The articles are arranged into subject areas such as systematics, ecology and population biology, arthropod biology, physiology, morphology, and behavior. Book reviews, letters to the editor, and interpretive articles (Forum section) are also included. Many of the articles are freely available online as PDF files.
- Acarologia. Vol. 1- . Paris: Acarologia, 1959- . Quarterly. $143.61. ISSN 0044-586X.
Publishes research articles covering all aspects of the biology and systematics of mites and ticks, including basic and applied studies and the occasional review article. The journal's Web site also includes links to other acarological sites.
- Environmental Entomology. Vol. 1- . Lanham, MD: Entomological Society of America, 1972- . Bimonthly. $210.00. ISSN 0046-225X.
The journal publishes original research papers covering the interaction of insects with all aspects of their environment. Each issue is divided by subject, into physiological and chemical ecology, community and ecosystem ecology, population ecology, pest management and sampling, and biological control. The journal also publishes letters to the editor, interpretive articles, and book reviews. Many of the articles in each issue are freely available online as PDF files.
- Florida Entomologist. Vol. 1- . Lutz, FL: Florida Entomological Society, 1920- . Quarterly. $50.00. ISSN 0015-4040.
Published by the Florida Entomological Society. Covers all areas in entomology, though at least one author must be a member of the Florida Entomological Society. The journal publishes research articles, short scientific notes, book reviews, and the occasional symposium proceedings. Florida Entomologist was one of the first journals available on the Internet, and is still available at no charge. All issues back to 1917 (when it was titled the Florida Buggist) are available. Authors may also choose to add supplementary files to the online version of their articles.
- Journal of Arachnology. Vol. 1- . New York: American Arachnological Society, 1973- . 3 times/year. $125.00. ISSN 0160-8202.
Publishes feature articles and short communications in all areas of arachnology, including spider biology and systematics. The journal also publishes the proceedings of the International Congress of Arachnology. Starting with 1999, the society began publishing the journal online at no charge on a trial basis. Full text of volumes from 1999 to the present plus a few earlier volumes are available at this Web site.
- Journal of Economic Entomology. Vol. 1- . Lanham, MD: Entomological Society of America, 1908- . Bimonthly. $234.00. ISSN 0022-0493. Available electronically.
Publishes articles on the economic significance of insects. They are divided by subject into sections such as apiculture and social insects; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; and horticultural entomology. Many of the articles in each issue are freely available online as PDF files.
- Journal of Insect Science. Vol. 1- . Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Library, 2001- . ISSN 1536-2442. Available electronically.
Publishes articles on all aspects of the biology of insects and other arthropods. This online-only journal was created as an alternative to expensive commercial publications. It is available at no charge on the Web. Articles are published as available, rather than being grouped together in issues. Thirteen articles were published in the journal's first year of publication.
- Journal of Medical Entomology. Vol. 1- . Lanham, MD: Entomological Society of America, 1964- . Bimonthly. $196.00. ISSN 0022-2585. Available electronically.
Publishes articles, short communications, rapid communications, forum articles, and book reviews in all aspects of medical entomology and medical acarology. Many of the articles in each issue are freely available online as PDF files.
- Journal of Orthoptera Research: JOR. Vol.1- . Philadelphia: Orthopterists' Society, 1992- . Semiannual. $25.00. ISSN 1082-6467.
Publishes articles and short notes covering all aspects of orthoptera biology and systematics. The journal also publishes the proceedings of the triennial International Conference on Orthopteroid Insects. Tables of contents and a few full-text articles are available at the journal's Web site.