Chapter 12: Entomology
Chapter 12: Entomology
Entomology is "the study of insects," according to the Oxford Dictionary of Biology, 4th ed, 2000. Strictly speaking, the true insects are only those belonging to the class Insecta, which does not include the spiders and other animals often thought of as insects such as millipedes or ticks. However, this chapter includes material on both insects and their close relatives since many resources treat these related groups together. Applied entomology is largely excluded, although some basic tools are mentioned. Resources about Drosophila used as a model organism for genetics or developmental biology are included in Chapter 7, “Genetics, Biotechnology, and Developmental Biology”.
- American Entomological Society. The American Entomological Society at The Academy of Natural Sciences 1900 Benjamin Franklin Parkway Philadelphia, PA 19103-1195. E-Mail: email@example.com. URL: http://darwin.ansp.org/hosted/aes/.
Founded in 1859, 430 members. For professionals and amateurs. Publishes Entomological News, Memoirs of the American Entomological Society, and Transactions of the American Entomological Society. The Web site is primarily for membership information.
- American Mosquito Control Association (AMCA). 15000 Commerce Pkwy., Ste. C, Mount Laurel, NJ 08054. E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. URL: http://www.mosquito.org.
Founded in 1935, 2,000 members. Web site includes membership information, “Mosquito Links” (primarily links to mosquito control districts and other technical resources), and a nice set of pages with general information on mosquitos and their control. Publishes Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, AMCA Newsletter, and Wing Beats.
- Coleopterists Society (CS). 3294 Meadowview Rd., Sacramento, CA 95832-1448. E-Mail: email@example.com. URL: http://www.coleopsoc.org.
Founded in 1969, 775 members. “An international organization devoted to the study of all aspects of systematics and biology of beetles of the world.” Publishes The Coleopterists Bulletin. Web site includes resource links and membership information.
- Entomological Society of America (ESA). 10001 Derekwood Ln., Ste. 100, Lanham, MD 20706-4876. E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. URL: http://www.entsoc.org.
Founded 1953, 8,500 members. The largest US entomological society; publishes American Entomologist, Annals of the Entomological Society of America, Arthropod Management Tests, Entomological Society of America-Newsletter, Environmental Entomology, Insecticide and Acaricide Tests, Journal of Economic Entomology, Journal of Medical Entomology, and Journal of Integrated Pest Management. Also publishes many monographic works. Formed by the merger of the American Association of Economic Entomologists and the former Entomological Society of America. Absorbed the American Registry of Professional Entomologists. Site includes membership information, publications, job information, educational information, links to other entomological sites, and much more. The Web site is a good source for general information on entomology.
- Entomological Society of Canada (ESC); Societe d'Entomologie du Canada. 393 Winston Ave., Ottawa, ON, Canada K2A 1Y8. E-Mail: email@example.com. URL: http://www.esc-sec.ca.
Founded 1868, 550 members. Publishes The Canadian Entomologist, Bulletin of the Entomological Society of Canada, Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, Occasional Publications. Web site includes downloadable version of Common Names of Insects in Canada (zip file), information on entomology in Canada, and entomological links as well as membership information.
- International Bee Research Association (IBRA); Association Internationale de Recherche Apicole. 16 N Rd., Cardiff CF10 3DY, UK. E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. URL: http://www.ibra.org.uk.
Founded 1949, 800 members. Publishes Apicultural Abstracts, Bee World, Journal of Apicultural Research. The extensive Web site lists publications, library services, and bee links in addition to membership information.
- International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE). PO Box 30772-00100, Nairobi, Kenya. E-Mail: email@example.com. URL: http://www.icipe.org.
Founded 1970, 310 members. Publishes International Journal of Tropical Insect Science. Web site has extensive information on ICIPE’s programs and services.
- The International Society of Hymenopterists. URL: http://hymenopterists.org/index.php.
Founded in 1982. Publishes Journal of Hymenoptera Research and Hamuli: The Newsletter of the International Society of Hymenopterists. Web site primarily for membership information.
- International Union for the Study of Social Insects (IUSSI). 105 Northway Rd., Greenbelt, MD 20770. E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. URL: http://iussi.bees.net.
Founded in 1952, 800 members. There are several country-specific chapters. Publishes Insectes Sociaux/Social Insects. Web site includes links to information about social insects and links to various chapters.
- Lepidopterists' Society. Michael E. Toliver Science and Mathematics Division Eureka College 300 East College Street Eureka, IL 61530. E-Mail: email@example.com. URL: http://www.lepsoc.org/.
Founded 1947, 1,600 members. "Open to all persons interested in any aspect of Lepidopterology." Publishes Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society, News of the Lepidopterists' Society, and Memoirs of the Lepidopterists' Society. Also makes available Catalogue/Checklist of the Butterflies of America North of Mexico. Web site includes extensive list of lepidoptera and other entomology links and a statement on collecting butterflies and moths.
- Royal Entomological Society (RES). The Mansion House, Chriswell Green Ln., St. Albans AL2 3NS, UK. E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. URL: http://www.royensoc.co.uk.
Founded 1833, 2,000 members. Publishes Agricultural and Forest Entomology, Antenna, Ecological Entomology, Insect Conservation and Diversity, Insect Molecular Entomology, Medical and Veterinary Entomology, Physiological Entomology, and Systematic Entomology. Web site has entomological links and membership information.
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Checklists and Identification Manuals
- Michener, Charles Duncan. The Bees of the World. 2nd ed. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007. 953 p. $185.00. ISBN 0801885736; 9780801885730.
A comprehensive treatment of all bees world wide. There is an extensive introduction covering the evolution, systematics, anatomy, and behavior of bees. This is followed by keys to bee families and accounts of each family, subfamily, and tribe. There are a number of black and white illustrations and photographs, plus a few color photos. This new edition includes extensive updates to bee taxonomy. A freely available list of bee genera based on this text is available at http://cache.ucr.edu/~heraty/beepage.html.
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Classification, Nomenclature, and Systematics
- Common Names Database. Entomological Society of Canada: 2006- . http://www.esc-sec.ca/ee/index.php/cndb/.
This website provides access to the approved common names of Canadian insects and other arthropods, both in English and French. It can be browsed or searched, and the full database can be downloaded in Excel format. A PDF version of the list is available at http://www.esc-sec.ca/commonnames/common_names_2006.pdf.
- Common Names of Insects and Related Organisms. Lanham, MD: Entomological Society of America, 2003- . http://www.entsoc.org./pubs/common_names.
"Now exclusively online in a database format, this resource is an essential reference for anyone who works with insects. It includes more than 2,000 common names and is searchable by common name, scientific name, author, order, family, genus, and species." (from the Website) The Website also includes PDFs of the list sorted by common name, scientific name, and taxa as well as information on how to submit new common names.
- Opler, Paul A., Harry Pavulaan and Ray E. Stanford. Butterflies and Moths of North America: Collecting and Sharing Data about Lepidoptera. Bozeman, MT: Big Sky Institute at Montana State University and the NBII Mountain Prairie Information Node: 2006- . http://www.butterfliesandmoths.org.
Provides maps, photographs, species accounts, and species checklists for Lepidoptera in the United States and Mexico. The site also has identification tools and citizen science information.
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- Arnett, Ross H., G. Allan Samuelson, and Gordon M. Nishida. The Insect and Spider Collections of the World. 2nd ed. Gainesville, FL: Sandhill Crane Press, 1993. (Flora and fauna handbook, no. 11). 310 p. ISBN 1877743151; 9781877743153.
This guide lists entomological collections by country, with brief information on each country (population, size, biogeographical region) as well as detailed information on each major insect collection in the country. An updated version is available at Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum Web site at http://hbs.bishopmuseum.org/codens/. All collections that have a Web site are linked.
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Guides to the Literature
- NC State AgNIC Team. Systematic Entomology, NC State AgNIC. Raleigh, NC: NC State University, 1998- . http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/agnic/sys_entomology/index_txt.html.
A collaborative effort between NCSU Libraries and the NC State Department of Entomology to "collect, organize, and provide access to the best academic, scholarly, research, and practical resources available on the identification, classification, nomenclature, and evolution of insects and related arthropods.” (from the web site)
- VanDyk, John. The Entomology Index of Internet Resources. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Department of Entomology. http://www.ent.iastate.edu/list/.
This directory covers a wide range of subjects, from beekeeping to pesticides, and an equally wide range of resource types, from bibliographies to newsgroups.
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Methods and Techniques
- Systematic Entomology Laboratory (U.S.). Collecting and Preserving Insects and Mites: Techniques and Tools. Beltsville, MD: Systematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA, 2005- . http://www.ars.usda/Main/site_main.htm?docid=10141&page=1.
This site is an updated version of the 1986 USDA publication Insects and Mites: Techniques for Collection and Preservation and covers all topics in collecting, rearing, preserving, and labeling specimens.
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- Florida Entomologist. v. 1- , 1917- . Gainesville, FL: Florida Entomological Society. Quarterly. Open Access. ISSN 0015-4040.
Published by the Florida Entomological Society. "Manuscripts from all areas of the discipline of entomology are accepted for consideration. At least one author must be a member of the Florida Entomological Society." Available as part of BioOne.1 and JSTOR. Free full text access is available at http://www.fcla.edu/FlaEnt/. This was the first journal to provide electronic access to its content and was a very early Open Access advocate.
- Journal of Insect Science. v. 1- , 2001- . Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Library. Irregular. Open Access. ISSN 1536-2442.
"The Journal of Insect Science publishes papers in all aspects of the biology of insects and other arthropods from the molecular to the ecological." One of the earliest Open Access journals, available freely from BioOne at http://www.bioone.org/loi/insc.