Chapter 9: Ecology, Evolution, and Animal Behavior
Chapter 9: Ecology, Evolution, and Animal Behavior
This chapter covers materials for the allied fields of ecology, evolution, and animal behavior. Ecology is "the study of the interrelationships between organisms and their natural environment, both living and nonliving." Conservation biology and environmentalism are closely related, but not extensively covered in this chapter. Evolution is "the gradual process by which the present diversity of plant and animal life arose from the earliest and most primitive organisms." See also Chapter 7, “Genetics”, for related materials. Animal behavior, “the activities that constitute an animal’s response to its external environment”, here encompasses all biological sub-disciplines including ethology, sociobiology and behavioral ecology. Human behavior and comparative psychology are largely excluded from consideration, and neurobiology is covered in Chapter 11.
- American Society of Naturalists (ASN). University of Chicago Press, 1427 E 60th St., Chicago, IL 60637. E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. URL: http://www.amnat.org.
Founded 1883, 700 members. Professional naturalists. Affiliated with the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Sponsors The American Naturalist. Web site primarily for membership information; includes online directory. Offers Young Investigator’s Prizes, Sewall Wright Award, and E.O. Wilson Naturalist Award.
- Animal Behavior Society (ABS). Indiana University, 402 N Park Ave., Bloomington, IN 47408. E-Mail: email@example.com. URL: http://animalbehaviorsociety.org.
Founded in 1964, 3,000 members. Professional society for the study of animal behavior. Closely associated with the Division of Animal Behavior of the American Society of Zoologists. Affiliated with the Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour (see below). Publishes Graduate Programs in Animal Behavior and the Newsletter, and co-publishes Animal Behaviour.
- Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour (ASAB). University of St. Andrews, Saint Mary's College, South St. St. Andrews KY16 9JP, United Kingdom. E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. URL: http://asab.nottingham.ac.uk.
Founded in 1936, 1,000 members. A multinational association for the study of animal behavior. Affiliated with the Animal Behavior Society. Publishes the Newsletter and co-publishes Animal Behaviour. Web site primarily for membership information.
- British Ecological Society (BES). 12 Roger St., London WC1N 2JU, United Kingdom. E-Mail: email@example.com. URL: http://www.britishecologicalsociety.org.
Founded in 1913, 5,000 members. Publishes Functional Ecology, Journal of Animal Ecology, Journal of Applied Ecology, and Journal of Ecology. Web site primarily for members, but does include international list of ecological societies.
- Ecological Society of America (ESA). 1990 M St. NW, Ste. 700, Washington, DC 20036. E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. URL: http://www.esa.org.
Founded in 1915, 10,000 members. The largest ecological association in the United States. Affiliated with the American Institute of Biological Sciences. Publishes the Bulletin, Ecological Applications, Ecological Monographs, Ecology, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, and Ecosphere. The middle four journals are available full text from volume 1 on JSTOR while Ecosphere is Open Access. Web site includes educational resources created by the society, links to ecological resources on the Web (mostly other associations), and public policy information.
- International Astrobiology Society (ISSOL). Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Florence, Italy. E-Mail: email@example.com. URL: http://www.issol.org.
For scientists of all disciplines interested in studying the origin of life. Bestows the A. I. Oparin medal. Publishes Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere. Formerly: International Society for the Study of the Origin of Life.
- International Society for Behavioral Ecology. URL: http://www.behavecol.com/pages/society/welcome.html.
Founded in 1986 to promote the field of behavioral ecology, 1000 members, Web site primarily for membership information. Publishes Behavioral Ecology.
- International Society of Chemical Ecology (ISCE). URL: http://www.chemecol.org.
Founded in 1983, 750 members. Promotes understanding of the origin, function, and importance of natural chemicals that mediate interactions within and among organisms. Publishes Journal of Chemical Ecology.
- Society for the Study of Evolution (SSE). c/o Judy Stone, Sec., Colby College, 5720 Mayflower Hill Dr., Waterville, ME 04901. E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. URL: http://www.evolutionsociety.org.
Founded in 1946, 3,000 members. Biologists working in the area of organic evolution. Publishes Evolution. Web site primarily for the journal.
- The Wildlife Society (TWS). 5410 Grosvenor Ln., Ste. 200, Bethesda, MD 20814-2144. E-Mail: email@example.com. URL: http://www.wildlife.org.
Founded 1937, 9,600 members. Society for wildlife biologists and conservationists. Publishes Journal of Wildlife Management, Wildlife Monographs, Wildlife Society Bulletin, and the newsletter Wildlifer. Web site primarily for membership information.
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Dictionaries and Encyclopedias
- Invasive Species Compendium. Wallingford, UK: CABI, 2011- . http://www.cabi.org/isc/.
This freely available compendium provides datasheets on over 1,500 invasive species and diseases from around the world. Each entry provides scientific and common name, original and invasive distributions, summary of invasiveness, biology, description, taxonomy, and references. The compendium also includes an extensive glossary.
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- Darwin, Charles. The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, Or, the Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for Life. New York: Modern Library, 1993. 689 p. $23.00. ISBN 0679600701; 9780679600701.
On the Origin of Species was first published in 1859, and hasn’t been out of print since. There are several versions available to modern readers, including multiple electronic versions. The first edition is available from the Talk.Origins Web site at http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/origin.html and several other Web sites including van Wyhe’s Darwin Online, below.
- van Wyhe, John, ed. Darwin Online. 2002- . http://darwin-online.org.uk/.
This site provides access to all of Darwin's publications, manuscripts, and some letters, including translations in other languages. An excellent resource for information about Darwin and his writings.
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- BMC Evolutionary Biology. v. 1- , 2001- . London: BioMed Central. Continually updated. Open Access. ISSN 1471-2148.
Publishes articles "articles on all aspects of molecular and non-molecular evolution of all organisms, as well as phylogenetics and palaeontology." Articles available at http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcevolbiol.
- Ecology and Evolution. v. 1- , 2011- . Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. Monthly. Open Access. ISSN 2045-7758 (online).
"Ecology and Evolution is the peer reviewed journal for rapid dissemination of research in all areas of ecology, evolution and conservation science. The journal gives priority to quality research reports, theoretical or empirical, that develop our understanding of organisms and their diversity, interactions between them, and the natural environment." All articles are published under a Creative Commons License agreement. A journal of the British Ecological Society. Articles are available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/%28ISSN%292045-7758.
- Ecosphere. v. 1- , 2010- . Ithaca, NY: Ecological Society of America. Irregular. Open Access. ISSN 2150-8925.
Ecosphere "is an online-only, open-access alternative with a scope as broad as the science of ecology itself. The journal publishes submissions from all subdisciplines of ecological science, including theoretical, empirical, and applied ecology." Articles are available at http://www.esajournals.org/loi/ecsp.