Ecology, Evolution, and Animal Behavior
Ecology, Evolution, and Animal Behavior
This chapter covers materials for the allied fields of ecology, evolution, and animal behavior. Ecology is "the study of the interrelationships between organisms and their natural environment, both living and nonliving." Conservation biology and environmentalism are closely related, but not extensively covered in this chapter. Evolution is "the gradual process by which the present diversity of plant and animal life arose from the earliest and most primitive organisms." See also Genetics, for related materials. Animal behavior, "the activities that constitute an animal's response to its external environment", here encompasses all biological subdisciplines including ethology, sociobiology and behavioral ecology. Human behavior and comparative psychology are largely excluded from consideration, and neurobiology is covered in the Anatomy and Physiology.
- American Society of Naturalists. c/o Dr. Barbara Bentley, State University of New York, Dept. of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook, NY 11794.
Founded 1883, 700 members. Professional naturalists. Affiliated with the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Sponsors The American Naturalist. Web site primarily for membership information; includes online directory. Offers Young Investigator's Prizes, Sewall Wright Award, and E.O. Wilson Naturalist Award.
- Animal Behavior Society. c/o Susan A. Foster, 2611 E. 10th. St., Office 170, Bloomington, IN 47408-2603. Phone: 812-856-5541. Fax: 812-856-5542. E-mail: email@example.com.
Founded in 1964, 3,000 members. Professional society for the study of animal behavior. Closely associated with the Division of Animal Behavior of the American Society of Zoologists. Affiliated with the Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour (see below). Publishes Graduate Programs in Animal Behavior and the Newsletter, and co-publishes Animal Behaviour.
- Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour. ASAB Membership Office, 82A High St., Sawston Cambridge CB2 4HJ, England.
Founded in 1936, 1,000 members. A multinational associa-tion for the study of animal behavior. Affiliated with the Animal Behavior Society. Publishes the Newsletter and co-publishes Animal Behaviour. Web site primarily for membership information.
- British Ecological Society. 26, Blades Ct., Deodar Rd., Putney, London SW15 2NU, England. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Founded in 1913, 5,000 members. Publishes Functional Ecology, Journal of Animal Ecology, Journal of Applied Ecology, and Journal of Ecology. Web site primarily for members, but does include international list of ecological societies.
- Ecological Society of America. 1707 H St., NW, Suite 400, Washington, DC 20006. Phone: 202-833-8773. Fax: 202-833-8775. E-mail: email@example.com.
Founded in 1915, 7,400 members. The largest ecological association in the United States. Affiliated with the American Institute of Biological Sciences. Publishes the Bulletin, Ecological Applications, Ecological Monographs, and Ecology. The latter three journals are available full text from volume 1 on JSTOR. Web site includes educational resources created by the society, links to ecological resources on the Web (mostly other associations), and fact sheets.
- International Society of Chemical Ecology (ISCE). c/o Dr. Jocelyn Millar, Dept. of Entomology, Univ. of California, Riverside, CA 92521. Phone: 909-787-5821, Fax: 909-787-3086. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Founded in 1983, 750 members. Promotes understanding of the origin, function, and importance of natural chemicals that mediate interactions within and among organisms. Publishes Journal of Chemical Ecology.
- International Society for the Study of the Origins of Life. c/o Dr. Gerda Horneck, DLR Inst for Aerospace Medicine, Radiation Biology Section, Porz-Wahnheide, Linder Hohe, D-51147 Kšln, Germany.
- For scientists of all disciplines interested in studying the origin of life. Bestows the A. I. Oparin medal. Publishes Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere,and a membership directory. The Web site primarily provides an online version of the society's newsletter.
- Society for the Study of Evolution. Business Office, PO Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044-1897.
Founded in 1946, 3,000 members. Biologists working in the area of organic evolution. Publishes Evolution and a membership directory. Web site primarily for the journal.
- The Wildlife Society. 5410 Grosvenor L., Bethesda, MD 20814-2197. Phone: 301-897-9770. Fax: 301-530-2471. E-mail: email@example.com.
Founded 1937, 9,600 members. Society for wildlife biolo-gists and conservationists. Publishes Journal of Wildlife Management, Wildlife Monographs, Wildlife Society Bulletin, and the newsletter Wildlifer. Also publishes annual Membership Directory and Certification Registry. Web site primarily for membership information.
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Guides to Internet Resources
The Web has a nearly infinite number of pages dealing with ecology, evolution, and animal behavior, but most of the information on the Web is not research level material. Most ecology pages are actually about the environment, for instance, and most of the evolution pages deal with the creation/evolution controversy. Pet behavior is well covered, but not boring old insects. However, a growing trend is to put data on long-range ecological studies on the Web, and other major resources are also available.
- Ecology WWW page.
This site provides an extensive list of links, most of them for researchers. It is an alphabetical list with no subject directory, though there is a search function.
- Biology Links: Evolution.
Particularly good list of departments, societies, and museums dealing with evolution; also includes general links and information on molecular evolution.
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- Darwin, Charles. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, Or, The Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. London: John Murray, 1859. 502 p.
On the Origin of Species was first published in 1859, and hasn't been out of print since. There are several versions available to modern readers, including multiple electronic versions. The first edition is available from the Talk.Origins Web site.
Methods and Techniques
- Young, Linda J. and Jerry H. Young. Statistical Ecology: A Population Perspective. Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic, 1998. 565 p. $115.00. ISBN 041204711X.
"This book is a collection of formulae, techniques, and methods developed for use in field ecology." (from the Preface). It is designed as a reference or textbook for both ecologists and statisticians working in the area of statistical ecology. The emphasis is on data for single species populations. The ECOSTAT software is discussed, which can be downloaded for free.
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