Issue 10/04

May 28, 2004

Paula Kaufman, University Librarian, Editor



The largest free literary event in the Midwest , the Chicago Tribune Printers Row Book Fair features five tented blocks in the historic Printers Row district and showcases the nation's most diverse booksellers displaying new, used and antiquarian books for sale. Annually the Book Fair offers more than 90 free literary programs including readings and book-signings by famous authors, panel discussions of cutting edge issues, non-stop poetry readings, a Writers' Marketplace and two full days of children's programming. All Book Fair events are free and open to the public. The Chicago Tribune Printers Row Book Fair is located on South Dearborn between Congress and Polk, and at the Harold Washington Library Center in downtown Chicago . The Library will have a booth there, so be sure to stop by.



Reports on the fourth annual Future of Music Coalition Policy Summit in Washington where lawmakers, think-tank types, professors and "rock stars" addressed pressing issues in the music industry including the homogenization of the radio industry, go vern ment efforts to quell indecency on the airwaves and online piracy. The article suggests a general ambivalence among the participants about to how to deal with piracy issues as well as details of some of the heated exchanges. John Flansburgh of the band They Might be Giants: "Free is cool. Free is free. I don't think the income streams that have existed for the past 50 years are going to exist [in the future]." Tina Weymouth, formerly of Talking Heads and Tom Tom Club, fired a shot: "You guys are all so smart, I wonder how many people here are artists and how many people here are just [trying] to make money off of artists." Corante - Tech News: May 7, 2004



Blaise Cronin , Indiana University, on Scholars and Scripts, Eyeballs and Epistemes: What it Means to Publish, the PPT slides from his April 29, 2004 , public lecture at OCLC. Open Access News 5/9/04



Recently released findings from Ipsos BookTrends brought good news to independent booksellers. In 2003, independent bookstores fared well on a unit basis with demand outpacing the overall trade book industry. As a result, the independent/small chain bookstore channel's market position reached a five-year share high of 16 percent (vs. 15 percent in 2002). This increase comes at a time when overall consumer demand for general trade books held steady during 2003, as compared to 2002. Americans bought ne arl y the same number of books in 2003 as they did in 2002—1.176 billion books versus 1.177 billion books in 2002. Additionally, in 2003, independent bookstores captured 18 percent of total spending for trade books, up from 16 percent in 2002. Overall spending on books dropped 2 percent in 2003 to $11 billion from $11.3 billion the year before. In terms of the overall numbers, BookTrends reported that the spending decrease is partially explained by the growing popularity of used books, and the increased traffic at used bookstores and online retailers. Moreover, continued discounting on new hardcover books contributed to the decline in dollar expenditures per book. Meanwhile, the study reported, list prices for both mass market paperbacks and trade paper titles have increased since 1998—by 9.6 percent and 1.9 percent, respectively—and the total per-book spending after discount has increased, by 13.3 percent for mass market paperbacks and by 4.8 percent for trade paper titles. Bookselling This Week 5/6/04



Here’s a stunning indictment. Public libraries in the UK , says Tim Coates, have failed to meet “the need for a broad range of books and reading material; the need for libraries to be open at times when users are able to visit; the need for the entire community to find libraries to be clean, welcoming places to visit and in which to study.” Coates’s new report – Who’s in Charge – describes the sorry state of UK public libraries today using data from national sources and from the Hampshire library authority, and presents concrete proposals to rescue the service by making it relevant to the library users of today. With a long record of success in the book trade Coates was nevertheless for many years seen as the bad boy of publishing following his attacks on the – now abolished – price-fixing Net Book Agreement. Tim’s outspoken views on the decline of public libraries over the past five years have not endeared him to librarians. Who’s in Charge is likely to prove equally controversial with the library establishment. The Guardian 5/6/04



In acknowledgement of the importance of international collaboration for preserving internet content for future generations, the International Internet Preservation Consortium was formed in 2003. Led by the Bibliotheque Nationale de France, the Consortium also comprises National libraries of Australia , Canada , Denmark , Finland , Iceland , Italy , Norway , Sweden , United Kingdom , The Library of Congress and the Internet Archive. The Consortium has identified a number of key objectives which inform and shape its work. These include:

- collaborative working, within each country's legislative framework, to identify, develop and facilitate impl ementation of solutions for selecting, collecting, preserving and providing access to internet content;

- facilitating international coverage of internet content archive collections within national legal frameworks and in accordance with individual national collection development policies;

- international advocacy for initiatives that encourage the collection, preservation and access to internet content.

To achieve these objectives, the Consortium will:

- provide a forum for sharing knowledge about internet content archiving both within the Consortium and beyond;

- develop and recommend standards;

- develop interoperable tools and techniques to acquire, archive and provide access to web sites;

- raise awareness of internet preservation issues and initiatives through conferences, workshops, training events, publications, etc.

The detailed work of the Consortium will be carried out through working groups to define Policy, Requirements, Methods, Standards and Tools for Internet archiving. By this means projects will be developed and defined and will ultimately lead to the creation and provision of the necessary tools to fulfill the vision of universal coverage of internet archive collections. More information can be found on the IIPC website: SPARC-OAForum Digest #244



Numerous Web archiving projects exist, most premised on saving copies of sites. But digital preservationists know both the strengths and the weaknesses of the Internet Archive and other similar efforts. Web sites are vulnerable due to unstable URLs, poor site management, and hacker attacks. Unlike most Web preservation projects, Cornell University Library's Virtual Remote Control (VRC) initiative is based on monitoring Web sites over time, identifying and responding to detected risk as necessary, with capture as a last resort. Cornell is building a VRC toolbox of software for cultural heritage institutions to use in managing their Web resources. It's "Virtual" because the VRC approach uses Web tools to develop baseline data models representing essential features of selected sites that enable ongoing monitoring. It's "Remote" because the resources usually reside on remote servers, not owned or managed by the institution itself. "Control" means the monitoring organization may act to protect another organization's resources by agreement or impl icit consent through notification and/or action. The VRC approach utilizes six stages of risk management: identification, classification, assessment, analysis and response/implementation. Though VRC monitoring relies primarily on metadata captured from target sites and is designed to predict risks to avoid loss, the option to capture full pages means that the last known version of sites may be cached, providing a safety net for failed or failing resources.

(D-Lib Magazine Apr 2004) ShelfLife, No. 156 ( May 13 2004 )



Marie Meyer, Managing Director of open-access publisher Vertilog, rejects the idea that an open-access publication is sustainable if a business can deliver what customers need or want, at a price that they are willing to pay. No, she says. Companies are sustainable in the long run only if they create economic value—and s impl y generating revenues is not evidence of value creation. "If I set up a business selling £1 coins for 99p, it could easily generate revenue. How long I could afford to stay in business is another matter entirely." Criticizing those who have argued that the Internet changes everything, she says that open-access publishing models don't create new value and "could easily be ushering in a dot-com-style cycle of wealth destruction that will leave them—and dozens of learned societies—constantly scratching for funds, with nothing left over for funding innovation." (Nature 6 May 2004) ShelfLife, No. 156 ( May 13 2004 )



A 5,000-volume collection of 19th and 20th century American newspapers has been donated to Duke University Libraries by author Nicholson Baker, who founded the American Newspaper Repository in 1999 and acquired most of his collection from the British Library when it converted to microfilm editions. "Many of the newspapers in the collection exist nowhere else in their original print format," says Baker. "These 19th and 20th century newspapers are magnificent landmarks of American publishing. I'm thrilled that they're going to Duke. This is the best possible thing that could happen to a singular collection." The ANR collection includes editions of the Chicago Tribune, the New York Tribune, the New York World, and many immigrant newspapers, including the Irish World, Yiddish Forward and the Greek Atlantis. The newspapers are now housed at Duke's state-of-the-art climate controlled facility—a marked improvement over their previous home in an old mill that had been converted to a public building. (Duke

University News Release 22 Apr 2004 ) ShelfLife, No. 156 ( May 13 2004 )



The US Congress has taken a step toward revising the controversial Digital Millennium Copyright Act, in a move which the entertainment industry has branded an attempt to "legalize hacking". A House of Representatives subcommittee convened recently for the first hearing devoted to a proposed change to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA), the 1998 law that broadly restricts bypassing copy-protection technologies used in DVDs, a few music CDs and some software programs. Called the Digital Media Consumers' Rights Act, the amendments are backed by librarians, liberal consumer groups and some technology firms. But they're bitterly opposed by the entertainment industry, including Hollywood , major record labels and the Business Software Alliance.

Section 1201 of the DMCA drew fire after it was used to outlaw a utility permitting Linux users to watch their own DVDs, as well as threaten security researchers with lawsuits. Programmer Dmitry Sklyarov was charged under the DMCA for writing a program that let owners of Adobe e-books export them to Portable Document Format (PDF) files.


The proposed amendments, sponsored by Rick Boucher, D-VA, and John Doolittle, R-CA, would permit circumvention for "fair use" purposes. Selling pirated DVDs and other forms of copyright infringement would remain illegal. 5/13/04,39024655,39120638,00.htm



“The net, allegedly, will democratise, has already democratised bookselling. ‘A monkey could sell antiquarian books now’ said one enthusiast, referring to Amazon's plan to use British Library cataloging for all antique books (in the sense of books that are older than the ISBN system). There is a tendency to view the old booksellers' organizations, the ABA , and the PBFA, as a cabal of toffee-noses who deliberately use highfaluting jargon to blind the public with spurious science and get approval for high prices. Certainly simians, in troupes or troops, have been busy throwing up mountains of books, and providing descriptions puritanically shorn of arcane details such as date or size. Search engines, and the superior devices which search other search engines, proliferate, providing many data, little information and no wisdom. The estimable addALL currently offers 714 copies of Jane Eyre. Specify ‘first edition’ and the total drops dramatically but only to 290, about a quarter of which are priced at a dollar and a quarter or less. Remembering to specify ‘hardback’ reduces the number, but only to 196; many of the dollar books, mysteriously, survive this culling. In fact only nine entries - and four of these duplicates - describe the genuinely uncommon first British edition of 1848 (Smith, Elder, London, 1848, three volumes). Expect to pay in excess of $40,000, or settle for the one with a few leaves in facsimile for much less. Three of the four copies belong to the same dealer.

· Staggering, as the book fair-eroded Bibliophile may be, under the weight of (for example) Biryukov's edition of War and Peace (Moscow 1912, three volumes, Quarto, about a stone), lower-weight alternatives suddenly seem attractive. Miniature books offer the advantage that one's entire collection may be carried about in a lunch box; but in dark moments these despicable little objects seem no proper employment for a grown-up book-person. Pamphlets, political or literary, are a tidy alternative, but they are largely composed by the mad, the bad or both. Consider for example the Natural Laws Governing Politics and Finance by Norman A Thompson, writing in the drear month of November, 1941. He engagingly describes himself on the title-page as ‘Inventor in 1914 of the first Flying Boat adopted for practical service by the British Admiralty, which enabled them to spend £7m on Flying Boats during 1914-18... ". The Guardian 5/15/04,6109,1216742,00.html



A grant of £300,000 has been awarded to the Institute of English Studies , School of Advanced Study University of London, in partnership with the British Library, to produce the first ever digitally illustrated and searchable catalogue of western illuminated medieval and renaissance manuscripts held in the British Library's collections. The award was made by the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB), under the Resource Enhancement Scheme, and runs for three years to February 2007. The project is known as the Digital Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts (DigCIM). A pilot project was previously conducted by The British Library, with the support of the Getty Grant Program, entailing a survey of the collections at shelf and the creation of a pilot website. This currently holds descriptions and selected images of some 250 manuscripts, drawn from different periods and regions. It can be consulted on .


Some of the books being catalogued are astounding works of art, including items of international fame such as the 8th century Lindisfarne Gospels, and the Sforza Hours, made in Milan in the 15th century. Many others are virtually unknown and the project will open up a wide pool of unique material to scholars, students and the public. Each manuscript will have an electronic description and will be illustrated by a selection of captioned images. The site includes thematic tours, some in the form of ’virtual exhibitions', introducing and exploring aspects of the manuscripts. ResourceShelf 5/17/04



The Internet offers unprecedented possibilities for human creativity, global communication, and access to information. Yet digital technology also invites new forms of information enclosure. In the last decade, mass media companies have developed methods of control that undermine the public's traditional rights to use, share, and reproduce information and ideas. These technologies, combined with dramatic consolidation in the media industry and new laws that increase its control over intellectual products, threaten to undermine the political discourse, free speech, and creativity needed for a healthy democracy…. Building the information commons is essential to 21st century democracy, but it is neither easy nor costless. Creating and sustaining common-pool resources, and combating further information enclosure, require investment, planning, aggressive political advocacy, and nationwide coalition building. But if the public's right to know is to be protected in today's world, citizens must have optimal opportunities to acquire and exchange information. The stakes are high, for as the Supreme Court noted years ago, American democracy requires "the widest possible dissemination of information from diverse and antagonistic sources." Read a sneak preview of the Free Expression Policy Project’s upcoming report at



Rather than modify the current, failing copyright system to save the entertainment industry, one legal scholar is proposing radical plans for a system that he claims will pay artists fairly and bring more digital media to the people who crave it. But convincing the music and movie industries to embrace the idea seems unlikely, at least in the near future. Harvard Law School professor Terry Fisher detailed his proposal recently at the Internet Law Program, a three-day event sponsored by the school's Berkman Center for Internet & Society. Fisher advocates an alternative compensation system that would pay artists based on the popularity of their music. Artists would first have to register their work with the copyright office, which would track how many times that work was downloaded. Revenue generated from taxes on things like Internet access and the sale of MP3 players would then be used to pay the artists. Similar plans have been proposed by the Electronic Frontier Foundation and University of Texas at Austin law professor Neil Netanel, among others. Fisher said his alternative model would allow music fans to obtain more music for less money, without fears of legal action from the RIAA. All artists would be paid better than they are under the current regime. Wired News 5/15/04,1412,63474,00.html



The UK Parliament Science and Technology Committee's Inquiry into STM publishing held its fourth and final oral evidence session on May 5, featuring three witnesses involved in government agencies dealing with higher education funding and policy. As one might expect from such witnesses, few offered strong opinions and, judging from the uncorrected transcripts, a fair number of questions from committee members went unanswered, at times prompting frustration from questioners. However, if government action is the expected outcome of this inquiry, the session did provide some insight as to what kind of actions may lie in store. Witnesses featured Sir Keith O'Nions, Director

General of the Research Councils UK (RCUK); Rama Thirunamachandran, Director of Research and Knowledge Transfer, Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE); and Professor John Wood, RCUK. The RCUK research councils, established to help institutions better fulfill their missions, and fall under the statutory control of the UK Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) and the Office of Science and Technology. Library Journal Academic News Wire: May 13, 2004 To view the uncorrected transcript of the session, visit:

All of the testimony, plus the statements submitted by publishers, may be found at



Out-of-control costs for scholarly publications have fueled new digital repository initiatives. The scholarly publishing system is broken. At research universities everywhere, scholarly work—in the form of articles, books, editing, reviewing of manuscripts—is handed over to commercial publishers, only to be bought back by the libraries at huge cost. Libraries scramble to judiciously stretch shrinking budgets for growing runs of books and journals—books and journals that are critical to the research and teaching activities of the university’s faculty who, as authors and editors, contribute so generously to the publishers who sell them. The arrangement is bankrupting research library budgets and swelling the profit margins of commercial publishers. Syllabus Magazine 5/04



Because of the contentious problems of enforcing copyright in a digital age, some have suggested that the world needs to move to entirely new models for funding creative work. While the suggestion has not been developed comprehensively, the general idea is that creative products would be freely available over the Internet, that a tax of some kind would be levied on hardware and/or on communication services, and that the would be proceeds be divvied up among creators pursuant to some formula. The authors in this issue of IPcentral Review take a serious look at this concept. S. J. Liebowitz of the School of Management at the University of Texas , Dallas , has written the centerpiece. Michael Abramowicz, Professor of Law at George Mason University Law School , extends the analysis. Katherine Lawrence, an organizational theorist studying at the University of Michigan , adds a different perspective, examining the motives that lead creators to create in the first place. IPCentral Review 5/6/04



Laura Campbell, associate librarian for strategic initiatives at the Library of Congress and her colleagues are finishing up their review of 22 proposals from potential preservation partners and are working with experts to construct a technical architecture for the preservation process. Nearly 5 terabytes of digital works characterized as "at risk" have been collected so far. They include Web pages that document recent events, such as the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and the ongoing war in Iraq . Librarians used to worry about preserving access to books and periodicals, says Campbell , but with most Web sites staying up an average of only 44 days, preserving access to them is far more complicated. In addition, the copyright issues surrounding long-term preservation of digital journals, books, and audio and video material have yet to be resolved. "There may be technological solutions that make the management of restricted material much easier," says Campbell . Because so much about digital preservation is yet unknown, Campbell says the library's strategy is to learn by doing and be prepared to make corrections along the way. She credits the many experts she consulted during the planning phase of the program with impressing upon her the need for continuing flexibility: "It helped us realize that we would always be learning and adjusting," says

Campbell . (FCW 3 May 2004) ShelfLife, No. 157 ( May 20 2004 )



The IT and communications industries spent more than $111 million on lobbyists in the second half of 2003, says campaign finance site PoliticalMoneyLine. Only the health care and financial services industries spent more. Digital copyright issues are among the most pressing and the Recording Industry of America (RIAA) is among the most active. Other hot issues include antispyware bills and legislation related to employee stock options, says the article. Specifics: IBM spent $3.5 million, Verizon spent $4.5 million and Microsoft spent $4.6 million. Corante - Tech News: May 20, 2004,1283,63522,00.html?tw=wn_tophead_5



The NINES steering committee is pleased to announce a new informational website: NINES is a group of distinguished scholars and humanities computing experts engaged in building a "networked interface for nineteenth-century electronic scholarship." This interface is to be an online research and publishing environment for integrated, peer-reviewed editorial and critical work in nineteenth-century studies, both British and American. NINES aims to address the crisis in humanities publishing and to move the rethinking of literary and cultural studies—in method as well as theory—by establishing an institutionalized mechanism for new kinds of digital-based analytic and interpretive practices. The website lists scholars serving on Romantic, Victorian, and Americanist editorial boards, describes exciting analytical and pedagogical tools under construction, and offers a reading list and full description of the NINES project. The site also contains information about planned summer workshops in electronic editing (for which successful applicants will receive fellowship funding) and presents guidelines for potential NINES contributors.



The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) has introduced an OA option for authors. Quoting the recent press release: "PNAS authors may opt to pay a $1000 surcharge to make their articles available for free via PNAS Online and PubMed Central immediately upon publication.” PNAS will offer this open access option as an experiment until December 31, 2005 . PNAS will then continue to move toward an author-pays open access model, maintain the option in the same or modified form, or discontinue it. By introducing this option, PNAS strengthens its commitment to making the scientific literature more freely available than ever before, and hopes that its support of open access will encourage other scientific publishers to follow suit. PNAS will evaluate author participation and the financial impact of the open access option on PNAS revenue. 'The benefits to science of unfettered access to the literature are obvious,' says Nicholas R. Cozzarelli, PNAS Editor-in-Chief....'The challenge of open access is how to pay for it.' " Open Access News 5/24/04



The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) this week announced another 493 lawsuits against individuals for trading copyrighted files, bringing the total number of such suits to nearly 3,000. The RIAA continues to file so-called "John Doe" lawsuits against individuals whose identities it can then obtain from Internet service providers. The RIAA has settled more than 400 lawsuits with individuals, but the group also announced that it has filed 24 suits against people whose identities it has discovered through John Doe suits. According to the RIAA, the 24 who were sued by name declined to settle out of court. Reuters, 24 May 2004 Edupage, May 24, 2004


The Group of Eight vice-chancellors, representing Australia's pre-eminent research universities, record their commitment to open access initiatives that will enhance global access to schol arl y information for the public good.
The vice-chancellors note that:

The vice-chancellors support:

[BOAI] Australian Group of Eight Statement on Open Access


Go vern ment Printing Office officials are looking for so-called fugitive documents and plan on sending a Web crawler out to find them. As more federal agencies publish go vern ment information on Web sites without notifying GPO, important documents that should be indexed, catalogued and preserved for public access in the Federal Depository Library Program have instead become 'fugitive' documents, according to GPO officials. Their answer to the problem is to use Web crawler and data-mining technologies to find them. GPO officials request that companies with those technologies submit proposals by June 2 for services they describe as 'Web harvesting' in a recent solicitation for bids. Federal Computer Week 5/20/04 Open Access News 5/25/04


SCIENCE.GOV 2.0 LAUNCHES WITH RELEVANCE RANKING, originally launched in December 2002, calls itself "a gateway to information resources at the U.S. go vern ment science agencies." It offers links to authoritative science websites and databases of technical reports, conference proceedings, etc. A new iteration, 2.0, was launched this month with "additional content, technological enhancements, and a newly-developed relevancy ranking technology that helps patrons get to the best documents quickly." You can now access 30 science-oriented databases, up from 10 via the original, and 1,700 websites, for a total of 47 million web pages. When you search, your results are "presented in relevancy ranked order," thanks to QuickRank technology developed by Deep Web Technologies. "QuickRank filtering is based on placement of key words: if a keyword is not in a prime location in the document, it's likely the result won't be ranked." Gary Price, editor of the ResourceShelf points out another weakness, that " links to citations found via this metasearch tool are not available. This could cause problems in trying to get back to a citation or including it in a bibliography." 3.0, due out in another year, will include more sophisticated relevancy ranking, better Boolean capabilities, field searching options and an alert service. Information Today 5/24/04 Current Cites, May 2004



Elsevier has just gone from being a Romeo "Pale-Green" publisher to a full

Romeo Green publisher: Authors have the publisher's official green light to self-archive both their pre-refereeing preprints and their refereed postprints. Elsevier has thereby demonstrated that—whatever its pricing policy may be—it is a publisher that has heeded the need and the expressed desire of the research community for Open Access (OA) and its benefits to research productivity and progress. Stevan Harnad SPARC-IR



Launched in 1994, the Alexandria Digital Library Project has fundamentally changed the way libraries deal with the problems inherent in cataloging maps. First, map collections are specialized, and not every library can afford a large one. Second, maps, images and globes present unique storage and preservation challenges. And third, they are notoriously difficult to catalog in the traditional author/title/subject paradigm of classification. The most obvious basis for search and retrieval of maps and related objects is geographic coverage: a user is typically looking for a map of somewhere.

But geographic space is continuous rather than discrete, and an assortment of methods are used for defining geographic location, including coordinates (latitude and longitude), place names, and various indexing schemes. The ADL Project solved these problems by automating both the catalog and the content of the map library, enabling users to access the library remotely and the library to leverage its investment by extending access globally. Digital storage also resolved issues of preservation and the management of physical media; and the automated catalog was capable of finding information by geographic location. The concepts pioneered by ADL were later adopted in numerous other projects. The geolibrary, for example, can only exist in a digital world. Therefore, it remains one of the most powerful concepts to have come out of digital library research. (D-Lib Magazine May 2004) ShelfLife, No. 158 ( May 27 2004 )



The Chemical Heritage Foundation has received the most important private collection of rare chemical texts in the world. The conservation of the 6,000-item collection, known has the Roy G. Neville Historical Chemical Library, was made possible through the philanthropy of Gordon and Betty Moore. (Gordon Moore, a chemist, is the co-founder of Intel and author of " Moore 's Law.") The library was assembled over a period of 60 years through the tireless efforts of chemist and bibliophile Roy Neville, and includes many of the most important works in chemical science dating back to the late 1400s, such as "The Sceptical Chymist" (1661) by Robert Boyle, a foundational work of modern chemistry, and "Principa Mathematica" (1687) by Sir Isaac Newton, the key text in the history of science. "This may be the single greatest addition to Philadelphia 's rich holdings of scientific texts since the time of Benjamin Franklin," says CHF president Arnold Thackray. "We will be working tirelessly to make this treasure available to scholars as soon as possible. Through this one act, CHF becomes a world-class research center with unique resources displaying the many centuries of endeavor on which modern science is built." (Chemical Heritage Foundation News Release 19 Apr 2004 ) ShelfLife, No. 158 ( May 27 2004 )



Researchers at New Zealand 's Human Interface Technology (HIT) Lab have developed a way to overlay detailed animations and images on textbooks, picture books and any other book with illustrations. The Magic Book's 3D images can be viewed using a handheld device that tracks where a reader is focusing. The device resembles a pair of eyeglasses on a stick, sort of like old-fashioned opera glasses, and the user looks through it while reading. A tiny camera mounted between the lenses determines where the reader's eyes are looking and software on a linked PC looks for distinctive features on the page to help spot what the reader is looking at. "It then draws the computer graphics from exactly the same viewpoint," says HIT chief Mark Billinghurst. One sample application is a virtual reality tour of the human anatomy, allowing readers to see a 3D model of a human heart. "You can get God's eye view if you want, or you can go in and be part of the scene. You can flip a switch and transition into an immersive VR experience. You can fly inside and see what it feels like to be a blood corpuscle going through the heart," says Billinghurst. Exhibits using the Magic Book technology have been installed in Australia 's Science Museum and also in some museums and public spaces in New Zealand . ( BBC News 24 May 2004) ShelfLife, No. 158 ( May 27 2004 )



The BBC has announced that it plans to use Creative Commons licenses to open up its archive of broadcasting material. The broadcaster has decided to allow users to download, distribute and modify digital clips of BBC television programs through an initiative called the Creative Archive. BNA's Internet Law News (ILN) - 5/28/04


The scholarly communications are also on line at