Slavic Information Resources

Introduction

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Slavic Library

Bio and Biobibliographic Resources

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Anybody who decides to embark on the studies of the life and professional and social activities of individual members of the "Russia abroad" community, will often face obstacles and "loose ends". This is particularly true for the population that fled Russia after the Revolution. Very often, for political reasons, those who already had records in the pre-Revolutionary biographical sources became non-existent for compilers of the Soviet biographies. The achievements of those who became famous in exile were not noted in their homeland for many years.

After the fall of the Soviet Union, the study of "Russia abroad" in Russia started to develop with accelerating speed. This naturally affected the field of biographic studies. Yet, some compilations suffer from the individual, not very objective approach, of their compilers, which is reflected in their choice of material. As for the Western sources, Russian emigres were never considered "persona non grata". Every emigrant who became a part of the mainstream activities of the new country and "deserved" to be entered in Western biographical sources, could be found there. Unfortunately, with these sources a researcher might face a "catch 22" situation. That is, in order to use the appropriate source, some initial information on the life (chronological and geographical details) and professional activities of the individual should be available; but these details are hidden in a source. The exceptions are Western encyclopedias, guide books, dictionaries, and others on Russian literature. These compilations might be of a great help in providing basic biographic information on émigré writers: giving lists of critical works and secondary sources and, sometimes, information on translated works. The articles on emigré literature provide an overview of the "Russia abroad" literary activities and their bibliographical supplements help the researcher to explore the subject further.

The sources listed below represent only a segment of materials existing on the subject. Therefore, it might be especially helpful for users to be able to continue on their own, using the subject heading -descriptors that they will find in the following records. We will link the user to a full description of the sources in the Biography Section or other relevant sections of this guide.

It might seem unusual to place at the head of the list the obituaries guides. However, very often, a summary of information on an individual and references to obituaries in publications of the period are recorded there. Such information will serve as a great help for starting a biographic project.

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OBITUARIES

Nezabytye mogily: rossiiskoe zarubezh'e: nekropoli 1917-1997: v shesti tomakh.

Chuvakov, V.N. Moskva : Ros. gos. b-ka, 1999- .
UIUC Call Number: Russian Reference Q.920.047 N499 v.1-3

A wonderful new source for information about Russian emigres, this set provides brief biographical data, locations of graves, and citations for obituaries and death announcements published in the Russian emigre press from 1917-1997. Although only the first three volumes have been published to date and thus the data is only for people whose surnames begin with A through K (Russian alphabetical order), it eventually will provide data for over 50,000 people. See the entry for Dmitrii Adeknov.

entry for Dmitrii Adeknov

DESCRIPTOR

  • Russians - Foreign countries - Obituaries
  • Russians - Foreign countries - History - 20th century

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Russkii zarubezhnyi nekropol' 1917-1967.

Chuvakov, V.I. Moskva: [s.n.], 1967. 748 p.
UIUC Call Number: Slavic Stacks FILM 920.00929171 C477r

Records in this compilation became later a part of " Nezabytye mogily...". Nevertheless, we list this source since there are records for names from "A" to "IA". It will loose its significance after all six volumes of "Nezabytye mogily" are published.

DESCRIPTOR

  • Russians - Obituaries
  • Obituaries - Indexes

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Rossiiskie mogily na rimskom kladbishche Verano.

Gasperovich, Vanda; Shumkov, A.A. Sankt-Peterburg : Russkoe Genealogicheskoe ob-vo, 1996. 32 p. (Rossiiskii nekropol' ; vyp. 2).
UIUC Call Number: Russian Reference 363.750945 G214r

See description on the Cemetery Guides and Necrologies for Russians page.

DESCRIPTOR
Russians - Italy - Rome

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Russkii nekropol' v chuzhikh kraiakh vyp. 1-i; Parizh i ego okrestnosti.

Nikolai Mikhailovich, Grand Duke of Russia. Petrograd : Tip. M.M. Stasiulevicha, 1915. 101 p.
UIUC Call Number: Russian Reference 920.047 N58 RUS

See description on the Cemetery Guides and Necrologies for Russians page.

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Russkii nekropol' pod Parizhem.

Shulepova, E.A. Moskva : Rossiiskii in-t kul?turologii, 1993. 95 p.
UIUC Call Number: Russian Reference 920.047 SH92R

See description on the Cemetery Guides and Necrologies for Russians page.

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Na pogoste XX veka.

Nosik, B.M. Sankt-Peterburg : "Zolotoi vek" : "Diamant", 2000. 558 p.
UIUC Call Number: Russian Reference 920.047 N841n

See description on the Cemetery Guides and Necrologies for Russians page.

DESCRIPTOR
Russians - France - Paris - Biography

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Martirolog russkoi voenno-morskoi emigratsii po izdaniiam 1920-2000 gg.

Lobytsyn, V.V. Moskva : Izd-vo Rossiiskoi gos. biblioteki "Pashkov dom" ; Feodosiia : Izdatel'skii dom "Koktebel'", 2001. 191 p.
UIUC Call Number: Russian Reference 304.80947 M366

See the description on the Resources on Obituaries page.

DESCRIPTOR
Russians - Foreign countries - History - Sources.

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General Biographies

While searching WorldCat on your own using subject words below please be aware of the following caveat. The majority of Russian emigre figures started to appear only in late 1980s in biographical guides published in Russia.

Russkoe zarubezh'e: Zolotaia kniga emigratsii: pervaia tret' XX veka: entsiklopedicheskii biograficheskii slovar'.

Shelokhaev, V.V. Moskva : ROSSPEN, 1997. 748 p.
UIUC Call Number: Russian Reference 305.89171 R923

This resource provides biographies for members of the First Wave of Russian emigration who received their higher education in Russia and who also established themselves and achieved recognition in their fields of speciality before they emigrated. There are entries for such luminaries as Sergei Diaghilev, Sergei Prokof'ev, Roman Iakobson, Pavel Miliukov, and Petr Struve among others. (But don't look for Kerensky. He apparently did not achieve enough recognition in his field to be included). Over 400 biographies are included plus many portraits. The articles are often several pages in length with some bibliographical references for works by and about the individual. Entries are arranged alphabetically by surname. See the entry for Genrikh Ottonovich Chechott.

DESCRIPTOR
Russians - Foreign countries - Biographies - Dictionaries.

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Who is who in Central and East Europe, 1933/34-1935/36. A biographical dictionary containing about 10,000 biographies of prominent people from Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Danzig, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Hungary, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Poland, Rumania, Switzerland, Turkey and Yugoslavia.

Zurich : Central European Times Pub. Co., 1934-1937.
UIUC Call Number: General Slavic Reference 920.04W62 1933-1936

Countries listed in the title can explain the choice for this source. Practically all of these places became a new home for Russians who escaped the Revolution of 1917 in Russia. Although this western source has many of the limitations mentioned above, it still might include some facts on the occupations of the individuals who settled and worked in academic and governmental institutions. The geographical index presents about 8600 names listed alphabetically for each location.

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Writers

Good sources for a bio and biobibliographic information on the émigré writers are literary encyclopedias, dictionaries, guides and others, issued in Russia, particularly after the fall of the Soviet Union, and on the West. Listed below are some of them. Most of them represent general literary sources and has been annotated in the section on Bibliography of Russian Literature.

Handbook of Russian literature.

Terras, Victor. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985. 557 p.
UIUC Call Number: Russian Reference Q.891.709 H191

See the description on the Bibliography of Russian Literary Resources page.

DESCRIPTOR

Russian literature - Encyclopedias

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Dictionary of Russian literature since 1917.

Kasack, Wolfgang. New York: Columbia University Press, 1988. 502 p.
UIUC Call Number: Russian Reference 891.709 K15L:E1988

See description on the Bibliography of Russian Literary Resources page.

DESCRIPTOR

  • Russian literature - 20th century - Bio-bibliography.
  • Authors, Russian - 20th century - Biography - Dictionaries.

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The Modern encyclopedia of Russian and Soviet literature.

Weber, Harry. Gulf Breeze, FL : Academic International Press, 1977-
UIUC Call Number: Russian Reference 891.703 M72

According to the editor notes in the first volume of the encyclopedia, the purpose of this publication was to deliver "a specialized reference work in English containing accurate and comprehensive information on Russian and Soviet literature...". Emigre literature is treated in this compilation "as a significant part of the totality of Russian literature". There are three articles on the Russian emigre literature describing its three waves in volume 4, pp. 134-151. Entries on authors provide biographic information, some literary analyses of their writings, a bibliography of publications, and references to critical works. Although the editor acknowledged that "sources of information for Russian writers in emigration are somewhat limited" and the MERSL is represented only by 10 volumes where "Ivanov-Paimen" is the last entry, the source is definitely a valuable addition to the reference materials on "Russia Abroad".

DESCRIPTOR
Russian literature - Dictionaries

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Russkie pisateli, 1800-1917: biograficheskii slovar'.

Nikolaev, P.A. , Baskakov, V.N., Vatsuro, V.E. Moskva : Izd-vo "Sov. entsiklopediia", 1989-
UIUC Call Number: Russian Reference 891.70922 R921

See description on the Bibliography of Russian Literary Resources page.

DESCRIPTOR
*Authors, Russian - Biography - Dictionaries.

*While searching WorldCat using these subject words, please be aware of the fact that the names of most Russian émigré writers started to be included in dictionaries published in Russia only in late 1980s.

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Literaturnaia entsiklopediia russkogo zarubezh'ia, 1918 - 1940.

Nikoliukin, A.N.; Etova, O.V. Moskva: Sektor literaturovedeniia INION RAN, 1993-1999.
UIUC Call Number: Russian Reference 016.8917P673

The first volume of this publication is issued in 3 parts with a distinctive title: Pisateli russkogo zarubezh'ia, 1918-1940: spravochnik. Every one of the 175 articles is compiled from well dated biographical essay followed by a list of a secondary sources on each author. The name index is at the end of third part. The three parts of the third volume supply information on history and literary criticism for the most significant works by the writers listed in volume 1. The name index is in the end of third part.
The second volume is also issued in 3 parts and devoted to periodical publications, literary centers, and publishers of "Russia Abroad".

DESCRIPTOR

  • Authors, Russian - Foreign countries - Biography - Dictionaries.
  • Russian literature - Foreign countries - Bibliography
  • Exiles' writings, Russian - Biography - Dictionaries.
  • Russian literature - 20th century - Foreign countries - Bibliographies - Dictionaries.

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Dictionary of Russian women writers.

Ledkovskaia-Astman, Marina; Rosenthal, Charlotte; Zirin, Mary Fleming. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1994. 869 p.
UIUC Call Number: Russian Reference 891.700922 D561

See description on the Bibliography of Russian Literary Resources page.

DESCRIPTOR

  • Women authors, Russian - Biography - Dictionaries.
  • Russian literature - Women authors - Dictionaries.

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Slovar' russkikh zarubezhnykh pisatelei.

Bulgakov, V.; Vaneckova, G.; Kneeley, R. New York: Norman Ross Publishers, 1993. 240 p.
UIUC Call Number: Russian Reference 891.709 B871S

See description on the Bibliography of Russian Literary Resources page.

DESCRIPTOR

  • Authors, Russian - Foreign countries - Biography - Dictionaries.
  • Authors, Russian - 20th century - Biography - Dictionaries.
  • Authors, Exiles - Biography - Dictionaries.

 

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Russkie pisateli emigratsii: biograficheskie svedeniia i bibliografiia ikh knig po bogosloviiu, religioznoi filosofii, tserkovnoi istorii i pravoslavnoi kul'ture, 1921-1972.

Zernov, N. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1973. 182 p.
UIUC Call Number: Russian Reference 016.21 Z54R

See the description on the Biographical Resources for Religion and Philosophy in Russia page.

DESCRIPTOR
Religious thought - Soviet Union

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Slovar' poetov Russkogo Zarubezh'ia.

Kreid, Vadim. Sankt-Peterburg : RKhGI, 1999. 470 p.
UIUC Call Number: Russian Reference 891.700922 Sl58

This dictionary includes biographical and some bibliographic information on 392 poets of the three waves of Russian emigration through the period 1917-1980s. The three sections of the book represent each of these waves. Every section was compiled by a different person. V. Kreid is responsible for the first wave-the revolutionary period; V. Sinkevich put together the information on the second wave-World War II; D. Bobyshev compiled the list of poets of third wave-1960-1980s. Every entry, besides a well dated biographic sketch, includes information on professional activities. It also provides a short bibliography of secondary sources, mostly of "Russia Abroad". A name index for each section is provided.
DESCRIPTOR

  • Poets, Russian - Foreign countries - Biography - Dictionaries.
  • Poets, Russian - 20th century - Biography - Dictionaries
  • Russian poetry - 20th century - Bio-bibliography

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Free voices in Russian literature, 1950s-1980s; a bio-bibliographical guide.

Stevanovic, B.; Wertsman, V.; Sumerkin, A. New York : Russica, 1987. 510 p. (Russica bibliography series. no. 4).
UIUC Call Number: Russian Reference 016.8917 ST46F

See description on the Biography of Russian Literary Resources page.

DESCRIPTOR
Underground literature - Soviet Union - Bio-bibliography.

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OTHER SPECIALIZED BIOGRAPHY

Filosofy Rossii XIX-XX stoletii: biografii, idei, trudy.

Alekseev, A.P.; Alekseev, P.V. Moskva : "Kniga i biznes", 1993. 221 p.
UIUC Call Number: Russian Reference 197.0922 F487

See the description on the Biographical Resources for Religion and Philosophy in Russia page.

DESCRIPTOR

  • Philosophers - Russia - Biography.
  • Philosophers - Russia (Federation) - Biography.
  • Philosophy, Russian - 19th century.
  • Philosophy, Russian - 20th century.

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Istoricheskii slovar' rossiiskikh masonov XVIII-XX vekov.

Platonov, O. Moskva : O. Platonov, 1996. 126 p.
UIUC Call Number: Russian Reference 016.36610947 P697I

See description on the Guides to Sources on Russian History and Historiography page.

DESCRIPTOR

  • Freemasons - Russia - Biography - Dictionaries.
  • Freemasons - Soviet Union - Biography - Dictionaries.
  • Freemasons - Russia (Federation) - Biography - Dictionaries.

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Khudozhniki russkogo zarubezh'ia 1917-1939. Biograficheskii slovar'.

Leikind, O.L. et al. Sankt-Peterburg : Izd-vo "Notabene", 1999. 713 p.
UIUC Call Number: Russian Reference 709.470922 L5337k

See description on the Resources for Russian Art page.

DESCRIPTOR
Expatriate artists - Biography - Dictionaries.

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Biograficheskii spravochnik vysshikh chinov Dobrovol'cheskoi armii i Vooruzhennykh Sil Iuga Rossii: materialy k istorii Belogo dvizheniia iuga.

Rutych, N. Moskva : "Regnum", 1997. 295 p.
UIUC Call Number: Russian Reference 947.08410092 R939B

See description on the Guides to Sources on Russian History and Historiography page.

DESCRIPTOR
Russia (Territory under White armies, 1918-1920). Dobrovol'cheskaia armiia - Biography.

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entry for the botanist, Innokentii KozlovRossiiskaia emigratsiia v Aziatsko-Tikhookeanskom regione i Iuzhnoi Amerike: biobibliograficheskii slovar'.

Khisamutdinov, A. Vladivostok : Izd-vo Dal'nevostochnogo universiteta, 2000. 358 p.
UIUC Call Number: Russian Reference 304.80947 K528r

This biographical dictionary has entries for over 2000 Russian emigres who lived in Australia, Japan, Korea, China, South America, or the western part of the United States. Entries are arranged alphabetically by surname and include full names, dates, education and career information, as well as bibliographical references for both published and unpublished works and archival sources. Entries range in length from several lines to almost a page. There are some photographs of individuals and of graves. The introduction discusses the various sources of information available for research in this branch of emigre studies. See the entry for the botanist, Innokentii Kozlov.

 

DESCRIPTOR

  • Russians - Foreign countries - Bio-bibliography.
  • Russians - East Asia - Bio-bibliography.
  • Russians - Pacific Area - Bio-bibliography.
  • Russians - Latin America - Bio-bibliography.
  • Russians - Australia - Bio-bibliography.
  • Russians - China - Bio-bibliography.
  • Russians - Japan - Bio-bibliography.
  • Russians - Korea - Bio-bibliography.
  • Russians - Pacific Coast(North America) - Bio-bibliography.

 

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Kazachii slovar'-spravochnik.

Skrylov, A.I. ed. Cleveland, OH: 1966-1969. 3 vols in 4.
UIUC Call Number: Main Stacks 947.77 K18

This multi-volume dictionary contains entries for notable people of Cossack origin as well as for terms, groups, etc. related to Cossack history. Many of the individuals presented in this set died in emigration. The entries may be very brief or quite long depending on the historical significance of the figure. There are no bibliographic references for any entry. The verso of the title page of the first volume has a list of the contributors to the dictionary. Some additional entries appear at the end of the last volume.

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Religioznaia deiatel'nost' Russkogo Zarubezh'ia. Biobibliograficheskii spravochnik

URL: http://ruszarubezhje.ru/

This website is dedicated to religious leaders of Russia abroad. It contains entries for approximately 10,000 persons supplemented by more than 2,000 pictures. The entries are arranged in the alphabetical order with a list of sources after each of them. The website offers information about Russian Orthodox saints canonized abroad, sacred objects and important religious places; additionally, it has a library of electronic texts and a bibliography.

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