The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition
Chicago Style Manual of Style Online (Illinois students/faculty/staff only)
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Blog entries and they are commonly omitted from a bibliography or reference list. The following example shows the more formal version of the citation. If an access date is required by your publisher or discipline, include it before the URL, as in the example below.
Organic Gardening News. Accessed March 21, 2012. http://organicgarden.blogspot.com/.
For one author:
Allotment gardening : an organic guide for beginners. Devon: Green Books, Ltd., 2005.
For two or more authors use commas and "and" for the last author. In the case of four or more authors, use "et al." after the first author.
The War: An Intimate History, 1941–1945. New York: Knopf, 2007.
Book Article or Chapter
Begin with the name of the author of the selection, not with the name of the author of the book. Then give the date of publication. Then give the title of the selection, "in" the title of the book; the name of the author or editor (editor preceded by "ed." for "Edited by"); the pages on which the selection appears; and publication information.
"The new organic grower." In Gardening When It Counts, edited by , 219-223. Westport: Greenwood, 1995.
Doctoral Dissertation or Master's Thesis
"Profiles of personal agency: Ethnocultural variations in self-efficacy beliefs." PhD diss., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2005.
If a book is available in more than one format, you should cite the version you consulted, but you may also list the other formats, as in the example below.
Pride and Prejudice. New York: Penguin Classics, 2007. Kindle edition.
Allotment gardening : an organic guide for beginners. Devon: Green Books, Ltd., 2005. http://press-pubs.greenbooks.com/gardening/.
Well known, alphabetically arranged reference books used as sources are not included in the reference list but are cited in the text (section 17.238).
In her article on organic gardening in the 1987 edition of The New Encyclopaedia Britannica , says that the phrase organic gardening was coined in the 1960s.
Articles from less well known reference works can be treated as a book article or chapter.
Encyclopedia Article (Online)
“Bulls.” In Encyclopedia of Chicago, edited by Chicago Historical Society, 2005. http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/184.html.
"Organic agriculture worldwide--a fast growing reality for 100% pesticide risk reduction." Acta-horticulturae 525 (2000): 31-37.
Magazine Article (Popular)
"When to buy organic." Better Homes and Gardens, June 3, 2007, 288.
Magazine or Journal Article Retrieved from a Database
If an access date is required by your publisher or discipline, include it parenthetically, before the URL in the citation, as in the example below.
“Wary Centrists Posing Challenge in Health Care Vote.” New York Times, February 27, 2010. Accessed February 28, 2010. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/28/us/politics/28health.html.
Begin with the screen write then the title, italicized. For a videotape or DVD, add "Videocassette" or "DVD." Cite the director followed by the year of the film's release, the city it was produced in, name of the distributor and the year the film was released on DVD or Videocassette.
Clash of the Titans. DVD. Directed by Desmond Davis. Buckinghamshire, England: MGM, 1981.
"Education standards likely to see toughening." New York Times, April 14, 2009. A3.
If the newspaper was accessed through the online version of the newspaper:
"Education standards likely to see toughening." New York Times, April 14, 2009. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/15/education/15educ.html.
Web sites may be cited in running text ("On its Web site, the May Clinic Staff states . . . ") instead of an in-text citation, and they are commonly omitted from a bibliography or reference list as well. The following example shows the more formal version of the citation. If an access date is required by your publisher or discipline, include it at the end of the citation, before the URL, as in the example below.
For videos, provide the author only if you are sure that person created the video. Do not list the person posting the video online as the author. If you are unsure, treat the citation as having no author.
“UGA VII rushes the field.” YouTube video, 2:24, from a performance televised by CBS on September 22, 2010. October 3, 2010. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=asd;lkjeivang.
Works of Art
The Woman with the Hat, 1905. Oil on canvas, 81.3 x 60.3 cm. San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.
The Security Bank, 1907. Owatonna, Minnesota. http://www.artstor.org/ (accessed August 12, 2007).
- There are two different Chicago citation styles -- one for humanities and one used in the sciences. This web page gives examples in the science style. The Chicago Manual of Style is available online.
- The list of sources that you used should be titled "Bibliography."
- Arrange the items on your reference list alphabetically by author.
- Doublespace all lines.
- Indent the second and following lines 5 spaces or one half inch. (In Word, use "Hanging Indent.")
- If no author is given, start with the title.
- Abbreviate the names of all months except May, June, and July.
Based on http://www2.liu.edu/cwis/cwp/library/workshop/citation.htm by Robert Delaney at B. Davis Schwartz Memorial Library, Long Island University.