learn

insider's guide
to the library

LEARN Navigation Menu



  Library workshop calendar    LibGuides    Library videos

  Savvy Researcher Twitter    University of Illinois Facebook    Library Flickr

AMA Citation Style

American Medical Association Manual of Style, 10th edition

For Medicine, Health, and Biological Sciences

AMA Manual of Style Online (Illinois students/faculty/staff only)

Color code

Author(s) <blue>

 

Date <red> 

 

Title of book <pink> 

 

Title of article <green> 

 

Title of periodical <purple> 

 

Volume <orange> 

 

Pages <lt blue>

 

Place of publication <brown> 

 

Publisher <yellow>

 

Other information <gray>

 

 


Blog

Writer's name, title or subject of the post, title of the blog, URL, date of post. Follow with the phrase "Available at" and the URL and the phrase "Accessed" and the date you looked at it.

Bernstein M. Bioethics Discussion Blog [Internet]. Los Angeles: Maurice Bernstein. 2004 Jul -[cited 2007 May 16]. Available from: http://bioethicsdiscussion.blogspot.com/.

Book

Berger S. Allotment gardening : An organic guide for beginners. Devon, England: Green Books, Ltd.; 2005.

Book Article or Chapter

Begin with the name of the author of the selection, not with the name of the author of the book. Then give the title of the selection, "in" the name of the author or editor (followed by "ed." for Edited by); the title of the book; the publication information; year of publication; and the inclusive page numbers on which the selection appears.

Coleman E. The new organic grower. In: Kruger A, ed. Gardening When It Counts. Westport, CT: Greenwood; 1995: 219-223.

Book with an Editor

Kruger A, ed. Gardening When It Counts. Westport, CT: Greenwood; 2001.

Doctoral Dissertations and Masters Theses

Feasel K. Profiles of personal agency: Ethnocultural variations in self-efficacy beliefs [dissertation]. Urbana-Champaign, IL: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; 1999.

eBook

Fatemi SH, Clayton PJ, eds. The Medical Basis of Psychiatry. 3rd ed. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2008. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/ebooks/ebc/9781597452526. Accessed June 4, 2009.

Encyclopedia Article

Smith J. Organic gardening. In: The New Encyclopaedia Britannica: Macropaedia Vol. 24. Chicago, IL: Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1987: 390-392.

Encyclopedia Article (Online)

Journal Article or Magazine article

Navarro P, Chambers I, Karwacki-Neisius V, et al. Molecular coupling of Xist regulation and pluripotency. Science. 2008;321(5896):1693-1695. http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/321/5896/1693. Accessed June 4, 2009.

Abbreviate the title of the journal according to the listing in PubMed.

Porell F, Carter M. Discretionary hospitalization of nursing home residents with and without alzheimer’s disease: a multilevel analysis. J Aging Health. 2005;17(2):207-238.

Journal or Magazine Article (Database)

If the article has a DOI (digital object identifier), give that number at the end instead of the URL. If there is no DOI, instead give the URL and the date of access (Accessed: date). Do not include the database name.

Porell F, Carter M. Discretionary hospitalization of nursing home residents with and without alzheimer’s disease: a multilevel analysis. J Aging Health. 2005;17(2):207-238. doi: 10.1177/0898264304274302.

Movie

Begin with the author, director, or producer. Next, the title of the work in italics, followed by the medium in brackets. Provide the place of publication, the publisher (or distributor), and the date of publication.

Soderbergh S. Traffic [DVD].United States: Gramercy Pictures; 2000.

Newspaper Article

Found in Print:

Dillon S. Education standards likely to see toughening. New York Times. April 14, 2009: A3.

If the newspaper was accessed through the online version of the newspaper, the information is the same as the print except you add the URL and include the published, updated, and accessed dates.

Dillon S. Education standards likely to see toughening. New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/15/education/15educ.html. Published April 14, 2009. Accessed April 30, 2009.

Website

List as many of the following elements as are available: author, the name of the webpage, the name of the entire website, the URL,the published date, updated date, and the date you accessed it.

Mayo Clinic Staff. Organic foods: Are they safer? More nutritious? The Mayo Clinic. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/organic-food/NU00255. Published December 20, 2010. Accessed March 13, 2008.

YouTube video

For videos, provide the author only if you are sure that person created the video. Do not list the person posting the video online as the author. If you are unsure, treat the citation as having no author.

Has an author:

Takayma-Ogawa J., Willette J. What is information literacy [Video]. YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yeopJX5jJV8. Published March 14, 2007. Accessed April 30, 2010.

Has no author:

Slingshot fun [Video]. YouTube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CCmZYce0J2E. Published January 29, 2007. Accessed April 30, 2010.

General Rules

  • Items are listed numerically in the order they are cited in the text.
  • Authors: use initials of first and second names with no spaces or punctuation.
  • Include up to six authors. If there are more than six, include the first three, followed by et al. If no author is given, start with the title.
  • Websites: include the name of the webpage, the name of the entire website, the full date of the page (if available), and the date you looked at it. Provide the URL that works as close as possible to the date of publication.
  • The AMA Manual of Style was updated in 2007, and this site reflects the updated version.

 

Based on http://www2.liu.edu/cwis/cwp/library/workshop/citation.htm by Robert Delaney at B. Davis Schwartz Memorial Library, Long Island University.