learn

insider's guide
to the library

LEARN Navigation Menu



  Library workshop calendar    LibGuides    Library videos

  Savvy Researcher Twitter    University of Illinois Facebook    Library Flickr

Cite a Source

Citing is the process of giving credit to the sources you used to write your paper. Citations can be located in the text or at the end of the work in a bibliography.   It can be difficult to figure out what needs to be credited. 

Use this rule of thumb: If you knew a piece of information before you started doing research, generally you do not need to credit it. You also do not need to cite well-known facts, such as dates, which can be found in many encyclopedias. All other information such as quotations, statistics, and ideas should always be cited in your papers.


Editorial Style

Editorial style consists of rules or guidelines that a publisher observes to ensure clear and consistent presentation of written material. Editorial style concerns uniform use of such elements as:

  • punctuation and abbreviations
  • construction of tables
  • selection of headings
  • citation of references
  • presentation of statistics
  • as well as many other elements that are a part of every manuscript

(From http://apastyle.apa.org/, emphasis added)

This site will provide you with a brief introduction to the following citation styles:

  • APA: psychology, education, and other social sciences.
  • MLA: literature, arts, and humanities.
  • AMA: medicine, health, and biological sciences.
  • Turabian: designed for college students to use with all subjects.
  • Chicago: used with all subjects in the "real world" by books, magazines, newspapers, and other non-scholarly publications.

Managing your sources

RefWorks is a web-based citation management tool that is free for all students and faculty at University of Illinois. It works with databases and the online library catalog to import citations into your own personal database. You can organize your citations by topic in folders, share your citations with your colleagues or peers, and you can easily print bibliographies. For more information, watch this RefWorks tutorial. Other solutions include  Zotero, a free Firefox extension that is great for capturing and archiving screenshots,  Mendeley, a citation manager that is particularly good at managing .pdf files, and  EndNote, a manager that is used heavily in the sciences. Compare all citation managers.

Comparison of citation managers

>> Download this graphic as a .pdf file. Or  Compare all citation managers.

Print Style Manuals

The complete hardcopy style manuals contain examples about citing a wider variety of sources than these web pages do, as well as other things you may need to know, such as margins, font size, etc. You can find style manuals in the following library locations: 

 

Style Manual

Call Number

Location(s)

The ACS Style Guide: A Manual for Authors and Editors [Chemical], 2nd ed.

808.06654 AC781997

Chemistry Library, Geology Reference

American Medical Association Manual of Style, 10th ed. 

610.149 Am3s2007

Veterinary Med Reference, Main Reference

The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed.

655.25 C43m2003

Main Reference, Undergraduate Library, most departmental libraries

The Complete Guide to Citing Government Documents

016.015 G186C1993

Main Reference, Main Stacks, Oak Street

A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, ... [Turabian], 6th ed.

808.02 T84M1996

Main Reference, Undergraduate Library, some departmental libraries

The MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing, 3rd ed.

808.02 Ac47m2008

Main Reference (Info Desk), English Reference

The MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th ed.

808.02 M72m1 2009

Main Reference, Undergraduate Reference

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed.

029 AM4P 2010

Main Reference (Info Desk), Undergraduate Library, Education Reference, some departmental libraries

Scientific Style and Format : The CBE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, 6th ed.

029.6 C76S1994

Biology Reference, Natural History Reference, Vet. Med. Reference

   

More information on citing sources


Based on: http://www2.liu.edu/cwis/cwp/library/workshop/citation.htm  Long Island University, Robert Delaney