Guide to Reference and Information Sources in Plant Biology (book) Web Resources

This Web page contains the URLs and annotations for the Web-accessible resources listed in Guide to Reference and Information Sources in Plant Biology, published by Libraries Unlimited in December 2005.

Chapter 7:  Anatomy, Morphology, and Development

Bibliographies and Guides to the Literature

The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Plant Micromorphology Bibliographic Database.

A “database of references relevant to the anatomy and pollen/spore morphology of flowering plants, gymnosperms and ferns.”  One may search by family, subject, genus, or author.  Although freely accessible, more citations will be shown to those who go through the free registration procedure.


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Plant Ontology Consortium.

This group aims to develop a standardized vocabulary that can be used by molecular biologists to describe plant structures and the developmental stages of plants.


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Handbooks and Methods

Botanical Society of America. Botanical Images Collection.

This Web site provides over 800 botanical images that are freely available for educational use.  The images have been divided into fifteen sets, several of which are relevant to plant structure and development, including: plant morphology, phloem development, xylem development, floral ontogeny, organography, and plant anatomy.

Centre for Plant Architecture Informatics. Virtual Plants. Queensland, Australia: The Centre at University of Queensland, 2001.

This web site offers an introduction to plant modeling and three-dimensional digitizing of plants.  Includes virtual models and animations of cotton, beans, corn, weeds, trees, roots, and plant/insect interactions. Also has bibliographies and downloadable modeling software.

Kelber, Klaus-Peter, comp. Links for Palaeobotanists: Plant Anatomy.

This well-maintained site has gathered together many of the Web sites put up by university professors who are teaching plant anatomy.  Includes image sources, lab guides, plant anatomy atlases, lecture notes, and more.


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Textbooks and Treatises

Crang, Richard, Andrey E. Vassilyev. Plant Anatomy. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill, 2003. 128 p. plus CD-ROM. $49.06. ISBN 0072510846.

From the flyer, “Electronic Plant Anatomy deals with the structural characteristics of mature and developing cells, tissues, and organs of seed plants.  Anatomical structures of flowering plants are given special emphasis.  It is intended to serve as a complete guide for beginning college/university students in plant anatomy, as well as a reference for advanced studies in various fields of plant biology.”  Includes a complete glossary.  The supporting Web site is open to all.

Ritchie, Steven W, John J. Hanway and Garren O. Benson. How a Corn Plant Develops. Ames, IA: Iowa State University of Science and Technology, Cooperative Extension Service, 1993. 21 p. (Special Report No. 48). 

This Web site, a digital representation of a print pamphlet, describes the development of a corn plant from its germination and vegetative growth through its reproductive stages and the maturation of the corn kernels.  Each stage of growth is well illustrated and described.


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Botanical Society of America (BSA) - Developmental and Structural Section. c/o Dr. Pamela Diggle, Department of EE Biology - Box 334, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309-0334. Phone: 303-492-4860. Fax: 303-492-8699. E-Mail:

The Botanical Society of America is the primary organization with which plant anatomists affiliate.  The main goal of this section of the BSA is to stimulate interest in research and teaching in plant development and structure.  The section offers several awards for graduate students in this field of inquiry.

Canadian Botanical Association / L'Association Botanique du Canada (CBA/ABC) - Structure and Development Section. c/o Dr. Arthur R. Davis, Department of Biology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5E2 Canada. Phone: 306-966-4732. E-Mail:

This section holds regular meetings at the annual meeting of the Association.


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12/22/2005   mma