To support the research of the Illinois Natural History Survey as described in its broad mandated mission, "to study the plants and animals of Illinois and how they interact among the variety of ecosystems throughout the state. Through its research and other activities, the Survey fosters intelligent and responsible management of the biological resources of Illinois and public appreciation of the state's natural heritage". These investigations, involve both pure and applied research.
University of Illinois departments that are serviced by the Natural History Survey collection include the School of Life Sciences, School of Integrative Biology, Department of Animal Biology which include Botany, Entomology, Biology, Ecology, Ethology, and Evolution. In the College of Agriculture, Agriculture, Agronomy, Plant Pathology, Agricultural Entomology, and Horticulture; Landscape Architecture; and the Department of Urban and Regional Planning and the Office of Sustainability..
The Library of the Illinois Natural History Survey was founded at the first meeting of the Natural History Society of Illinois in 1858 and has always had a professional librarian since 1906. In 1861, the Society received its charter from the State Legislature and was located in Normal Illinois. The Society became the Illinois State Laboratory of Natural History in 1877. The collection was transferred to Urbana in 1885 so that the laboratory director, Stephen A. Forbes, could also serve as Professor of Zoology and Entomology at the Illinois Industrial University. From that time through the present, the Natural History Survey Library has been affiliated both with the State Natural History Survey and with the University of Illinois.
In 1917 the Laboratory of Natural History was combined with the State Entomologist's office and was renamed the Illinois Natural History Survey. The library remained under the possession of the INHS until 1928 when it was turned over to the University of Illinois with specific stipulations. The Natural Resources building which currently houses the Illinois Natural History Survey and the Illinois Geological Survey was built in 1940. At that time the Illinois Natural History Survey Library became a full departmental library of the University of Illinois Library. An agreement was reached between T.H. Frison, chief of the Survey, and C. M. White, Director of University Libraries, providing that the Survey would furnish the building, furniture, and staff for the Library and the University Library would provide a budget for the purchase of books and serials and do the technical processing. Many of the materials from the Natural History Library (in the Natural History Building) were transferred to this library.
In 1959 upon completion of Burrill Hall the INHS Library's collection was split up. The life sciences materials were moved to the Biology Library housed at 101 Burrill Hall and the geological materials were moved to the newly formed Geology Library in the Natural History Building.
Today the Natural History Survey library is in a state of transition. Recently the five State Scientific Surveys merged to form the Prairie Research Institute. The libraries from each Survey are combining to form the Prairie Research Institute Library.
69,700 volumes for Natural History Survey Library collection.
The Natural History Survey Library collection is nationally known and is well respected by researchers at the national, regional and state levels.
The Natural History Survey Library collection is responsible for collecting in relation to Section I.A. Purpose. Many departmental libraries such as the Biology, Agriculture, and City Planning and Landscape Architecture Libraries collect in overlapping subject areas.
The majority of materials are in the Prairie Research Institute Library with other related materials in the Bookstacks, Oak Street, and the Funk Agriculture Library.
Warrick, Ruth R. Library. Bulletin of the Illinois Natural History Survey, 27 (2):210-214.
Wohlgemuth, B. 2008. INHS Library. Outdoor Illinois 16(9):13.
Wohlgemuth, B. 2007. New library buildings, Illinois Natural History Survey Library. Illinois Library Association Reporter, 25(1): 14-15.
Wohlgemuth, B. 2006. Illinois Natural History Survey Library Grand Opening Celebration. Illinois Natural History Survey Reports, summer, no. 388.
Wohlgemuth, B. 2006. Grand opening ceremonies continue to build an Illinois tradition dating to the mid 1800s, INHS Library. Outdoor Illinois 15(9):28
English is the dominant language of the collection. German, Spanish, French, Russian and other Slavic languages, Japanese, Chinese, Scandinavian, Portuguese, Italian and other minor language materials are all collected, mainly through exchange agreements.
No restrictions. Special interest in the historical perspective.
Emphasis is on terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems. Special emphasis on Illinois but collect internationally.
The concept "Natural History" is interpreted in a very broad sense for the collection. Coverage includes life histories, ecology, reproduction, and environmental aspects of natural resources along with their allocation and use. Standard statement.
Appropriate primary and secondary works, and bibliographic, and reference materials are acquired. Ordinarily, dissertations, theses and translations are selectively collected. Hard copy is normally preferred to microforms, except when the original formats are unavailable or prohibitively expensive, or for reasons of usage, storage or conservation/preservation, in which case microforms may be preferable. Audio-visual materials are normally collected selectively.
Current materials are emphasized, but retrospective works are acquired on a selective basis. New and revised editions or important works are purchased when new explanatory or primary material is introduced.
Below is a table that lists specific subject subdivisions within the collection. Each row in the table lists a specific subject subdivision, followed by three columns noting: Collection Strength, Primary Assignments and Secondary Assignments. The Existing Collecting Strength column notes how well the existing collection covers that topic on a 1 to 5 scale with 5 being very strong. The Primary Assignments column lists departmental libraries that have the greatest collection intensity of subject materials, respectively. In the case of 2 or more libraries listed, the collection intensity is comparable. The Secondary Assignments column list departmental libraries where additional materials may be found.
|Natural History Survey Collection|
|SUBJECT SUBDIVISIONS||EXISTING STRENGTH||PRIMARY ASSIGNMENTS||SECONDARY ASSIGNMENTS|
|Aquaculture||4||Natural History Survey|
|Aquatic botany||4||Biology||Natural History Survey|
|Benthic studies||3||Biology||Natural History Survey|
|Fisheries research||4||Natural History Survey|
|Limnology||3||Biology||Natural History Survey|
|Microbial ecology||2||Biology||Natural History Survey|
|Economic botany||4||Natural History Survey||Agriculture/Biology|
|Mycology||4||Natural History Survey||Biology|
|Plant pathology||4||Agriculture||Natural History Survey|
|Plant systematics/evolution/speciation||4||Biology||Natural History Survey / Agriculture|
|Aquatic ecosystems||3||Biology||Natural History Survey / City Planning|
|Ecological information in Illinois||4||Natural History Survey||City Planning|
|Ecological restoration||4||Natural History Survey|
|Endangered species||3||Natural History Survey||Biology|
|Invasive species||4||Natural History Survey||Biology|
|Land use||3||City Planning||Natural History Survey|
|Natural resources management||3||Natural History Survey||City Planning|
|Terrestrial ecosystems||4||Biology||Natural History Survey|
|Toxicology||3||Biology||Natural History Survey|
|Watershed management||3||Natural History Survey|
|Wetland ecosystems||4||Biology||Natural History Survey|
|Control-integrated pest management||4||Natural History Survey||Agriculture/Biology|
|Economic entomology||4||Natural History Survey||Agriculture/Biology|
|Insect physiology and toxicology||3||Biology||Natural History Survey/|
|Insect systematics||4||Biology||Natural History Survey|
|Entomology||4||Biology||Natural History Survey|
|Herpetology||3||Biology||Natural History Survey|
|Ichthyology||4||Biology||Natural History Survey|
|Invertebrate zoology||3||Biology||Natural History Survey|
|Mammalogy||4||Biology||Natural History Survey|
|Ornithology||4||Biology||Natural History Survey|
|Ecology||3||Agriculture||Natural History Survey|
|Wildlife||4||Natural History Survey||Biology|
|Conservation||4||Natural History Survey||Biology|
|Management||4||Natural History Survey|
Version Date: December 2011