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Copyright and Scholarly Communication

The U.S. Constitution gives Congress the power to enact laws "to promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries" (Article I, Section 8). The Copyright Law of the United States of America, contained in Title 17 of the United States Code, provides this protection to authors. The U.S. Copyright Office administers the copyright law and maintains the public record of copyright registrations.

Copyright in the U.S.

U.S. Copyright Law

Text of the current law including recent amendments.

U.S. Copyright Office

Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the United States (01/01/07)

See also Library of Congress Copyright Office. Circular 15a, Duration of Copyright: Provisions of the Law Dealing with the Length of Copyright Protection (Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 2004) http://www.copyright.gov/circs/circ15a.pdf

Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the United States by Peter B. Hirtle 

When Works Pass into the Public Domain by Laura N. Gasaway


Campus Guide to Copyright Compliance for Academic Institutions

Copyright & Fair Use Information and Copyright Compliance Statement

Covers general, personal, and classroom use of copyrighted materials specific to the University of Illinois. Plus links to other information on copyright and fair use, including electronic reserves, Internet/computer technologies, etc. Produced by the University of Illinois Office of the Chief Information Officer (CIO).

University of Illinois Provost's Letter of Support for Retaining Publishing Rights


University of Illinois Scholarly Communication

Provides information to Illinois scholars about managing their intellectual proporty. Includes details about new publishing models, the importance of retaining control of one's copyrights, and the archiving of one's scholarly output in the University of Illinois' digital repository IDEALS (Illinois Digital Environment for Access to Learning and Scholarship). Produced by the University Library.


The Illinois Digital Environment for Access to Learning and Scholarship (IDEALS) is a digital repository that serves as a permanent and secure online home for work produced by University of Illinois faculty and scholars. You can make your work publicly available; look into depositing your work.

Intellectual Property Organizations  

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

Copyright and Related Rights 


Copyright: UNESCO Culture Center 

World Trade Organization

TRIPS: Trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights

Instructional Materials

ALA Fair Use Evaluator

Produced by the American Library Association and Michael Brewer, this tool can help you work through the four principles of Fair Use.

Know Your Copy Rights

A 2007 brochure aimed at faculty and teaching assistants published by the Association of Research Libraries.

American University Glushko-Samuelson Intellectual Property Law Clinic

Indiana University

Frequently asked questions about copyright, reproduced from the former Copyright Management Center at Indiana University-Purdue University, Indianapolis.

University of Texas 

Copyright Crash Course

University of Maryland University College

Stanford University Libraries

Copyright & Fair Use

Cornell University Law School Legal Information Institute (LII)

Cornell Copyright Information Center - a collaboration of the Cornell University Library, Cornell Information Technologies, Office of Technologies, Office of University Counsel, and The Cornell Store.

Cornell University Copyright Information Center

University of Minnesota Libraries

Copyright Scenarios

North Carolina State University Libraries

Scholarly Communication Center: Tutorial Series 

Library Associations 

Sites for Investigating Copyright Status of Works  

U.S. Copyright Office

Search copyright records 

Stanford University Libraries

Copyright Renewal Database 

Harry Ransom Center and Reading University Library

Getting Help

ALA Copyright Advisory Network

Discussion forum on library copyright and general scholarly copyright issues.

AAASS Bibliography and Documentation Subcommittee on Copyright Issues

Provides information and guidance on Slavic and Eastern European and international copyright.

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