The collection is maintained by the Rare Book & Manuscript Library.
The Rare Book & Manuscript Library collects and preserves the rare, unique and otherwise special materials of the University Library. In addition to supporting research and instruction in a wide range of disciplines, its truly distinguished collections serve as a symbol of the greatness of the University and attest to its commitment to the preservation of the significant documents of the past. Many of the collections are known throughout the world. Its approximately 1,130 incunabula make it a major American repository. It is perhaps best known for its renowned Milton, Shakespeare, H. G. Wells, Carl Sandburg, and Marcel Proust collections. However, the collection houses especially strong and growing collections in: sixteenth through eighteenth century English literature; emblem books; the history of geology and other sciences; American wit and humor; early maps and geographical and celestial atlases; architecture; landscape art; seventeenth and eighteenth century German and French literature; early English and American children’s books; and the finest examples of the printing arts from the fifteenth through the twentieth century.
Revised April 2005
I. Collection Description
The Rare Book and Manuscript Library (RB/ML), previously known as the Rare Book and Special Collections Library, collects and preserves the rare, unique and otherwise special materials of the University Library. In addition to supporting research and instruction in a wide range of disciplines, its truly distinguished collections serve as a symbol of the greatness of the University and attest to its commitment to the preservation of the significant documents of the past.
The development of its collections has always been considered a responsibility to be shared by all members of the Library and teaching faculty, but the collections have been mainly assembled over the years by University librarians, the professional staff of the RB/ML, and several members of the teaching faculty. All of these currently assist in the development of the collections, and suggestions from other sources for titles and collections within the RB/ML’s scope are seriously considered if funds are available. While most of the material added to the RB/ML is purchased on General Funds, distinguished titles and collections have been purchased with the help of the Library Friends, Ingold, Chester, Carmichael, Gray, Givens, and other such special funds, and on the Book Arts Funds. On many occasions, the University’ s Research Board and campus departments have provided financial assistance. Gifts have also enhanced the collections immeasurably.
History of Collection:
In the early years of the Library, from 1867 until about 1906, rare books were acquired only incidentally. Emphasis was initially on research in the agricultural and mechanical fields and later in the natural sciences. Basic monographs and serials were purchased as needed. During and after the tenure of President Edmund James, beginning about 1906, a number of special collections were acquired, chiefly the private libraries of European scholars and collectors. A number of rare books were thus acquired, but only incidentally as titles in these collections. As a general rule, no title costing over one hundred dollars was purchased.
The University Library’s Rare Book Room was organized in 1937, its first major collections the great Shakespeare and Milton collections, built, respectively, by two distinguished scholars, Professors Thomas W. Baldwin and Harris F. Fletcher. Their concept of essential materials was broad and resulted in the acquisition of books printed mainly in England from 1501 to 1700. By 1937, the collection of Milton, Shakespeare, and Renaissance materials housed in Professor Fletcher’s study had become so large (some 5,600 items) and its use so heavy that the Library assumed responsibility for the “Seventeenth Century Collection” and provided a librarian for its administration and maintenance.
Consistently strong financial support by the University and the direction of Robert B. Downs, University Librarian from 1943 until 1972, brought a period of rapid and exceptional growth in these areas and in the many others summarized below. The collections quickly outgrew their quarters on the fourth floor of the University Library and were moved to their present, vastly improved location in 1965. The completion of the sixth stack addition, in 1984, provided additional space and an appropriate environment for their maintenance. To reflect present collecting interests, the name of the Rare Book Room was changed, in 1985, to the Rare Book and Special Collections Library.
Estimate of Holdings:
According to the 2000/2001 RB/ML Annual Report, its holdings consist of: 176,447 cataloged and 78,642 uncataloged volumes; 34,772 reels of microfilm; 24,121 microfiche and other microprints; 903 cu. ft. of manuscripts; and 50 currently received serials.
Many of the RB/ML collections are known throughout the world. Its approximately 1,130 incunabula make it a major American repository. It is perhaps best known for its renowned Milton, Shakespeare, H. G. Wells, Carl Sandburg, and Marcel Proust collections. In addition, the RB/ML houses especially strong and growing collections in: sixteenth through eighteenth century English literature; emblem books; the history of geology and other sciences; American wit and humor; early maps and geographical and celestial atlases; architecture; landscape art; Spanish Golden Age literature; seventeenth and eighteenth century German and French literature; early English and American children’s books; and the finest examples of the printing arts from the fifteenth through the twentieth century. Recently, the RB/ML added the Motley, William S. Merwin, and Rainer Maria Rilke collections, and Spanish Civil War materials. While earlier collection development policy placed a heavy emphasis on the printed book, this has been expanded in recent years to include manuscript and some archival material.
Several of the many special collections merit mention. The (Fletcher) Milton, (Baldwin-Ingold) Shakespeare, H. G. Wells, Carl Sandburg, and Marcel Proust Collections are nationally known. Since the Motley Collection of Shakespearian costume and stage design and the Merwin and Mayer (Rilke) Collections were more recently acquired, they are just now receiving public attention. This is also true of the Rogers Collection of Eighteenth Century English Literature which enhances the older Nickell and Sherburn Collections of works by Swift, Fielding, Pope, Defoe, Goldsmith, Richardson, Sterne, Johnson, Boswell, Addison and other writers of the period. Also noteworthy are the Baskette Collection on Freedom of Expression; the Richard Bentley and Grant Richards archives; the Cavagna Collection on Italian local history; the Winston Churchill Collection; the Harwell Collection of Confederate Imprints; the Heron Lewis Carroll Collection; the Hollander Collection on the history and development of economics; the Larsen collections of Scandinavian literature and Norwegian folk tales; the Meine Collections on American wit and humor and on Mark Twain; the Rattermann Collection on the history and development of German culture in America; and the Doerner Collection of rare books and later works in literature, history, and other subjects. In 2001, the Library acquired the papers of journalist Shana Alexander.
The RB/ML also maintains a reference collection of approximately 3,300 volumes to support research on the materials in its collections. This collection is supplemented by reference materials in departmental libraries and the general bookstacks.
State, Regional and National Importance:
See above information in “Estimate of Holdings.”
Unit Responsible for Collecting:
As noted below, responsibility for the development of the collections in the RB/ML rests primarily with the RB/ML professional staff. However, since the collections are so diverse and require expertise in many disciplines, all members of the Library and teaching faculty are encouraged to participate in the selection of materials which build on existing strengths.
Location of Materials:
The RB/ML is the repository for all rare, unique, and otherwise valuable material, and for selected, valuable contemporary material in the University Library. Since departmental libraries lack necessary security and proper environmental control, they are requested to suggest the transfer of rare and special materials from their collections to the RB/ML, as they are identified.
Citations of Works Describing the Collection:
Bennett, Arnold. . Ed., Harris Wilson. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1960.
Bentley (Richard) and Son, London. . Cambridge, Eng.: Chadwyck-Healey; Teaneck, N.J.: Somerset House, 1976. .
Brichford, Maynard J., Robert M. Sutton, and Dennis F. Walle. . Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1976.
Herrick, Marvin Theodore. . Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1966.
Harman, Marian. . Urbana: University of Illinois Library, 1979. (Robert B. Downs Publication Fund, no. 5).
Harold Mortlake & Co., Firm, Booksellers, London. . [London, 1969] (Its Catalogue 132) and Supplement [London, 1970].
Hollander, Jacob Harry. Comp., Elsie A.G. Marsh. Baltimore: Priv. print. [J.H. Furst company] 1937 and Addenda [n.p.] 1940.
Ingram, Alison. . Cambridge: Chadwyck-Healey, 1981.
Illinois. University at Urbana-Champaign-Library. . Boston: G. K. Hall, 1972. 11 v. and Supplement. 2 v. (1978).
Laurenti, Joseph L. and Alberto Porqueras-Mayo. . Boston: G. K. Hall, 1978.
Laurenti, Joseph L. . New York: Peter Lang, 1984.
Major, Jean A. . Urbana: University of Illinois Library, 1974. (Robert B. Downs Publication Fund, no. 2).
McBurney, William Harlin. . Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1965.
Parrish, T. Michael and Robert M. Willingham, Jr. . Austin, TX: Jenkins Publishing; Katonah, NY: Gary A. Foster, 
Porqueras-Mayo, A. and Joseph L. Laurenti. Barcelona: Puvill Libros, 1984.
Robbins, John Albert. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1977.
Sexton, Meta Maria. . Urbana: University of Illinois Library, 1950. (Adah Patton Memorial Fund, Publication no. 1)
Ward, Dederick C. and Albert V. Carozzi. . Urbana: University of Illinois Library and the Graduate School of Library and Information Science, 1984. (Robert B. Downs Publication Fund, no. 8).
[Wells, H. G.] (v. 11 of the : Boston, 1972) (Illinois, University at Urbana-Champaign-Library).
Finding Lists, Exhibition Catalogs, & Serial Publications:
In addition to the citations above, there are numerous finding lists, exhibition catalogs, and two serial publications, which further describe the collections in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library. These were prepared by the University Library and are held in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library. Some of the finding lists include: “Clayton Papers” (The papers of Sir Robert Clayton), “Finding List of the Fodden Heron Lewis Carroll Collection of Letters, Photographs and Other Memorabilia,” and “Henry Clinton: A Collection of Works by Defoe (Including Defoeana and Travel Literature.”)
A sampling of the outstanding exhibition catalogs include:
- Marcel Proust: A Centennial Exhibit, (1971);
- An American Bookshelf 1776 (1976);
- The Renaissance at Illinois: An Exhibit of Books on the Occasion of the Central Renaissance Conference, (1980);
- W.S. Merwin’s Other Career: The Manuscript Archive of the University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1984);
- Scholarly Treasures of the University Library (1995);
- Learning about Lincoln at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1999) Two serial publications of the Library Friends also describe rare books and other special collections held in the Library: An annual, Non Solus, no. 1 (1974) to no. 12 (1985), and a quarterly newsletter, Friendscript, v. 1 (1979) to date.
II. General Collection Guidelines
Primarily English, Western European languages, and medieval Latin, but there are no restrictions.
Treatment of Subject:
The RB/ML acquires materials of scholarly significance in the major areas of its concerns. Frequently, the emphasis is not on subject matter per se, but on primary sources and examples of kinds of material, such as emblem books, incunabula, and fine printing. In the case of the Shakespeare and Proust collections, only rare items are acquired. In many cases, however, subject matter, regardless of date of publication, price, or rarity, is the important factor.
Types of Materials:
Major emphasis is on acquiring primary, usually printed, materials. When this is impossible, facsimiles, microforms, and other types of reproductions are selected. Manuscripts and archives are acquired selectively. With some exceptions, they presently include all manuscripts predating the invention of the printing press, literary manuscripts of writers represented in the RB/ML collections in their printed works, and special archives having literary, historical, and/or artistic significance (e.g., the Bentley and Grant Richards Archives and the Motley Collection). While the RB/ML policy on manuscripts is highly flexible, it is partially influenced by the collection policies of the University Archives which contains the major collection of modern manuscripts in the University Library. Essential scholarly works and bibliographic and other reference works are acquired to support research in the areas in which the RB/ML collects. The RB/ML also houses materials falling into one or more of the following categories: Monographs costing over $1000.00 per volume; volumes important because of previous ownership or association; titles published in editions of 100 copies or less; and materials having intrinsic/research value which cannot be circulated because of their condition.
Date of Publication:
There are no restrictions. However, it is University Library policy to shelve all monographs (and many serials) in the RB/ML, if they were published in continental Europe before 1750, in the United Kingdom before 1801, in Asia, Africa, Latin America or North America largely before 1851. It is also Library policy to include materials published at later dates, if they are known to have special value on the antiquarian market.
Place of Publication:
There are no restrictions, but the emphasis is on the United Kingdom, the United States, and western Europe.
III. Collection Responsibility by Subject Subdivisions with Qualifications, Levels of Collecting Intensity, and Assignments
Below is a table that lists specific subject subdivisions within the collection. Each row in the table lists a specific subject subdivision, followed by three columns noting: Collection Strength, Primary Assignments and Secondary Assignments. The Existing Collecting Strength column notes how well the existing collection covers that topic on a 1 to 5 scale with 5 being very strong. The Primary Assignments column lists departmental libraries that have the greatest collection intensity of subject materials, respectively. In the case of 2 or more libraries listed, the collection intensity is comparable. The Secondary Assignments column list departmental libraries where additional materials may be found.
Note that the below is not a complete statement of all subjects and kinds of material found in the RB/ML. It is a list of areas which are collected intensely and/or in which the RB/ML has special strengths.
|Rare Book & Manuscript Library Collection|
|SUBJECT SUBDIVISIONS||EXISTING STRENGTH||PRIMARY ASSIGNMENTS||SECONDARY ASSIGNMENTS|
|Marcel Proust (includes manuscripts)||5||French||RB&ML|
|Rainer Maria Rilke (includes manuscripts)||5||RB&ML||German|
|Carl Sandburg (includes manuscripts)||5||RB&ML||English|
|H. G. Wells (includes manuscripts)||5||RB&ML / English|
|TYPES OF PUBLICATIONS:|
|Early maps and geographical and celestial atlases||3||RB&ML / Map|
|Fine printing and book arts||4||RB&ML / Book Arts|
|American wit and humor (includes manuscripts)||4||RB&ML||English|
|Art, architecture and landscape architecture||3||RB&ML|
|Civil liberties and freedom of expression (Baskette collection)||4||RB&ML|
|Early English and American children’s literature||3||RB&ML|
|History of Science (especially geology, mathematics, and astronomy, early editions)||4||RB&ML / Geology|
|Seventeenth and eighteenth century German and French literatures||3||RB&ML||German/French|
|Shakespearean theatrical productions (includes manuscripts)||4||RB&ML||English|
|Sixteenth through eighteenth century English literature||4||RB&ML|
Version Date: July 2006