Geology 2016 Field Course Library Resources
Geology 415/515, University of Illinois – The Geology of County Clare, Western Eire: Sedimentology, Paleoecology and Evolution of a Sedimentary Basin
The Spring 2016 Geology 415/515 Field Course focuses on a 2-week field excursion to County Clare, Western Ireland. Compass Logon
Week 1 (w/b Jan 18th): NO CLASS
Week 2 (w/b Jan 25th; double lecture): Introduction: location, aims, background. Geography, history, and structure of the course. Assessments – types and deadlines. Logistics and group work. Structure of the course. The Carboniferous period. References for weeks 2-3.
Basin evolution in NW Europe in the Carboniferous: past legacies and plate tectonics. Links to North American geology and global controls on sedimentation.
Week 3 (w/b Feb 1st): Basin formation and tectonics in Western Ireland: setting the scene for basin infill. Basin opening, closure and tectonics. Mineralisation and hydrocarbons. References for weeks 2-3.
Week 4 (w/b Feb 8th): The sedimentary history of the Western Irish Carboniferous basin – nomenclature, paleontology and zoning. Sources of sediment and basin paleogeographic reconstructions. Models for basin fill. References for week 4.
Week 5 (w/b Feb 15th): The Carboniferous of Illinois and the mid-west USA: analogies to western Europe. References for week 8.
Week 6 (w/b Feb 22nd; double lecture): Sedimentology: a refresher on rivers and deltas; basinal shales, turbidites and deep-sea sediments. Sedimentology: a refresher on Carboniferous seafloor communities, paleoecology and trace fossils; sequence stratigraphy and controls on sedimentation. Allo cyclic and autocyclic controls. References for week 6.
Week 7 (w/b Feb 29th): Reservoir geology: heterogeneities, scales and outcrop analogues. Uses of analogues and methods of approach.
Week 8 (w/b March 7th): Quaternary geology and glaciation in Ireland and County Clare. References for week 8.
Week 9 (w/b March 14th): NO CLASS – seminar research
SPRING BREAK EASTER no class
Week 10 (w/b March 28th): Group seminars (see seminar page)
Week 11 (w/b April 4th): NO CLASS – seminar research
Week 12 (w/b April 11th): Group seminars (see seminar page)
Week 13 (w/b April 18th): NO CLASS – seminar research
Week 14 (w/b April 25th; double lecture): Group seminars (see seminar page); Logistics: travel dates, times, field work aims and field safety.
Week 15 (w/b May 2nd): NO CLASS
Article Indexes and Databases:
Cope, J.C.W., Ingham, J.K., and Rawson, P.F., 1992, Atlas of Palaeogeography and Lithofacies: Geological Society of London Memoir 13, 153 p. [Call Number: Q. 550 G294m no.13] [Online]
Crowley, T.J and Baum, S.K., 1991, Estimating Carboniferous sea-level fluctuations from Gondwanan ice extent: Geology, v. 19, n. 10, p. 975-977. [Online]
Gonzalez-Bonorino, G. and Eyles, N., 1995, Inverse relation between ice extent and the late Paleozoic glacial record of Gondwana: Geology, v. 23, n. 11, p. 1015-1018. [Online]
** Maynard, J.R., Hofmann, W., Dunay, R.E., Bentham, P.N., Dean, K.P. and Watson, I., 1997, The Carboniferous of Western Europe: the development of a petroleum system: Petroleum Geoscience, v. 3, p. 97-115. [Online]
Mii, H-S., Grossman, E.L. and Yancey, T.E., 1999, Carboniferous isotope stratigraphies of North America: Implications for Carboniferous paleoceanography and Mississippian glaciation, Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 111, n. 7, p. 960–973. [Online]
Smith, A.G. & Pickering, K.T., 2003, Oceanic gateways as a critical factor to initiate icehouse Earth: Journal of the Geological Society, London, v. 160, p. 337-340. [Online]
Torsvik, T.H. and Cocks, R.M., 2004, Earth geography from 400 to 250 Ma: a palaeomagnetic, faunal and facies review, Journal of the Geological Society, London, Vol. 161, 2004, pp. 555–572. [Online]
Woodcock, N. and Strachan, R., 2012, Geological History of Britain and Ireland: Oxford, UK, Blackwells. [Online]
Ziegler, P.A., 1990, Geological Atlas of Western and Central Europe, 2nd ed.: The Hague, Shell Internationale Petroleum Maatschappij. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 554 Z34G]
Collinson, J.D., Martinsen, O., Bakken, B., and Kloster, A., 1991, Early fill of the western Irish Namurian Basin: A complex relationship between turbidites and deltas: Basin Research, v. 3, no. 4, p. 223-242. [Q. 551.35305 BA] [Online]
Davies, S.J. and Elliott, T., 1996, Spectral gamma ray characterization of high resolution sequence stratigraphy: Examples from upper Carboniferous fluvio-deltaic systems, County Clare, Ireland, in Howell, J.A., and Aitken, J.F., eds., High resolution sequence stratigraphy: Innovations and applications: Geological Society of London Special Publication 104, p. 25-35. [Call Number 550 G294s no.104] [Online]
Macdonald, H., Peakall, J., Wignall, P.B.and Best, J. (2011) Sedimentation in deep-sea lobe-elements: implications for the origin of thickening-upward sequences. J. Geol. Soc. London, 168, 319-332. [Online]
Martinsen, O.J., and Collinson, J.D., 2002, The Western Irish Namurian Basin reassessed: A discussion: Basin Research, v. 14, n. 4, p. 523–542. [Online]
Meere, P., MacCarthy, I., Reavy, J., Allen, A. and Higgs, K.(2013) Geology of Ireland, 372 pp., Collins Press, Ireland. 554.15 G2927 Grainger Engineering Library]
Pointon, M.A., Cliff, R..A. and Chew, E.M., (2012) The provenance of Western Irish Namurian Basin sedimentary strata inferred using detrital zircon U–Pb LA-ICP-MS geochronology, Geological Journal, 47, 77–98 [Online]
Posamentier, H.W., and Walker, R.G., eds., 2006, Facies models revisited: SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication 84. (Chapters by Bridge, Bhattacharya, Clifton, and Boyd et al.) [Online]
Pulham, A.J., 1989, Controls on internal structure and architecture of sandstone bodies within Upper Carboniferous fluvial-dominated deltas, County Clare, western Ireland, in Whateley, M.K.G., and Pickering, K.T., eds., Deltas: Sites and traps for fossil fuels: Geological Society of London Special Publication 41, p. 179-203. [Online]
Pyles, D.R., Strachan, L.J. and Jennette, D.C. (2014) Lateral juxtapositions of channel and lobe elements in distributive submarine fans: Three-dimensional outcrop study of the Ross Sandstone and geometric model. Geosphere, 10, 1104-1122. [Online]
Pyles, D.R., Syvitski, J.P.M. and Slatt, R.M. (2011) Defining the concept of stratigraphic grade and applying it to stratal (reservoir) architecture and evolution of the slope-to-basin profile: An outcrop perspective. Mar. Petrol. Geol., 28, 675-697. [Online]
Pyles, D.R., Tomasso, M., and Jennette, D. (2012) Flow processes and sedimentation associated with erosion and filling of sinuous submarine channels. Geology, 40 , 143-146. [Online]
Tanner, D.C., Bense F.A. andErtl, G. (2011) Kinematic retro-modelling of a cross-section through a thrust-and-fold belt: the Western Irish Namrurian Basin. In: Kinematic Evolution and Structural Styles of Fold-and-Thrust Belts, (Eds. J. Poblet and R.J. Lisle), Spec. Publ. Geol. Soc. London., 349, 61-76. [Online]
Wignall, P. B., and Best, J.L., 2000, The western Irish Namurian Basin reassessed: Basin Research, v. 12, n. 1, p. 59-78. [Online]
Wignall, P.B., and Best, J.L., 2002, Reply to comment on ‘The Western Irish Namurian basin reassessed’ by O.J. Martinsen and J.D. Collinson: Basin Research, v. 14, n. 4, p. 531–542. [Online] [Reply on page 531]
Williams, H., and Soek, H.F., 1993. Predicting reservoir sandbody orientation from dipmeter data: The use of sedimentary dip profiles from outcrop studies, in Flint, S.S., and Bryant, I.D., eds., The geological modelling of hydrocarbon reservoirs and outcrop analogues: Special Publication of the International Association of Sedimentologists, v. 15, p. 143-156. [Online]
Clare Basin Upper Carboniferous Deepwater Sediments
References for Week 6: Sedimentology; A Refresher on Rivers and Deltas, Basinal Shales, Turbidites and Deep-Sea Sediments
Davies, S. J. (2008). The record of Carboniferous sea-level change in low-latitude sedimentary successions from Britain and Ireland during the onset of the late Paleozoic ice age. Geological Society of America Special Papers, 441, 187–204. [Online]
Devera, J. A., Nelson, W. J., & Norby, R. D. (2011). Middle Devonian Series through Mississippian System. In D. R. Kolata & C. Nimz (Eds.), Geology of Illinois (pp. 167–186). [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 557.3 G2927] Illinois State Geological Survey.
Nelson, W. J., & Jacobson, R. J. (2011). Pennsylvanian Subsystem and Permian System. In D. R. Kolata & C. Nimz (Eds.), Geology of Illinois (pp. 187–205). [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 557.3 G2927] Illinois State Geological Survey.
Reading, H.G., 1996, Sedimentary environments: Processes, facies, and stratigraphy, 3rd ed.: Cambridge, Mass., Blackwell Science, 688 p. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 551.7 SE281996]
Stow, D.A.V., and Mayall, M., 2000, Deep-water sedimentary systems: New models for the 21st century: Marine and Petroleum Geology, v. 17, n. 2, p. 125-135. [Online]
Stow, D.A.V., Hue. A.-Y. and Betrand, P., 2001, Depositional processes of black shales in deep water: Marine and Petroleum Geology, v. 18, n. 4, p.491-498. [Online]
References for Week 6: Sedimentology; A Refresher on Carboniferous Seafloor Communities, Paleoecology and Trace Fossils; Sequence Stratigraphy
Brenchley, P.J., and Harper, D.A.T., 1998, Palaeoecology; Ecosystems, environments and evolution: London; New York, Chapman & Hall, 402 p. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 560.45 B75p]
Catuneanu, O., 2002, Sequence stratigraphy of clastic systems: Concepts, merits, and pitfalls: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 35, n.1, p. 1-43. [Online]
Davies, S.J. and Elliott, T., 1996, Spectral gamma ray characterization of high resolution sequence stratigraphy: Examples from upper Carboniferous fluvio-deltaic systems, County Clare, Ireland, in Howell, J.A., and Aitken, J.F., eds., High resolution sequence stratigraphy: Innovations and applications: Geological Society of London Special Publication 104, p. 25-35. [Online]
SEPM STRATA – SEPM Stratigraphy Web
Tucker, M.E., and Wright, V.P., 1990,Caronate sedimentology: Oxford; Boston, Blackwell Scientific Publications, 482 p. [Call Number 552.58 T797c] [Online]
Week 7: Reservoir geology: heterogeneities, scales and outcrop analogues. Uses of analogues and methods of approach.
Hiemstra, J.F., D.J.A. Evans and C. O’Cofaigh, 2007, The role of glacitectonic rafting and comminution in the production of subglacial tills: examples from southwest Ireland and Antarctica, Boreas, 36, 386-399. [Online]
Knight, J., P. Coxon, A.M McCabe and S.G. McCarron, 2004, Pleistocene glaciations in Ireland in Quaternary Glaciations – Extent and Chronology Part I: Europe, J. Ehlers and P.L. Gibbard (eds.), Elsevier, p. 183-191. [Online]
Moles, N.R. and R.T. Moles, 2002, Influence of geology, glacial processes and land use on soil composition and Quaternary landscape evolution in The Burren National Park, Ireland, Catena, 47, 291-321. [Online]
Ó Cofaigh, C., M.W. Telfer, R.M. Bailey, D.J.A. and Evans, 2012, Late Pleistocene chronostratigraphy and ice sheet limits, southern Ireland, Quaternary Science Reviews, 44, 160-179. [Online]
Week 9:No Class – seminar research
Week 10: Group Seminars (see seminar page)
Week 11: NO CLASS – seminar research
Week 12: Group Seminars (see seminar page)
Week 13: NO CLASS – seminar research
Week 14: Group seminars (see seminar page); Logistics; travel dates, times, field work aims and field safety.
Week 15: NO CLASS
Allen, P.A., 1990, Basin analysis: Principles and Applications: Oxford, Blackwell Scientific Publications. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 552.5 AL54B]
Andrew, C.J., Crowe, R.W.A., Finlay,S., Pennell, W.M., and Pyne, J.F., 1986, Geology and genesis of mineral deposits in Ireland: Dublin, Irish Association for Economic Geology. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 553.09415 G29]
Besly, B.M., and Kelling, G., eds., 1988, Sedimentation in a synorogenic basin complex; The upper Carboniferous of Northwest Europe: Chapman and Hall/ Blackie, New York/Glasgow and London. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 551.7520948 Se28]
British Geological Survey, 1996, 1:1 500 000 series: Tectonic map of Britain and Ireland and adjacent areas: British Geological Survey. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves G5741.C551996 .B7]
Charlesworth, J. K., 1953, The geology of Ireland; An introduction: Edinburgh, Oliver and Boyd. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 554.15 C38G]
Charlesworth, J. K., 1963, Historical geology of Ireland: Edinburgh, Oliver and Boyd. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 554.15 C38H]
Cole, G.A.J., et al., 1924, Handbook of the geology of Ireland: London, T. Murby & Co. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 554.15 C67H]
Croker, P.F., and Shannon, P.M., eds., 1995, Petroleum geology of Ireland’s offshore basins: Geological Society [of London] Special Publication 93. [Online]
Davies, G. L. H., 1995, North from the Hook: 150 years of the Geological Survey of Ireland: Dublin, Geological Survey of Ireland. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 354.41700855 H434N]
Edwards, K.J. and Warren, W.P., eds., 1985, The Quaternary history of Ireland: London, Academic. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 551.7909415 Q28]
Ferm, J.C., and Horne, J.C., 1979, Carboniferous depositional environments in the Appalachian region: Columbia, SC, Dept. of Geology, University of South Carolina. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 560.1727 C177]
Gee, D.G., and Stephenson, R.A., 2006, European lithospere dynamics: Geological Society, London, Memoir 32. [Online]
Gillmor, D., ed., 1989, The Irish countryside: Landscape, wildlife, history, people: Totowa, N.J., Barnes & Noble Books. [ Map & Geography 941.5 IR48]
Harris, A.L., and Fettes, D.J., 1988, The Caledonian-Appalacian Orogen: Geological Society, London, Special Publication 38. [Online]
Holland, C.H., ed., 2001, The geology of Ireland, new ed.: Edinburgh, Dunedin Academic. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 554.15 G29232001]
Holland, C.H., 2003, The Irish landscape: A scenery to celebrate: Edinburgh, Dunedin Academic. [914.17 H719i]
Klein, G.D., ed., 1994, Pangea; Paleoclimate, tectonics, and sedimentation during accretion, zenith, and breakup of a supercontinent: Geological Sociey of America Special Paper 288. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 550 G292s no. 288]
Kleinspehn, K., and Paola, C., eds., 1988, New perspectives in basin analysis: New York, Springer-Verlag. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 551.3 N42]
McCabe, M., 2008, Glacial geology and geomorphology; The landscapes of Ireland: Edinburgh, Scotland, Dunedin Academic Press Ltd. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 551.3109415 M123g]
Miall, A.D., 1996, The geology of fluvial deposits: Sedimentary facies, basin analysis, and petroleum geology: New York; Berlin, Springer. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 551.35 M58G]
Miall, A.D., 2000, Principles of sedimentary basin analysis, 3rd ed.: Berlin; New York: Springer. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 551.3 M58p2000]
Naylor, D., 1982, Geology of offshore Ireland and west Britain: London, Graham & Trotman. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 551.4611 N232G]
Ordnance Survey (Ireland), 1979, Geological map of Ireland: Based on the work of the Geological Survey, 3rd ed.: Dublin, Ordnance Survey, 1 map, Scale 1:750,000. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves G5781.C51979 .I7]
Owen, T.R., 1976, The geological evolution of the British Isles (Pergamon International Library of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Social Studies Series), 1st ed.: Oxford; New York, Pergamon Press. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 554.2 OW2G]
Potter, P.E., and Pettijohn, F.J., 1977, Paleocurrents and basin analysis, 2nd ed.: Berlin; New York, Springer. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 551.35 P85P1977 ]
Pracht, M., 2004, Geology of Galway Bay; A geological description to accompany the bedrock geology 1:100,000 map series, sheet 14, Galway Bay: Dublin, Geological Survey of Ireland. [Online 551.09415 P881g]
Shannon, P.M. Haughton, P.D.W., and Corcoran, D.V., eds., 2001, The petroleum exploration of Ireland’s offshore basins: Geological Society Special Publication 188. 473 p. [Online]
Veeken, P.C.H., 2007, Seismic stratigraphy, basin analysis and reservoir characterisation (Handbook of geophysical exploration. Seismic exploration, v. 37): Amsterdam, Elsevier. [Online]
Weimar, P., 2000, Deep-water reservoirs of the world: Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Foundation; Gulf Coast Section CDROM [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 622.3382 So13d]
Whittow, J.B., 1974, Geology and scenery in Ireland (Pelican geography and environmental studies series): Harmondsworth; Baltimore, Penguin. [Grainger Engineering Library Reserves 551.409415 W61G]
Wilson, M., Neumann, E.-R., Davies, G.R., Timmerman, M.J., Heeremans, M., and Larsen, B.T., 2004, Permo-Carboniferous magmatism and rifting in Europe: Geological Society, London, Special Publication 223. [Online]
Clare Basin Upper Carboniferous Deepwater Sediments
See also: Deepwater Sequence Stratigraphy
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Foras na Gaeilge’s New English-Irish Dictionary