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Guide to Sources in Anthropology

Guide to Sources in Anthropology

Location of Materials | Call Numbers | Article & Journal Databases | Human Relations Area Files | Book Reviews | Bibliographies | Directories | Biographical Sources | Background Information: Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, & Handbooks | Research Methods & Writing Guides | Atlases & Maps | Grants, Funding, & Career Resources


Location of Materials

All titles listed in this selective guide are located in the Social Sciences, Health, and Education Library Reference Collection unless otherwise noted. The location SSHEL RCC indicates the item is held in the SSHEL Reference Circulating Collection.


Call Numbers

Call numbers are groups of numbers and/or letters that classify library items by subject. Items are arranged on bookshelves by call number. The Social Sciences, Health, and Education Library (SSHEL) uses both the Dewey Decimal and Library of Congress classification systems.

SSHEL Anthropology Call numbers



Article & Journal Databases

Databases are structured sets of information, stored in print or online. Often, databases are online collections of journal article citations and full-text. Find articles about a specific topic by using keywords, subject headings, authors, and more.

Anthropology Plus. (online) 
Combined access to the entire backfiles of Anthropological Index (produced by Royal Anthropological Institute and The British Museum,  Anthropological Index Online or Q.572.05 RO1) and Anthropological Literature (produced by Harvard’s Tozzer Library, 016.57205 AN). Identifies print materials in anthropology, archaeology and related interdisciplinary research areas published in almost 900 journals and monographic series. Coverage of the North American and British literature is nearly exhaustive, and good for core European and Latin American sources.

AnthroSource. (online)
This portal to American Anthropological Association publications currently provides a full text archive of 11 major AAA journals from volume 1 to the present and will continue to add additional AAA publications and other collections. The interface supports full text searching across the archive, email alerts and saved searches.

Annual Review of Anthropology . 1975-.
New Developments in the field of sociology are discussed in essays covering recent anthropological theory and research in specialized fields of anthropology or related disciplines.

301.2 Am35a
Abstracts of the Annual Meeting. 1960-. Annual.
A collection of abstracts of all presentations given at the American Anthropological Association’s annual meeting. The book is divided into three sections: session abstracts, film and video abstracts, and abstracts of papers.

Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts  (LLBA). (online)
Provides broad international coverage of the literature of linguistics and related fields. All aspects of the study of language are covered, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics. Indexes and abstracts approximately 2,000 serials, recent books, dissertations, and book reviews.

Zoological Record. (online)
This database indexes over 5,000 animal biology, paleobiology, physical anthropology and zoology journal publications from 1864-present, and focuses on the natural biology of animals (fossil, recent, whole animal, behavioral, environmental, and cellular studies). Coverage includes primate studies and paleoanthropology of extinct human ancestors (e.g. Homo erectus, Homo neanderthalensis); excludes modern humans (Homo sapiens). Includes taxonomic information.

Anthropology Online. 2012. (online)
This online database gathers notes, memoirs, and texts from practitioners and theorists in the field of anthropology. It covers all aspects of the discipline such as culture, linguistics, medical, physical, and more. Index searching is available and covers anthropology from the 19th century to the present.

Ethnographic Video Online.  Vol. I, II, III, IV .  2012. (online)
This collection of online streaming video provides 1359 videos (about 938 hours) of historical and contemporary ethnographic film featuring cultural groups from Africa, Asia, Europe, Oceania, North America and South America. Includes published documentaries, edited field recordings, interviews, and performances. Themes include family and race, material culture, language and culture, body language, marriage, and many more. Users can browse by title, author/ethnographer, geographic location, cultural group, subjects, date, people, and clips; advanced searching is also featured. Searchable text transcripts are included with each video, and users have the ability to edit clips and save playlists.

Sociological Abstracts. (online)
This sociology database has excellent coverage of the core cultural anthropology journals and a good subject thesaurus. Indexes articles, book chapters, conference papers (both published and unpublished), dissertations and book reviews.

Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory. 1994-. (online)
This journal provides “topical syntheses” that “critically assess an integrate research on a specific subject in archaeological method or theory. More than a bibliographic essay, each article establishes a framework for synthesizing findings, provides incisive commentary on previous work, and identifies research priorities.” Continues the discontinued Archaeological Method and Theory, 1989-93 (930.1 Ar2222 in Oak Street and Main Stacks) and Advances in Archaeological  Method and Theory, 1978-88 (online and 913.018 Ad in Main Stacks). Journal issues from 1994-2017 are exclusively available online.


Human Relations Area Files

The Human Relations Area Files (HRAF) is a collection of thousands of full-text sources about almost 400 cultures worldwide.

Human Relations Area Files (HRAF) and eHRAF. (SSHEL Microforms) (Oak Street) (online)
A specially organized collection of thousands of full text sources on almost 400 cultures worldwide. HRAF can be useful for anyone looking for background information or specific data on a particular ethnic group, culture or country, as well as by those investigating subject like architecture, kinship, political structure or settlement patterns on a comparative cross-cultural basis.

All HRAF installments published since 1995 are available only via eHRAF World Cultures, while most older installments are available only in print or microfiche. To check which cultures are covered by HRAF in what formats, and for more information on how to use HRAF or eHRAF World Cultures, see the online SSHEL “ Guide to the Human Relations Area Files (HRAF)”.

eHRAF Archaeology. (online)
Provides access to the published literature on selected archaeological traditions worldwide, following the format and approach of eHRAF World Cultures.


Book Reviews

Resources that include reviews of books, either non-fiction or fiction, where a book is evaluated based on content, style, and merit.

AnthroSource. (online)
This portal to American Anthropological Association publications includes book reviews from the publications indexed. Search with the name of the book in quotes or try searching by author (lastname, firstname).

572.05 REI (Oak Street 1974-2007)
Reviews in Anthropology. (online)
The only anthropological journal entirely dedicated to current in-depth book reviews. The online version can be used for browsing purposes, but is not useful for searching for reviews of particular items. Print is discontinued; current issues are online only.

Sociological Abstracts. (online)
An excellent source for reviews of books in cultural anthropology. In advanced search, enter a few words from the title and/or author of the book in the first search box using the Boolean operator AND, then add the phrase “review” (example: “melodrama of mobility” and “review” or “abelmann” and “review”). To view reviews, under “Narrow Results by” on the results screen, click on “Document type,” then select “review.”



Bibliographies are lists of citations of books, websites, journals, articles, and other resources about a specific subject. Bibliographies can appear at the end of a book, journal, or encyclopedia article, or as a separate publication.

Bibliografía Mesoamericana. (online)
Comprehensive bibliographic database of published literature pertaining to the anthropology of Mesoamerica provided by the University Library of Pennsylvania and the Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies (FAMSI). Content includes archaeology, ethnography, ethnohistory, art history, linguistics, physical anthropology, and other related disciplines.

016.301 K23c 2007 (Oak Street)
Cultural Anthropology: A Guide to Reference and Information Sources. 2007.
The purpose of this guide is to help various levels of anthropology students and researchers find the information they are seeking in print and online. It is helpful for basic and complex research needs, from questions needing brief answers to extensive literature reviews. The guide is organized by interests in the field. Works included are organized by title and by the following categories: reference literature; literature surveys and reviews; dictionaries, encyclopedias, and handbooks; biographies; published library catalogs and guides; and internet gateways. Features an author and title index.

Q. 016.97000497 M941e 1975 Sup
Ethnographic Bibliography of North America. 4th Edition Supplement. 3 vols.
Supplements the 1975 4th edition edited by George P. Murdock (Q.016.9700497 M941e 1975 in SSHEL Ref) The 1990 supplement represents a massive update of this classic bibliography, drawing together a large body of literature from diverse sources, including references to published books and articles, as well as government publications (U.S., federal, state, and Canadian), dissertation and theses, ERIC documents, manuscripts and archival documents, and non-print materials (films, maps, etc.) from the 16th century to 1987. Volume one of the 1990 edition includes an overview of 290 ethnic groups in 17 broad regions in North America as well as indexes by author (including primary and secondary authors, editors, and translators), ethnic group and subject. Volumes 2 and 3 contain the actual citations.

Oxford Bibliographies Online: Anthropology. (online)
This online database gives extensive lists of resources for common subjects in anthropology including people and places. Each entry gives an introduction and overview. Within each entry, bibliographies are further broken down by subject. Useful for students and researchers of all levels.



Directories are a list of organizations, groups, people, places, or other data systematically arranged often alphabetically or by location.

572.07 Am3g1b
AnthroGuide: A Guide to Departments, a Directory of Members. 2010-.
Annual directory published by the American Anthropological Association (AAA), containing information on more than 800 departments in academic and research institutions, museums, and government organizations in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Australia, New Zealand, Austria, France, Norway, United Kingdom, China, Singapore, and South Africa. Each institutional entry contains contact information for the program, a list of degrees offered and brief summary of requirements for each, and information about research facilities and field schools, if applicable. The entries also contain a listing of full-time, affiliated, adjunct, and emeriti faculty along with their areas of specialization and contact information. Also includes a directory of AAA members and divisions (units), a section of statistics related to academic anthropology, and a list of dissertations produced in the period covered by each edition. Current year is located in SSHEL Reference, previous years in the Main Stacks. For older issues, see
572.07 AM3g Guide to departments of Anthropology. 1962-1989.
572.07 AM3g1 AAA Guide. 1989-1995.
572.07 Am3g1a Guide: A Guide to Departments, a Directory of Members.1995-2010. 

Biographical Sources

Biographical sources provide information about a single person or multiple people.

Biographical Dictionary of Anthropologists. 2009. (online)
Including over 300 anthropologists, this dictionary provides brief summaries of anthropologists’ personal and professional work. Entries include bibliographies. 

301.0922 Am57b (Oak Street and online)
Biographical Dictionary of Social and Cultural Anthropology. 2004. (online)
Outlines basic biographical information for key figures that have directly engaged in socio-cultural anthropology at some point in their careers. Written by anthropologists from all over the world, each entry contains year and date of birth, a short biography, education, field work and key publications. Four indices are provided: interests, institutions, names, and concepts.

930.10922 En19 (SSHEL Stacks)
Encyclopedia of Archaeology: The Great Archaeologists. 2 vols. 1999.
Arranged chronologically from William Camden (b.1551-1623) to David Clarke (b. 1938-1976), each entry begins with a brief overview of the archaeologist’s main contributions, followed by an in-depth but accessible examination of their life and work. Each entry ends with a list of references which facilitate further study. An index appears at the end of the second volume.

303 En19 (Oak Street)
Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences. 15 vols. 1930-35.
This classic work includes almost 4000 biographies of prominent 19 th and early 20 th century social scientists; only persons deceased at the time of writing were included. Figures deemed more important have longer entries, but most are quite brief.  

301.0922 F46
Fifty Key Anthropologists. 2011.
This volume, intended for students of anthropology as well as general readers, contains brief introductions to the lives and work of 50 English-speaking social anthropologists who have made important contributions to the discipline. Each entry is signed and contains a list of selected readings written by or about the anthropologists. Bold type highlights references to colleagues also profiled in the volume and key terms defined in the appendix. Appendix I contains definitions of key terms, with references to related figures bolded. Appendix II contains a timeline indicating the evolution of anthropological thought and the key figures of each movement. A chronological list of the contributors and an index are included.

303 In8 (Oak Street and online)
International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. 19 vols. 1968.
Volume 18 of this classic reference source includes substantial biographical essays for approximately 600 prominent social scientists and others whose ideas helped shape the social sciences. The biographies are notable for their analytic (as opposed to descriptive) emphasis and include selective bibliographies. No persons born after 1890 are included.

Q. 303 In8 2008 (online)
International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. 2nd ed. 9 vols. 2008.
Volume 18 of this classic reference source includes substantial biographical essays for approximately 600 prominent social scientists and others whose ideas helped shape the social sciences. The biographies are notable for their analytic (as opposed to descriptive) emphasis and include selective bibliographies. No persons born after 1890 are included.

301.0922 G125d:E (Oak Street)
The Routledge Dictionary of Anthropologists. 2004. (SSHEL RCC)
Provides a historical look at the work of prominent anthropologists across the globe within the framework of their peers and schools of thought. Chapters are arranged by national traditions and include details of each anthropologist’s life and work, theories and publications. Each chapter concludes with an extensive bibliography.

306.0922 W842 (Oak Street)
Women Anthropologists: A Biographical Dictionary. 1988.
International in scope, this book provides biographical information on women who have made a significant contribution to anthropology during the past century. A bibliography of works both about and by the anthropologist is included after each entry.


Background Information: Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, & Handbooks

Background information can be found in reference sources, online or in print, such as dictionaries, encyclopedias, and handbooks. Dictionaries contain brief definitions, usually only a sentence or two in length. Encyclopedias provide a more in-depth description, usually a few paragraphs in length. Handbooks contain descriptions that can be multiple pages and describe the development and future of a subject.


QP34.5 .M24 2005 (Main Stacks, Funk ACES, and online)
Cambridge Dictionary of Human Biology and Evolution. 2005.
This dictionary covers broad and specific terms useful to researching and studying Anthropology. Terms cover biology, chemistry, zoology, primatology, and anatomy.  Includes cross-references and related terms.

Wiley Blackwell Student Dictionary of Human Evolution. 2015.
Contains upwards of 2500 entries, all drafted with an eye on the student user.  Students of human evolution can easily find out about topics as disparate as ameloblast, Coopers Cave, daily secretion rate, the effect hypothesis, homeobox genes, insolation, and more.

301.03 M833c
Concise Dictionary of Social and Cultural Anthropology. 2012.
Intended as a straight-forward introduction to social and cultural anthropology, this dictionary contains over 800 short, “plain, jargon-free” definitions, primarily focusing on concepts, rather than specific people and places. Many entries contain cross-references and suggestions for further reading. A few major sources are highlighted, and an extensive list of references is included.

930.103 D258c2008
The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology. 2008.
Intended for novices to the field, this general dictionary includes terms, sites, and biographies. Each entry is classified to help users identify the type of entry (i.e. artifact, biographical entry, material, etc.). A quick reference section is included.

572.03 W72d (Main Stacks and Oak Street)
Dictionary of Anthropology. 1956.
Although definitions are sometimes disputed, this dictionary contains unusual terms (and proper names) not included in other subject-specific dictionaries. Coverage is somewhat uneven, but seems especially good for material culture and ritual practice.

930.103 K628d (online)
Dictionary of Artifacts. 2007.
Contains over 2,000 brief entries about archaeological artifacts.  The entries are arranged alphabetically and cover artifact description, discovery, analysis, typology, dating, conservation, and basic types.

573.03 St48d (Oak Street)
Dictionary of Concepts in Physical Anthropology. 1991.
Contains about 75 entries providing brief discussions of major concepts in physical anthropology. Each entry gives the current meaning of a concept, traces its “historical origins and connotative development,” and provides a substantial list of references to related works.

Q. 930.103 K628e (Oak Street and online)
Encyclopedic Dictionary of Archaeology. 2000.
Defines the terms and techniques of archaeology and describes the major premises, important concepts, and scientific methods used in the field. Provides a very good balance of New World and Old World Coverage. With a total of 7,000 entries, it is the largest and most comprehensive dictionary of its kind. Includes archaeological abbreviations, a bibliography, supplementary list of archaeological sites and terms, and a section on “writing and archaeology” which provides a timeline of the development of writing systems worldwide.

913.03 B73d2004 (Oak Street)
New Penguin Dictionary of Archaeology.  2004.
Covers over three million years in the history of human development, including articles on the cultures of the Egyptians, Etruscans, Aztecs, Celts and more, written by international experts in the field. The book is structured like a traditional dictionary, with entries organized alphabetically and consisting of names, archaeological sites, periods, and artifacts.  The dictionary is primarily intended for quick reference.

The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Climate and Environmental Change. 2020. (online)
This handbook examines human responses to climatic and environmental changes in the past,and their impacts on disease patterns, nutritional status, migration, and interpersonal violence. Comprising 27 chapters from experts across a broad range of time periods and geographical regions, this book addresses hypotheses about how climate and environmental changes impact human health and well-being, factors that promote resilience, and circumstances that make migration or interpersonal violence a more likely outcome.

The Routledge Handbook of Critical Indigenous Studies. 2021. (online)
This handbook is the first comprehensive overview of the rapidly expanding field of Indigenous scholarship. The book is ambitious in scope, ranging across disciplines and national boundaries, with particular reference to the lived conditions of Indigenous peoples in the first world. The contributors are all themselves Indigenous scholars who provide critical understandings of indigeneity in relation to ontology (ways of being), epistemology (ways of knowing), and axiology (ways of doing) with a view to providing insights into how Indigenous peoples and communities engage and examine the worlds in which they are immersed.

The Routledge Handbook of Global Historical Archaeology. 2020. (online)
This book is a multi-authored compendium of articles on specific topics of interest to today’s historical archaeologists, offering perspectives on the current state of research and collectively outlining future directions for the field. The broad range of topics covered in this volume allows for specificity within individual chapters, while building to a cumulative overview of the field of historical archaeology as it stands, and where it could go next.


Q. 973.03 Ar221
Archaeology in America: An Encyclopedia. 4 vols. 2009.
Leading scholars have written in-depth essays on over 300 of the most important archaeological sites in North America that explain the importance of the site, the history of the people who left the artifacts, and the nature of the ongoing research. The four-volume set is divided into 8 regions: the Arctic and Subarctic, the Great Basin and Plateau, the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains, the Midwest, the Northeast, the Southeast, the Southwest, and the West Coast. Each entry provides readers with an accessible overview of the archaeological site as well as books and articles for further research. Each volume also contains a glossary and an index.

301.03 C7382002 (SSHEL Stacks and Oak Street)
Companion Encyclopedia of Anthropology. 2002. 
Closer to a handbook or reader than to an encyclopedia, this is the first systematic synthesis of the discipline for many years. Taking a broad look at anthropological issues across disciplines, this work presents a baseline of anthropological knowledge, as well as an analysis of new areas of study and future trends. Reference lists follow most entries. 

Q.398.097303 En199 (SSHEL Oversize and Oak Street)
Encyclopedia of American Folklife. 4 vols.  2006.  
Illuminates the ways in which folk crafts, foods, architecture, remedies, customs, holidays, narratives, and speech identify Americans and their way of life. Covers a variety of broad topics such as urban and suburban folklife, ethnic folklife, religious folklife, vernacular or perceptual regions, regional Native American groups, age groups, gender and sexual groups, etc. Entries on particular groups or communities usually include census figures or other survey results and a description of efforts to preserve and promote such communities and their traditions. Each entry contains a list of sources. Volumes conclude with a general index, a cultural group index, and a geographical index.

Q. 301.03 En193 (Main Stacks, Oak Street, and online)
Encyclopedia of Anthropology. 5 vols. 2006.
Contains 1,000 entries on a variety of areas of study, including archaeology, cultural anthropology, and linguistics, as well as articles from related disciplines such as geology, sociology, and philosophy. The articles were written by over 250 international experts in the field. Entries are alphabetical, with the complete list of topics provided at the start of each volume. Suggestions for further reading conclude the articles. Each volume contains an index, and colorful photographs can be found throughout the work.

Encyclopedia of Archaeology. 2008. (online)
Topics in this encyclopedia are broken down by location and subject and cover the present knowledge of archaeology from current and future practices. Entries give an overview of the topic and include pictures or diagrams if relevant and references. Accessible to all levels.

Encyclopedia of Geoarchaeology. 2017. (online)
This encyclopedia provides detailed cross-referenced information on important figures, locations, techniques, tools, terms, and aspects related to the subfield of geoarchaeology, which incorporates the study of geology with archaeology. Includes author and subject indices.

Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology. 2014. (online)
This comprehensive electronic resource goes beyond archaeological sites by looking at archaeology’s connection with the other social and physical sciences. The various sections include archaeological theory, classical studies, chemistry, field work, geology, and more. Each entry is written by professionals in the field, providing a first-hand experience in the world of archaeology.

930.1 En195 (SSHEL Stacks and Oak Street)
Encyclopedia of Historical Archaeology. 2002.
This encyclopedia introduces the field of historical archaeology and includes definitions of concepts, explanations of approaches and summaries of current research on particular sites. Each alphabetical entry is a signed article by an expert in the field and includes extensive cross-references and lists of further reading. Includes index.

362.103 En191 (Oak Street and online)
Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology: Health and Illness in the World’s Cultures. 2 vols. 2004. (Oak Street and online)
This two-volume set explores the social and cultural context of medical beliefs and practices. The first volume contains 53 essays on topics related to general medical concepts and perspectives; medical systems, political, economic, and social issues, sexuality, reproduction, and the life cycle, and health conditions and diseases. The second volume provides portraits of health and illness in 52 cultures from around the world, with every cultural region and varied levels of complexity represented. Each chapter includes a list of references, the first volume begins with a glossary, and the second volume contains a subject index.

Q. 970.00497003 J635n 2014
Encyclopedia of Native Tribes of North America. 2nd ed. 2014.
This encyclopedia is notable for the large number of illustrations, maps and photographs which accompany the text and complement the information. The work focuses on ten regions (Northeaster Woodlands, Southeaster Woodlands, Plains and Prairie, Plateau, Great Basin, California, Southwest, Northwest Coast, Subarctic, and Arctic) and includes a comprehensive classification of native languages, maps for each culture, history of each tribe, and illustrations to show past and present daily life. Features a glossary, bibliography, museum section, compilation of native populations, and an index.

Q.306 En19 (Oak Street and online)
Encyclopedia of World Cultures. 10 vols. & supplement.  1991-2002. 
This outstanding reference source provides lengthy descriptions, written by prominent scholars, of thousands of cultural and ethnic groups. The ethnographic summaries cover demography, linguistic affiliation, history and cultural relations, settlements, economy, kinship, marriage and family, sociopolitical organization, religion, and expressive culture. Each entry provides a short bibliography of key sources for further research. Each volume covers a specific geographic area and includes maps, a list of films, and a very helpful ethnonym index that cross-references alternate names and the names of related groups and subgroups. Detailed cumulative indexes and a glossary are provided in Vol. 10, and each volume is prefaced with maps showing the distribution of cultural groups.

305.8009603 Sh825e (online)
Ethnic Groups of Africa and the Middle East: An Encyclopedia. 2011.
This encyclopedia, for the beginner and specialist, targets those looking for information on specific ethnic groups in Africa and Middle East. Each signed entry offers alternative names and spellings, distinguishes major population centers, estimated population figures, primary languages, similarities with other ethnic group, and recommended readings. Entries also feature ethnic groups’ origins, historical developments, cultures, customs, economics, politics, and major issues. Features a geographical index and index.

305.8009403 Et383 (online)
Ethnic Groups of Europe: An Encyclopedia. 2011.
This encyclopedia contains 100 entries on information on specific ethnic groups in Europe. Each entry contains the groups’ origins, early history, cultural life, recent developments, further readings, and the “dynamic process of ethnicity” which includes factors of migration, war, religion, etc. Features a geographical index and index.

GN635.S57 M56 2012 (online)
Ethnic Groups of South Asia and the Pacific: An Encyclopedia. 2012.
This encyclopedia provides an introduction to the ethnicity in South Asia and the Pacific. Each entry includes a cultural and historical summary and concludes with suggested further readings. Includes a general alphabetical index, as well as a geographical index, listing ethnic group entries by country.

Q.569.9 H88 (Oak Street and online)
The Human Fossil Record.  4 vols.  2002-5. (Volume 2 and Volume 3 online)
Authoritative and comprehensive documentation of the fossil evidence relevant to the study of our evolutionary past. Fossils from major sites are clearly documented, with a focus on morphological characters. Organized alphabetically by site name, each entry includes clear descriptions, excellent photos and illustrations, an overview of the site, context, and dating, as well as references to the literature. Volumes 2 & 3 are available online in addition to print.

JV6450. I5536 2013 (online)
Immigrants in American History: Arrival, Adaptation, and Integration. 4 vols. 2012. (online)
This four-volume encyclopedia provides a comprehensive overview of various immigrant groups and migrations from 1500 to the present in the United State of America. Each section is broken down by either country of origin or ethnic identity and summarizes why they immigrated, where they settled, changes in immigration patterns and cultural experiences when they arrived. Volume one covers up to 1870 then begins 1870-1940. Volume two covers 1870-1940 and begins 1940-present. Volume three completes 1940-present. Volume four covers immigration issues and has a bibliography.

410.3 In8 2003 (Main Stacks and online)
International Encyclopedia of Linguistics. 4 vols. 2003.
This work contains 850 articles that address topics in linguistics, including sociolinguistics and areas such as historical, comparative, formal, mathematical, functional, and philosophical linguistics. Attention is given to interrelations within these branches of the field and to relations of linguistics with other disciplines including computer science, mathematics, philosophy, the social and behavioral sciences, and literary studies. Includes article bibliographies and a subject index.

Q.GN380.N383 2013
Native Peoples of the World: An Encyclopedia of Groups, Cultures, and Contemporary Issues. 3 vols. 2013.
This encyclopedia seeks to answer key questions and define problematic terms related to indigenous peoples and the world in which they live. Part I (Volumes 1 and 2), which encapsulates the contents of the first two volumes, profiles approximately 400 native groups, divided by region and organized alphabetically by the names of the groups. Part II (Volume 3), covers indigenous relations within 77 countries in which they reside, organized by country name. Part III (Volume 3) focuses on the central issues facing native groups across the globe, organized by topic heading. The work’s first volume covers native peoples of Africa, Central and South America, and East Asia and Oceania. Volume 2 examines groups in Europe, North America, and South Asia and the Middle East. The third volume covers Parts II and III, organized by country from Argentina to Zambia, and central issues organized alphabetically.

306.03 R765 2010 (online)
The Routledge Encyclopedia of Social and Cultural Anthropology. 2010.
This work provides a guide to the ideas, arguments, and history of social and cultural anthropology. Combining anthropological theory and ethnography, it includes 275 entries, over 300 short biographies of important figures in anthropology, and nearly 600 glossary items. Authoritative entries have been commissioned from among the world’s leading anthropologists and are alphabetically arranged. Each entry contains cross-references and a list of further reading. Areas covered include, among others: AIDS, ethics, violence, war, affect, emotions, the body, kinship, nationals and the state, and race.

Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Human Evolution.  2015. (online)
Once upon a time, say 50 years ago, the only background you needed in order to appreciate what was known about human evolution was a familiarity with a relatively sparse hominid fossil record, what limited information there was about the context of the sites, some knowledge of gross anatomy and simple analytical methods, and an appreciation of general evolutionary principles. Times have changed. The fossil record has grown exponentially, imaging techniques have advanced dramatically, quantitative methods have burgeoned, molecular biology has revolutionized our understanding of genetics, evolution


Q. 301 T9186 (SSHEL Stacks and online)
21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook. 2 vols. 2010. (online)
This item presents an overview of major topics in anthropology, including theory, methodology, archaeology, biological anthropology, social anthropology, culture studies, and other areas. Each article is signed and contains a list of references and further readings. Volume 2 contains a comprehensive index.

GN450.8 .H36 2014 (SSHEL RCC)
Handbook of Anthropology in Business. 2014.
Written by anthropologists in universities and corporate settings, this handbook provides over 40 essays on the intersection of anthropology and business in a variety of corporations. Covers topics such as change management, training, cultural awareness, consumption habits, technology and more. Each section includes its own introduction by the editors.

Q. 930.01 H191 (SSHEL Stacks)
Handbook of Archaeological Theories. 2008.
This handbook is divided into five parts: research paradigms; ideas from neighboring disciplines; research concerns; contexts of archaeological study; and theory into practice. Each section contains a series of essays that provide a picture of the theoretical foundations by which archaeologists contextualize and analyze their data. Each essay contains a list of references for further research. Contains a name and general index.

970.4 H192 (SSHEL RCC and SSHEL Stacks)
Handbook of Middle American Indians. 16 vols. and sup. 1964-86.
This set contains essays by specialists on the archaeology, ethnology, ethnohistory, social anthropology, and physical anthropology of various groups of Middle American Indians. An extensive bibliography and a detailed index is included in each volume.

970.402 H191 (SSHEL RCC and Main Stacks)
Handbook of North American Indians. 1978-.
v. 2. Indians in contemporary society — v. 3. Environment, origins, and Population — v. 4. History of Indian-white relations — v. 5. Arctic — v. 6. Subarctic — v. 7. Northwest Coast — v. 8. California –v. 9. Southwest — v. 10. Southwest — v. 11. Great Basin — v. 12. Plateau — v. 13. Plains — v. 14. Southeast — v. 15. Northeast — v. 17. Languages.
When completed, this twenty-volume set will summarize the extant historical and cultural knowledge of all North American Indian groups. Signed essays by scholars cover a wide range of topics; appended to each is a section which includes a bibliography, and suggestions for further research.

980.1 St4h (Main Stacks, Oak Street, and online)
Handbook of South American Indians. 7 vols. 1946.
Although published in the 1940s, this set is still a definitive source of information on South American Indian groups. Signed articles are written by numerous specialists. The extensive bibliographies at the ends of each volume serve as excellent guides to obscure, older sources.

301 IW1 2013 (Main Stacks, Oak Street, and online)
The Indigenous World. 2013.
This annual yearbook from the International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA) contains a comprehensive yearly update on the situation of indigenous peoples around the globe. Country, regional and international reports written by indigenous and non-indigenous activists and scholars cover annual developments in the contemporary status of indigenous human rights. Also includes general information about IWGIA and a list of IWGIA publications produced during the previous year in English, Spanish, and Portuguese. Current issue located in SSHEL Reference, previous issues in Main Stacks.

306 Ox22 (SSHEL Stacks)
The Oxford Handbook of Material Culture Studies. 2010.
This volume contains 28 essays exploring the relationship between people, culture, and things. While most of the contributors are professors of anthropology and archaeology, the approach is interdisciplinary and embraces fields such as sociology, history, and environmental studies, among others. The contents are divided by theme into five sections: Disciplinary Perspectives, Material Practices, Objects and Humans, Landscapes and the Built Environment, and Studying Particular Things. Though each essay is signed, all references are compiled in one comprehensive list. Contains a list of citations for its numerous illustrations and an index.

306.44 Sa184 (online)
The SAGE Handbook of Sociolinguistics. 2011.
This handbook contains 39 essays that explore the relationship between social context and linguistics. Articles are organized by topic into six sections, including history, multilingualism, and applications, among others. Each essay is signed and contains an extensive list of references. Contains list of contributors. Indexed by name and subject.

306 R182s 2014 (SSHEL Stacks)
Social and Cultural Anthropology: the Key Concepts. 3rd ed. 2014.
This revised and updated third edition contains fifty-seven entries that cover primary topics in the disciplines of social and cultural anthropology. Each encyclopedic entry is further divided into more specific and related issues. While there is a focus on future trends and debates, historical concerns are not neglected. Cross references accompany each entry and there is an extensive bibliography and index


Research Methods & Writing Guides

Research guides provide suggestions for finding and using information. Writing guides can help users manage and create citations, develop a research plan, and write specific types of articles or papers.

GN345 .L42 2013 (SSHEL RCC and online)
Analysis and Interpretation of Ethnographic Data: A mixed methods Approach. 2nd ed. 2013.
This work is book 5 of the second edition of the ethnographer’s Toolkit, a complete introduction to the process of conducting “ethnographic research in community and institutional settings.” This volume is intended to help researchers effectively turn collected ethnographic data, such as field notes, surveys, questionnaires, maps, etc., into interpretable research results. All states of post-collection data management are addressed, from understanding the need for data analysis, to stages of performing data analysis, to writing up and presenting the results of data analysis.  Numerous examples and tables are provided and explained. Key points are highlighted, and cross-references and definitions are included throughout. Reference and an index are also included.

GN397.5 .P45 2013 (SSHEL Stacks and online)
Applied Ethnography: Guidelines for Field Research. 2013.
This guide provides introductory guidelines for those who are new to doing ethnographic field research. Each chapter covers the steps from planning your research to writing your ethnography including gathering informants, observation, analysis, and organizing qualitative data. Includes references and an index.

930.1 Ar22228 (Oak Street)
Archaeological Method and Theory: An Encyclopedia. 2000.
A compilation of essays arranged in alphabetical order, addressing topics such as the processes of archaeological site formation, site discovery, site excavation, site and object documentation, on-site conservation and packaging finds, and post-excavation analysis. Includes an introductory subject guide, a bibliography at the end of each entry and a subject index.

930.1028 Ar2234 (SSHEL Stacks)
Archaeologist’s Toolkit. 7 vols. 2003.
This series is tailored to beginning archaeologists and students by giving them a practical approach to archaeology. Examples of case studies, advice and tips from archaeologists, and illustrations guide the readers in creating their own study.

GN281.S873 2011 (Main Stacks)
The Complete World of Human Evolution. 2nd ed. 2012.
This handbook provides a comprehensive account of approaches to reconstructing human evolution as well as examining and interpreting fossils. Specific techniques, fossil sites, regions, species, and time periods are covered. Included throughout the text are visual materials such as illustrations, photographs, timelines, charts, and maps, many of which are in color. An index and suggestions for further reading are included.

305.800723 F466d (SSHEL Stacks)
Doing fieldwork: Ethnographic Methods for Research in Developing Countries and Beyond. 2005.
The author uses his own experience in the field to create this book for students and new researchers. Students and researchers are taught how to prepare for research, conduct a study, analyze materials, and write an academic or policy report. An index is included.

305.80072 Et38 (SSHEL Stacks and Main Stacks)
Ethnographer’s Toolkit. 7 vols. 1999.
This series is an invaluable source for students and researchers using ethnography. Volumes cover ethnographic research from beginning to end including various research methods, analyzing and interpreting data, how to be a researcher, using data, designing research and more. These guides strike a balance between being accessible and providing a nuanced perspective on complex methodological, ethical and theoretical issues. The Ethnographer’s Toolkit has two editions. The first edition was released in 1999 as a single set of seven volumes. The second edition began releasing volumes individually in 2010, some as updates to first edition titles and others as brand new titles. New volumes are still being released. The second edition has multiple locations in SSHEL Stacks, SSHEL Reference Circulating Collection, and online. Please see each individual catalog record for the location. The first edition can be found by searching “Ethnographer’s Toolkit” in the catalog. The second edition can be searched for by “Ethnographer’s Toolkit” and “Ethnographer’s Toolkit (2010)”.  

The Field Researcher’s Handbook. 2017 (online)
A practice-based guide for anthropologists that details in three sections how to prepare for fieldwork, how to conduct research in the field and how to make the most of your work.  Each chapter contains a summary of key points at the end, and each of the three sections are followed with a set of review questions. Appendices include a sample research proposal and travel budget and a field research itinerary sample template. The book also includes a list of suggested reading.

614.17 K678f (Main Stacks and online)
Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology.  2006. (SSHEL Stacks and online)
Focuses on theoretical and methodological aspects of forensic anthropology, including the examination of skeletal remains and the evaluation of primary literature. The author assumes a familiarity with skeletal anatomy and basic statistics, although some sections could be useful for any reader in the field. Includes references and an index.

305.80072 H191 (Main Stacks and online)
The Handbook of Ethical Research with Ethnocultural Populations and Communities. 2006.
This volume addresses challenges at methodological, procedural and conceptual levels for the responsible conduct of research in the field. Each chapter includes case examples to illustrate significant ethical principles. Entries include extensive bibliographies.

GN345 .H37 2015 (SSHEL RCC)
Handbook of Methods in Cultural Anthropology. 2015.
Geared toward students and social scientists as well as practicing and academic anthropologists, this compilation of essays is meant to elaborate on, and bring perspective to, participant observation fieldwork, and the various approaches that different practicing anthropologists use during empirical anthropological research. Includes author and subject indices.

306.072 B456r 2011 (SSHEL RCC)
Research Methods in Anthropology: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. 6th ed.  2018.
Research Methods in Anthropology is the standard textbook for methods classes in anthropology. Written in Russ Bernard’s unmistakable conversational style, this guide has launched tens of thousands of students into the fieldwork enterprise with a combination of rigorous methodology, wry humor, and commonsense advice. Whether you are coming from a scientific, interpretive, or applied anthropological tradition, you will learn field methods from the best guide in both qualitative and quantitative methods

Research Methods in Human Skeletal Biology. 2013. (online)
Designed to meet the needs of new student researchers, this book is comprised of 18 individually authored chapters in 4 sections. The sections include: Introduction to Research in Skeletal Biology, Research on Aspects of the Biological Profile, Technological Advances, and Completing and Cultivating the Scientific Process. A glossary and an index are included.


Atlases & Maps

Atlases are collections of maps. Atlases of various types; including political, visual/pictorial, climate, country-specific, historical, and population; are located in the Map Library (418 Library).

572 Sp3a 1969 (Oak Street)
Atlas for Anthropology. 2nd ed. 1969.
Old but still useful for comparative data. Includes maps of approximately 500 cultural areas and tribal groups, 40 language families, and archaeological sites and finds.

Q. 402.23 At65 (Literatures & Languages Ref and Oak Street)
Atlas of Languages of Intercultural Communication in the Pacific, Asia, and the Americas. 3 vols. 1996.
Detailed demonstrations of the diverse roles, functions and influence of the large colonial languages in the Pacific, parts of Asia, and the Americas, as well of missionary and church languages in several areas. The first volume contains maps, grouped geographically and chronologically, while the second and the third volumes consist of documentation. The end of each volume contains references and pointers to related maps. Includes an index, called “the subject finder list.”

Q. 960 C899 1998 (Main Stacks and Oak Street)
Cultural Atlas of Africa. 1998.
Part I provides the background to introduce Part Two, which includes maps and overviews of languages, religions, early man in Africa, kingdoms and empires, Europe in Africa, African Diaspora, vernacular architecture, arts, music and dance, as well as education and literacy. Part Three includes maps and articles on constituent nations, consisting primarily of historical, physical, and socioeconomic information. Concludes with a bibliography, a gazetteer and an index. Includes a complete list of maps and special features.



Grants, Funding, & Career Resources

Resources with information about applying for grants, scholarships, fellowships, and other types of funding as well as resources about finding a job in a specific field.

930.1 AR224 (Oak Street and online)
Archaeological Fieldwork Opportunities Bulletin. 1983-.
Comprehensive resource is updated annually to provide students, volunteer fieldworkers and archaeological tourists with 225 fieldwork opportunities from around the world. Includes travel tips and resources, excavation guidelines and the AIA’s codes of Ethics and Professional Standards. Includes index of Governmental Archaeological Offices. Current opportunities available online; print editions from 1983 to 2008 are available from Oak Street. 

Anthropology News. (Oak Street and online)
Published monthly (except June-August), the official newspaper of the American Anthropological Association. Includes a substantial listing of job openings in its “Career Development” section. Last three years and most recent print issues are in SSHEL periodicals. Older issues are at Oak Street.

GN33 .H25 (SSHEL Stacks and online)
A Handbook of Practicing Anthropology. 2013.
This book can be used as a career-planner, with insider perspectives written by professionals in the field of practicing anthropology. The book is sectioned into five parts: The Practitioner Career Arc covers job hunting; Practitioner Bases discusses organizations; Domains of Practice refers to methods and approaches; Key Issues talks about ethics; and the Conclusion takes a look at the future of anthropology. Suggested further readings and an index are provided.

Career center.
The American Anthropological Association has a web page for employers and job seekers. The left-hand side of the web page provides a bulletin board and links for those seeking internships, prizes and awards, and workshops, among other career-related items.

Careers in Applied Anthropology in the 21st Century: Perspectives from Academic and Practitioners. 2009. (online)
This work, written by academics and practitioners, provides students with the advantages and disadvantages of careers in anthropology, along with advice which the post-graduate in the field should be aware of pre-placement. This work is divided into parts that include an introduction (which includes recent trends in the field), graduate school in applied anthropology, advice from the academy, and advice from practicing anthropologists. Signed chapters include notes, and references cited.