Guide to Sources in Gender and Women's Studies

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Guide to Sources in Gender and Women studies 

Print Version [PDF]

Location of Materials | Call NumbersArticle & Journal Databases | Background Information: Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, & Handbooks | Atlases & Maps | Bibliographies | Biographical Sources



Location of Materials 

All titles listed in this selective guide are located in the Social Sciences, Health, and Education Library (SSHEL) Reference Collection unless otherwise noted. The location SSHEL RCC indicates the item is held in the SSHEL Reference Circulating Collection. HPNL Ref indicates the item is held in the History, Philosophy, and Newspaper Library Reference Collection. 



Call Numbers

Call numbers are groups of numbers and/or letters that classify library items by subject. Items are arranged on bookshelves by call number. The Social Sciences, Health, and Education Library (SSHEL) uses both the Dewey Decimal and Library of Congress classification systems.









Culture & institutions

HM621-656; HM826





Marriage and family






Political institutions



Racial, ethnic, national groups

HT1501-1595 (races); GN495.4-498 (societal and ethnic groups); GN550-674 (groups by region or country-primarily traditional/small-scale societies)


Separation and divorce



Sexual orientation



Sexual relations



Social groups



Specific aspects of culture i.e. language, science, art, etc.







Articles & Journal Databases

Databases are structured sets of information, stored in print or online. Often, databases are online collections of journal article citations and full-text. Find articles about a specific topic by using keywords, subject headings, authors, and more.

GenderWatch (online). 1970-.
This database provides full text articles from scholarly journals, magazines, newspapers, newsletters, regional publications, books, and governmental and special reports. The publications indexed focus on how gender impacts a broad spectrum of subject areas. Contains archival material that dates back to 1970.

LGBT Life (online).
Abstracts and indexes a large variety of journals, newspapers, and monographs as well as provides full text for 50 of the most important and historically significant GLBT sources. Many of the sources indexed contain information relevant to women’s studies.

Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1600-2000 (online).
This resource is organized around the history of women in social movements in the U.S. between 1600 and 2000. The collection seeks to advance scholarly debates and understanding about U.S. history at the same time that it makes the insights of women’s history accessible to teachers and students at universities, colleges, and high schools. The collection currently includes 100 document projects and archives with almost 3,950 documents and 150,000 pages of additional full-text documents, written by some 2,150 primary authors.

Women’s Studies International (online). 1992-.
Indexes nearly 800 different sources on women’s studies and feminism from 1972 to the present. Journals, newspapers, newsletters, bulletins, books, book chapters, proceedings, reports, theses, dissertations, NGO studies, important websites and web documents, and grey literature are all included.  



Background Information: Dictionaries, Encyclopedias & Handbooks

Background information can be found in reference sources, online or in print, such as dictionaries, encyclopedias, and handbooks. Dictionaries contain brief definitions, usually only a sentence or two in length. Encyclopedias provide a more in-depth description, usually a few paragraphs in length. Handbooks contain descriptions that can be multiple pages and describe the development and future of a subject.


306.76603 D561:E
Dictionary of Homophobia: A Global History of Gay & Lesbian Experience. 2008.
This work provides a comprehensive overview of homophobia and the cultural condition of gays and lesbians internationally. The volume is arranged alphabetically and each entry contains a bibliography and list of related terms. It also contains a table of all entries included in the work as well as a selection of homophobic statements from print sources and public officials.

Historical Dictionary of the Lesbian and Gay Liberation Movements. 2013. (online)
This book documents the liberation movement, which started in 1969, and continues on to present day. It is a research tool for those interested in the issues and conflicts that play a role in the movements. It also discusses significant people, organizations, and events that helped further the movement. A list of acronyms, abbreviations, and a chronology of events is also included.


305.403 B322
Battleground: Women, Gender, and Sexuality. 2 vols. 2008. 
This encyclopedia is designed to give the reader an accessible reference to the most controversial issues and debates pertaining to women’s lives, gender, and sexuality. Its 97 entries reflect the large and diverse field of women’s studies. Each entry gives a concise background and history of the issue as well as a list for further readings. Also includes a bibliography and an index.

305.23081 B691
Boy Culture: An Encyclopedia. 2 vols. 2010. 
Explores the ever-changing aspects of boys’ identities and notions of masculinity. Entries are arranged by topic, including identity, health, and a variety of media, music, and technology representations. Each of the 167 entries is signed and contains a list of references. Volume 2 contains a selected bibliography and an index.

306.403 C8991
Cultural Encyclopedia of the Body. 2 vols. 2008.  
This encyclopedia provides cultural histories of various internal and external human body parts. Some entries have a focus on United States culture while others have an international focus. Entries are arranged alphabetically by body part and each contains a section on further reading and a bibliography. Selected entries have illustrations. Volume 1 contains entries A through L as well as a chronology of significant events in the cultural history of the human body. Volume 2 contains entries M through Z and a comprehensive index for both volumes.

305.4203 En195
Encyclopedia of Feminist Theories. 2000. 
This encyclopedia is an accessible, multidisciplinary insight into feminist thought. It contains over 500 authoritative entries on key themes and ideas relating to feminism, starting with second-wave feminism in the 1960s. Each entry contains cross-references and a bibliographic guide to further reading.

Q.305.309 En192
Encyclopedia of Gender and Society. 2009. (online)
This two volume set provides articles on gender scholarship within areas of social research from the individual to the global level. Entries are arranged alphabetically by subject and each entry contains a cross-referenced list of related subjects along with references. Both volumes include a comprehensive list of entries. Volume 2 includes an index to both volumes.

Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender History in America. 2004. 3 vols. (online)
“Brings together and focuses on different kinds of knowledge about sexualities and genders” and “covers more than 400 years of historical development” in the United States. Organized alphabetically, entries are biographical and topical in nature, and include bibliographic references and cross-references.  Provides a chronology of major developments from 1566-2003, and a directory of LGBT libraries and archives in the U.S. and Canada.

306.7403 En192
Encyclopedia of Prostitution and Sex Work. 2 vols. 2006. (online)
This encyclopedia includes 341 entries on social, cultural, geographic, and medical topics related to prostitution. Entry topics range over time from antiquity to the present and address all regions of the world, with emphasis on the West and the past 250 years. Most entries include cross-references and suggested further readings.  Appendices provide primary sources on topics; poems and song lyrics; documents by sex workers; and legal documents and commentary.

Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender.  2007. (online)
This resource addresses issues such as sex and gender at the personal and social level; issues of identity, status, class, ethnicity, race, and nation; sexuality and the body and social institutions; and the structures of representation.

The Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender: Men and Women in the World’s Cultures. 2 vols. 2003. (online)
This encyclopedia provides a comparative perspective on issues involving conceptions of gender, gender differences, gender roles, relationships between the genders, and sexuality. It includes chapters arranged under topical sections and under various cultures.

973.03 En1922
Encyclopedia of Women and American Politics. 2008.
Containing over 700 entries arranged alphabetically, this single volume covers the people, issues, and events involving women in U.S. politics. Broad topics are cross-referenced with related key events and people. Includes a biography of every woman who has served in the U.S. House of Representatives, the Senate, and the Supreme Court. Most entries include suggestions for further reading. The audience is high-school and junior college students, but is suitable for anyone looking for introductory information on this subject. Appendices include a chronology of highlights in women’s political history, as well as statistics and primary documents. Includes a bibliography and index.

Q. 305.403 En192
Encyclopedia of Women and Gender: Sex Similarities and Differences and the Impact of Society on Gender.
 2 vols. 2001. (online)
This encyclopedia covers many topics exploring current research and scholarship conducted on the psychology of women and gender.  Attention is given to differences between males and females, and also differences between women of different ethnic backgrounds and cultures. 

305.4869703 En19
Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures. 6 vols. 2003-2007. 
This encyclopedia is an interdisciplinary resource that brings together the work of over 1,000 scholars writing on women, Muslim and non-Muslim, in areas of the world where there have been significant Muslim populations. Each volume is organized by theme and region. Each volume has its own index, and volume 6 is a cumulative index for the entire set. Topics covered include research methodologies, family and law, sexuality, economics, education, and representations of women in Islamic cultures. A bibliography of writings on women and Islamic cultures is included in volume 1. 

Q.305.4097303 En198 (HPLN Ref)
Encyclopedia of Women in American History.  3 vols. 2002. 
This encyclopedia is divided as follows: v. 1. Colonization, revolution, and the new nation, 1585; v. 2. Civil War, western expansion, and industrialization, 1820-1900; v. 3. Suffrage, world war, and modern times, 1900-present. Shorter entries are biographical and topical. Longer articles analyze and interpret developments in women’s history from the sixteenth to the twenty-first century.   

Q. 613.04244 En192  
Encyclopedia of Women’s Health. 2004. 
Provides A to Z coverage of important issues affecting women’s health from AIDS to violence.  Entries are written from medical, psychological, sociocultural, spiritual, historical and legal perspectives.  Of note is the special focus on some issues as they apply to minority women, rural women, the elderly, and other underserved populations.

From Suffrage to the Senate: An Encyclopedia of American Women in Politics.  2006. (online)
This online resource chronicles the American women’s quest for political power and social equality. It covers the individuals, organizations, movements, and other legislative and legal milestones that have altered political history. The work includes biographies of women who have served in the Senate and House of Representatives, the judiciary, and the U.S. cabinet. Volume two contains a special documents section of texts and speeches, statistics, and a chronology of women’s political progress over the past 150 years. Also includes biographical references and a comprehensive index. See also The Women’s Suffrage Movement: A Reference Guide, 1866-1928. 2001 (324.6230941 C856w) which profiles 400 individuals and 800 organizations involved with the women’s suffrage movement from the 1860s to 1920s in Britain.

306.76603 G25
Gay Histories and Cultures: An Encyclopedia. 2000.
This volume presents information on issues pertaining to gay history and culture. Includes topic and biographical entries; biographical entries profile both historical and contemporary figures, but only famous individuals are included. Each entry is extensively cross-referenced and includes a bibliography.

370.8203 G285
Gender and Education: An Encyclopedia.  2007. 
Divided into two volumes, this resource explores current issues in gender and education. Articles are divided into ten subject areas covering such topics as gendered theories in education, curricular issues, teaching, and educational policies. To facilitate research, each article also cross-references other relevant articles within the encyclopedia. There is also a comprehensive index in volume two.

305.235203 G443
Girl Culture: An Encyclopedia. 2 vols. 2008. 
Contains more than 250 entries which address topics concerning girl culture ranging from the 1920s to the present. Most entries contain a list for further readings as well as cross references. The encyclopedia is divided into three parts: the first part is an introductory chapter which gives an overview of girl culture. The second part is titled “Studying Girl Culture: A Reader’s Guide” and contains a series of critical essays on different aspects of girl culture. The third and final part is the alphabetical entries on girl culture topics. Includes an index. 

306.703 G856
The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Love, Courtship, & Sexuality Through History
6 vols. 2008.(online)
This work explores love, courtship, and sexuality through the lenses of various beliefs, art, literature, and individuals. Each volume represents a different historical period. Individual volumes include a selected bibliography, an index, and information about contributors. Each entry includes suggestions for further reading.

305.42 G856
The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Women’s Issues Worldwide. 6 vols. 2003.  
This encyclopedia attempts to convey an accurate picture of women’s lives in 138 nations from six geographical regions: Asia and Oceana, Central and South America, Europe, the Middle East and North Africa, North America and the Caribbean, and Sub-Saharan Africa. Entries are organized by nation and follow a uniform format throughout that gives a profile of the nation, an overview of women’s issues, and a more detailed discussion of other key issues including education, health, and violence. Entries include visual aids such as maps and photographs. Each entry also contains a research guide with a bibliography and suggested reading lists that include print, web, video, and organizational resources. Each volume contains an introduction and user guide for the series, a volume-specific introduction and index, and a glossary when necessary. Complete index in Sub-Saharan Africa.

363.96097303 H629 (HPLN Ref)
Historical and Multicultural Encyclopedia of Women’s Reproductive Rights in the United States. 2002. (online) 
Provides an interdisciplinary introduction to a variety of topics related to American women’s reproductive rights. Not only does it discuss reproductive rights in relation to race, class, sexuality, and disability, it also tries to reflect the diversity of opinions surrounding issues of reproductive rights. Individual topics are explored in a variety of contexts and controversial terminology is used interchangeably when appropriate. Each entry is signed and contains resources for further reading. Entries are arranged alphabetically and indexed by topic. Also contains an index of court cases regarding reproductive rights.

324.62303 H195i
International Encyclopedia of Women’s Suffrage. 2000.

Demonstrates “the international dimensions of the demand for women’s rights to vote.”  Focuses on the U.S and the U.K, but a number of other countries are also mentioned.  Entries range from half of a page to a page in length, include images, and are cross-referenced with “see also.”  Provides a useful chronology that lists the year women obtained full suffrage in individual countries.

306.76 L599 v.1-3
LGBTQ America Today: An Encyclopedia. 3 vols. 2009.
This interdisciplinary three volume set traces the history of the LGBTQ movement within the United States. Focused specifically on developments of the past 60 years, this set covers historical figures and events, and the impact of the LGBTQ population on culture and the arts, medicine, and law. The entries are arranged alphabetically. Each entry includes references for future research. Each volume has an alphabetical listing of entries at the start, and Volume 3 contains a comprehensive index.

306.766303 L563
Lesbian Histories and Cultures: An Encyclopedia. 2000.
This volume presents information on important lesbian issues. Includes topical and biographical entries; biographical entries profile both historical and contemporary figures, but only famous individuals are included.  Each entry is extensively cross-referenced and includes a bibliography.

306.766 R765
Routledge International Encyclopedia of Queer Culture. 2006.
Covering gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender life and culture post-1945 with a strong international approach, this source lists entries by theme and subject, as well as alphabetically. Appendix A includes a listing of archives of LGBT material for further research, appendix B charts international sex laws, and appendix C compiles international political and community organizations. Useful for the general student as well as the specialized researcher.

Q. 305.403 R765
Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women: Global Women’s Issues and Knowledge. 4 vols. 2000.
This encyclopedia focuses on ideas and actions in relation to women and does not contain biographical entries. It consists of 13 thematic categories: 1. Arts and Literature 2. Culture and Communication 3. Ecology and the Environment 4. Economy and Development 5. Education 6. Health, Reproduction and Sexuality 7. History and Philosophy of Feminism 8. Households and Families 9. Politics and the State 10. Religion and Spirituality 11. Science and Technology 12. Violence and peace 13. Women’s Studies. Articles are arranged in an alphabetical order across themes.

Sexual Violence and Abuse: An Encyclopedia of Prevention, Impacts, And Recovery. 2013. (online)
The preface of this two volume set states that “most entries have focused on heterosexual sexual violence since most of the available research still focuses on such. We also know, however, that males can be victims and that females can be perpetrators and that violence can occur between the same gender. Hence, several entries cover these topics” (xx). Entries range from drug abuse to ethics to intersections with other forms of abuse to legal responses to theory. Each entry is signed, provides references to other entries, and lists further readings.

305.4203 W842
The Women’s Movement Today: An Encyclopedia of Third-Wave Feminism. 2 vols. 2006.
Provides information about the third-wave of the women’s movement. Volume one consists of 200 A-Z entries focusing on U.S pop culture. Thirty-seven of the 200 entries are biographical and cover a diverse range of individuals. Volume two contains primary documents, mostly "nonfiction pieces from crucial books and magazines."

371.826603 Y888
Youth, Education, and Sexualities: An International Encyclopedia.
 2 vols. 2005. 
This guide contains current research, policy, and practice regarding lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth throughout the world but primarily in the United States. It includes 250 entries with references. Entries cover issues such as suicide, counseling, gay-straight alliances, popular culture, racism, prostitution, HIV education, pregnancy, fraternities, and gender roles.


305.90664097 Sm641g
Gay and Lesbian Americans and Political Participation: A Reference Handbook. 2002.

“Provides an overview and analyses of the LGBT political participation in four crucial spheres of protest, social movement, electoral politics, and public office.” Individual chapters cover gay and lesbian participation in electoral politics, protest politics, social movements, interest groups, and political office-holding.  Entries cover important people, laws, and terms.  Includes a directory of organizations and a chronology of major events that covers the dates 1920 to 2002.

305.90664 G256
Gay and Lesbian Rights in the United States: A Documentary History. 2003.

This volume tells the history of the fight for gay and lesbian rights in the United States through primary documents. It includes speeches, letters, congressional testimony, court decisions, government reports, biographical accounts, position papers, statutes, and news stories. Arranged in chronological order and grouped together under general historical themes, this source includes documents both for and against gay and lesbian rights.

HQ1180. G4655 2013
Gender: The Key Concepts. 2013.
This volume provides an introduction to the major theories and concepts in gender studies. Each of the 37 entries provides a critical definition of the subject, written by an expert in the field, and examines its genesis, usage and major contributors. Taking an interdisciplinary and global view of gender studies, concepts include: agency, body, class, diaspora, feminist politics, gender identity, heteronormativity, performativity, reflexivity, subjectivity. With cross referencing and further reading provided throughout the text, this volume explores the relationships between different aspects of the field defined as gender studies. Includes bibliography and index.

305.42 G28551
Gender and Women's Leadership: A Reference Handbook. 2010.
This two-volume handbook contains 101 entries exploring the role of women within the interdisciplinary context of leadership studies. Entries are arranged thematically, first more generally in articles exploring feminist theory, history, social movements, and global studies, then in sections dedicated to exploring female leadership in various professional fields, such as business, religion, academia, sports, and the media, among other fields. Sections also begin with an overview of leadership in each area. Articles are signed and contain lists of references and further reading. Index.

Q.306.7072 H191 2011
Handbook of Sexuality-Related Measures. 3rd ed. 2011.
Contains descriptions, sample questions, and acquisition information for over 200 tests, questionnaires, and scales that measure sexuality and related beliefs, behaviors, and topics, including 100 new and updated entries for the 3rd edition. Each entry is written by the test’s author(s) and contains a list of references, as well as contact information for the author(s). Entries are arranged by topic and cover areas such as birth control, identity, and abuse. Includes a list of the scales included (arranged by lead author’s last name) and an index.

Handbook of the Sociology of Gender. 2006(online) 
This e-book is divided into four sections.  The first section, called Basic Issues, examines gender theory, feminist epistemology, and gender differences and similarities.  The second section, called Macro-structures and Processes, consists of seven chapters with topics such as comparative gender stratification, gender and migration, poverty, gender movements, gender organizations and gender in cultures.  Section three, called Micro-structures and Processes, addresses topics such as gender socialization, gender and social roles, gender and interaction and gender violence and harassment.  The final section consists of thirteen chapters that look at the relationship between gender and social institutions. Includes an index.  

International Handbook on the Demography of Sexuality. 2013. (online)
This volume attempts to bridge the information gap in sexuality for the field of demography (the statistical study of human populations).This e-book is broken into five parts: introduction and overview to demography of sexuality, sexual practices in the global picture, sexual practices across the life course, sexual identities, and applying demographies of sexuality to policy. Each chapter is signed. Includes index.

305.405 L72 2013
The Little Data Book on Gender. 2013
This item is a quick reference for users interested in gender statistics. It presents gender-disaggregated data for more than 200 countries in a straightforward, country-by-country reference on demography, education, health, labor force, political participation, and the Millennium Development Goals. Summary pages cover regional and income group aggregates are also included, as well as a glossary.

305.4203 Ic7 2001
The Routledge Companion to Feminism and Postfeminism. 2001.

This source is divided into two parts. Part I consists of four essay that give an “overview of the development of feminist thought in Great Britain and America, and examine the impact of the theories and ideas on various areas of culture.”  Part II provides information about feminism’s most prominent thinkers, activists, performers and writers.

306.77 Se911
Sex and Sexuality. 3 vols. 2006. 

The articles in this three volume set investigate the roles of biological, sociocultural and psychological factors in human sexuality. Chapters provide detailed overviews of topics, including recent scholarship and trends, and conclude with bibliographies and avenues for further research.

323.34 W84222
Women and Politics around the World: A Comparative History and Survey. 2 vols. 2009.  
This two volume set includes essays on political issues affecting women around the world. Both volumes contain a comprehensive table of contents, introduction, and a comprehensive index that covers both volumes. Volume 1 is comprised of essays on women and politics. Volume 2 is comprised of country profiles of selected nations and related political issues for women. Each entry in both
volumes contains an extensive list of references.



Atlases & Maps 

Atlases are collections of maps. 

305.4091724 At655
Atlas of Gender and Development: How Social Norms Affect Equality in Non- OECD Countries. 2010.
While it is well-established that gender equality reduces poverty, most sources only measure the outcome of these disparities, not their causes. The OECD uses the Social Institutions and Development Index (SIGI) to evaluate non-OECD countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean. Each entry discusses the five areas measured by SIGI: family code, physical integrity, son preference, civil liberties, and ownership rights. Each entry also contains a brief summary of gender, society, and the law as well as a map, general statistics, and multiple charts conveying aspects of the SIGI rating. Includes a brief glossary of international legal terms and a bibliography organized by region.

305.42 Se13w 2009 
The Penguin Atlas of Women in the World. 4th ed. 2009. 
This work provides maps and statistics pertaining to women worldwide. The atlas is divided into sections by topic. Topics covered include women and discrimination, family rights, birth rights, women’s rights concerning their own bodies, the workforce, access to resources, voting rights, and health statistics. A list of sources used for statistics and an index are included.




Bibliographies are lists of citations of books, websites, journals, articles, and other resources about a specific subject. Bibliographies can appear at the end of a book, journal, or encyclopedia article, or as a separate publication.

JC599.U5 H273 2012
American Women Civil Rights Activists: Biobibliographies of 68 Leaders, 1825-1992.
Contains entries for 68 women civil rights activists active from 1825-1992 who worked for numerous underrepresented populations, including African Americans, Latino Americans, Native Americans, children, lesbians and gays, adoptees, older adults, differently-abled persons, prisoners, education, and more. Each entry provides a biographical sketch with information about the woman’s birthplace; education; important events and achievements; children, parents, siblings, and others who have had an impact on the activist’s life and work, and an extensive bibliography of works by and about the activist.

016.8108 B652g
Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgendered Literature: A Genre Guide. 2008
This volume provides a general reading guide to adult LGBT fiction. Works are arranged in chapters according to subgenre and each entry includes a bibliographic citation, annotation, symbol noting whether it is of interest to gays, lesbians, bisexuals, or transgendered readers, award received, subject headings, and read-alikes. A chapter on the history of LGBT literature and a chapter on collection development and readers' advisory in the genre are included. Also contains a bibliography, author/title index, and subject index.

016.3014242 St5w 2004
Women’s Studies: A Recommended Bibliography. 2004.
This fully annotated source maps the literature of women’s studies, covering thousands of titles and websites in 19 subject areas published between 1985 and 1999. This source is intended as a reference and collection development tool.   



Biographical Sources

Biographical sources provide information about a single person or multiple people.

303.484 L269a
A to Z of American Women Leaders and Activists. 2002.

This reference features U.S. government officials, state and local office holders, suffragist leaders, women’s liberation leaders, and leaders in other sociopolitical movements. It includes 145 biographical entries and covers the years 1800 to 1959

305.4209224 B52
A Biographical Dictionary of Women’s Movements and Feminisms in Central, Eastern, and South Eastern Europe: 19th and 20th Centuries.  2006.

This book describes the lives, works and aspirations of more than 150 women and men who were active in women’s movements in 22 countries in Central, Eastern and South Eastern Europe during the 19th and 20th centuries. Entries provide biographical information, a photograph of each person, and a list of sources for further reading.

Q.305.48896073 B561 2005
Black Women in America.
Chronicles the history of African-American women from 1619 to 2004. Includes approximately 150 topical and over 335 biographical entries.

Q. 305.42092273 F349
Feminists Who Changed America, 1963-1975. 2006.

Profiles many of the founders and leaders of the second wave of the feminist movement. The 2,220 biographical entries include the famous as well as grassroots organizers.  All attempts were made to be inclusive of race, sexual orientation, class, and geographic location. Lists archival information on each individual when available.

305.40956 T143h
Historical Dictionary of Women in the Middle East and North Africa. 2013. (HPLN Ref)
This book features the biographies of female and male historical figures, feminists, writers, and others who have furthered women’s rights in the Middle East and North Africa. There are over 400 entries that cover feminism, culture, and religion.

920.7208997 N213 2001
Native American Women: A Biographical Dictionary. 2nd ed. 2001.

Provides over 250 biographical entries on Native American women born between 1499 and 1965. Focus is on Cherokee and Sioux women. “Features familiar historical figures and lesser-known contemporary women.”

920.7 N843 (Various locations)
Notable American Women, 1607-1950. 1971.
This three-volume set contains information on 1,359 women who died between 1607 and 1950. Entries consist of name, dates, career/profession, and a lengthy annotated bibliography with primary and secondary sources. Wives of presidents are excluded. Two additional volumes extend the coverage of this source.  Notable American Women: The Modern Period: A Biographical Dictionary (920.7 N8431) includes biographies of 442 women who died between 1951 to 1975, and Notable American Women: A Biographical Dictionary Completing the Twentieth Century (Main Reference 920.720973 N843) “profiles 483 women who died between Jan. 1, 1976 and Dec. 31, 1999.  All titles are available online through the library catalog.

Q. 920.7208996 N843 (HPLN Ref)
Notable Black American Women. 1992-2003.
This work defines the lives of black women from colonial times to the present. Lists 300 women born between 1686 and 1970.  This volume includes pioneers, entrepreneurs, leading businesswomen, literary and creative figures, leaders of social or human justice movements, major government officials, creative figures in performing arts, noted orators and public speakers, and educators.

Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History. 2008.  (online)
This work provides over 650 biographies of influential women and over 600 topical articles covering topics such as geography and history, culture and society, organizations, movements, and gender studies. The encyclopedia presents the experiences and contributions of women not only in the Western world, but across the globe, and hopes to tell the story of how women worldwide have influenced and been influenced by these historical, social, and demographic changes. A bibliography is included with each article. Subject index is provided.