Guide to Resources in American Indian Studies

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Guides to Resources in American Indian Studies 


Location of Materials  | Call Numbers | Search Hints | Article & Journal Databases | Directories | Background Information: Dictionaries, Encyclopedias & Handbooks | Biographical Sources | Statistical Sources & Datasets | Almanacs & Yearbooks



Location of Materials

This guide refers primarily to sources located in the Social Sciences, Health, and Education Library. All materials are shelved in the Reference Collection, unless otherwise noted.

Other units within the University Library (particularly the History, Philosophy, and Newspaper Library; Reference, Research, and Scholarly Services; Undergraduate Library; Literatures and Languages Library; Government Information Services; and Main Stacks also have important resources for finding information about Native Americans. See the guide to Native American Studies Library Resources.



Call Numbers

Call numbers are groups of numbers and/or letters that classify library items by subject. Items are arranged on bookshelves by call number. The Social Sciences, Health, and Education Library (SSHEL) uses both the Dewey Decimal and Library of Congress classification systems.














Mythology and religion


342.73 *constitutional law in the U.S. in general*

Legal problems and issues






Art (*pre-Columbian)




810.8=PS508.I5; 811.08= PS591.I55


History and comprehensive works throughout North America



History and comprehensive works, U.S. by region and state

E78.A-Z (Nat. Americans by state, province or region) 



Search Hints



Article & Journal Databases 

Databases are structured sets of information, stored in print or online. Often, databases are online collections of journal article citations and full-text. Find articles about a specific topic by using keywords, subject headings, authors, and more.

572.05 AB
Abstracts in Anthropology. 1970-. Quarterly. (Periodicals)
International coverage of books, articles and conference papers in archaeology, ethnology, linguistics, and physical and cultural anthropology. Complements, rather than duplicates, other anthropological indexes. Includes references from journals not considered to be "anthropology" journals. Current year in SSHEL Reference; previous years in Main Stacks Reference.

America: History and Life. 1964-. (Online)
This index abstracts articles on current American life and the history of the United States and Canada. Subjects covered include archaeology, ethnology, social processes and social groups, demography and population, education, and the arts. It is an excellent source for articles on Native American archaeology and ethnohistory.

American Indian Histories and Cultures. (Online)
Contains manuscripts, photographs, maps, atlases, drawings, and paintings pertaining to American Indian history in the United States, Canada, and Mexico. The database is cross-searchable with The American West which is an in depth collection of Western Americana sources. 

Anthropology Plus. 1877-. Quarterly. (Online)
Combined access to the entire backfiles of Anthropological Index (1957-present, produced by The British Museum, Anthropological Index Online) and Anthropological Literature (19th century-present, produced by Harvard's Tozzer Library). Identifies print materials in anthropology, archaeology and related interdisciplinary research areas published in almost 900 journals and monographic series. Coverage of the North American and British literature is nearly exhaustive, and good for core European and Latin American sources.

Early Encounters in North America. (Online)
Early Encounters in North America contains 1,482 authors and over 100,000 pages of letters, diaries, memoirs and accounts of early encounters between peoples in North America. 

Ethnic NewsWatch. 1960- . (Online)
Provides full text access for 200 newspapers and journals of the ethnic, minority, and native press.

Human Relations Area Files (HRAF).  (Oak Street and Online)
A specially organized collection of thousands of full text sources on almost 400 cultures worldwide. HRAF can be useful for anyone looking for background information or specific data on a particular ethnic group, culture or country, as well as by those investigating subject like architecture, kinship, political structure or settlement patterns on a comparative cross-cultural basis.
  All HRAF installments published since 1995 are available only via the eHRAF World Cultures, while most older installments are available only in print or microfiche. To check which cultures are covered by HRAF in what formats, see the “Human Relations Files Collection of Ethnography: Collection List For All formats” appended to the print “ Guide to the Human Relations Area Files”. For additional information on how to use HRAF or eHRAF, see the Guide to the Human Relations Area Files (HRAF) in Print and Microfiche or eHRAF Guide. Print versions may be found in the kiosk near the SSHEL information desk.

eHRAF Archaeology. (online)
Provides access to the published literature on selected archaeological traditions worldwide, following the format and approach of eHRAF World Cultures.

Social Sciences Citation Index (Web of Science). 1898-present. (online)
An interdisciplinary index to social science literature that allows you to trace citations made to articles. It can also be used like a standard bibliographic database and indexes the core journals in anthropology and related fields. The SSCI is searchable in the Web of Science database.

Many other databases also include pertinent information, e.g. MEDLINE for medicine or MLA International Bibliography for literature. For further information, please ask at the Social Sciences, Health, and Education Library's Information Desk.




Directories are a list of organizations, groups, people, places, or other data systematically arranged often alphabetically or by location.

323.1197 In249
Indian Tribal Leaders Directory. 2011. (HPNL Ref)
Issued by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, this is a directory of tribal leaders of Native American groups in the United States. The directory includes chapters for regional directories including the list Bureau of Indian Representatives and listings of tribal entities by state, regional, criminal jurisdiction and organization status. It contains alphabetical indexes for tribal leader name, Bureau of Indian Affairs representative, and tribal entities. 

027.0089 P442t
Tribal Libraries in the United States: A directory of American Indian and Alaska Native Facilities. 2007. (HPNL)
A comprehensive listing of tribal libraries across the United States. Entries are organized by state. Each entry contains the name of the library and affiliated tribe, contact information for the library and tribe, tribal enrollment statistics, land area and tribe ethnology, and basic information about the library such as hours, special collections, library staff, and user population emphasis. The directory includes a selected bibliography and alphabetical index.

Q. 970.0497 T463t
Tiller’s Guide to Indian Country. 2005.
Provides an overview of 562 federally recognized tribes in 32 states. Arranged by states, each entry describes the tribe’s history and modern-day life including location, status and contact information, culture, economic and political activities, and community services and facilities. Includes a lengthy bibliography and comprehensive index.

371.82997 N2132002
Native Education Directory: Organizations and Resources for Educators of Native Americans. 2002.
This directory includes a listing of organizations that serve educators of Native Americans around the United States. Organization information includes contact information, website address, areas served, and mission where applicable. Organizations are arranged alphabetically and divided into the following sections: National and International Nongovernmental Organizations; Federal Programs; Media, Periodicals, Publishers and Producers; State and Territorial Government and Nongovernmental Organizations; Colleges and Universities Offering Native Studies and support.



Background Information: Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, & Handbooks 

Background information can be found in reference sources, online or in print, such as dictionaries, encyclopedias, and handbooks. Dictionaries contain brief definitions, usually only a sentence or two in length. Encyclopedias provide a more in-depth description, usually a few paragraphs in length. Handbooks contain descriptions that can be multiple pages and describe the development and future of a subject.


Q.970.00497 D561 1993 
Dictionary of Indian Tribes of the Americas. 2nd ed. 3 volumes. 1993. 
This set is designed to be a first source for information that can direct the user to more detailed sources. Alphabetical entries provides 2-5 page descriptions of each group. Additional features include a detailed index and several descriptive maps. 

897.03 D561 
Dictionary of Native American Literature. 1994. (Main Stacks Ref.) 
Includes more than 70 essays by members of the Association for the Study of American Indian Literatures. Entries are arranged by historical period: Native American oral literature, Indian writing to 1967, and Indian writing from 1967 to the present. Each chapter includes information about anthropology, folklore, literature, and Native American studies, and a bibliography of primary and secondary sources. A single index combines subjects, authors, and titles. 
299.703 G41d 
Dictionary of Native American Mythology. 1992. 
An alphabetical compilation of stories, rituals, songs, ceremonies, myths, symbols and creatures drawn from Native American cultural traditions. A list of sources consulted is included for each entry. 

323.1197 L471h
Historical Dictionary of Native American Movements. 2008.
Provides a comprehensive look into the political and economic Native American movements from the 1700s to the early 2000s. Includes a helpful chronology of Native American events and an introductory essay that provides a framework for the entries that follow. An alphabetical listing of cross referenced entries on influential people, places, events and institutions is followed by a bibliography and an appendix of Indian voices from Native American Movements.


497.012 C153A
American Indian Languages: The Historical Linguistics of Native America. 1997.
Provides an overview of the linguistic history of Native Americans, with sections devoted to specifically to the languages spoken in North, Middle, and South America. The origins of Native American languages and their relationships to other languages are explored. Contains maps, references, and indexes of languages, authors, and subjects.

Q.970.00497 W146a 2009
Atlas of the North American Indian. 3rd ed. 2009. (Map Library)
An overview of American Indian history and culture, arranged chronologically, with seven chapters covering "Ancient Civilizations" to "Contemporary Indians." Each chapter is further subdivided into areas covering civilizations, cultures, and histories. Maps and drawings illustrate every chapter.

Q.970.00497 C468
Chronology of the American Indian: A Guide to Native Peoples of the Western Hemisphere. 25,000 B.C.-1994. 1994. (Main Stacks Ref.)
This work summarizes major events of Native North American Indians, giving an overview of important topics, from prehistoric times to the mid-1990s.

323.1197 J599e
Encyclopedia of the American Indian Movement. 2013. (HPNL Ref)
This encyclopedia chronicles the major events, concepts, people, and places of the American Indian Movement. Included is a chronology from 1959-2008, selected bibliography, list of primary sources, and a comprehensive index. Entries are listed in alphabetical order and include a list of further readings.

330.973 En192
Encyclopedia of Native American Economic History. 1999.
The thrust of this work is to fill a void in the formalized scholarship of Native American economic history. The central basis for this work is Native American sovereignty, with a focus on economics as a foundation for real political autonomy. 

ML102.N37 K45E5 2013
Encyclopedia of Native American Music of North America. 2013. (Music & Performing Arts)
This encyclopedia introduces Native American musical expressions, excluding music from Mexico. The source includes a historical overview, 10 comprehensive regional entries, over 60 alphabetical entries, an alphabetical index and information about the authors. Entries focus on key international, national, regional, and upcoming artists who represent a range of aboriginal North American music.

E98.R2 H73 2000
The Encyclopedia of Native American Religions: An Introduction. 2000. (UGL)
Includes 1,200 alphabetical entries describing Native North Americans' traditional beliefs and practices, as well as the consequences of contact with Europeans. The encyclopedia's broad scope covers major religious systems, selected Native American religious leaders and missionaries, well-documented ceremonies, and pertinent legislation and court cases.

E76.2 W35 2006
Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. 3rd ed. 2006. (UGL)
An alphabetically arranged encyclopedia of approximately 260 Indian tribes located in U.S., Canada, and Mexico. Each article begins with a discussion of the origin of the tribal or cultural name and its pronunciation, followed by an examination of the housing, clothing, transportation, tools, arts, regions of habitation and tribal movement, initial interaction with colonists, hostilities and conflicts between tribes, legends, religions and present status. The encyclopedia ends with a glossary of terms, bibliography, and an index.

Q. 970.00497003 J635n2007
Encyclopedia of Native Tribes of North America. 2007. 
Organized by 10 regions, this encyclopedia provides a complete reference to North American native peoples. The broad scope covers origins and history of North American tribes, classification of native languages, and a detailed depiction of native dress, arts, crafts, and daily life historically and in the present. Includes an illustrated glossary, select bibliography, and native population census data.

Encyclopedia of North American Indians. 1996. (Online)
This encyclopedia includes detailed maps, pictures, biographies, and focuses on tribes as well as historical and contemporary subjects. Each entry is signed and includes references. A general index and contributor index are provided and are both hyperlinked to the entries in the encyclopedia.

Encyclopedia of United States Indian Policy and Law . 2009. (Online)
The scope of this encyclopedia is to expand on policy issues among Indian tribes, Native peoples, and the United States government. Over 700 entries explore legal issues ranging from legal disputes over tribal natural resources to legislation over tribal material culture. The appendix includes maps of Indian land cessations and territories, an index to Indian Reservations in the continental Unites States, and tribal population data.

E76.2 .P75 2000
Native Americans : An Encyclopedia of History, Culture, and Peoples. 2000.
Provides basic information about the history, culture, and contemporary status of over 200 Native groups in the U.S. and Canada. Tribes appear alphabetically within ten geographically defined chapters. Subheadings (e.g. religion, dwellings, diet) and a consistent level of detail allow comparison across tribes and regions, but archaeology and mythology are not discussed. Smaller groups are aggregated into larger regional and/or linguistic clusters; for more specific treatment see the authoritative Handbook of North American Indians (970.402 H191, SSHEL RCC) . Includes a glossary, bibliography, and a substantial index.

Q. 972.01 Ox25 2000
Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures. 2000. (Online)
This encyclopedia includes more than 600 articles on Mesoamerican cultures. Time periods covered include the pre-Columbian era, colonial, and post-colonial periods. The entries cover cultures such as the Olmec, Aztec, and Maya and topics such as art, archaeology, religious studies, anthropology, history, and historiography.

970.103 R2592012  
Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. 17ed. 2012. 
Provides listings of organizations, government agencies, reservations, health services, schools, associations, and library collections for Native American and First Nation peoples. Also included are a bibliography of approximately 6,500 books and 2,000 biographical sketches of prominent Native Americans and non-Indians active in Indian affairs.  


E98.R3 B26 2004
Handbook of Native American Mythology. 2004. (UGL)
This handbook provides an overview of the major themes and concepts of Native American mythology. It includes an extensive introductory essay and contains entries on the Native American conception of time, deities, themes and concepts. Arranged alphabetically, each entry includes references and further readings. Also included in an annotated bibliography of print and non-print resources, a glossary and a subject index.

970.402 H191 
Handbook of North American Indians. 1978-. (SSHEL RCC) 
Vol. 2- Indians in Contemporary Society; Vol. 3- History of Indian-White Relations; Vol. 4 - Indian-White Relations; Vol. 5 - Arctic; Vol. 6 - Subarctic; Vol.7 - Northwest Coast; Vol. 8 - California; Vol. 9 - Southwest; Vol.10 -Southwest; Vol. 11 - Great Basin; Vol. 12 - Plateau; Vol. 13 - Plains; Vol. 14 - Southeast; Vol. 15 - Northeast; Vol.17 - Languages.  When completed, this projected 20-volume set will summarize the extant knowledge of the history and culture of all North American Indian groups. Signed essays by scholars cover a wide range of topics; each essay also includes a bibliography and suggestions for further research. Each volume includes an index and extensive bibliography.



Biographical Sources 

Biographical sources provide information about a single person or multiple people.

Q. 970.00497 W146w2001
Biographical dictionary of American Indian History to 1900. 2001. (HPNL Ref & Main Stacks)
The scope of this dictionary includes Native American and non-Indian individuals who were a significant part of pre-twentieth century Indian history. Individual’s entries include a short description of their life, their contribution to Native American history, their tribal affiliation and a bibliography of further readings. The dictionary includes several indexes including an alphabetical index, American Indians by tribal affiliation, American Indians by area of activity, non-Indians by area of activity, and entries by topic and historical period.

970.00497 J599e
Encyclopedia of Native American Biography : Six Hundred Life Stories of Important People from Powhatan to Wilma Mankiller. 1997.
The book features short biographies on 600 writers, warriors, explorers, religious leaders, legislators, and activists from historical times to the present. Entries were written by scholars that have researched and written extensively on Native American issues. 

920.7208997 N2132001
Native American Women: A Biographical Dictionary. 2001. 
Provides more than 270 biographical sketches of well-known and lesser-known Native American women. Entries include notable events and contributions to Native American culture, society or history, as well as a listing of reference sources. Also included are a selected bibliography and a brief biography of contributors and editors. Appendices include entries by area of specialization, by decades of birth, by state of birth and by tribal affiliation.

970.00497 J5992n
Native Americans Today: A Biographical Dictionary. 2010. (HPNL)
Provides over 100 biographical sketches of contemporary Native Americans in the United States and Canada. Each biography includes a list of further readings. Also included are a list of individuals by nationality, a selected bibliography, and a subject index.



Statistical Sources & Datasets 

Statistical sources contain numerical facts or data. A dataset is a collection of data.

Q. 304.608997 St29 (HPNL Ref. and Oak Street)
E98.P76 S73 1993 (UGL)
Statistical Record of Native North Americans. 1993.
This compilation of statistical data on the indigenous populations of the U.S. and Canada spans estimates of pre-contact data to projections for 2040. The chapters cover topics such as history, population, family, education, culture, health, social and economic conditions, business and industry, land and water management, government relations, and law and law enforcement. Canada has its own chapter. Each data table cites the original U.S. or Canadian federal publication source. A keyword index is provided.



Almanacs & Yearbooks

Almanacs are a compilation of useful data and statistics relating to countries, personalities, events, and subjects. Yearbooks are an annual compilation of facts and statistics on a particular subject for the preceding year.

Q. 970.00497 N2136
The Native North American Almanac: A Reference Work on Native North Americans in United States and Canada. 1994.
Covers Native North American history (pre-1500 to1992), culture areas, religion, legal issues, administration, activism, environmental issues, demographics, arts and literature, education, economics, wealth and biography. Each chapter includes maps, lists of resources, and bibliographies. A glossary, general bibliography, and indexes by occupation, illustrations and subject are included.