425 Library, MC-522
1408 West Gregory Dr.
Urbana, IL 61801
Oak St. Library Facility
OSLF, 2nd Floor
809 South Oak Street
Mail Code 527
Champaign, IL 61820
Digital Content Creation
413 Library, MC-522
1408 West Gregory Dr.
Urbana, IL 61801
Identifying Materials Appropriate for In-House Repair
A typical hard cover book may need attention at one or possibly several states in its life:
- Reinforcement or repair of the original trade binding as it comes from the publisher
- Minor mending or repair to extend the useful life of the publisher's trade binding as it
- Extensive repair or rebinding when the trade binding becomes too worn or the sewing breaks
- Boxing, reformatting, or discarding when the paper becomes too brittle or the damage becomes
A typical soft cover book may need attention at similar states in its life:
- Original soft cover requires binding for structural support
Rebinding a torn, unsupported soft cover book as cover is damaged through circulation
- Minor mending or repair to extend the useful life of applied hard cover binding as it
- Rebinding when the adhesive binding becomes too weak and pages become detached
- Boxing, reformatting, or discarding when the paper becomes too brittle
Working Definition of "Minor Mending and Repair"
For the purposes of this manual, "minor mending and repair" is defined as those repairs that
meet any of the following criteria:
- The repair can be done by staff who have completed training in basic book repair and with the
equipment and supplies readily available
- The book is not brittle. If the paper is brittle, it will be sent to the Brittle Books
Coordinator to be evaluated for a wrapper, permanent protective enclosure, reformatting, or
How to Identify Books Appropriate for In-House Repair
Damaged books are identified by both library staff and patrons as they are used. To make the
decision to repair a book in-house requires that each staff member involved in the process be
familiar with and understand the implications of treatment and/or other options available. If the
over-arching goal of preservation is access, then book repair becomes one option for providing
access to that particular book. Briefly, the other options commonly available are a) ordering a
replacement copy of the damaged book, b) sending the book out for commercial binding, c)
reformatting the book, and d) boxing the original material. Each option has a cost, both in staff
time and materials. Unfortunately, there are no hard-and-fast rules for making these decisions.
Rather, a number of factors should be considered by the staff as they select books, through use,
Some Questions to Ask Before Selecting a Book for Repair
- Is the spine loose, torn, or detached?
- Is the classification label secure and legible?
- Is the case, or are individual boards, loose or detached?
- If boxed, check condition of box (case, portfolio, etc.) and its contents.
- Are there loose or damaged pages?
- Are there loose or damaged plates or maps?
- Is the paper badly embrittled (i.e. will not withstand double corner folds)?
- Is paper moldy (i.e. limp with dark colored surface spotting)?
- Is there evidence of insect infestation (i.e. small live insects, insect eggs, or worm-like
In the case of the second and third questions regarding paper, the book should be immediately
placed in a plastic bag or zipper sealor and taken directly to the Conservation Department.
Bibliographers and Collection Managers
- Is the damaged book worth retaining?
- If the book is worth retaining is it still available in print (either new or used)?
- If the book is available, is the cost of ordering a new book less than the cost of repairing
In Conservation and Book Repair
- Is the book needed immediately by a patron?
- Is the book brittle?
- Is the repair simple?
- Does the staff have the time, training, and supplies needed to complete this repair?
- Does the damage warrant sending the book directly to the commercial binder for rebinding?
Dartmouth College Preservation Services
Cornell University Preservation