• Spring Break 2014 hours:
    M-F: 9am-5pm
    Sa 3/29: CLOSED
    Su 3/30: 1-5pm
  •  
  • 200 South Library (map)
  •  
  • (217) 333-2220

French Literary Resources by Period

Basic Literary Resources by Period

Please direct all comments or requests for information to Paula Carns, Librarian for French Language and Literature (333-0076) • pcarns@illinois.edu

 


 

General Sources

(Covering all time periods)

BACK TO TOP


Article Indexes and Databases

 

To access the following indexes, you will need to search the Library's Online Journals & Databases through the links below.

Indexes to Full-text Articles

Repère: Index analytique d'articles de périodiques de langue française. Montréal: Bibliothèque Nationale du Québec, 1994- [from 1984-1993 under title Point de repère].

Indexes French, other European, and Canadian Francophone periodicals, a list of which is given at the beginning of the volume. The bibliographical references to articles are listed under an alphabetical arrangement of subjects (descriptors). There is no author/title access, except for citations of book reviews. Articles must be at least a full page in length to be indexed.

Websites

Fabula, French Literary Studies.

BACK TO TOP


Bibliographies

Bibliothèque nationale de France-- Catalogue Collectif de France *Available on the World Wide Web.*

Supersedes the weekly "Chronique" and "Annonces" sections of Bibliographie de la France -- Biblio. Includes the weekly "Bibliographie de la France - Livres de la semaine," the monthly supplement "Bibliographie de la France -- Les livres du Mois," and the quarterly supplement "Trois mois de nouveautés."

A Critical Bibliography of French Literature. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1947-1994. 6 vols.

Often still referred to as "Cabeen," this well-regarded annotated bibliography of books, dissertations, and periodical articles was originally edited by D.C. Cabeen and now includes six volumes along with numerous supplements, revisions, and parts, each written by specialists in the different time periods covered. Volume 1 covers the medieval period, Vol. 2 the 16th century, Vol. 3 the 17th century, Vol. 4 the 18th century, Vol. 5 the 19th century, and Vol. 6 the 20th century.

Tchemerzine, Avenir. Bibliographie d'éditions originales et rares d'auteurs français des XVe, XVIe, XVIIe, et XVIIIe siècles contenant environ 6,000 fac-similes de titres et de gravures . 10 volumes. Paris: Plee, 1927-33.

Bassan, Fernande, Donald C. Spinelli, and Howard A. Sullivan. French Language and Literature: An Annotated Bibliography. New York and London: Garland Publishing, 1989.

Three main parts of this guide cover General Bibliographies and Reference Works, General Studies on the French Language, and Bibliographies and Studies of Literature, which is the largest section. Further subdivision is by literary period and by geographic area outside of France. Descriptive annotations, and the index points to the titles and primary authors of the 1,253 entries.

Romanische Bibliographie . Annual in 3 vols. Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1961/62--.

Before the issue for 1961/62, this series was titled "Supplementheft: Bibliographie" to Zeitschrift für romanishe Philologie, and the call number is consistent from 1875 to the present. Though the last issue to include French literature as a section was 1969/70, this bibliography cites many comparative literature studies which are relevant to French authors. Volume One of each issue has a series of indexes (authors, reviewers, persons as subjects, and topics), conference proceedings and festschriften. Volume Two covers linguistics and language studies (including French), and Volume Three contains citations for literature studies.

Beugnot, Bernard, and José-Michel Moureaux. Manuel bibliographique des études littéraires: les bases de l'histoire littéraire, les voies nouvelles d'analyse critique. Paris: Nathan, 1982.

The citations within each section are ordered chronologically to reflect the development of research surrounding a given topic. Includes basic research tools (bibliographies and periodicals), resources concerned with aspects of literary study (history, genres, themes), and Francophone literature and new literary frontiers. Occasional annotations.  The first index traces subjects and literary authors, the second refers to critical authors included in the manual.

Magill Index to Literature: Cumulative Indexes 1984-2001. Pasadena, CA: Salem Press, 2001.

This Index combines the indexes of over thirty multi-volume reference sets published by Salem Press on English-language and foreign-language writers and their works. Preference is given to works in English and those translated into English. The Index is divided into two parts for easy reference: authors and titles. Consulting this "index of indexes" will save researchers a great deal of time.

Bibliographie der französischen Literaturwissenschaft . Annual. Frankfurt: Vittorio Klostermann, 1956--.

Edited by Otto Klapp until 1985 and since by Astrid Klapp-Lehrmann, Bibliographie der Französischen Literaturwissenschaft is published annually and lists books, journal articles, essays in books, conference papers, and book reviews on all topics of French literature. Each volume includes, at the front, a complete list of acronyms and abbreviations (Sigles et Abreviations) and, at the back, two indices. Index Nominum lists the names of authors and the Index Rerum lists subjects (including authors). The bibliography proper is organized chronologically by period and begins with a section of Généralités and closes with one on "French Literature Outside of France." The material for each period is arranged alphabetically by subject. The entries follow two patterns: one pattern for books, and one pattern for journal articles, essays in books and conference papers. Examples of these two main patterns with explanations are provided below. Only the most frequently used abbreviations are given below. For a complete list, consult the section Sigles et Abreviations.


Help for Bibliographie der französischen Literaturwissenschaft


Books:

Author's Last Name, Author's First Name: Title of book.
Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication.
Vol. Number, Page Number (p.). (Name of Series). Cf. Klapp Volume Number, Page Number.
[CR: (Compte Rendu/ Book Review) Journal Name, Volume Number (Month, Year) Page Number(s) ]

[Entry Number


Journal Articles, Essays in Books and Conference Papers:

Author's Last Name, Author's First Name: Title of Essay.
Ds (dans/ in) Number of the Main Entry (in the same Klapp Volume)
Volume Number of Journal, Year of Publication, Page Number (p.).

[Number of this entry


Example:

(an essay in a book)

Gasparro, Rosalba: Manon, Carmen, Marguerite. La seduzione melodrammatica. Ds: 175, p. 123-212 <P'; Mérimée; Dumas: «La Dame aux camélias»>.

[5582

Original entry is in bold.

Gasparro, Rosalba (Last Name of Author, First Name of Author): Manon, Carmen, Marguerite. La seduzione melodrammatica (Name of Article/ Essay). Ds (Dans/ in): 175 (Entry Number in same Volume of Klapp), p. (Page Number) 123-212. <P' (Prévost d'Exiles, Antoine François, abbé); Mérimée; Dumas: «La Dame aux camélias»> (Subject of article).



Bibliographie de la littérature française du Moyen Age à nos jours . Annual. Paris: Colin, 1953-1980.

Spine title varies between cited title and Bibliographie Littéraire. Citations are arranged into a general section or into chronological divisions. These divisions are further arranged by author or by theme treated.  In later editions, the index for article authors refers to page numbers, while the topical subject index refers to citation numbers.  Since 1981, this bibliography has returned to its origin, the Revue d'histoire littéraire de la France (current, unbound issues in Modern Languages and Linguistics Library; older volumes at 840.5RE in the main stacks.)

Catalogue général des livres imprimés de la Bibliothèque Nationale: Auteurs.

Cabeen, David. A Critical Bibliography of French Literature . Syracuse: Syracuse Univ. Press, 1947-.

A highly selective bibliography with evaluative annotations. Each volume covers a period from the Medieval Period (Vol. 1) to the 20th century (Vol. 6); the internal arrangement is by genre and major authors. Each volume has its own index of literary authors, critics, and some topics.

BACK TO TOP


Plot Summaries

Sobczak, A.J, ed. (Revised edition, original edited by Frank Magill.) Cyclopedia of Literary Characters . Pasadena, California: Salem Press, 1998.

Discusses characters from 3,000 novels, dramas and epics of world literature. Major characters are treated in a 100-150 word article which assesses character, psychological motivation, development, possible flaws, etc. Minor characters are examined in shorter analytical articles. Identities and relationships are provided for "the most minor characters." Organization is by the English title of the work; the characters within each work are listed in order of diminishing importance. A character index allows one to find the character of an unknown work, and Magill also includes an author index.

Bouty, M.  Dictionnaire des oeuvres et des thèmes de la littérature française. Paris: Hachette, 1990.

Alphabetically-organized entries in two sections: works and themes.  The nearly 400 entries on works include author and publication information as well as a brief plot summary and a list of the main themes.

Grandes oeuvres de littérature française, sous la direction de Henri Mitterand. Paris: Dictionnaires Le Robert, 1992.

Contains brief plot synopses of 1,200 of the major works of French literature. Arranged by title. Cites the major editions and works of criticism. Excellent for students majoring in French literature.

Magill, Frank. Masterplots : 2,010 plot stories and essay reviews from the world's fine literature. Rev. ed. 12 vols. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Salem Press, 1985.

Arranged alphabetically by English title of work, Masterplots provides synopses and critical commentary.  Genres without discernible plots are treated in essay-reviews.  In addition, each entry starts with quick reference information: type of work, author, type of plot, time of plot, locale, date of first publication, and a list of principal characters.  Volume 12 includes an Author with Title index.

BACK TO TOP


Genres

Poetry

Vive Voix: anthologie sonore de poésie française 

A project by the French Department at Wheaton College in Norton, MA, Vive Voix offers full-text transcripts and recordings in French of French poetry from the Middle Ages to the present. Users can search the database by author, title and incipit.

Lote, Georges. Histoire du vers français . 3 vols. Paris: Boivin, 1949-55.

A full scholarly text on the medieval history of French prosody. The first two volumes (in a single binding) have individual tables of contents; the third volume includes a ten-page bibliography, a proper name index and a detailed table of contents for the complete work. Although the work is not suitable for quick reference because of its full-essay format, the aids in the final volume make it valuable for its thorough discussions of topics.

Dictionnaire des rimes et assonances: illustré par 3000 citations de poèmes et chansons . Ed. Armel Louis. Paris: Les Usuels, 1997.

Supplies the most important nomenclature or rhyming words, including proper names, verbs, conjunctions, and regionalisms. 3,000 citations from 450 classical as well as contemporary authors are included.

Mazaleyrat, Jean. Eléments de métrique française . Paris: Armand-Colin, 1974.

Addresses modern French verse in terms of traditional prosody--rhythm, meter, measure, caesura, rhyme, etc. This text, too, is in full essay style and so is not readily suited to quick reference. However, Mazaleyrat includes an index and a detailed table of contents to locate specific information within the chapters.

Morier, Henri. Dictionnaire de poétique et de rhétorique . 2e éd., augmentée et entierement refondue. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1975.

Extensive entries with in-depth discussion of rhetorical and poetic terminology. The encyclopedic dictionary includes numerous examples, graphics, and diagrams.

Pougeoise, Michel. Dictionnaire de poétique. Paris: Belin, 2006. 475 pp.

Alphabetized entries of terms related to poetry (its rhetoric, stylistics, linguistic structure...) and the criticism of poetry.  Includes quotations from poetry of various eras in order to illustrate the terms defined.

Charpenteau, Jacques. Dictionnaire de la poésie française . [Paris]: Fayard, 2006.

Contains entries on all aspects of poetry such as poetic styles, techniques, and artistic movements. Numerous examples of poems to illustrate concepts. Most entries are short enough to be suitable for ready reference and contain cross-references. Includes index of poets, writers, musicians, painters, etc. with list of articles in which they appear.

Coleman, Kathleen. Guide to French Poetry Explication. New York: G.K. Hall, 1993.

Includes poetry from the Medieval era through the 20th century and explications written between 1960 and 1990. There is an index to critics as well as a bibliography.

BACK TO TOP


Full Text Documents Online

Artfl Project UIUC affiliates only

A searchable collection of nearly 2,000 works of French fiction and non-fiction from the 13th through the 20th centuries, originally designed to support a dictionary project. The interface is designed for linguistic research, returning a few pages of context surrounding the search term rather than continuous text for browsing and reading. Searching is restricted to UIUC-recognized computers, but other resources are freely available.
Help on using ARTFL.

BiblioNet: Cent classiques de la littérature française 

A Bibliopolis database, BiblioNet: Cent classiques de la littérature française is a database of over a hundred classical French texts, including the works of authors such as Balzac, Flaubert, and Zola. Texts range in date from 1100 to 1923.

WESS Electronic Text Collections in Western European Literature 

From the Association of College and Research Libraries (a division of the American Library Association), this site is divided into eighteen headings, from Catalan to Swedish, and provides links to sites offering full texts.

BACK TO TOP


Guides, Dictionaries & Encyclopedias

Levi, Anthony. Guide to French Literature: 1789 to the Present. Detroit, St. James Press, 1992-1993; repr., 1994. 2 vol.

Entries on individual works, authors, and literary movements. The essays on authors include detailed biographies, analysis of major works, plot summaries, and bibliographies of primary works and selected criticism. An index is provided.

Encyclopédie de la Littérature . Garzanti : La Pochothèque, 2003.

Indexed and cross-referenced, this encyclopedia defines mostly authors and some literary terms or references. Entries offer a concise summary of an author's style, main works, prizes won, as well as date and place of birth. Additional biographic background is given for the more famous authors. The book is not limited to French authors, and therefore may be useful in identifying translations of titles. Includes color illustrations.

Mitterand, Henri, dir. Dictionnaire des grandes oeuvres de la littérature française. Paris: Dictionnaires Le Robert, [1997], c1992. 706 p.

Unwin, Timothy, ed. The Cambridge Companion to French Literature: from 1800 to the present. Cambridge companions to literature. Cambridge, U.K. ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1997. 281 p.

Boissier, Denis. Dictionnaire des anecdotes littéraires. Monaco: Editions du Rocher, 1995. 1300 p.

Provides a quick reference for lesser-known and sometimes humorous facts about authors' lives, including anecdotes one may expect to find in a book-length author biography. The emphasis is on past French authors, but Boissier also provides anecdotes about literary institutions such as publications and prizes. Also includes some entries for current writers and for writers outside of France. Entries run from a quarter-page to several pages long.

Dictionnaire de la littérature française et francophone. Ed. by Jacques Demougin. 3 vols. Paris: Larousse, 1987.

Excellent but succinct sketch of all types of authors, including their major works and dates of publication. Also includes entries for countries which produce Francophone literature and for key literary terms, concepts, and works.

Lemaître, Henri. Dictionnaire Bordas de littérature française. Paris: Bordas, 1994.

Strives to present the essential and objective facts of authors' lives. An alphabetic arrangement of authors, anonymous works, and terms relevant to literary history and criticism. Author entries include complete bibliographies of the authors' works, and summaries of major works are provided for major authors. A title index refers to the appropriate author entry.

France, Peter, ed. The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French. Oxford: Claredon Press, 1995.

A concise guide, this companion lists entries under writer, title, places and themes (as broad as AUTOBIOGRAPHY to OCCUPATION AND RESISTANCE to VERSIFICATION - a list of general entries is provided to index the themes.) It expands coverage of the old version to include francophone literature and authors outside of France as well as newer concepts of literature and literary theories. Includes several maps of France, Paris, and colonial territories, as well as a chronology of important dates in political, social, literary and cultural history.

Dictionnaire des intellectuels français: les personnes, les lieux, les moments . Edited by Jacques Julliard and Michel Winock. Paris: Seuil, 1996.

An alphabetical arrangement of entries not only on people, but on organizations such as publishers and educational institutions, which have contributed to the intellectual climate of France. The people were chosen for their interdisciplinary influences. The 1-2 page articles include references to books by and about each intellectual discussed. Indexes provide access by type of entity: person, publishing house, etc.

The Feminist Encyclopedia of French Literature. Ed. Sartori, Eva Martin. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1999.

Extremely exhaustive biographical accounts of women writers arranged alphabetically, as well as essays on topics such as Salic law, evangelism, symbolist poetry, and marriage. Articles are signed by the contributors.

BACK TO TOP


Authors

Contemporary Authors UIUC

A bio-bibliographical guide to current writers in fiction, general nonfiction, poetry, journalism, drama, motion pictures, television, and other fields. Provides complete biographical and bibliographical references for more than 90,000 authors in the U.S. and around the world.

Selected Authors by Century WWW

Links to information on selected authors from the 16th to the 20th centuries (in reverse chronological order).  Section on the 20th century features Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Camus, and Ionesco.  Sections on the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries offer information on a much broader range of authors.

Biography and Genealogy Master Index UIUC

This online database is a first stop index tool for learning where to look for biographical material on people from all time periods, geographical locations and fields of endeavor. Biography and Genealogy Master Index indexes any print product that includes biographical information on multiple persons. It also acts as an index to other indexes.

Le Robert des grands écrivains de langue française. Sous la direction de Philippe Hamon and Denis Roger-Vasselin. Paris: Dictionnaires le Robert, 2000.

This dictionary contains 150 great French authors since antiquity. Each entry includes a brief biography, quotations, and criticism. There is a bibliography of each author's works and a reference bibliography (filmography or discography when available) for more information on the author.

Christiane P. Makward et Madeleine Cottenet-Hage. Dictionnaire littéraire des femmes de langue française: de Marie de France à Marie NDiaye. Paris: Edition Karthala, 1996.

The authors have brought together a great deal of information about women writers of the French language of the last eight hundred years. Though most lived in France, many resided in French-speaking areas outside of France. The depth of the entries varies: some provide a great deal of biographical detail, usually with an appended bibliography; others simply list a name.

Sartori, Eva Martin and Dorothy Wayne Zimmerman, eds. French Women Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Source Book. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1991.

Detailed entries (around 10 pages each in length) on 51 women writers. The essays, arranged alphabetically by the authors' last names, include biographies; discussions of themes; surveys of criticism; and bibliographies of major works, English translations, and critical studies. There are a chronology, a listing of the writers covered by their birth dates, and title and subject indexes.

BACK TO TOP


Literary Histories and Theory

Literary Theory

Frye, Northrup. Anatomy of Criticism. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1957.

Frye's classic study is theoretical criticism and mostly lacks discussion of specific works. The four essays which comprise the book are "Historical Criticism: Theory of Modes," "Ethical Criticism: Theory of Symbols," "Archetypal Criticism: Theory of Myths," and "Rhetorical Criticism: Theory of Genres." A good topic and author index is provided.

Armentier, Louis. Dictionnaire de la théorie et de l'histoire littéraires du XIXe siècle à nos jours . Paris: Retz, 1986.

Concise definitions and examples for terms impacting literary theory, including those from linguistics, rhetoric, epistemology, semiotics, philosophy, anthropology, and other areas of knowledge. Often provides cross-references to related terms.

France, Peter, ed. The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French . Oxford: Claredon Press, 1995.

A concise guide, this companion lists entries under writer, title, places and themes (as broad as AUTOBIOGRAPHY to OCCUPATION AND RESISTANCE to VERSIFICATION - a list of general entries is provided to index the themes.) It expands coverage of the old version to include Francophone literature and authors outside of France as well as newer concepts of literature and literary theories. Includes several maps of France, Paris, and colonial territories, as well as a chronology of important dates in political, social, literary and cultural history.

Jarrety, Michel, ed. Lexique des termes littéraires . Paris: Libraire Générale Française, 2001.

This small paperback provides students and general readers with brief descriptions of current literary terms for French literature. Only the most commonly used literary terms are included. Cross references at the end of the entries provide additional information.

Major, Lucien. Le vocabulaire littéraire en 600 mots: dictionnaire pour l'étude et l'explication des textes littéraires. Paris: Nathan, 1973.

A collection of frequently-used and useful literary terminology, ideal for a beginning student of French literature.  Entries provide a definition, an example, and some discussion.

Théorie de la littérature . Paris: Pacard, 1981.

A collection of thirteen essays by various collaborators.  The three sections into which the essays are organized are "Généralités: Science-Histoire-Méthodes," "La Description du Texte," and "Le Fonctionnement du Texte." The collection is intended to be neither philosophic nor esthetic, but explanatory of the theoretical models already in general use.  Includes a limited bibliography and bio-bibliography as well as indexes to names and concepts.

Wellek, René. Concepts of Criticism . New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1963.

One of the leading books of literary criticism--the "methods of studying literary works" (p. x)-- it is based on the constructs set forth in Wellek and Austin Warren's earlier book, Theory of Literature. Includes an Index of Names and an Index to Topics and Terms.

Literary Histories

Les courants littéraires

This website, which is currently under construction, traces literary movements from the 17th to 20th centuries.

Beaumarchais, J.-P. de, Daniel Couty, and Alain Rey. Dictionnaire des littératures de langue française . 4 vols. Paris: Bordas, 1994.

Entries on literary concepts and authors. Timetable formats include life-events, synopses and criticism of major publications, and associated publishing houses. Bibliographies of major works of criticism. Large color illustrations.

Birkett, Jennifer and James Kearns. A Guide to French Literature from Early Modern to Postmodern . New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997.

Rather than a rundown of literature emphasizing authors and their works, this guide is a collection of essays on the various periods of French literary history from 1515 to the present. It conveys a sense of the literary tone of the various periods, but includes a precise index of authors' names, genres, and miscellaneous subjects. An excellent source for students preparing for master's or doctoral examinations.

Coward, David. A History of French Literature: From Chanson de geste to Cinema. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2002.

Coward defines literature widely and thus includes genres and works generally placed outside of the traditional literary canon, such as film and "les best-sellers." He discusses the works of authors living and working in France and Francophone countries and mentions women authors as well as men. He places authors and their works in historical context as much as possible.

Unwin, Timothy, ed. The Cambridge Companion to the French Novel: From 1800 to the Present. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Fifteen chapters, written by specialists, that discuss the origin of the French novel and its evolution during the 19th and 20th centuries. Includes a chronology and a bibliography.

Französische Literaturgeschichte . Stuttgart: J. B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1999.

In German, a chronological and encyclopedic treatment of French literature from its beginnings to the present, including a chapter on Francophone literature in other countries. Amply illustrated with portraits or photos of authors and with works of art related to the literature. Includes a bibliography for each chapter and an index for authors, other persons mentioned, and works.

Guth, Paul. Histoire de la littérature française du moyen age à la belle époque . Paris: Éditions du Rocher, 1992.

Guth arranges his study chronologically by century and provides informative and entertaining essays on authors, groups, and movements. A detailed table of contents at the back clarifies the dense format of the text. Unfortunately, the index of personal names is divided into two distinct parts to reflect the two parts of the text: from the Middle Ages to the Revolution, and from the Revolution to the Belle Epoque.

Lagarde, André and Laurent Michard. La littérature française . 5 vols. Paris: Bordas-Laffont, 1970-72.

Explicative text interspersed with excerpts of the discussed works and with illustrations. Each volume includes a bibliography divided by chapter and an author/title index. The five volumes cover from the Middle Ages to 1972.

Littérature française . Ed. by Claude Pichois. 16 vols. (Le moyen âge - 1970). Paris: Arthaud, 1968-1978.

Offers a "modern and complete interpretation" of French writing as well as African, Belgian, Canadian, Swiss, and others. This  collection is large enough to include lesser-known or forgotten writers in addition to the "literary heavies." The first part of each volume presents the cultural life of the era, including political, economic, and artistic events. The second part considers the era's writing within this larger cultural context, and the third discusses the authors of the period. Each volume also includes biographical dictionaries, lengthy bibliographies, illustrations, and cultural, social, and literary timetables.

BACK TO TOP


Themes & Motifs

Écrits sur l'art de Diderot à Proust UIUC

A Bibliopolis database, Écrits sur l'art de Diderot à Proust brings together a wide range of writings on art: aesthetics, philosophy, art history, and texts by painters and writers. This diversity of writings allows the user to investigate the links between painting and writing from different points of view. The texts here also span a period of nearly two centuries, beginning with Père André's L'Essai sur le beau from 1741, six years before the first salon, and ending with the last volume of Proust's À la recherche du temps perdu from 1927.

Roberts, Helene E., ed. Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography: Themes Depicted in Art. Chicago; London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 1998.

"This encyclopedia orders iconographic narratives--in particular biblical, mythological, and literature texts--according to actions performed by the characters, to situations in which they find themselves and to concepts relating to these situations and actions." Thus, the entries are based on themes, such as betrayal, sin, and visitation, rather than characters. Each entry includes a list of art works depicting the theme and a section of recommended further reading. A very useful tool for students and researchers of art and literature.

Aziza, Claude, Claude Olivieri, and Robert Sctrick. Dictionnaire des figures et des personnages . Paris: Nathan, 1981.

A dictionary of characters and historical figures who have appeared in literature, opera, cinema, cartoons, etc. Alphabetical by character or person, and with adequate cross-references, each entry discusses the character's actions, traits, and importance in the literary realm. The index cites titles of works covered in the volume, listing author and publication date, and page number where mentioned.

Sobczak, A.J, ed.(Revised edition, original edited by Frank Magill.) Cyclopedia of Literary Characters . Pasadena, California: Salem Press, 1998.

Discusses characters from 3,000 novels, dramas and epics of world literature. Major characters are treated in a 100-150 word article which assesses character, psychological motivation, development, possible flaws, etc. Minor characters are examined in shorter analytical articles. Identities and relationships are provided for "the most minor characters." Organization is by the English title of the work; the characters within each work are listed in order of diminishing importance. A character index allows the user to find the character of an unknown work, and Magill also includes an author index.

Dictionnaire des mythes féminins . Sous la direction de Pierre Brunel. Paris: Editions du Rocher, 2002.

This is a French dictionary of women who are mythical in either a literary sense, or a historical sense. The alphabetical contents include literary figures, general terms (Blondes, Femme Fatale, Nemesis, ) and historical icons (Margaret Thatcher, Rita Heyworth, Elisabeth I.) Entries contain a brief description of the term. There is no general index; however, each entry ends with a chronology, bibliography, reference suggestions and cross-references.

Aziza, Claude, Claude Olivieri, and Robert Sctrick. Dictionnaire des types et caractères littéraires . Paris: Nathan, 1978.

This work focuses on the identities, traits, or occupations of literary characters.   Entries such as "Bon Sauvage," " Espion," "Meurtrier," "Saint," "Femme Fatale," and "Voyageur" are typical.  The entry includes a brief definition followed by a discussion of the character type's representation in literatures.  Specific character names appearing in the alphabetical arrangement refer to the character type(s) in which that character is discussed.  The "index" only lists the works cited within the dictionary and provides author and date of publication--it gives no indication of which entries discuss the work.

Bouty, M.  Dictionnaire des oeuvres et des thèmes de la littérature française. Paris: Hachette, 1990.

Alphabetically-organized entries in two sections: works and themes.  The nearly 400 entries on works include author and publication information as well as a brief plot summary and a list of the main themes. There are around 200 entries on themes, which include such topics as absurde, ennui, jansénisme, poète, and voyage

Jullien, Claudia. ed. Dictionnaire de la Bible dans la litterature française . Paris: Vuibert, 2003.

A dictionary of biblical references in French literature. Entries are listed by subject and author. There is no index, but the entries are cross-referenced. Subject entries give a brief summary of the subject, then list in chronological order the appearances of this subject in French literature. In the author entries, there are references to their works which have biblical context.

BACK TO TOP


Research Guides

Osburn, Charles B. Research and Reference Guide to French Studies . Metuchen, N.J. and London: Scarecrow Press, 1981.

Points to preliminary research tools for French literature and to "essential reference tools" in fields related to French literature. Provides citations for many subtopics, including genres, eras, themes, translations and influences, and locale.

France, Peter, ed. The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French . Oxford: Claredon Press, 1995.

A concise guide, this companion lists entries under writer, title, places and themes (as broad as AUTOBIOGRAPHY to OCCUPATION AND RESISTANCE to VERSIFICATION - a list of general entries is provided to index the themes.) It expands coverage of the old version to include francophone literature and authors outside of France as well as newer concepts of literature and literary theories. Includes several maps of France, Paris, and colonial territories, as well as a chronology of important dates in political, social, literary and cultural history.

Larousse Dictionnaire des Citations Francaises . Sous la direction de Robert CARLIER, Pierre JOSSERAND, Jean-Louis LALANNE, Samuel S. de SACY. Laousse: Paris, 2003.

This reference book of French quotations is arranged by author/speaker of quote. It includes quotes from both artistic and historical figures. An index cross-references the quotes using more than 4000 subject words.

BACK TO TOP


Language

(see also French Language and Linguistics Resources)

Le Petit Robert

*Available at Literatures & Languages Library*

BACK TO TOP


 

Middle Ages

(Early authors to 1400 are classified under Dewey Call # 841; individual authors from 1400 to 1600 are classified under Dewey Call #842)

BACK TO TOP


Article Indexes

Arts and Humanities Citation Index UIUC
FRANCIS UIUC
International Medieval Bibliography
UIUC
IBZ:International Bibliography of Scholarly Literature Online UIUC

ITER: Gateway to the Middle Ages and the Renaissance UIUC
MLA Bibliography UIUC

Electronic Resources

ARLIMA WWW

Arlima is a free website dedicated to medieval authors and texts, principally in French and Latin. The site is divided into 3 parts: authors and works; thematic bibliographies, and unedited texts. At present the site contains over 300 entries. Each entry for an author or work rovides a list of manuscripts and bibliography.

Frantext UIUC

ARTFL's Frantext database offers online access to nearly 2,000 texts. The majority are from the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries, but some Medieval, Renaissance, and 17th-century texts are also included.

BACK TO TOP


Bibliographies


Bibliographie de la littérature française du Moyen Age à nos jours . Annual. Paris: Colin, 1953-1980.

Spine title varies between cited title and Bibliographie Littéraire. Citations are arranged into a general section or into chronological divisions. These divisions are further arranged by author or by theme treated.  In later editions, the index for article authors refers to page numbers, while the topical subject index refers to citation numbers.  Since 1981, this bibliography has returned to its origin, the Revue d'histoire littéraire de la France (current, unbound issues in Modern Languages and Linguistics Library; older volumes at 840.5RE in the main stacks.)

Bossuat, Robert. Manuel bibliographique de la littérature française du moyen âge . Melun: Librairie d'Argences, 1951.
Lists works concerning medieval French literature that are written in French or in other Western European languages.  An introductory section on general sources in followed by two parts: L'ancien français and Le moyen français.  The entry for each work lists principal editions, translations, adaptations, and critical works, both books and periodical articles.  The first index refers to literary authors and titles; the second index is to editors and critical authors.

BACK TO TOP


Encyclopedias, Dictionaries & Handbooks

Kibler, William W. and Zinn, Grover, A., eds. Medieval France: An Encyclopedia. New York; London: Garland Publishing, Inc. 1995.

Medieval France: An Encyclopedia covers the political, economic, social, religious, intellectual, literary, and artistic history of France from the the 5th to the 15th centuries. Entries are arranged alphabetically and written by experts in the field.

Balard, Michel, director. Dictionnaire de la France médiévale. Paris:  Hachette, 2003.

Intended to provide students and the general public with background information as well as specific cultural references to French Medieval institutions, political events, people and places.  About 1,200 alphabetically-arranged entries allow the user to explore fundamental facets of the Middle Ages.  Includes a chronology from 481-1498 A.D., a bibliography, and maps showing the political divisions of the area in the years 843, 987, and 1276 A.D., and under the French kings from Louis XI to Charles VIII.

Zink, Michel. Introduction à la littérature française du Moyen Age. [Nancy]: Presses universitaires de Nancy, c1993. 189 p.

BACK TO TOP


Author & Plot Summaries

Kelly, Douglas. Medieval French Romance. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 838. New York: Twayne; Toronto: Maxwell Macmillan Canada; New York: Maxwell Macmillan International, c1993. 220 p. with illustrations.

Arden, Heather. The Romance of the Rose. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 791. Boston: Twayne, c1987. 135 p.

Uitti, Karl D. with Michelle A. Freeman. Chrétien de Troyes revisited. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 855. New York : Twayne Publishers ; Toronto : Maxwell Macmillan Canada ; New York : Maxwell Macmillan International, c1995. 169 p.

Fein, David A. François Villon Revisited. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 864. New York: Twayne Publishers; London: Prentice Hall International, c1997. 187 p. with illustrations.

BACK TO TOP


Literary Histories


Prigent, Michel, Frank Lestringant, and Michel Zink, directors.  Histoire de la France littéraire:  Naissances, Renaissances.  Moyen Âge-XVIe siècle.  Paris:  Presses Universitaires Françaises, 2006.  1063 pp.

Discussions of early French literature, organized in the following sections:  "Langues, textes, et voix" (about oral and written texts); "Dieu et le monde"; "La Cour et l'école"; and "Formes et genres" (on verse, prose, theater, novels, and essays)  Includes biographical notes on the contributors and an index of proper names.

Zink, Michel. Littérature française du Moyen Age. Paris: PUF, 2004. 393 p.

Gauvard, Claude, Alain de Libera, and Michel Zink. Dictionnaire du Moyen Age. Paris: Quadrige/PUF, 2002. 1548 p.

Lagarde, André and Michard, Laurent. Moyen Age: les grands auteurs français: anthologie et histoire littéraire. Paris: Larousse Bordas, c1997. 240 p. with illustrations.

Grente, Georges, dir. Dictionnaire des lettres françaises: Le Moyen Age. Edition entièrement revue et mise à jour sous la direction de Geneviève Hasenohr et Michel Zink. Paris: A. Fayard, 1994. 1506 p.

Guth, Paul. Histoire de la littérature française du moyen age à la belle époque . Paris: Éditions du Rocher, 1992.

Guth arranges his study chronologically by century and provides informative and entertaining essays on authors, groups, and movements. A detailed table of contents at the back clarifies the dense format of the text. Unfortunately, the index of personal names is divided into two distinct parts to reflect the two parts of the text: from the Middle Ages to the Revolution, and from the Revolution to the Belle Epoque.

Mitterand, Henri, series ed. Berthelot, Anne and Anne François Cornilliat, eds. Littérature, textes, et documents. Vol. 1: XVIe siècle: moyen âge. [Paris] : Nathan, 1986-.

BACK TO TOP


 

Genres, Themes & Motifs

Krueger, Roberta L. The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Romance . Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Brackett, Virginia. Classic Love & Romance Literature: An Encyclopedia of Works, Characters, Authors & Themes Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC-CLIO, c1999.  406 pp. with illustrations.  Includes bibliographical references.

Zink, Michel. Nature et poésie au Moyen Age. [Paris]: Fayard, c2006. 274 p.

Zink, Michel. Poésie et conversion au Moyen Age. Paris: PUF, c2003. 342 p.

Guerreau-Jalabert, Anita. Index des motifs narratifs dans les romans arthuriens français en vers : XIIe-XIIIe siècles = Motif-index of French Arthurian Verse Romances: XIIth-XIIIth Cent. Genève: Droz, 1992. Publications romanes et françaises, 202.

Ruck, E. H. An Index of Themes and Motifs in Twelfth-century French Arthurian Poetry . Cambridge; Rochester, N.Y. D.S. Brewer, 1991.

BACK TO TOP


 

16th Century

(Individual authors from 1400 to 1600 are classified under Dewey Call #842)

BACK TO TOP


Electronic Resources

Artfl Project UIUC

A searchable collection of nearly 2,000 works of French fiction and non-fiction from the 13th through the 20th centuries, originally designed to support a dictionary project. The interface is designed for linguistic research, returning a few pages of context surrounding the search term rather than continuous text for browsing and reading. Searching is restricted to UIUC-recognized computers, but other resources are freely available.
Help using ARTFL.

Gallica 

Available free online thanks to the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Gallica provides access to 90,000 digitized texts.

BACK TO TOP


Bibliographies


Cioranesco, Alexandre.  Bibliographie de la littérature française du seizième siècle Genève: Slatkine Reprints, 1975.  745 pp.

The first main part of this bibliography, "Généralités," is divided into the following sections: le milieu historique, bibliographie littéraire, histoire littéraire, histoire du livre, les courants d'idées, les domaines de la pensées, enseignment et pédagogie, les centres de la vie intellectuelle, contacts avec l'étranger, les sources d'inspiration, les thèmes, et les formes.  The second main part, which constitutes the bulk of the volume, gives citations in alphabetical order by author.  Citations are not annotated.  There is an index of authors, titles of anonymous works, places, and themes.

BACK TO TOP


Encyclopedias, Dictionaries & Handbooks

Simonin, Michel, ed. [publié sous la direction du Cardinal Georges Grente] Dictionnaire des lettres françaises: Le XVIe siècle. Paris: Fayard, 2001. 1217 p.

This revised edition of a work originally published in 1951 includes about 2,400 entries of varying length on authors, titles, and literary genres. An overview of 16th-century French literature and culture serves as an introduction to the volume. There is no index, but there are several cross-references provided at the end of entries.

Jouanna, Arlette. La France de la Renaissance: histoire et dictionnaire. Paris : R. Laffont, c2001. 1226 p. with illustrations.

Jouanna, Arlette. Histoire et dictionnaire des guerres de religion. Paris : R. Laffont, c1998. 1526 p. with illustrations and maps.

Bély, Lucien, ed. Dictionnaire de l'Ancien Régime: royaume de France, XVIe-XVIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1996.

The focus of the entries in this volume is on concepts and institutions of the Ancien Régime, rather than on individual persons. Indexes allow the reader to relate specific persons, places and ideas that do not receive separate treatment to the established entries, which are arranged alphabetically. The 1-2 page articles are scholarly and without illustrations, signed by university professors. They include bibliographical references and cross-references to related articles in the volume.

BACK TO TOP


Authors & Plot Summaries


Rigolot, François. Poésie et Renaissance . Paris: Seuil, 2002. 406 p.

Lagarde, André and Laurent Michard. XVIe siècle: les grands auteurs français: anthologie et histoire littéraire . Paris: Larousse-Bordas, c1997. 253 p. with illustrations.

Conway, Megan, ed. Sixteenth-century French writers . Detroit : Thomson Gale, c2006. 533 p. with illustrations.

Weber, Henri. La Création poétique au XVIe siècle en France: De Maurice Scève à Agrippa d’Aubigné. 2 vols. Paris: Nizet, 1956. 774 p.


Joachim Du Bellay

Keating, Louis Clark. Joachim Du Bellay . New York: Twayne, 1971. 149 p.

Gray, Floyd. La Poétique de Du Bellay . Paris: Nizet, 1978. 173 p.


Louise Labé

Baker, Deborah Lesko. The Subject of Desire: Petrarchan Poetics and the Female Voice in Louise Labé . West Lafayette: Purdue University Press, c1996. 249 p.

Alonso, Béatrice, and Eliane Viennot, eds. Louise Labé 2005 . Saint-Etienne: Publications de la l’Université de Saint-Etienne, 2004. 271 p.


Marguerite de Navarre

Tetel, Marcel. Marguerite de Navarre’s Heptameron: Themes, Language, and Structure. Durham: Duke University Press, 1973. 217 p.

Mathieu-Castellani, Gisèle. La Conversation conteuse: Les Nouvelles de Marguerite de Navarre . Paris: PUF, 1992. 245 p.

Lyons, John D., and Mary B. McKinley, eds. Critical Tales: New Studies of the Heptaméron and Early Modern Culture. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993. xii, 296 p.


Clément Marot

Joseph, George. Clément Marot . Twayne’s world authors series; TWAS 751. Boston: Twayne, c1985. 162 p.


Michel de Montaigne

Langer, Ullrich, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Montaigne . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005. xvii, 247 p.

Desan, Philippe, dir. Dictionnaire de Michel de Montaigne. Paris: H. Champion, 2004. 1057 p.

Henry, Patrick, ed. Approaches to Teaching Montaigne's Essays. Approaches to teaching world literature; 48. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 1994. 190 p. with illustrations.

Tetel, Marcel. Montaigne. Updated ed. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 317. Boston: Twayne Publishers, c1990. 126 p. with illustrations.


François Rabelais

The Rabelais Encyclopedia . Edited by Elizabeth Chesney Zegura. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2004.

Essays on Rabelais arranged alphabetically by topic; includes index and cross references.

Zegura, Elizabeth Chesney and Marcel Tetel. Rabelais Revisited. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 837. New York: Twayne Publishers, c1993. 187 p. with portraits.


Pierre de Ronsard

Jones, Kenneth R. W. Pierre de Ronsard. Twayne’s world authors series, TWAS 132. New York: Twayne, 1970. xiv, 160 p.


Maurice Scève

Frelick, Nancy M. Délie as Other: Toward a Poetics of Desire in Scève’s Délie. Lexington: French Forum, 1994. 176 p.

BACK TO TOP


Literary History & Criticism


Prigent, Michel, Frank Lestringant, and Michel Zink, directors.  Histoire de la France littéraire:  Naissances, Renaissances.  Moyen Âge-XVIe siècle.  Paris:  Presses Universitaires Françaises, 2006.  1063 pp.

Discussions of early French literature, organized in the following sections:  "Langues, textes, et voix" (about oral and written texts); "Dieu et le monde"; "La Cour et l'école"; and "Formes et genres" (on verse, prose, theater, novels, and essays)  Includes biographical notes on the contributors and an index of proper names.

Crescenzo, Richard. Histoire de la littérature française du XVIe siècle. Unichamp-Essentiel; 6. Paris: H. Champion, 2001. 240 p.

Lestringant, Frank, Josiane Rieu, and Alexandre Tarrete. Littérature française du XVIe siècle. Paris: PUF, 2000. 503 p.

Lagarde, André and Michard, Laurent. XVIe siècle: les grands auteurs français: anthologie et histoire littéraire. Paris: Larousse Bordas, c1997. 253 p. with illustrations.

Mitterand, Henri, series ed. Berthelot, Anne and Anne François Cornilliat, eds. Littérature, textes, et documents. Vol. 1: XVIe siècle: moyen âge. [Paris] : Nathan, 1986-.

BACK TO TOP


17th Century

(Individual authors from 1600 to 1715 are classified under Dewey Call #843)

BACK TO TOP

 


 

Electronic Resources

Théatre du grand siècle FT UIUC affiliates only

The 17 th century produced some of the greatest plays of French theater. Théâtre du grand siècle, A Bibliopolis database, contains some eighty plays from that era by Corneille, Molière, and Racine, including Corneille's Cinna, Racine's Bajazet, and Molière's Femmes savantes.

Artfl Project UIUC affiliates only

A searchable collection of nearly 2,000 works of French fiction and non-fiction from the 13th through the 20th centuries, originally designed to support a dictionary project. The interface is designed for linguistic research, returning a few pages of context surrounding the search term rather than continuous text for browsing and reading. Searching is restricted to UIUC-recognized computers, but other resources are freely available.
Help using ARTFL

Gallica 

Available free online thanks to the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Gallica provides access to 90,000 digitized texts.

BACK TO TOP

 


Bibliographies

Modern Language Association of America. French III: Bibliography of French Seventeenth Century Studies. 1954 (n. 1) -- 1977 (n. 25).

Each issue presents five sections: Bibliography and Linguistics; Political and Social Background; Philosophy, Science, and Religion; Literary History and Criticism; and Authors and Personages. Citations include annotations and/or quotations from reviews. Continued by French 17: An Annual Descriptive Bibliography of French Seventeenth-Century Studies (see next entry).

French 17: An Annual Descriptive Bibliography of French Seventeenth-Century Studies . 1978 (n. 26)--.

Summarizes articles, books, and book reviews concerning all aspects of French 17th-century studies.  Sections are similar to the bibliography's predecessor (see preceding entry): Bibliography, Linguistics, and History of the Book; Artistic, Political, and Social Background; Philosophy, Science, and Religion; Literary History and Criticism; Authors and Personages; and, since 1982, Research in Progress.

Cioranescu, Alexandre. Bibliographie de la littérature française du dix-septième siècle. 3 vols. Genève: Slatkine Reprints, 1994.

In three volumes, the organization is similar to Cioranescu's 16th-century bibliography above. Citations include those contemporary with the period up to 1960. Unlike the 16th-century bibliography, the 17th-century bibliography has four separate indexes: 1) authors, i.e., critics, editors, and commentators, and primary authors when the work is not listed under the author's alphabetic listing; 2) artists and musicians; 3) pen names or initialed names; and 4) subjects.

A Short-Title Catalogue of French Books 1601-1700, in the Library of the British Museum. Folkestone: Dawsons of Pall Mall, 1969-1973.

BACK TO TOP

 


Encyclopedias, Dictionaries & Handbooks

944.0303D561 (Literatures & Languages Ref.)
Dictionnaire de l'Ancien Régime: royaume de France, XVIe-XVIIIe siècle . Edited by Lucien Bély. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1996.

The focus of the entries in this volume is on concepts and institutions of the Ancien Régime, rather than on individual persons. Indexes allow the reader to relate specific persons, places and ideas that do not receive separate treatment to the established entries, which are arranged alphabetically. The 1-2 page articles are scholarly and without illustrations, signed by university professors. They include bibliographical references and cross-references to related articles in the volume.

Grente, Cardinal Georges, dir. Dictionnaire des lettres françaises: Le XVIIe siècle. Paris: Fayard, 1996. 1278 p.

Preceded by a general introduction to 17th-century French literature and culture, this revised edition of "le Grente" (originally published in 1951) provides entries on authors, titles, and literary movements and genres.

BACK TO TOP

 


Authors & Plot Summaries

Jaouën, Françoise, ed. Seventeenth-Century French Writers . Detroit, MI: Gale Group, 2002. 489 p. with illustrations.

Bénichou, Paul. Morales du Grand Siècle. Paris: Gallimard, [1960]. 231 p. [on Corneille, Pascal, Racine, Molière]


Pierre Corneille

Carlin, Claire L. Pierre Corneille Revisited. Twayne World Authors Series; TWAS 874. New York: Twayne Publishers; London: Prentice Hall International, 1998. 181 p. with illustrations.

Couton, Georges. Corneille et la tragédie politique. Paris: PUF, 1984. 127 p.


René Descartes

Cottingham, John, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Descartes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992. xii, 441 p.


Madame de Lafayette

Beasley, Faith E. and Katharine Ann Jensen, eds. Approaches to Teaching Lafayette's The Princess of Clèves. Approaches to teaching world literature; 61. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 1998. 211 p. with illustrations.


Jean de La Fontaine

Bury, Emmanuel. L'Esthétique de La Fontaine. Paris: SEDES, 1996. 219 p.

Sweetser, Marie Odile. La Fontaine. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 788. Boston: Twayne Publishers, c1987. 166 p. with portraits.


Jean Baptiste Poquelin Molière

Bradby, David and Andrew Calder, eds. The Cambridge Companion to Molière. Cambridge companions to literature. Cambridge, UK ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2006. 242 p. with illustrations and music.

Gaines, James F. and Michael S. Koppisch, eds. Approaches to Teaching Molière's Tartuffe and other plays. Approaches to teaching world literature. New York : Modern Language Association of America, 1995. 166 p. with illustrations.

Walker, Hallam. Molière. Updated ed. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 176. Boston: Twayne Publishers, c1990. 189 p.


Blaise Pascal

Hammond, Nicholas, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Pascal. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. xvi, 287 p. with illustrations.


Jean Racine

Battesti, Jean-Pierre and Jean-Charles Chauvet. Tout Racine. Paris: Larousse, 1999. 663 p. with illustrations.

Tobin, Ronald W. Jean Racine Revisited. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 878. New York: Twayne Publishers, c1999. 195 p. with portraits.

Barthes, Roland. Sur Racine. Paris: Seuil, 1963.

BACK TO TOP

 


Literary Histories


Prigent, Michel, Jean-Charles Darmon, and Michel Delon.  Histoire de la France littéraire:  Classicismes.  XVIIe-XVIIIe siècle.  Paris:  Presses Universitaires Françaises, 2006.  849 pp.

Essays on classicism in France and other European countries; préciosité; God, mankind, knowledge, values, and beliefs; travel and utopias; oral and written literature; eloquence and rhetoric; literature and painting; literature and music; the sublime; and literary genres including poetry, theater, the novel, prose, the dictionary, and epistolary texts.  Includes an index of proper names.

Moncond'huy, Dominique. Histoire de la littérature française du XVIIe siècle. Unichamp-essential; 16. Paris: H. Champion, 2005. 272 p.

Adam, Antoine. Histoire de la littérature française au XVIIe siècle. Paris: Albin Michel, 1997.

In this three-volume set Adam offers a literary history of seventeenth-century France. To do so, he focuses on major authors whose works best exemplify the period and who greatly influenced lesser-known contemporaries. Minor authors are mentioned only in reference to major ones. Adam arranges his material chronologically: Volume One treats the periods 1600-1627 and 127-1642; Volume Two, the middle of the century (Pascal, Boileau and Moliere); Volume Three, the middle (Fontaine, Racine) and end of the century (Racine, Boileau). In writing his history, Adam considers not only the life and works of these authors but also the literary, social, and political influences on them. All main forms of literary endeavor, including poetry, novels and plays, are included.

Lagarde, André and Michard, Laurent. XVIIe siècle: les grands auteurs français: anthologie et histoire littéraire. Paris: Larousse Bordas, c1998. 448 p. with illustrations.

Mitterand, Henri, series ed. Puzin, Claude, eds. Littérature, textes, et documents. Vol. 2: XVIIe siècle. [Paris] : Nathan, 1986-.

BACK TO TOP

 


Genres, Themes & Motifs

Théatre du grand siècle FT UIUC affiliates only

The 17 th century produced some of the greatest plays of French theater. Théâtre du grand siècle, A Bibliopolis database, contains some eighty plays from that era by Corneille, Molière, and Racine, including Corneille's Cinna, Racine's Bajazet, and Molière's Femmes savantes.

BACK TO TOP

 


 

18th Century

(Individual authors from 1715 to 1789 are classified under Dewey Call #844)

BACK TO TOP

 


 

Electronic Resources

Autour du romantisme: le roman, 1792-1886 FTFT UIUC

A Bibliopolis database, Autour du romantisme: le roman, 1792-1886 offers over 200 novels from Chateaubriand to Barbey d'Aurévilly, bringing together the complete Romantic works of the most studied Romantic authors in schools today as well as many authors who were highly celebrated in their own time. From the roman noir to the feuilleton and on to melodramatic novels, this database offers an extremely vast and varied corpus.

Gallica WWW

Available free online thanks to the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Gallica provides access to 90,000 digitized texts.

BACK TO TOP

 


 

Bibliographies

Cioranescu, Alexandre. Bibliographie de la littérature française du dix-huitième siècle . 3 vols. Paris: Centre national de la recherche scientifique, 1969.

Uses the same format as Cioranescu's 16th and 17th century bibliographies: generalities followed by 18th-century authors in alphabetical order.  Critical works include those contemporary with the period to 1960.  Same indexes as in the 17th-century bibliography: 1) authors, i.e., critics, editors, and commentators, and primary authors when the work is not listed under the author's alphabetic listing; 2) artists and musicians; 3) pen names or initialed names; and 4) subjects.

BACK TO TOP

 


 

Encyclopedias, Dictionaries & Handbooks


Dictionnaire Européen des Lumières .  Sous la direction de Michel Delon. Paris: PUF, 1997.

A French dictionary of places and ideas in the age of Enlightenment.  Each entry has a short essay on the topic with cross-references and bibliographies.  An index of proper names connects people to ideas and places; people themselves are not entries.  A thematic index is included as well.

Dolbow, Sandra W. Dictionary of Modern French Literature from the Age of Reason through Realism. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986.

French literature from 1715-1890 is covered. Biographical information is presented for major authors, and synopses of the action of major novels and plays are also included in the alphabetical arrangement of the text. A useful table of historical and literary events concludes the work.

BACK TO TOP

 


 

Authors & Plot Summaries


Spencer, Samia I., ed.  Writers of the French Enlightenment .  2 vols.  Detroit : Thomson Gale, c2005.


Denis Diderot

Fellows, Otis Edward. Diderot. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 425. Boston: G.K. Hall, c1989. 190 p.


Charles de Montesquieu

Conroy, Peter V., Jr. Montesquieu Revisited. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 829. New York: Twayne Publishers; Toronto: Maxwell Macmillan Canada; New York: Maxwell Macmillan International, c1992. 160 p.


L'abbé Prévost

Smernoff, Richard A. L'abbé Prévost. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 746. Boston: Twayne Publishers, c1985. 137 p.


Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Conroy, Peter V., Jr. Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 873. New York: Twayne Publishers; London; Mexico City: Prentice Hall International, c1998. 171 p.

O'Neal, John C. and Ourida Mostefai, eds. Approaches to Teaching Rousseau's Confessions and Reveries of the solitary walker. Approaches to teaching world literature; 81. New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 2003. 157 p.


François-Marie Arouet de Voltaire

Voltaire Électronique FT UIUC

Voltaire Électronique is based on the Voltaire Foundation's Oeuvres complètes de Voltaire (the Oxford edition). The searchable, web-based format of Voltaire Électronique is provided by the University of Chicago Library.

Knapp, Bettina Liebowitz. Voltaire Revisited. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 889. New York: Twayne, c2000. 228 p. with portraits.

Waldinger, Renée, ed. Approaches to Teaching Voltaire's Candide. Approaches to teaching world literature; 15. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 1987. 206 p.

BACK TO TOP

 


 

Literary Histories


Prigent, Michel, Jean-Charles Darmon, and Michel Delon.  Histoire de la France littéraire:  Classicismes.  XVIIe-XVIIIe siècle.  Paris:  Presses Universitaires Françaises, 2006.  849 pp.

Essays on classicism in France and other European countries; préciosité; God, mankind, knowledge, values, and beliefs; travel and utopias; oral and written literature; eloquence and rhetoric; literature and painting; literature and music; the sublime; and literary genres including poetry, theater, the novel, prose, the dictionary, and epistolary texts.  Includes an index of proper names.

Masson, Nicole. Histoire de la littérature française du XVIIIe siècle. Unichamp-essentiel; 13. Paris: H. Champion, 2003. 206 p.

Lagarde, André and Michard, Laurent. XVIIIe siècle: les grands auteurs français: anthologie et histoire littéraire. Paris: Larousse Bordas, 1997. 416 p. with illustrations.

BACK TO TOP

 


 

19th Century

BACK TO TOP

 


 

Electronic Resources

Autour du romantisme: le roman, 1792-1886 FT UIUC

A Bibliopolis database, Autour du romantisme: le roman, 1792-1886 offers over 200 novels from Chateaubriand to Barbey d'Aurévilly, bringing together the complete Romantic works of the most studied Romantic authors in schools today as well as many authors who were highly celebrated in their own time. From the roman noir to the feuilleton and on to melodramatic novels, this database offers an extremely vast and varied corpus.

La Critique littéraire de Laharpe à Proust  FT UIUC

The learned volumes, serialized articles, prefaces, and manifestos collected in this Bibliopolis database reproduce the great literary debates which animated the 19 th century. One hundred fifteen works and collections, thirty-three authors, and one hundred thousand pages of analysis allow the user to investigate the polemics and controversies in depth. The collection traverses the entire 19 th century, beginning with Laharpe, who taught and provided a point of reference for many of his successors, and ending with Apollinaire and Proust, both highly prolific and distinctive critics.

Romanciers réalistes et naturalistes: 1820-1910 FT UIUC

A Bibliopolis database, Romanciers réalistes et naturalistes: 1820-1910 presents nearly three hundred entire works of 19th- century France's great novelists, such as Balzac and Zola, as well as works by lesser-known novelists, such as Duranty and Cladel. By uniting widely read texts with forgotten texts, this database allows the user to recapture a textual dialogue lost to history and see how these authors read and responded to one another in their writing.

Gallica WWW

Available free online thanks to the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Gallica provides access to 90,000 digitized texts.

BACK TO TOP

 


 

Bibliographies


Duchet, Claude et al. Bibliographie du dix-neuvième siècle . Paris: Sedes, 1999.

This bibliography covers books and articles published in 1999 on nineteenth-century topics.

Modern Language Association of America. French VI Bibliography: Critical and Biographical References for the Study of Nineteenth-Century French Literature . Issues 1-7, 1954-1967.

Citations of books as well as of articles from a select group of relevant periodicals.   Part One of each issue includes General Subjects such as Bibliography, Literary Genres, Realism, Romanticism, and Theater.  Part Two provides citations to authors as subjects.  Articles cited are in French, English, and other Western European languages.  A library location for the cited article is often indicated in brackets, the code for which appears in the front of the books.

Talvart, Hector and Joseph Place. Bibliographie des auteurs modernes de langue française (1801-1975). Paris: Éd. de la Chronique des Lettres Française, 1928 (v. 1)--1976 (v. 22).

A large, in-progress bibliography of French authors from the 19th and 20th centuries. Arranged alphabetically, Volumes 1-22 cover Abadie through Morgan, and each volume includes material up to the year of publication (v. 1--1801-1927, v. 22--1801-1975). Entries are comprised of a biographical sketch, a list of works and editions, including minor works such as prefaces, notes, contributions to journals, etc., and an extensive list of books, essays, and articles about the author. Volumes 16-17 are indexes to titles covered in v. 1-15; much of v. 22 indexes illustrators of the works covered in v. 1-22.

BACK TO TOP

 


 

Encyclopedias, Dictionaries & Handbooks


Dictionnaire du XIXe siècle européen . Edited by Madeleine Ambrière. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1997.

Entries cover France and other European countries in the 19th century. Some entries are for specific persons, whereas others are for concepts and institutions. The introduction gives separate overviews of art, history, etc. during the period. A chronological table compares events in different disciplines as they co-occurred throughout the century, and analytical tables provide thematic access to the entries. Indexes are separated by category (person, place, etc.), rather than combined in a general index.

Dolbow, Sandra W. Dictionary of Modern French Literature from the Age of Reason through Realism. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986.

French literature from 1715-1890 is covered. Biographical information is presented for major authors, and synopses of the action of major novels and plays are also included in the alphabetical arrangement of the text. A useful table of historical and literary events concludes the work.

BACK TO TOP

 


 

Authors & Plot Summaries


Talvart, Hector and Joseph Place. Bibliographie des auteurs modernes de langue française (1801-1975) . Paris: Éd. de la Chronique des Lettres Française, 1928 (v. 1)--1976 (v. 22).

A large, in-progress bibliography of French authors from the 19th and 20th centuries.   Arranged alphabetically, volumes 1-22 cover Abadie through Morgan, and each volume includes material up to the year of publication (v. 1--1801-1927, v. 22--1801-1975).   Entries are comprised of a biographical sketch, a list of works and editions, including minor works such as prefaces, notes, contributions to journals, etc., and an extensive list of books, essays, and articles about the author.  Volumes 16-17 are indexes to titles covered in v. 1-15; much of v. 22 indexes illustrators of the works covered in v. 1-22.


Honoré de Balzac

Ginsburg, Michal Peled, ed. Approaches to teaching Balzac's Old Goriot. Approaches to teaching world literature; 68. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 2000. 203 p.


Charles Baudelaire

Hyslop, Lois Boe. Charles Baudelaire Revisited. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS827. New York: Twayne Publishers; Toronto: Maxwell Macmillan Canada; New York: Maxwell Macmillan International, c1992. 120 p. with portraits.

Porter, Laurence M., ed. Approaches to teaching Baudelaire's Flowers of Evil. Approaches to teaching world Literature. New York : Modern Language Association of America, 2000. 209 p.

Lloyd, Rosemary, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Baudelaire. Cambridge companions to literature. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005. 234 p.


Gustave Flaubert

Unwin, Timothy, Ed. The Cambridge Companion to Flaubert. Cambridge companions to literature. New York : Cambridge University Press, 2004. 234 p.

Berg, William J. and Laurey K. Martin. Gustave Flaubert. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 866. New York: Twayne Publishers; London: Prentice Hall International, c1997. 179 p. with portraits.

Porter, Laurence M. and Eugene F. Gray, eds. Approaches to Teaching Flaubert's Madame Bovary. Approches to teaching world literature; 53. New York : Modern Language Association of America, 1995. 167 p.


Victor Hugo

Porter, Laurence M. Victor Hugo. Twayne’s World Authors Series; TWAS 883. New York: Twayne Publishers, c1999. 188 p. with portraits.


Stéphane Mallarmé

St. Aubyn, Frederic C. Stéphane Mallarmé. Updated edition. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 52. Boston: Twayne Publishers, c1989. 170 p. with portraits.


George Sand

Powell, David A. George Sand. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 761. Boston: Twayne, c1990. 169 p.


Emile Zola

Berg, William J. and Laurey K. Martin. Emile Zola Revisited. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 825. New York : Twayne Publishers ; Toronto : Maxwell Macmillan Canada ; New York : Maxwell Macmillan International, c1992. 213 p. with portraits.

BACK TO TOP

 


 

Literary Histories


Prigent, Michel, Patrick Bethier, and Michel Jarrety, directors. Histoire de la France littéraire: Modernités. XIXe-XXe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires Françaises, 2006. 856 pp.

The discussions in this volume are organized into three main sections: "Formes" (novels, short stories, theater, poetry, histories, and 20th-century writings of "transgression"); "Parcours" (relationships between literature and criticism as well as between literature and other arts); and "Présences" (essays on what makes a writer and on the status of writers in the 19th and 20th centuries). Includes an index of proper names.

Gerbod, Paul. Vie littéraire en Europe au XIXe siècle. Unichamp-essentiel; 14. Paris: H. Champion, 2003. 176 p.

Marot, Patrick. Histoire de la littérature française du XIX siècle. Unichamp-essentiel; 9. Paris: Champion, 2001. 185 p.

Lagarde, André and Michard, Laurent. XIXe siècle: les grands auteurs français: anthologie et histoire littéraire. Paris: Larousse Bordas, 1997. 577 p. with illustrations.

BACK TO TOP

 


 

Genres, Themes & Motifs


Becker, Colette. Les hauts lieux du romantisme en France. Paris: Bordas, 1991.

Examines the connections of the French Romantics to their surroundings, providing first a general "panorama" of Romanticism (including its relationship to travel, the homeland, and nature), then specific information on and small maps and color photos of various regions in France, with references to and citations from writers who spent time there. Includes indexes of people and places. See also Jean-Paul Clébert's Les hauts lieux de la littérature française (Paris: Bordas, 1990; call number 914.4 C583h; Literatures & Languages Ref.) for a similar work that treats sites important to French writers throughout the centuries.

BACK TO TOP

 


20th Century

BACK TO TOP

 


 

Electronic Resources

Gallica WWW

Available free online thanks to the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Gallica provides access to 90,000 digitized texts.

BACK TO TOP

 


 

Bibliographies


Talvart, Hector and Joseph Place. Bibliographie des auteurs modernes de langue française (1801-1975) . Paris: Éd. de la Chronique des Lettres Française, 1928 (v. 1)--1976 (v. 22).

A large, in-progress bibliography of French authors from the 19th and 20th centuries. Arranged alphabetically, Volumes 1-22 cover Abadie through Morgan, and each volume includes material up to the year of publication (v. 1--1801-1927, v. 22--1801-1975). Entries are comprised of a biographical sketch, a list of works and editions, including minor works such as prefaces, notes, contributions to journals, etc., and an extensive list of books, essays, and articles about the author. Volumes 16-17 are indexes to titles covered in v. 1-15; much of v. 22 indexes illustrators of the works covered in v. 1-22.

Modern Language Association of America. French VII: Bibliography of Critical and Biographical References for the Study of Contemporary French Literature. Annual. 1949 (v. 1)--1968 (v. 5).

superceded by:

Modern Language Association of America. French XX Bibliography: Critical and Biographical References for the Study of French Literature Since 1885. Annual. New York: French Institute, 1969--.

Citations of books and articles from 1940 to the present. The compiling committee aimed for completeness in the bibliography, and citations are not annotated. Two major sections are General Subjects (including Existentialism, Literary History, Theatre, and, in the later volumes, Cinema) and Author Subjects. (French XX presents Cinema as its third section.) However, minor authors may be included in the General Subject citations and not given their own entry in the Author Subject section. There are indexes for Author Subjects and for Authors of Books and Articles.

BACK TO TOP

 


 

Encyclopedias, Dictionaries & Handbooks


Dictionnaire des oeuvres du XXe siècle: littérature française et francophone, sous la direction de Henri Mitterand. Paris: Les Usuels, 1995.

Special entries on topical subjects important to twentieth-century literature are included, such as "L'Absurde," "Etat et littérature," " Psychanalyse littéraire," and "Structuralisme." These special entries are generally in the same alphabetical listing as the titles, but unfortunately they are not represented in an index. Similar title index as the previous work, though the chronology and author indexes include more information about the time periods and about the authors than those in the broader work. The coverage of Francophone literature is not extensive.

Dictionnaire de culture générale. Under the direction of Frédéric Laupies. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 2000.

This dictionary offers a wealth of information on a range of cultural topics of concern today. The selected subjects reflect contemporary Western culture in general and French culture in particular. The first part is dedicated to modes of thought (feminism, socialism, and racism); the second, personages and figures (Lancelot, Macbeth, and Clio). The entries are lengthy and include short bibliographies. The book is a useful reference tool for individuals who want to learn more on a particular subject and for students working on academic projects.

Encyclopedia of Contemporary French Culture. Edited by Alex Hughes and Keith Reader. London; New York: Routledge, 1998.

This encyclopedia is intended to aid those looking for material on a wide range of subjects pertaining to present- day French culture, including art, cinema, economic issues, education, food and wine, intellectual life, literature, media, music, performing arts, politics, transport and technology. The length of entries varies with the relative importance of each topic. Each entry has a bibliography for further reading.

BACK TO TOP

 


 

Authors & Plot Summaries


Grisoni, Dominique-Antoine. Goncourt: Cent Ans de Littérature. Paris: Agnes Vienot Editions, 2003.

Profiles the first 100 winners of the Prix Goncourt.  Provides brief bibliographic material and a short contemporary review of their award-winning work.

Rye, Gill and Michael Worton, eds. Women's Writing in Contemporary France: New Writers, New Literatures in the 1990s. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2002.  262 pp.


Simone de Beauvoir

Brosman, Catharine Savage. Simone de Beauvoir Revisited. Twayne World Authors Series; TWAS 820. Boston: Twayne Publishers, c1991. 179 p. with portraits.


Samuel Beckett

Schlueter, June and Enoch Brater, eds. Approaches to teaching Beckett's Waiting for Godot. Approaches to teaching world literature; 34. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 1991. 184 p. with illustrations.

Pilling, John, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Beckett. Cambridge Companions to Literature. Cambridge [England]; New York : Cambridge University Press, c1994. 249 p. with illustrations.


Albert Camus

Rhein, Phillip H. Albert Camus. Revised edition. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 69. Boston, Mass.: Twayne Publishers, c1989. 144 p. with illustrations.

Kellman, Steven G. Approaches to teaching Camus's The Plague. Approaches to teaching world literature; 6. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 1985. 133 p. with illustrations.


Hélène Cixous

Penrod, Lynn Kettler. Hélène Cixous. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 860. New York: Twayne Publishers, c1996. 176 p. with portraits.


Jean Cocteau

Knapp, Bettina Liebowitz. Jean Cocteau. Updated ed. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 84. Boston: Twayne Publishers, c1989. 155 p.


Marguerite Duras

Schuster, Marilyn R. Marguerite Duras Revisited. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 840. New York: Twayne Publishers; Toronto: Maxwell Macmillan Canada; New York: Maxwell Macmillan International, c1993.


Jean Genet

Knapp, Bettina Liebowitz. Jean Genet. Revised edition. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 44. Boston: Twayne, c1989. 178 p.


Eugène Ionesco

Gaensbauer, Deborah B. Eugène Ionesco Revisited. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 863. New York, N.Y. : Twayne Publishers ; London : Prentice Hall International, c1996. 177 p.


Marcel Proust

Dezon-Jones, Elyane and Inge Crosman Wimmers, eds. Approaches to teaching Proust's fiction and criticism. Approaches to teaching world literature. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 2003. 184 p. with illustrations.

Bales, Richard. The Cambridge Companion to Proust. Cambridge companions to literature. Cambridge, UK ; New York, NY, USA : Cambridge University Press, 2001. 243 p. with illustrations.

Bucknall, Barbara J. Marcel Proust Revisited. Twayne’s World Authors Series; TWAS 830. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1992. 157 p. with portraits.


Raymond Queneau

Thiher, Allen. Raymond Queneau. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 763. 148 p.


Françoise Sagan

Miller, Judith Graves. Françoise Sagan. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 797. Boston: Twayne’s, c1988. 142 p. with portraits.


Jean-Paul Sartre

Brosman, Catharine Savage. Jean-Paul Sartre. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 697. Boston: Twayne, c1983. 146 p. with portraits.

BACK TO TOP

 


Literary Histories

 

Prigent, Michel, Patrick Bethier, and Michel Jarrety, directors. Histoire de la France littéraire: Modernités. XIXe-XXe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires Françaises, 2006. 856 pp.

The discussions in this volume are organized into three main sections: "Formes" (novels, short stories, theater, poetry, histories, and 20th-century writings of "transgression"); "Parcours" (relationships between literature and criticism as well as between literature and other arts); and "Présences" (essays on what makes a writer and on the status of writers in the 19th and 20th centuries). Includes an index of proper names.

Calle-Gruber, Mireille. Histoire de la littérature française du XXe siècle ou, Les repentirs de la littérature. Unichamp-essentiel; 3. Paris: H. Champion, 2001. 230 p.

La vie quotidienne des Français au XXe siècle: un siècle d'émotions et de passions. Paris: Booster, 1999.

An overview of France and the French in the 20th century through words and images. Organized by decade, this history covers all levels of society and all sorts of events.

Lagarde, André and Michard, Laurent. XXe siècle: les grands auteurs français: anthologie et histoire littéraire. Paris: Larousse Bordas, 1997, c1998. 896 p. with illustrations.

BACK TO TOP

 


 

Women and Gender Studies


Dictionnaire de l'Homophobie. Sous la direstion de Louis-George Tin. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 2003.

This dictionary has general entries, i.e. "France" or "outing", with narrower topics placed under these entries in the index. Each entry heading has a bibliography, useful for reading more about the particular subject being researched.

Dictionnaire des mythes feminins. Sous la direction de Pierre Brunel. Paris: Editions du Rocher, 2002.

This is a French dictionary of women who are mythical in either a literary sense, or a historical sense. The alphabetical contents include literary figures, general terms (Blondes, Femme Fatale, Nemesis,) and historical icons (Margaret Thatcher, Rita Hayworth, Elizabeth I.)  Entries contain a brief description of the term. There is no general index; however, each entry ends with a chronology, bibliography, reference suggestions and cross-references.

Christiane P. Makward et Madeleine Cottenet-Hage. Dictionnaire littéraire des femmes de langue française: de Marie de France à Marie NDiaye. Paris: Edition Karthala, 1996.

The authors have brought together a great deal of information about women writers of the French language of the last eight hundred years. Though most lived in France, many resided in French-speaking areas outside of France. The depth of the entries varies: some provide a great deal of biographical detail, usually with an appended bibliography; others simply list a name.

French Women Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Source Book. Ed. by Eva Martin Sartori and Dorothy Wynne Zimmerman. New York: Greenwood Press, 1991.

Extensive biographies of fifty-one women important to the history of Francophone literature from the 12th to the late 20th centuries. Emphasizes the women's experiences as writers, discusses their major themes, and surveys critical reactions. Includes bibliographies of primary works, titles translated into English, and some critical works.   A chronology of French women writers in the larger context of history appears in an appendix, and there are separate title and subject indexes.

Rye, Gill and Michael Worton, eds. Women's Writing in Contemporary France: New Writers, New Literatures in the 1990s. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2002. 262 pp.

Becker, Lucille Frackman. Twentieth-century French women novelists. Twayne's World Authors Series; TWAS 813. Boston: Twayne Pub., 1989. 211 p.

BACK TO TOP