Associations & Information Resources
Quaternary Research

Quaternary Research is the study of the interval of Earth's geologic history that spans approximately the last two million years, and includes the Pleistocene and the Holocene. Quaternary Research is especially interdisciplinary.

Quaternary researchers study lake sediments, ocean sediments, ocean circulation, ice cores, cycles of the earth/sun, atmosphere, fossil and modern animals and plants including invertebrates, vertebrates, insects, and pollen, and other subjects. Current topics of importance include global climate change (past, present and future), atmospheric, ocean, and terrestrial interactions, and the building of testable computer models.


Quaternary Associations
Quaternary Information Resources
International Quaternary Associations Quaternary Journals
National Quaternary Associations Other Major Journals
Other International & National Organizations Newsletters, Reports, & Bulletins
Local/Regional Quaternary Organizations Monographic Series
Quaternary Programs at Universities Field Trip Guide Books
     Programs Other; Full Text
     Scholarships Current Awareness
     Graduate Opportunities Conferences/Meetings (list) See Also: Announcements
Other Quaternary Programs Membership Directories
Laboratories Data Sets and Maps
Working Groups Software
Conference & Meeting Announcements Bibliographies on the Web
Past Conference & Meeting Announcements Reference Resources
  Teaching Resources
  E-Discussion Lists (Listservs)
  Publications Pages
  Billboards for Questions and Employment
  Links to Other Resources on the Web
  Online Indexes
  Books, by Region
  New Books Related to Quaternary Research
  Disciplines Related to Quaternary Research

Quaternary Associations

International: INQUA

International Union for Quaternary Research (INQUA) <>

INQUA was founded in 1928 and holds quadrennial international congresses. Collaborative research is conducted by means of commissions and committees. Commissions for the 2003-2007 Inter-Congress period: Coastal and Marine Processes; Palaeoclimate; Palaeoecology and Human Evolution; Stratigraphy and Geochronology; and Terrestrial Processes, Deposits and History.

National Quaternary Associations (Related to INQUA)

America: American Quaternary Association (AMQUA)
New Web Site:

The American Quaternary Association (AMQUA) was founded in 1970 to foster communication and cooperation among researchers in widely diverse disciplines, but having a common interest in the Quaternary Period. AMQUA holds biennial meetings, each focused on a broad thematic topic of wide interest to members, along with associated field trips. AMQUA publishes the newsletter The Quaternary Times twice a year, and the journal Quaternary Research is an "unofficial publication outlet for AMQUA" (Dyer, 2004). The AMQUA website includes a membership directory.

Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Uruguay & Venezuela: Grupo de Estudio del Cuaternario (GEC) (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Uruguay & Venezuela) (Quaternary Perspectives 129 (2005):100-101)

The Grupo de Estudio del Cauternario (GEC) was formed in 1995. It was officially incorporated into INQUA as a non-governmental Regional Member of South America at the Reno Congress in 2003. A Field Meeting on Loess was held in 1998, followed by three international workshops in Salto, Uruguay; Anillaco, Argentina; and Maringa, Brazil. These workshops resulted in the publication of Quaternary International volume 114 in 2004. Future workshops are anticipated in Iquitos, Peru (2006) and Santa Fe, Argentina (2007). GEC is focusing on compilation of a Stratigraphic Correlation Table to include all South American countries by year 2011. Work is progressing toward the inclusion of Peru, Columbia and Bolivia in GEC.

Australia: Australasian Quaternary Association (AQUA) <>

The first meeting of Australasian Quaternary Association (AQUA) was held in 1986, and the society has met every two or three years since then. Then intent is to meet biennially. Meetings are usually accompanied by field trips. AQUA has also jointly sponsored other meetings. Quaternary Australasia (QA; formerly Australian Quaternary Newsletter) is the official journal and newsletter or AQUA, and is published twice a year. Australian Quaternary Newsletter was published from 1973 through 1980, and Quaternary Australasia has been published since 1983. The AQUA website contains indexes for publications from 1973 through 2000, and full text for 1995 through 1998 issues of QA. The website also includes AQUA awards recipients, instructions for subscribing to AQUAlist, a repository for Quaternary geochronology and climate change datasets, Australian Quaternary Data Archive (AQUADATA), past conference locations and dates, several billboards including one where questions can be posted and an employment billboard, several publications pages, and links to other resources.


Belarus: Belarusian National Committee of INQUA (BelaQUA)
(e-mail communication)

The Belarusian National Committee of INQUA (BelaQUA) was founded on June 7, 2001 at the joint session of the Cenozoic Commission of the National Committee on Stratigraphy and the Belarusian Commission on Quaternary Palaeogeography. It was formally accepted as an associated INQUA member at the INQUA Congress in Reno in 2003. BelaQUA normally meets twice a year, with occasional extra meetings. BelaQUA was a regional organizer of a Field Symposium held in Belarus. BelaQUA news items are published in the journal Lithosphere twice a year. In 2004 there were approximately 30 members. BelaQUA has strong links with the Peribaltic Working Group of the INQUA Subcommission on Glaciation and the Friends of Baltic Quaternary which have a combined annual field seminar.

Belgia: Belgian Association for Quaternary Research (BELQUA) <>

Brazil: Brazilian Association for Quaternary Studies (ABEQUA)

Toward the end of the 1960's, Brazilian geologists gained a strong interest in the Quaternary. The 1st Symposium on the Quaternary was organized by the Brazilian Geological Society (SBG) in conjunction with the XXV Brazilian Congress of Geology held in 1971. During this meeting, organizers founded the Quaternary Scientific Commission. After the fourth meeting in 1981, the level of interest resulted in the founding of the Brazilian Association for Quaternary Studies in 1984. ABEQUA meets biennially.

Canada: Canadian Quaternary Association (CANQUA) | Association Canadienne pour l'étude du Quaternaire <>; Quaternary Perspectives, 2004, v. 14, n. 2, p. 99.

Canadian Quaternary Association (CANQUA) was founded in 1975, and formally established in 1983. The first formal meeting was apparently held in 1984, with subsequent meetings in 1987, 1989, 1990 and1991. The meetings have been held biennially since 1991. CANQUA publishes Geographie Physique et Quaternaire three times a year, and a biannual CANQUA newsletter. Recent newsletters are available full text on the association's website, and some issues of Geographie Physique et Quaternaire are available full text from the journal's website: <>. Geographie Physique et Quaternaire has been published three time per year beginning in 1977. It was previously published as Revue Canadienne de Géographie from 1947-63, and as La Revue de Géographie de Montréal from 1964-1976. The CANQUA website includes information about awards and the CANQUA listserv, a membership directory, and links to other Quaternary information.

China (2)


Taipei: Quaternary Research Group of the Geological Society of China located in Taipei
(e-mail communication)

The Quaternary Research Group, located in Taipei, was founded in 1994 and has been a formal member of INQUA since 1999. There are currently about 120 members. The group holds a formal meeting every two years, and they also organize special sessions for the annual meeting of the Geological Society of China, Taipei. Selected papers from symposia are compiled and published in Western Pacific Earth Science, the official journal of the Geological Society of China, Taipei, and other papers are published in Quaternary International. An international meeting on sea level changes, coastal evolution, and neotectonics was held Taipei in 2001. The Society has a membership directory.



Czech Republic:

Denmark: Danish National Committee for INQUA
(e-mail communication)

INQUA was started in Denmark in 1928. In 1963, the formal committee "Danish National Committee for INQUA" was formed. Currently, the committee has 10 members and meets annually.

Germany: Deutsche Quartärvereinigung (DEUQUA)

Deutsche Quartärvereinigung (DEUQUA) is a German organization that has published a year book, Eiszeitalter und Gegenwart (Ice Age and Present), since 1951, four booklets of the geoscientific reports of GMIT, and various field guide books. DEUQUA sponsors working groups and biennial conferences.

Ireland: Irish Quaternary Association (IQUA)

The IQUA began holding formalized meetings in 1978 as the Irish Association of Quaternary Studies (Edwards, 2004). The name was changed to Irish Quaternary Association in 2001. The IQUA holds an annual autumn symposium, a spring meeting, and an annual field meeting. The IQUA publishes a newsletter twice a year. The latest issue is available on the association website. IQUA also publishes a field guide for each of its annual trips; the first was published in 1978.

France: Association Française pour l'Etude du Quaternaire (AFEQ)

Association Française pour l'Etude du Quaternaire (AFEQ) was founded in 1962, and holds an annual meeting and associated field trips in France or another European country. Publications include a newsletter that is issued every three months, and the journal Quaternaire which has four issues per year. Quaternaire began in 1964 as the Bulletin de l'AFEQ. The title was changed to Quaternaire in 1990. There is also a news section on the association Web site: <>.

Great Britain: Quaternary Research Association (QRA)

The Quaternary Research Association (QRA) was originally founded in 1964 as the Quaternary Field Study Group. The name was changed to the Quaternary Research Association in 1968. QRA holds an annual discussion meeting, an annual field meeting) and jointly sponsors various other meetings. QRA also funds various research groups, holds an international postgraduate symposium, and provides an undergraduate dissertation prize and award. Publications include field and technical guides, Quaternary Research Association Circular, and Journal of Quaternary Science (the QRA official journal published by John Wiley). The QRA website includes links to three listservers, information regarding jobs, studentships, research, and training, and links to other information. A membership directory is available online, but access is for members only.

Italy: Associazione Italiana Per lo Studio del Quaternario (AIQUA)

Associazione Italiana Per lo Studio del Quaternario (AIQUA) was founded in 1978. The association organizes conventions, seminars, and work groups on specific topics related to the Quaternary. The Quaternario (Italian Journal of Quaternary Sciences) is the official publication of AIQUA.

Japan: Japan Association for Quaternary Research

The Japan Association for Quaternary Research (JAQR) was founded in 1956. Meetings are held annually, usually in August, with an associated field trip. In addition, a symposium is held every year during the winter. Currently, there are 1670 regular members, 59 student members, and 17 foreign members. JAQR maintains a print membership directory. In 2006, there are plans for the commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary which include an international symposium and many other events (Masayuki Hyodo, e-mail communication, 24 Aug 2004).

Latvia: Latvian Association of Quaternary Research (LATQUA)
(formerly <>, page no longer found) ; Quaternary Perspectives, v.14:1, p. 130-131.

Latvian Association of Quaternary Research (LATQUA) was founded in 1998, and is a member of INQUA. The work of the association is organized in commissions and working groups. LATQUA organizes a Quaternary Geology and Geomorphology topical session for the annual scientific conference of the University of Latvia, and summaries of papers and posters are included in the abstract volume. A newsletter is published twice a year. Papers are also published in Terra.

South Africa: South African Society for Quaternary Research (SASQUA)
Quaternary Perspectives, v. 14, n. 1, p. 132-133; <>

SASQUA has approximately 145 members. The XV INQUA International Congress was held in Durban in 1999. SASQUA publishes an annual newsletter and holds biennial meetings.


  • Swiss Commission for Quaternary Research (SCQ)
  • Swiss Quaternary Group (S-QUAT)


    Mexico: Uniòn Mexicana para Estudios del Cuaternario (UMEC) <>

    A few researchers in Mexico began concentrating on the Quaternary in the 1960s (Socorro Lozano, e-mail communication). The First Symposium on the Quaternary (Mexico) was held in 1990. Work was begun in 1992 to organize an association devoted to Quaternary Research. The First International Conference on Climatic Change in Mexico was held in 1993. In 1998, the 15th Biennial Meeting of American Quaternary Association was held in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, and the Cuarta Reunion Sobre la Geologia del Noroeste de Mexico y Areas Adyacentes was held in 2000, as was the second Symposium of the Quaternary. Uniòn Mexicana para Estudios del Cuaternario (UMEC) was incorporated in 2001. UMEC meets every two years with other related associations at the Reuniòn Nacional de Ciencias de la Tierra (National Meeting of the Sciences of the Earth) <>.



    The Nederlands: INQUA Cie Nederland (INQUA-NL) <>

    For many years, the official Netherland organization was INQUA Committee Nederland, which operated under the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen; KNAW) (Earth and Climate Council, 2004). In the 1980s, activity decreased and the organization was incorporated into Earth and Climate Coucil (RAK) of the KNAW. In 2002, Dutch Quaternary researchers began to discuss the revival of INQUA Cie Nederland, and subsequently an executive committee and preliminary advisory board were formed for the intra-congress period 2003-2007. In October, 2003, INQUA-NL and associated bodies held a meeting with the theme "Looking forward to...the Quaternary" [pdf] (Earth and Climate Council, 2003).



    Portugal: Associação Portuguesa para o Estudo do Quaternário (APEQ) (Portuguese Association for the Study of the Quaternary) (formerly <>, page now forbidden; closest page

    In 1989, participants in Congresso do Quaternário Ibérico (Congress of Iberian Quaternary) began considering the creation of a Portuguese Association for the Study of the Quaternary. Discussions continued at other meetings in 1989 and 1991. The APEQ was formally created in December, 1991. APEQ holds annual conferences and publishes Estudos do Quaternário; Revista da Associação Portuguesa para o Estudo do Quaternário (Quaternary Studies; Journal of the Portuguese Association for Quaternary Research), published biennially beginning in 1997. Tables of contents can be found on the association Web pages which also include a bibliography of publications related to the Quaternary of Portugal, and a directory of members.


    Serbia & Montengro: National Committee of Serbia and Montenegro
    (e-mail communication)

    The National Committee of Serbia and Montenegro became a full member of INQUA after the XVI INQUA Congress (e-mail communication). Several of the members are associated with the Quaternary Research Center (QRC), a scientific unit of the Department of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, University of Novi Sad since 2000. There are plans to establish Serbian Quaternary Research Society in 2005. At this time, there are no local Quaternary publications.

    South Africa: Southern African Association for Quaternary Research (SASQUA)
    <>; Quaternary Perspectives, v.14:1, p.132-133.

    SASQUA holds biennial meetings, and publishes an annual newsletter (some available online at

    South Korea:

    Spain: Spanish Association for Quaternary Research (AEQUA)

    In 1972, the Grupo Español de Trabajo del Cuaternario (GETQ) was founded. In 1985, GETQ was reconstituted and absorbed by Asociación Española para el Estudio del Cuaternario (Spanish Association for Quaternary Research), (AEQUA). AEQUA holds a national meeting every two years, and an Iberian meeting (Spain and Portugal) every four years. AEQUA and the Sociedad Española de Geomorfología (SEG) jointly publish Raña, a news bulletin, and the journal Cuaternario y Geomorfología begun in 1987 (tables of contents available on the Web: <>). AEQUA also publishes a monographic series.



  • Other International and National Organizations

    Many members of the following international & national organizations also have a strong interest in the Quaternary:

    American Society of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO) <>

    "Since 1948, ASLO has been a premier organization for researchers and educators in the field of aquatic science. The strength of its international membership, volunteer officers, and board members, helps the society achieve its mission: to foster a diverse, international scientific community that creates, integrates and communicates knowledge across the full spectrum of aquatic sciences, advances public awareness and education about aquatic resources and research, and promotes scientific stewardship of aquatic resources for the public interest" (AGI Press Release, September 22, 2004). ASLO publishes three periodicals: Limnology and Oceanography (L&O) founded in 1956, The L&O Bulletin, ASLO's quarterly newsletter containing peer-reviewed articles and society news, and the all-electronic journal Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, published one paper at a time, and accumulated in annual volumes. The society holds cross-disciplinary meetings and symposia.

    Canadian Association of Palynologists (CAP) <>

    Founded in 1978; newsletter; publications; book reviews; labs; directory; biographies; Internet resources; conferences; equipment & suppplies

    Carbon Hydrology and Global Environmental Systems (CHANGES) <>

    European Quaternary Malacologists <>

    European Quaternary Mammal Research Association (EuroMam) <>

    Geological Society of America, Quaternary Geology and Geomorphology Division <>

    International Association of Geomorphologists (IAG) <>

    International Association of Limnogeology (IAL) <>

    International Continental Drilling Programme (ICDP) <>

    International Council for Science (ICSU) <>

    International Geographical Union (IGU) <>

    International Geoscience Programme (formerly International Geological Correlation Programme (IGCP) <>

    International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme / Global Change (IGBP) <>

    International Glaciological Society (IGS) <>

    International Organisation of Palaeobotany (IOP) <>

    International Paleolimnology Association (Proposed) <>

    International Permafrost Association (IPA) <>

    International Union for Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG) <>

    International Union for Geological Sciences (IUGS) <>

    International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) (formerly International Society of Soil Science (ISSS)) <>

    NOAA Palaeoclimatology Projects (NOAA) <>

    Past Global Changes (PAGES) <>

    Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) <>

    Subcommission on European Quaternary Stratigraphy (SEQS) <>

    Subcommission on Quaternary Stratigraphy (SQS) <>

    WDC for Paleoclimatology (WDC) <>

    Local Organizations:

    Friends of the Pleistocene <>

    Alaska Cell <>(link not active on 5/3/06)
    Midwestern Cell <>
    Northeastern Cell <>
    Pacific Cell <>
    Pacific-Northwest Cell <>
    Rocky Mountain Cell <>
    South-Central Cell <>
    Southeast Cell <>

    Geological Surveys

    Links to information about the USA state surveys can be found at: <>.

    Publications pages of the various US geological surveys can be accessed from <>.

    Geological Survey of Canada website: <>.

    Links to various geological surveys of the World can be found in the Institut fur Geowissenschaften website at: <>

    Illinois State Geological Survey, Quaternary Section: <>

    Council for Geoscience, South Africa

    State Geological Survey, Latvia (seismotectonic monitoring)

    Quaternary Programs at Universities


    Arizona State University, Tectonic Geomorphology

    Brandon University, Manitoba, Department of Native Studies
    (SCAPE: the Study of Cultural Adaptations in the Prairie Ecozone)

    Cambridge University, Godwin Institute for Quaternary Research

    European Master Program -Erasmus Mundus: "Quaternary and Prehistory

    North Dakota State University, Quaternary Entomology Laboratory <>

    Northern Arizona University, Quaternary Studies Program

    Purdue University, Cosmogenic Nuclide Laboratory

    Queens University, Belfast, Northern Ireland, School of Archaeology and Palaeoecology
    <>; Centre for Climate, the Environment and Chronology (14 CHRONO) <>

    Stockholm University, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology

    UCLA Pisces Laboratory (Palaeoenvironmental Integrated Studies of Climate and Ecosystems) <link no longer works>

    University and Community College System of Nevada, Desert Research Institute

    University College, London: Environmental Change Research Centre

    University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska Quaternary Center

    University of Arkansas, Environmental Dynamics Graduate Program

    University of Arkansas, Tree-Ring Laboratory

    University of Arizona, Palynology

    University of Arizona, Earth Surface Process Research Institute (ESPRI)

    University of Berne (Switzerland), Quaternary Geology Research Group

    University of Canterbury, Geological Sciences, Quaternary Paleoecology and Paleoclimatology

    University of Cape Town/South African Museum/Western Cape Quaternary Research Centre (QUARC)

    University of Cincinnati, Department of Geology, Glacial Geology

    University of Colorado, Institute for Arctic and Alpine Research (INSTAAR)

    University of Daugavpils (Latvia)
    Gully erosion

    University of Durham, Department of Geography, Quaternary Environmental Change Research Group

    University of Idaho, Juneau Ice-Field Program

    University of Latvia (glacial geology, applied Quaternary studies, Quaternary stratigraphy)
    Department of Geography
    Department and Institute of Geology
    Department of Environmental Science (modern coastal processes)

    University of Maine, Climate Change Institute

    University of Manchester, UK,Quaternary Environments and Geoarchaeology (QEG) Research Group

    University of Manitoba, Department of Geological Sciences
    <> (See Quaternary Geology)

    University of Massachusetts, Quaternary Research

    University of Minnesota, Limnological Research Center

    University of New Hampshire, Greenland Ice Sheet Project (GISP2)

    University of Oregon, Environmental Change Research Group

    University of Ottawa, Laboratory for Paleoclimatology and Climatology

    University of the Free State (Palynology)

    University of the Witwatersrand/Transvaal Museum
    Visitor education centre, Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site

    University of Uppsala, Sweden, Quaternary Geology

    University of Vermont, Cosmogenic Isotope Laboratory

    University of Wales, Aberyswyth, Quaternary Environmental Change Research Group

    University of Washington, Cosmogenic Isotope Laboratory

    University of Washington, Luminescence Dating Laboratory

    University of Washington, Quaternary Research Center (QRC)

    University of Wisconsin, Center for Limnology

    University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Geology and Geophysics, Quaternary Group


    David M. Hopkins Memorial Scholarship Fund, University of Alaska, Fairbanks
    College of Science, Engineering, and Math

    School of Archaeology and Palaeoecology, Queens University Belfast

    Graduate & Postgraduate Opportunities Related to Quaternary Research:

    Posted 1/20/2007:
    PhD Studentship: Global Change Impacts On Hyper-Diverse Amazonian Ecosystems

    Posted 1/20/2007:
    Graduate Research Opportunities in Glacial Geomorphology and Sedimentology at Simon Fraser University

    Posted 11/7/2006:
    The Open University

    Posted 11/7/2006:
    Two PhD student positions 2007­2009, Department of Geography, University of Turku, Finland
    "The future of floods in Finland"

    Posted 11/7/2006:
    PhD or MSc project/s in 'High-resolution climate histories from laminated lake sediments (Auckland Maar lakes, New Zealand)'. [Re-advertised]
    University of Canterbury, New Zealand.

    Posted 8/3/2006:
    European Master Program -Erasmus Mundus: "Quaternary and Prehistory
    <> is open for the Academic year 2007 - 2008.

    Posted 3/16/2006:
    PhD Studentship, Department of Geography, Loughborough University.
    Closing date for applications: 5pm, Friday April 21st 2006. "Applications are invited for a three-year University-funded PhD studentship based in the Department of Geography at Loughborough University (rated 5 in RAE 2001), beginning in October 2006. The project will focus on inferring late Holocene environmental change along the Danish Baltic coast using fossil diatoms and other proxy signals from sediment cores."

    Posted 3/16/2006:
    Paleoclimate student project in New Zealand.
    ‘High-resolution climate histories from laminated lake sediments (Auckland Maar lakes, New Zealand)’. The application closing date is May 30th 2006. Contact Dr James Shulmeister ( for further information.

    Posted 2/15/06:
    "A series of research projects, leading to the award of Ph.D have been approved for support in the School of Geography, Archaeology and Palaeoecology, Queen's University Belfast, starting in 2006. There are eight awards available, with two more available upon the appointment of new staff. Most awards require a UK residency of at least 3 years, but we are also looking for potential excellent ORS candidates." More information.

    Posted 2/15/06:
    NERC-Funded 2-Year Postdoctoral Research Post
    (based at University of Edinburgh)
    (start date: 1st April 2006) and

    Posted 1/20/06:
    Quaternary Research Association, 5th International Postgraduate Symposium - August 29-September 1st, 2006, Edinburgh, Scotland

    Other Programs & Research Centers

    Glaciological & Arctic Sciences Institute <>

    International Marine Global Change Studies (IMAGES) <>

    NOAA Program in Paleoclimatology <>

    US Global Change Research Program <>

    USGS Global Climate Change Research <> also <>

    PAGES (PAst Global changES) <>
    Mission: To facilitate international collaborations and interdisciplinary science


    Cosmogenic Nuclide Laboratory, Purdue University

    Cosmogenic Isotope Laboratory, University of Vermont

    Cosmogenic Isotope Laboratory, University of Washington

    Desert Laboratory, University of Arizona

    Desert Research Institute, Division of Earth & Ecosystem Sciences
    Labs include:

    Archaeobotany Lab
    Atmosphere-Biosphere Interactions Lab
    Dorothy S. Gallagher Great Basin Environmental Research Laboratory
    E.L. Cord Geochronology Laboratory
    Frits Went Laboratory
    Microbial Ecology Laboratory
    Molecular Microbial Ecology Laboratory
    Paleoecology Laboratory
    Soil Nutrient & Ecology Laboratory
    Soil Characterization & Quaternary Pedology Laboratory

    Geological Remote Sensing Laboratory (GRSL)

    Laboratory for Paleoclimatology and Climatology, University of Ottawa

    Laboratory of Tree Ring Research, University of Arizona

    Luminescence Dating Laboratory, University of Washington

    Paleoecological Environmental Assessment and Research Lab (PEARL), Department of Biology, Queen's University, Ontario, Canada - paleolimnoloy and paleoclimatology (especially arctic) <>

    Quaternary Dating Research Unit (QUADRU), South Africa

    Quaternary Entomology Laboratory, North Dakota State University, North Dakota State University <>

    Quat Lab, University of Wisconsin, Madison - fully equipped sediment analysis lab

    Radiocarbon Laboratories Websites <>

    Stable Light Isotope Faciltiy, University of Cape Town

    Tree-Ring Laboratory, University of Arkansas

    UCLA Pisces Laboratory (Palaeoenvironmental Integrated Studies of Climate and Ecosystems)

    Links to Labs:

    Radocarbon Labs

    Links to Radiocarbon Laboratories Websites
    Radiocarbon Labs

    Working Groups

    DEUQUA (Germany); publishes reports
    LATQUA (Latvia)
    QRA (United Kingdom)

    Conference & Meeting Announcements

    Alluvial Fans 2007 - June 18-22, 2007, Banff, Alberta Canada

    The 4th International Limnogeology Congress - July 11-14, 2007, Barcelona, Spain The deadline to submit the Abstracts electronically through the on-line abstracts submission will be January 15th, 2007.

    World Congress of Malacology - July 15-20, 2007, Antwerp, Belgium (Symposium on Quaternary Malacology). The deadline for reduced registration is April 30th.

    XXVII INQUA Congress - 28th July - 3rd August, 2007, Cairns, Australia
    Registration and abstract submission will remain open on the conference web site until 31 January 2007.

    Friends of the Pleistocene, Rocky Mountain Cell - September 7-9, 2007, Colorado/New Mexico, USA

    Paleoaltimetry: Geochemical and Thermodynamic Approaches (Shortcourse) - October 26-27, 2007, Denver, CO, USA (before GSA)
    Sponsored by Mineralogical Society of America and Geochemical Society. "The shortcourse covers methods for inferring paleoaltimetry, which is of interest to Earth scientists working in geochemistry, tectonics/tectonic geomorphology, paleoclimatology and geodynamics, especially anyone investigating links between tectonics and climate change. "

    The 33rd International Geological Congress (IGC) Oslo, August, 2008, Norway in August 2008

    Past Conference & Meeting Announcements

    NSF Workshop: Preservation of Lake Sediment Cores and Associated Data: Benefits of Proper Curation - March 23-24, 2006, University of Utah, Salt Lake City

    European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2006 - April 2 - 7, 2006, Vienna, Austria

    SASQUA 2007 XVII CONFERENCE, 11 April - 13 April 2007, Umgeni Valley Nature Reserve, Howick, KwaZulu-Natal SOUTH AFRICA

    Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (CAA), 34th Annual Conference -
    April 18-21, 2006, Fargo, North Dakota

    The 36th International Symposium on Archaeometry (ISA 2006) - May 2nd-6th, 2006, Quebec City, Canada The deadline for submission of abstracts is December 15th, 2005.

    Joint Annual Meeting of the Geological Association of Canada and the Mineralogical Association of Canada (GAC-MAC) - May 14 to 17, 2006, University of Quebec in Montreal
    Abstracts deadline: January 23rd
    Symposium: SM-06
    TITLE: Dynamics and retreat of the eastern Laurentide Ice Sheet
    CONVENORS: Michel Parent (GSC-Quebec), Michel Lamothe (UQAM)
    DESCRIPTION: Evidence of widespread interactions between ice sheets and global climate systems has renewed interest in the flow dynamics, retreat patterns and chronological record of the Laurentide Ice Sheet. In addition to ice streams and ice shelves systems which generated huge iceberg discharge events in the North Atlantic, recent reports show that ice streams produced abrupt, large scale reorientations of flow patterns as well as large readvances in the inland areas of the ice sheet. Reassessments of the chronological and paleogeographical record of the eastern LIS suggest that episodic outburst floods from large glacial lakes dammed along the southern margin of the ice sheet may have momentarily slowed down or even interrupted North Atlantic thermohaline circulation and produced severe cooling events in the Northern Hemisphere. This symposium offers an opportunity to re-evaluate current thoughts about the mode and timing of the most critical sector of the Laurentide Ice Sheet during the Late Quaternary.

    ICTP-IAEA Workshop - May 15-19, 2006, Miramare, Trieste, "Conduct of Seismic Hazard Analyses for Critical Facilities" (Web link no longer works)

    Fourth New World Luminescence Dating and Dosimetry Workshop (NWLDDW) - May 31-June 1, 2006, Denver, CO Abstracts due February 24, 2006.

    The 52nd Midwestern Friends of the Pleistocene Field Conference - June 3-4, 2006, Bismark, North Dakota, USA (June 2, Registration & Ice Breaker)
    First Announcement

    ASLO Conference - June 4-9, 2006, Victoria, British Columbia; Global Challenges Facing Oceanography and Limnology (Topical session TS-A08 on: Rapid Environmental Changes at High Latitudes - Evidence from Limnology, Oceanography, and Historical Sediment Records); N.B. Abstract deadline: January 20, 2006.

    Glacial Sediment Micro-Morphology Workshop, June 5 -9, 2006, Department of Geosciences, Hamilton College, Clinton New York. NSF-OPP sponsored. Space is limited to 20 participants. Please contact Danelle Parker for registration details ( by April 1st, 2006.

    HOLIVAR 2006 - Natural Climate Variability and Global Warming - June 12-15, 2006, Environmental Change Research Centre (ECRC), University College London There are a "limited number of bursaries to provide partial support towards travel and accommodation. Priority will be given to fund delegates from developing countries and will be allocated on a merit basis. Bursaries will only be awarded to delegates presenting posters. Registration fees will be waived for those awarded a bursary."

    The 10th International Paleolimnology Symposium - June 25-29, 2006, Duluth, Minnesota, USA Abstract submission deadline: 1st of April, 2006. Regular registration will close on May 20; It will still be possible to register as a walk-on at the Symposium at a higher rate.

    The British Geomorphological Research Group 2006 Annual Conference - June 28-30, 2006, Loughborough University, UK "Geomorphology and Earth System Science". The deadline for submission of abstracts is Friday December 23rd, 2005.

    AMQUA/USNC-INQUA Workshop: Teaching Climate Change: Lessons from the Past - August 14 (evening)-August 15, 2006, Bozeman, Montana, USA.

    The 2006 Biennial AMQUA Meeting - August 17-20, 2006, Bozeman, Montana, USA
    "Ocean/Atmosphere Interactions and Continental Consequences: Environmental Forecasting from the Quaternary Sciences". Also, pre and post meeting fieldtrips.

    Quaternary Research Association, 5th International Postgraduate Symposium - August 29-September 1st, 2006, Edinburgh, Scotland

    Second International Symposium on Biomolecular Archaeology - September 7-9, 2006, Stockholm, Sweden

    Managing Drought and Water Scarcity in Vulnerable Environments: Creating a Roadmap for Change in the United States - 18-20 September 2006, Longmont, Colorado

    GV International Conference 2006 and 96th Annual Meeting of the Geologische Vereinigung e. V. (GV) Potsdam, September 25 – 29, 2006. Shaping the Earth's Surface: Dynamics and Changing Environments <>. Abstracts will now be accepted until June 09, 2006.

    SR2A 2006 workshop on Synchrotron Radiation in Art and Archaeology - September 27-29, 2006, Berlin, Germany Deadline for the submission of abstracts is July 1, 2006.

    American Geophysical Union - December 11-15, 2006, San Francisco, CA, USA <>
    Session NS09: Applied Geophysics (Near-Surface Geophysics)
    Session PA02: Educating the public about science through the media: Lessons learned and ways forward
    Session PP12: The Driver of Quaternary Climate Change: Tropics Versus High Latitudes
    Session PP13: Past Climate Variability From the Last Glacial Maximum to the Holocene
    Session V16: Tephra Dispersal and Sedimentation: Field Studies, Modeling, and Hazard Assessment

    American Meteorology Society (AMS) 87th Annual Meeting - January 14 – 18, 2007, San Antonio, TX
    “Bridging the Studies of Weather and Climate.” <>

    AMS Forum: Climate Variations and Change Manifested by Changes in Weather
    AMS Forum: Climate Aspects of Hydrometeorology
    21st Conference on Hydrology
    19th Conference on Climate Variability and Change 16th Conference on Applied Climatology
    11th Symposium on Integrated Observing and Assimilation Systems for the Atmosphere, Oceans, and Land Surface (IOAS-AOLS)
    Symposium on Connections between Mesoscale Processes and Climate Variability

    The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Annual Meeting - February 15-19, 2007, San Francisco, CA
    "Communicating and Learning About Global Climate Change: An Event for Teachers, Students, and Other Communicators and Learners", Sunday, 18 February 2007, 1:15 p.m. - 5:30 p.m. <>

    The Science of Climate Change: A Discussion of the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (Working Group 1) March 1-2, 2007, The Royal Society (London)
    < > "This meeting is free to attend but pre-registration online is essential."

    Symposium on Time in Karst, Karst Research Institute ZRC SAZU (Slovenia) & Karst Waters Institute (United States) - March 14 to March 18, 2007, Postojna, Slovenia
    Special opportunity is given to early-stage researchers (with less than 10 years of working experiences since gaining the diploma). They can apply for the Marie Curie Grant covering the living expenses, travel costs and registration fee. The deadline for the application for Grant is November 1, 2006.

    24th annual Visiting Scholar Conference, The Center for Archaeological Investigations, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale - March 23- 24, 2007
    "The Archaeology of Anthropogenic Environments." Abstract deadline: November 27, 2006.

    Southern African Society for Quaternary Research (SASQUA) XVII Biennial Congress - April 11-13, 2007, Umgeni Valley Nature Reserve, Howick, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
    "Understanding environmental change: The contribution of Quaternary hindsight to future sustainability". A scholar information workshop will be held on Tuesday 10 April.
    Contact details:
    Organizing Committee; SASQUA 2007, c/o Council for Geoscience, P.O. Box 900, Pietermaritzburg, 3200, South Africa
    Dr Greg Botha:, Rebekah Grow:

    European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2007 - April 15-20, 2007, Vienna, Austria
    <> Deadline for Receipt of Abstracts: 15 January 2007.
    CL16/GD14 East African geodynamics, climate and evolution (co-organized with GD) (co-listed in TS & SSP)

    Annual Meeting of GSA's Cordilleran Section, May 4-6, 2007l, Western Washington University, Bellingham, Washington
    <> Theme Session 4. The Little Ice Age in Western North America

    Environmental Change Research Centre, UCL - 16th May 2007, London, UK. "Climate Change and Aquatic Ecosystems in the UK: Science, Policy and Management". The meeting is sponsored by the Environment Agency, FBA and the European Commission and is organised by Professor Rick Battarbee, Dr Martin Kernan and Heather Binney. <>

    53rd Midwest Friends of the Pleistocene Field Conference - May 18-20, Oshkosh, Wisconsin
    <> Please note that registration will be limited to the first 100 people who return the registration form with payment.

    AGU 2007 Joint Assembly - May 22-25, 2007, Acapulco, Mexico
    Special Union Session on Drought and the Americas Online Submission Deadline - 1 March 2007 at 2359 UT.

    CANQUA meeting - June 4-8, 2007, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada March 13, 2007 – deadline for submission of conference abstracts. Special Sessions.

    Information Resources for Quaternary Research

    Quaternary Journals

    Boreas <>: 1972- ; quarterly; ISSN 0300-9483; publisher Taylor & Francis A S

    Cainozoic Research (merged from Tertiary Research and Mededelingen van de Werkgroep voor Tertiaire en Kwartaire Geologie = Contributions to Tertiary and Quaternary Geology) <>: 2001-; semiannual (twice a year); ISSN 1570-0399; publisher Tertiary Research Group (Great Britain); Werkgroep voor Tertiaire en Kwartaire Geologie

    Climatic Change <>; 1977- ; irregular; ISSN 0165-0009, Kluwer

    Cuaternario y Geomorfologia (AEQU and SEG): <>; 1987- ; AEQU & SEG; indices 1987-2001: <>

    Di si ji yan jiu = Quaternary sciences; 1989- ; bimonthly (formerly quarterly); ISSN 1001-7410; Ke xue chu ban she (Beijing)

    Eiszeitalter und Gegenwart: Jahrbuch der Deutschen Quartärvereinigung <>; 1951- ; annual; ISSN 0424-7116; Verlag Hohenlihesche Buchhanklung

    Estudos do quaternário: revista da Associação Portuguesa para o Estudo do Quaternário = Quaternary Studies: Journal of the Portuguese Association for Quaternary Research: 1997- ; biennial; ISSN 0874-0801; tables of contents on association web pages. <>

    Geographie Physique et Quaternaire (Published as Revue Canadienne de Géographie from 1947-63 and as La Revue de Géographie de Montréal from 1964-1976): 1977-; three times per year; ISSN 0705-7199; Presses de l'Universite de Montreal; some full text via <>.

    Hai yang di zhi yu di si ji di zhi = Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology; 1983-; quarterly; OCLC 9591336; Di zhi kuang chan bu hai yang di zhi yan jiu suo

    The Holocene <>; 1991- ; 6 times per year; ISSN 0959-6836; Arnold Publishers

    Journal of Quaternary Science; JQS <>; 1986- ; bimonthly plus 2 additional issues; ISSN 0267-8179; Wiley Interscience

    Mededelingen van de Werkgroep voor Tertiaire en Kwartaire Geologie =
    Contributions to Tertiary and Quaternary Geology
    ; 1964-2000; quarterly; ISSN 0165-280X; Werkgroep voor Tertiaire en Kwartaire Geologie. Merged with Tertiary Research to become Cainozoic Research.

    Paleoceanography <>; 1986- ; quarterly; ISSN 0883-8305; American Geophysical Union

    Quaternaire: began in 1964 as the Bulletin de l'AFEQ, the title was changed to Quaternaire in 1990 <>; quarterly; 1990- ; ISSN 1142-2904; Maison de la géologie

    Quaternary International (The Journal of the International Union for Quaternary Research) <>; 1989- ; monthly plus one; ISSN 1040-6182; Elsevier. Free titles, authors and abstracts of articles:

    Quaternary Research (unofficial outlet of AMQUA) <>; 1970- ; bimonthly; ISSN 0033-5894; Academic Press.

    Quaternary Science Reviews <>; 1982- ; 24 per year; ISSN 0277-3791; Pergamon Press/Elsevier; Free titles, authors and abstracts of articles:

    Radiocarbon <>; 1961- ; 3 per year; ISSN 0033-8222; University of Arizona, Dept. of Geosciences

    Other Major Journals Containing Quaternary Information

    American Journal of Science; 1818- ; monthly; ISSN 0002-9599; Kline Geology Laboratory

    BALTICA <>; BALTICA yearbooks were published between 1963-1982 followed by a 7-year hiatus, and then reinstated in 1994. BALTICA is published biannually since 2004, and is sponsored by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Lithuania. BALTICA is peer-reviewed and "publishes papers within the field of geoscience dealt with the Baltic Sea and its cachment area. Particular emphasis is given to the history of the Baltic Sea, shore morphology and dynamics, Quaternary geology, climate and ecosystem change, palaeogeography, environmental geology, as well as tectonics, sedimentology and surface processes. The aim is to solve geoscientific problems through the integration of a wide range of modern scientific methods." ISSN: 0067-3064. Full articles available online at no charge since 2002, and abstracts since 1994.

    Earth and Planetary Science Letters <>; 1966- ; semimonthly; ISSN 0012-821x; Elsevier

    Geological Society of America Bulletin <>; 1889- ; monthly; ISSN 0016-7606; GSA

    Geology <>; 1973- ; monthly; ISSN 0091-7613; GSA

    Geomorphology <>; 1987- ; monthly; ISSN 0169-555x; Elsevier. Free titles, authors and abstracts of articles:

    Glacial Geology and Geomorphology; A Journal of the British Geomorphological Research Group <>; <>1996- ; irregular; ISSN 1085-0554; British Geomorphological Research Group

    Global and Planetary Change
    <>; Elsevier; 1988- ; monthly; ISSN 0921-8181; Elsevier

    The Island Arc <>; Published on behalf of the Geological Society of Japan in association with the Japan Association for Quaternary Research, Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, the Palaeontological Society of Japan and the Society of Resource Geology; quarterly

    Journal of Glaciology; 1947- ; 3 times per year; ISSN 0022-1430; British Glaciological Society

    Journal of Paleolimnology <>; 1988- ; 8 times per year; ISSN 0921-2728; Kluwer

    Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology <>; 1965- ; 54 times per year (2003); ISSN 0031-0182; Elsevier

    Permafrost and Periglacial Processes <>; 1990- ; quarterly; ISSN 1045-6740; Wiley

    Science <>; older volumes available via JSTOR <>; 1883- ; weekly; ISSN 0036-8075; American Association for the Advancement of Science

    Nature <>; 1869- ; weekly; ISSN 0028-0836; Nature Publishing Group

    Virtual Journal of Geobiology <>; 2002- ; monthly; Elsevier

    Also, see journals for the following subdisciplines:

    Newsletters, Reports, & Bulletins

    Alaska Quaternary Center Newsletter, 1900s-?; irregular; OCLC 25491743; Alaska Quaternary Center (Fairbanks)

    Alaska Quaternary Group Newsletter; 1900s-1980s; irregular; OCLC 42302074; University of Alaska Museum (Fairbanks)

    Bulletin de liaison. Association Senegalaise Pour L'Etude Du Quaternaire de L'Ouest Africain, 1974- ?; semiannual (twice a year); ISSN: 0304-5854; Chiefly French, some English; Dakar.

    International Association of Geomorphologists; newsletter is published in the journal Geomorphology (Elsevier), both print and online. It is also available free on the society website <> from volume 12 (3), 1995 to present.

    Quaternary Australasia (QA); official journal and newsletter of the Australasian Quaternary Association; <>; published twice a year; ISSN 0811-0433; formerly Australian Quaternary Newsletter; twice per year: 1973-1980 as Australian Quaternary Newsletter; 1983 - as Quaternary Australasia; indexes on the web; full text for 1995-1998

    Quaternary Newsletter; 1900s- ; three issues per year; ISSN 0143-2826; Quaternary Research Association (Great Britain)

    Quaternary Perspectives; newsletter of the International Union for Quaternary Research (INQUA) - (formerly The Quaternary Perspective ISSN 0965-1357); <>; <>; published twice per year; ISSN 0965-1357; Elsevier

    Quaternary Geologist & Geomorphologist; newsletter of the Quaternary Geology and Geomorphology Division of the Geological Society of America; <>; 1900s- ; published in Fall and Spring online; OCLC 38987592; GSA

    Quaternary Times; newsletter of the American Quaternary Association (AMQUA); <>; semiannual

    Il Quaternario (AIQUA); semiannual; ISSN 0394-3356

    Raña; news bulletin of AEQUA (Spanish Association for Quaternary Research) and SEG (Sociedad Española de Geomorfología); information: <>

    AFEQ Newsletter (Association Française pour l'Etude du Quaternaire); quarterly; there is also a news section on the association Web site: <>

    Geographie Physique et Quaternaire (CANQUA Newsletter); biannual; some recent issues on the association website <>

    IQUA Newsletter (Irish Quaternary Association); <>; twice a year (latest available on the association website)

    SASQUA Newsletter; <>

    BelaQUA (Belarus) news items are published in the journal Lithosphere twice a year.

    ABEQUA (Brazilian Association for Quaternary Studies) Information Bulletins are posted on the Web <> or <>

    SASQUA Newsletter (Southern African Association for Quaternary Research); <>

    IAG Newsletter; <>

    Monographic Series, Irregularly Published Series, and Ceased Series

    Circular; 1900s; irregular; OCLC 12345986; Quaternary Research Association

    Daiyonki Kenkyu = The Quaternary Research; 1957-?; irregular; ISSN 0418-2642; Nihon Daiyonki Gakkai (Kyoto)

    Developments in Quaternary Science; Elsevier <>; Series Editor: J. van der Meer; ISSN 1571-0866

    Eiszeitalter und Gegenwart (Ice Age and Present) <>; 1951- ; yearbook (annual); ISSN 0424-7116; DEUQUA

    Glaciology and Quaternary Geology; 1900s- ; OCLC: 32557121; Dordrecht: Riedel

    Lubbock Lake Landmark Quaternary Research Center Series; 1989- ; irregular; OCLC 23377508; Museum of Texas Tech University (Lubbock, TX)

    Modern Quaternary Research in Southeast Asia; 1974; irregular; ISSN 0168-6151; Balkema

    Monografías AEQUA <>; 1989- ; irregular (3, so far); AEQUA

    Quartär; Jahrbuch für Erforschung des Eiszeitalters und der Steinzeit; Annuaire pour l'Etude du Quaternaire et de l'Age de Pierre; Annual for the Study of the Pleistocene and associated Stone Age cultures; Annali di Ricerche sul Quaternario e sull' età della Pietra; 1938-2001; OCLC: 5947506; Bonn, L. Röhrscheid Verlag

    Quaternary Geology Bulletin; 1985- ; irregular; OCLC 15431365; Geological Survey Headquarters (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia )

    The Quaternary of Colombia = El Cuaternario de Colombia; published by Universiteit van Amsterdam; 1900?-?; consists of articles reprinted from various journals; OCLC 5199968

    Quaternary of South America and Antarctic Peninsula; 1983-?; annual; ISSN 0168-6305; A.A. Balkema

    Quaternary Proceedings; 1991; irregular; ISSN 0963-1895; Quaternary Research Association

    Quaternary Research in Canada = Les Recherches sur le quaternaire au Canada; 1968-1977; OCLC43333247; National Research Council of Canada

    Quaternary Studies; 1981- ; irregular; ISSN 0261-9784; City of London Polytechnic, Polytechnic of North London > University of North London > London Metropolitan University (8 libraries)

    Quaternary Studies in Poland; 1979-; annual; ISSN: 0137-9798; Polish Scientific Publishers

    Technical Report (Succeeding Title: Quaternary Sciences Center Technical Report; 1043-335X ); 1960s-1980s; ISSN: 0897-6376; Desert Research Institute, University of Nevada

    Yukon Quaternary Geology; 1996- ; OCLC 42326693; Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, Exploration and Geological Services Division (Whitehorse)

    Z badan czwartorzedu w Polsce = Quaternary researches in Poland = Issledovaniia po chetverichnomu periodu v Pol’she; 1950s-?; OCLC 34638499; Instytut Geologiczny (Poland)

    Zhongguo di si ji yan jiu = Quaternaria Sinica; 1958-? ; ISSN 0529-6501; Ke xue chu ban she

    Field Trip Guide Books

    Field Trip Guidebooks, North America (Searchable Database) <>; AGI/GSIS

    Other; Full Text

    FOP Songbook <> <>

    National Sea Grant Library - Searchable database and many free, full-text documents (subjects include oceanography, marine education, aquaculture, fisheries, limnology, coastal zone management, marine recreation and law). <>

    Papers from the 6th International Symposium on Paleopedology

    Radiocarbon IntCal04 (International Standard for Calibration)
    IntCal04 Table of Contents

    Current Awareness

    Elsevier Journals - titles, authors, and abstracts of articles

    Geomorphology: <>
    Quaternary International: <>
    Quaternary Research: <>
    Quaternary Science Reviews: <>
    Others: go to <>

    Elsevier Free Tables of Contents Email Alert <>

    Current Contents Database (subscription only)


    ABEQUA (Brazil): biennial
    AEQUA (Spain): biennial
    Iberian (Spain and Portugal): every four years
    AFEQ (France): annual with field trips
    AIQUA (Italy): conventions, seminars, work groups
    AMQUA (USA): biennial with field trips
    APEQ (Portugal): annual
    AQUA (Australia): biennial with field trips; joint sponsor of other meetings
    CANQUA (Canada): biennial
    DEUQUA (Germany): biennial with field trips (field guides published)
    IQUA (Ireland): annual with field trips (field guides published; first in 1978)
    QRA (United Kingdom): annual with field trips; joint sponsorship of others
    GSA Quaternary Geology and Geomorphology Division; annual at GSA meeting

    Membership Directories

    Databases, Data Sets & Maps

    Paleoclimatology Data Search (WDC/NOAA)

    A Dictionary of Quaternary Acronyms and Abbreviations, Canadian Association of Palynologists

    Alaska Geospatial Climate Animations of Monthly Temperature and Precipitation <>

    AQC Quaternary Research Geodatabase <>
    Purpose: To link Quaternary research to field sites. Contains field locations and citation.

    Australian Quaternary Data Archive (AQUADATA)

    Bibliography of Canadian Geomorphology <>, "a searchable database dedicated to identifying publications and presentations describing the practice and application of geomorphology in Canada." The Canadian Geomorphology Research Group.

    Biota Australis Terrestris: Subantarctic and Antarctic Biota, a searchable database for the biology of Antarctica and the Subantarctic Islands, North Dakota State University Geosciences Dept.

    BUGS Coleopteran Ecology Package <>: a "database of habitat, distribution and fossil record data for beetles (Coleoptera). The package has a series of interfaces which help in the recording of species abundance data, looking up of species, and the compilation of beetle based environmental reconstructions"; data for over 5400 taxa, mainly European beetles; website by Paul and Phil Buckland.

    Catalog of Life <>

    Coleoptera Databases and Cataloges <>

    Data files from the Deep-Sea Drilling Project (DSDP), University of Arizona

    Datasets for Soils and Controls on Soil Formation (available for download) <>

    Database of Species Used in Dendrochronology <>

    Deglaciation of North America; Dyke, A S; Moore, A; Robertson, L. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1574, 2003; 2 sheets <> (free download)

    Dendrochronology Database <> Bibliography of Dendrochronology, by Henri D. Grissino-Mayer; currently contains over 8200 references dating back to 1737.

    Dust Deposition in Nevada, California, and Utah, 1984-2002 <>

    Drought Monitor, US <>

    Earth Science World Earth Data (Climate) <>

    European Pollen Database <>

    Geological Survey of Canada Data Products <>

    Glacier Photograph Collection, NSIDC <> - matches photos of glaciers taken as early as the 1890s with recent photos taken at the same physical location.

    Global Climate Change, Research Explorer <>

    Global Change Master Directory, NASA <>

    Global Network of Isotopes in Precipitation <>

    Groundwater Resources Maps of Eurorpe <>

    Illinois Online Maps and Data <>

    Index Animalium - Charles Davies Sherborn - from Smithsonian Institution <>

    Index to Organism Names - Thomson <>

    International Multiproxy Paleofire Database <>

    International Paleoclimate Databank <>

    Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) Temperature and Precipitation Maps of the USA <>

    Modern and Fossil Pollen Data (World Data Center for Paleoclimatology) <> FAQ <>

    Mountain Research Initiative Database <> Global change in mountain regions

    National Archive of Marine Seismic Surveys (NAMSS) <>

    Neotropical Pollen Database <>

    New Zealand Fossil Spores and Pollen: An Illustrated Catalogue <>

    Nomenclator Zoologicus - Sheffield Airey Neave, ed. - The Zoological Society of London <>

    North American Drought Variability Atlas - NOAA/NESDIS <>

    North American Packrat Midden Database (NOAA) <>
    USGS/NOAA North American Packrat Midden Database Data Dictionary <>

    North American Pollen Database (NAPD) <>

    Online Climate Data - NOAA <>

    Plants National Database <>

    Quaternary Biostratigraphy Lab Data from Sediment Cores in Canada <

    Quaternary Faults and Fold Database of the United States (USGS) <>

    Quaternary Geology Data (Pollen) <>

    Quaternary Mammals of Northern North America and Greenland <

    Quaternary Mollusc Collection, Canada <

    Review and Atlas of Paleovegetation <>

    Species 2000 <>

    SWGEONET <>Server for processing and delivery of georectified Aster satellelite image data for the Southwestern US and northern Mexico. See also

    Tree of Life <>

    USGS Global Change Research Data Sets <>

    UW Quaternary Isotope Laboratory Data Sets

    Weatherbase <> Weather records, averages and more for 16,439 cities worldwide

    World Data Center for Paleoclimatology - NOAA Paleoclimatology Data


    C2 1.4 - program for analysing and visualising palaeoenvironmental data by Steve Juggins <>

    World Data Center for Paleoclimatology Software <>; includes:
       AnalySeries (time series analysis tool),
       Arand (time series and spectral analysis tool),
       C2 (software for developing transfer functions or plotting stratigraphic diagrams),
       HIBAL (Hydrologic Isotopic Balance Model for Paleolake Systems),
       PaleoVu (a browse and visualization tool for paleoclimate and paleoecological data),
       PalyHelp (programs for solving and testing pollen concentration data),
       RedFit (estimates red-noise spectra from unevenly spaced time series),
       ShowTime (animation that displays distribution through space and time of individual pollen taxa),
       SiteSeer (for browsing the contents of a pollen database),
       and others.
    Radiocarbon: Links to radiocarbon calibration software programs (BCal, CAL25, CALIB, OxCal).

    Bibliographies on the Web

    Bibliography of Canadian Geomorphology <> (see also Recent Publications in Canadian Geomorphology <>)

    Bibliography of Dendrochronology <>
    An archive of printed documents related to tree-ring research; scope is worldwide; compiled by H.D. Grissino-Mayer; back to 1737; over 8200 records

    Bibliography of Quaternary PalæoEntomology (QBIB) <>; compiled by
    P.C. Buckland, G. R. Coope & J. P. Sadler; browsable, but not yet searchable (other than browser find function); long download time; part of BUGS Ecology Package.

    Biota Australis Terrestris <>; "A searchable catalogue of about 10,000 records of terrestrial and freshwater organisms which inhabit Antarctica, the subantarctic islands of the Southern Ocean bordering the Antarctic Convergence, and the more temperate islands in the South Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans"; by Allan C. Ashworth & W. Dean Vestal, North Dakota State University.

    Geomorphology Bibliographies <>

    The Lake File <>; "The Lake File is an on-line database and bibliography for postglacial palaeoenvironmental sites, focussing mainly on the northern Great Plains, in the northern US and central Canada"; by Alwynne B. Beaudoin; see also <> and <>

    Scape File <>; "An on-line bibliography of project-related publications and resources"; "the Study of Cultural Adaptations in the Prairie Ecozone...The project is examining past Human-environmental interactions within the Canadian Prairies Ecozone"; by Alwynne B. Beaudoin.

    Reference Resources

    A Dictionary of Quaternary Acronyms and Abbreviations <>


    AltaVista Image Search <>

    Canadian Landscapes Photo Collection <>

    Earth Science World ImageBank (AGI) <>

    Entomology Image Gallery <> Iowa State University

    Geologic/Geographic Image Library <>University of California, Berkeley

    Geology by Light Plane <> Louis J. Maher, Jr.

    Geomorphology CD-ROM; information: <>; 870 images of landforms and processes; edited by Mike Slattery.

    Glacier Photograph Collection, NSIDC <> - matches photos of glaciers taken as early as the 1890s with recent photos taken at the same physical location.

    Google Image Search <>

    Image Gallery (Glaciers) <> Bill Shilts, ISGS

    Images Canada <> Natural Resources Canada

    Maine's Surficial Geology, Virtual Tour <> Maine Geological Survey

    National Archive of Geological Photographs <> British Geological Survey

    Picturing Science <> USGS

    Satellite Image Atlas of Glaciers of the World <> USGS Global Change Program

    Visible Earth <> NASA

    Teaching Resources

    Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE)
    Earth Science World - from AGI (award winning website)
    On the Cutting Edge - Teaching resources for geoscience faculty; sponsored by NAGT/DLESE

    E-Discussion Lists (Listservs)

    AMQUA list <> This list is an announcement-only list. Its purpose is to inform AMQUA members of important AMQUA news and activities. This list and the AMQUA Web site are the major modes of communication with AMQUA members. Non-members may subscribe to the list.

    AQUAlist <>

    CANQUA listserv/ Quaternary Listserver: (subscribe quaternary your name)


    Charophyte-L: <> (subscribe charophyte-L your name) [Intended as a discussion forum for any topic related to Charophytes sensu Charales. Anyone who has interest in living or fossil Charophytes is invited to subscribe and to participate.]


    Palynology Listserver: (subscribe polpal-l your-real-name)

    PollenID: ;

    Quaternary Listserver: listserv@CLIFFY.UCS.MUN.CA (subscribe quaternary your name)

    Radiocarbon Dating Listserver: (SUBSCRIBE C14-L Your Name)

    Sitka (Northwest Coast Researchers List) <>

    Tilia Listserver: (subscribe tilia-l <your-full-name>)

    Publications Pages

    AQUA Web pages <>

    DEUQUA Web pages <>

    Billboards for Questions and Employment

    AQUA Web pages <>

    Links to Other Resources on the Web

    AMQUA <>

    AQUA <>

    CANQUA <>

    QRA <>

    Science and Technology Sources on the Internet:< Global Warming and Climate Change Science >, by K.T.L. Vaughan

    Online Indexes (Many by subscription only)

    Most Useful

    GeoRef: American Geological Institute <> (DIALOG Bluesheet description)

    GeoBase: Elsevier Science <> (DIALOG Bluesheet description)

    Current Contents: Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) <> (DIALOG Bluesheet description)

    Web of Science/Web of Knowledge: Science Citation Index, ISI <>

    WorldCat: <> WorldCat is the combined union catalog of more than 1500 OCLC member libraries worldwide, with over 52 million records representing materials in all formats. Includes records for materials in 400 languages


    Biological Abstracts (BIOSIS):
    <> Produced by Biological Abstracts, Inc. Identifies articles from journals in biology and the biomedical sciences. It is one of the primary databases for life sciences, providing citations and abstracts to articles in over 5,000 research journals in the life sciences, including the fields of biochemistry, biology, plant biology, cell biology, medicine, microbiology, molecular biology, physiology, and zoology. Is a subset of BIOSIS Previews.

    Field Trip Guidebooks of North America (free) <>

    Ingenta: <> Browse or search publications

    Meteorological and Geoastrophysical Abstracts <>

    National Sea Grant Library - Searchable database and many free, full-text documents (subjects include oceanography, marine education, aquaculture, fisheries, limnology, coastal zone management, marine recreation and law). <>

    Science Direct (Elsevier Online Journals) <>

    SpringerLink <>

    JSTOR <>

    Compendex /Engineering Village: Engineering Information, Inc. <>

    Conference Papers Index:<> Cambridge Scientific Abstracts

    Environmental Sciences and Pollution Management: <>
    Cambridge Scientific Abstracts

    National Technical Information Service (NTIS): Covers U.S. government sponsored research and development, and technical reports; accessed through commercial vendors <>. It is also possible to search titles and topics of the NTIS database since 1990 without charge <>, although most records searched via the free service do not include abstracts.

    Scirus: <> A science-specific search engine; returns journal results and Web results

    PapersFirst: Identifies papers from congresses, conferences, expositions, workshops, symposia, and meetings

    ProQuest Digital Dissertations: <>

    Canadian Theses and Dissertations (free index): <>; Full Text (Theses Canada Portal)

    Proceedings First: <>; OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

    USGS Publications Warehouse (free index): <>; many with links to full text; searchable

    Zoological Record (DIALOG Bluesheet description)

    Books by Region

    General & World:

    Charlesworth, J.K., 1957, The Quaternary Era, with special reference to its glaciation: London, Edward Arnold Ltd., 2 volumes.

    Ehlers, J., and Gibbard, P.L., 1996, Quaternary and Glacial Geology: New York, John Wiley & Sons, 578 p. ISBN: 0471955760.

    Ehlers, J., and Gibbard, P.L., eds., 2004, Quaternary glaciations: Extent and chronology (Developments in quaternary science): Amsterdam, Elsevier, Pt. 1. Europe -- Pt. 2. North America -- Pt. 3. South America, Asia, Africa, Australasia, Antarctica. ISBN: 0444514627.

    Lowe, J.J., and Walker, M.J.C., 1997, Reconstructing Quaternary Environments, 2nd ed.: Essex, U.K., Addison Wesley Longman Limited, 446 p. (ISBN: 0582101662) [excellent bibliography].

    Morrison, R.B., and Wright, H.E., Jr., eds., 1968, Means of correlation of Quaternary successions: International Association for Quaternary Research VII Congress Proceedings, v.8 (Salt Lake City, University of Utah Press), 631 p.


    Fulton, R.J., 1989, Quaternary Geology of Canada and Greenland, in Geology of Canada no. 1
    Volume K-1 of the Geological Society of America's Geology of North America series (Vol. 2 consists of 5 maps): Ottawa, Geological Survey of Canada, 2 volumes (ISBN: 0660131145).

    Ritchie, J.C., 1987, Postglacial Vegetation of Canada: Cambridge/New York, Cambridge University Press, 178 p. (ISBN: 0521308682)


    Radtke, U. and Schellmann, G., 2004, The Marine Quaternary of Barbados: Germany, Geographisches Institut der Universitat zu Koln, 137 p. (ISBN: 04541294). [Purchase from: Ulrich Radtke, Geographisches Institut, Universitat zu Koln, Albertus-Magnus-Platz, D050923 Koln, Germany (Fax: 49 221 470 5124;


    Rankama, K., 1965/1967, The Quaternary, volumes 1 & 2: Interscience Publishers, New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. [The Geologic Systems Series]

    Volume 1:
    The Quaternary of Denmark
    The Quaternary of Norway
    The Quaternary of Sweden
    The Quaternary of Finland
    Volume 2:
    The Quaternary of the British Isles
    The Quaternary of France
    The Quaternary of Germany
    The Quaternary of the Netherlands


    Ehlers, J., Kozarski, S., and Gibbard, P., eds., 1995, Glacial deposits in north-east Europe: Rotterdam/Brookfield, Balkema, p. 105-124.
    Ehlers, J. and Gibbard, P.L., eds., 2004, Extent and chronology of glaciations, v.1 (Europe): Amsterdam/Oxford, Elsevier, p. 225-244.


    Choffat, P., 1885, Recueil de monographies stratigraphiques sur le syste`me cre´tacique du Portugal: Lisbonne, Impr. de l’Acade´mie royale des sciences, 2 v.

    South Africa:

    Partridge, T.C., and Maud. R.R., eds., 2000, The Cenozoic of Southern Africa: Oxford/New York, Oxford University Press, 406 p. (ISBN: 0195125304).

    South America:

    Clapperton, C.M., 1993, Quaternary Geology and Geomorphology of South America: Amsterdam/New York, Elsevier, 779 p. (ISBN: 0444882472)

    South Atlantic:

    Hsu, K.J., and Weissert, H.J., eds., 1985, South Atlantic paleoceanography: Cambridge/New York, Cambridge University Press, 350 p.(ISBN: 0521266092).

    Wefter, G., Berger, W.H., Siedler, G., and Webb, D.J., eds., 1996, The South Atlantic: Present and past circulation: Berlin/New York, Springer-Verlag, 644 p. (ISBN: 0540620796).

    United States:

    Gillespie, A.R., Porter, S.C., and Atwater, B.F., eds., 2004, Quaternary period in the United States: Amsterdam; London, Elsevier (Developments in Quaternary science ; 1), 584 p. (ISBN: 0444514716; 0444514708)

    New Books Related to Quaternary Research


    Gornitz, V., 2009, Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments: Springer. Also available online.


    Giresse, P., 2008, Tropical and sub-tropical West Africa; Marine and continental changes during the late Quaternary: Developments in Quaternary Science 10; Amsterdam, Elsevier, 395 p.

    Grapes, R.H., Oldroyd, D.R., and Grigelis, A., 2008, History of Geomorphology and Quaternary Geology: Geological Society of London SP301.

    McCabe, M., 2008, Glacial geology and geomorphology; The landscapes of Ireland: Edinburgh, Scotland, Dunedin Academic Press, Ltd., 274 p.

    Rabassa, J., 2008, The Late Cenozoic of Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego: Developments in Quaternary Science 11; Amsterdam, Elsevier, 513 p.


    Anderson, D.E., Goudie, A.S., and Parker, A.G., 2007, Global environments through the Quaternary: Exploring environmental change, revised 3rd ed.: Oxford University Press, 359 p. (ISBN: 0198742266).

    Brooks, S.J., Langdon, P.G., and Heiri, O., 2007, The identification and use of Palaearctic Chironomidae larvae in palaeoecology: Quaternary Research Association Technical Guide 10, 276 p. (Order form and chapters).

    Bush, M.B., 2007, Tropical rainforest responses to climatic change: UK, Praxis Publishing (Springer), 396 p. (ISBN: 3540239081)

    Edwards, K.J., and Bird, M., 2007, Holocene environmental change; Lessons from Small Oceanic Islands: Earth and Envirnmental Science; Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (Special Issue), v. 98, n. 1, 125 p.

    Elias, S.A., ed., 2007, Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science: Elsevier, 4 volumes. (ISBN: 9780444519191 set)

    Gruszka, B., van Loon, A.J., and Zielinski, T., eds., 2006, Quaternary geology: Bridging the gap between east and west: Sedimentary Geology (Special Issue), v. 193, n. 1-4, 231 p. (ISSN: 0037-0738)

    Machette, M.N., Coates, M-M., and Johnson, M.L., 2007, 2007 Rocky Mountain Section Friends of the Pleistocene Field Trip—Quaternary geology of the San Luis Basin of Colorado and New Mexico, September 7–9, 2007: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007–1193, 197 p. <>

    Punt, W., Hoen, P.P., Blackmore, S. Nilsson, S., and Le Thomas, A., 2007, Glossary of pollen and spore terminology: Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, v.143, n.1-2, p.1-81 (special issue).

    Sirocko, F., et al., eds., 2007, The climate of past interglacials: Developments in Quaternary science n. 7, Elsevier Science Publishing Company, 622 p. (ISBN: 0444529551).

    Van Aken, H.M., 2007, The oceanic thermohaline circulation: An introduction: Germany, Springer-Verlag, 325 p. (ISBN: 0387366377)


    Bose, M., and Lin, J.-C., eds., 2006, Morphodynamics and climate in Taiwan since the late Pleistocene (Quaternary International, v. 147): Amsterdam; Boston, Elsevier, 127 p. (ISSN: 1040-6182).

    Catto, N.R., 2006, Precipitation: Its influence on Quaternary events in eastern Asia (Quaternary International, v.
    144): Amsterdam; Boston, Elsevier, 100 p. (ISSN: 1040-6182).

    Dittmers, K.H., 2006, Late Weichselian to Holocene sedimentation in the inner Kara Sea: Qualification and
    quantification of processes = Sedimentationsprozesse in der inneren Kara-See (Spät-Weichsel bis Holozän) (Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung 523: Bremerhaven, Alfred-Wegener-Institut für Polar-und Meeresforschung .

    Ehlers, Eckart, and Krafft, Thomas, eds., 2006, Earth system science in the Anthropocene: Emerging Issues and Problems: Berlin; New York; Heidelberg, Springer, 267 p. (ISBN: 3540265880).

    Flannery, Tim, 2006, The Weather Makers: How man is changing the climate and what it means for life on earth: Atlantic Monthly Press, 381 p. (ISBN: 0871139359) (published in UK as The Weather Makers: The History and Future Impact of Climate Change: Allen Lane, ISBN: 0713999217; reviewed in Science 311:1379).

    German Advisory Council on Global Change, 2006, The Future Oceans – Warming Up, Rising High, Turning Sour: Berlin, WBGU, 110 p. (ISBN 3-936191-14-X). Printed version available at no charge at the Secretariat; also online

    Gibbons, A., 2006, The first human: The race to discover our earliest ancestors: Doubleday, 341 p. (ISBN: 0385512260) (reviewed in Science 313:920).

    Graymer, R.W., 2006, Map of Quaternary-active faults in the San Francisco Bay region: USGS, Scientific investigations map 2919 (ISBN: 1411309944) Access: .

    Johnson, C., 2006, Australia's mammal extinctions: A 50,000 year history: Cambridge University Press, 278 p. (ISBN: 0521686601)

    Knight, P.G., 2006, Glacier science and environmental change: UK, Blackwell Publishing, 527 p. (ISBN: 1405100184)

    Leng, M.J., ed., 2006, ISOtopes in PALaeoenvironmental reconstruction (ISOPAL): Earth-Science Reviews, v. 75, n. 1-4, p. 1-198 (special issue) (ISSN: 0012-8252).

    Leng, M.J., ed., 2006, Isotopes in palaeonenvironmental research: Springer, 307 p. (1402025033).

    Linden, Eugene, 2006, The winds of change: Climate, weather, and the destruction of civilizations: Simon and Schuster. ISBN: 0684863529.

    McCalpin, J., 2006, Quaternary faulting and soil formation on the county dump fault, Albuquerque, New Mexico: Socorro, NM, New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, 36 p. (ISBN: 1883905184) .

    Moran, E.F., 2006, People and nature: An introduction to human ecological relations: Blackwell Publishing, 218 p. (ISBN: 1405105712) (reviewed in Environmental Geology 50:934). [While not "Quaternary Research", this book addresses society's reluctance to confront the challenges of environmental issues such as limited resources and climate change. Written by an anthropologist/Environmental Scientist]

    Munroe, J.S., Laabs, B.J.C., and Carson, E.C., eds., 2006, Quaternary landscape change and modern process in western North America: Geomorphology, v. 75, n. 3-4, p. 281-478 (special issue) (ISSN: ISSN: 0169-555X).

    Olago, D.O., and Odada, E.O., 2006, Linking African palaeoenvironments and modern environments: Pages workshop (Quaternary International, v. 148): Amsterdam; Boston, Elsevier, 169 p. (ISSN: 1040-6182).

    Pearce, Fred, 2006, When the rivers run dry: Water - The defining crisis of the Twenty-First Century: Beacon Press, 336 p. (ISBN: 0807085723) (reviewed in Science 313:1046).

    Rudolph, M., 2006, Benthische Foraminiferenvergesellschaftungen als Anzeiger für spätquartäre ositionsänderungen der Fronten des Antarktischen Zirkumpolarstroms im Südatlantik = Benthic foraminiferal assemblages used as proxy to reconstruct late Quaternary migrations of the fronts of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current in the South Atlantic (Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung 522): Bremerhaven: Alfred-Wegener-Institut für Polar-und Meeresforschung, 151 p. (ISSN: 1618-3193).

    Sanso, F., and Gil, A.J., 2006, Geodetic deformation monitoring: From geophysical to engineering roles (IAG Symposium 131): Germany, Springer-Verlag, 306 p. (ISBN: 3540385959)

    Siebe, C., Macias, J.L., Aguirre-Diaz, G.J., 2006, Neogene-Quaternary continental margin volcanism:
    A perspective from México (Special paper 402): Boulder, CO, Geological Society of America, 329 p. (ISBN: 0813724023).

    TWM Media Group, 2006, Life in Cenozoic times (Videorecording 1 videodisc 17 min.): TMW Media Group.

    Van Kolfschoten, T., and Gerasimenko, N., 2006, The Ukraine Quaternary explored: The Middle and Upper
    Pleistocene of the middle Dnieper area and its importance for east-west European correlation (Quaternary International, v. 149): Amsterdam; Boston, Elsevier, 121 p. (ISSN: 1040-6182).

    Witter, R.C., Wentworth, C.M., Brooks, S.K., and Gans, K.D., 2006, Maps of Quaternary deposits and liquefaction susceptibility in the central San Francisco Bay region, California: English Internet Resource Map Computer File Menlo Park, Calif., USGS,

    Yim, W.W.-S., 2006, Quaternary sea-level changes: Contributions from the 32nd IGC (Quaternary International, v. 147): Amsterdam; Boston, Elsevier, 154 p., ISSN: 1040-6182.


    Armstrong, H.A., and Brasier, M.D., 2005, Microfossils, 2nd ed.: Blackwell Publishing, 304 p., ISBN: 0362052791 (reviewed in J. Quaternary Science 21(4):417-418).

    Atwater, Brian F., 2005, The orphan tsunami of 1700: Japanese clues to a parent earthquake in North America: Seattle, WA, University of Washington Press, 144 p., ISBN: 0295985356.

    Barton, N., 2005, Ice Age Britain, rev. ed.: London, B.T. Batsford, 140 p., ISBN: 0713488352.

    Bell, Martin, and Walker, M.J.C., 2005, Late Quaternary environmental change: Physical and human perspectives, 2nd ed.: Harlow, England; New York, Perarson/Prentice Hall, 348 p., ISBN: 0130333441.

    Bermingham, Eldredge, and Dick, Christopher W., 2005, Tropical rainforests : past, present & future: Chicago, IL, University of Chicago Press, 745 p., ISBN: 0226044661 (cloth) 0226044688 (pbk.)

    Bowen, Mark, 2005, Thin ice: Unlocking the secrets of climate in the world's highest mountains: Ausralia, John Macrae Books, 463 p., ISBN: 0805064435.

    Caseldine, C., et al, eds., 2005, Iceland: Modern processes and past environments (Developments in Quaternary Science 5): Amsterdam; Boston, Elsevier, 397 p.

    Cloetingh, Sierd, and Cornu, T.M.G., 2005, Neotectonics and Quaternary fault-reactivation in Europe's intraplate lithosphere: Amsterdam; Boston, Elsevier, 508 p., ISBN: 0080446876.

    Cox, John D., 2005, Climate crash: Abrupt climate change and what it means for our future: Washington, DC, Joseph Henry Press, 215 p., ISBN: 0309093120.

    Dickin, Alan P., 2005, Radiogenic Isotope Geology, 2nd ed.: Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, 492 p.

    Ellis, Richard, 2005, No turning back: The life and death of animal species: New York, Harper Perennial, 428 p., ISBN: 0060558040.

    Fouache, Eric, and Pavlopoulos, Kosmas, 2005, Sea level changes in eastern Mediterranean during Holocene: Indicators and human impacts: Berlin, Gebruder Borntraeger (Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie; Supplementband 137), 193 p., ISSN: 0044-2798.

    Fremling, Calvin R., 2005, Immortal river: The upper Mississippi in ancient and modern times: Madison, WI, University of Wisconsin Press, 429 p., ISBN: 0299202909.

    Hanson, Molly Ann, 2005, Pleistocene-Holocene transition in the greater Owens River system and other basins within the Great Basin, U.S.A.: Master's thesis. Utah, Dept. of Geography, University of Utah, 117 p.

    Head, Martin J., and Gibbard, Philip L., 2005, Early-Middle Pleistocene transitions: The land-ocean evidence: Bath, UK, The Geological Society (of London), 326 p., ISBN: 1862391815.

    Herget, Jürgen, 2005, Reconstruction of Pleistocene ice-dammed lake outburst floods in the Altai Mountains, Siberia: Geological Society of America Special Paper 386, 118 p., ISBN: 0813723868.

    Keates, S.G., and Pasveer, J.M., 2005, Quaternary research in Indonesia: Rotterdam, A.A. Balkema, 394 p.,
    ISBN: 9058096742.

    Konecny, Pavel, ed., 2005, Eurock 2005: Impact of human activity on geological environment: Proceedings: A.A. Balkema, 745 p.

    Krasheninnikov, Valerii Arkad’evich, and Hall, John Kendrick, 2005, Geological framework of the Levant: Jerusalem: Historical Productions-Hall, ISBN: 9657297028 (v. 1) 9657297036 (v. 2) (includes Quaternary).

    Leuroux. Marcel, 2005, Global warming: Myth or reality?: The erring ways of climatology: Berlin; New York; Heidelberg, Springer, 510 p. (ISBN: 354023909X)

    Low, Pak Sum, 2005, Climate change and Africa: Cambridge University Press, 369 p., ISBN: 0521836344).

    Mann, Paul, ed., 2005, Active tectonics and seismic hazards of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and offshore areas: Geological Society of America Special Paper 385, 299 p., ISBN: 081372385X.

    Martin, Paul S., 2005, Twilight of the mammoths: Ice age extinctions and the rewilding of America: Berkeley, CA, University of California Press, 250 p., ISBN: 0520231414.

    Martin, Robert A., and Barnosky, A.D., 2005 (Originally published: 1993), Morphological change in Quaternary mammals of North America: Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 427 p., ISBN: 0521020816.

    McKay, E. Donald III, et al., 2005, Quaternary deposits and history of the ancient Mississippi River Valley, north-central Illinois ; 51st Midwest Friends of the Pleistocene Field Trip, an ISGS centennial field trip, May 13-15, 2005, sponsored by Illinois State Geological Survey: Illinois State Geological Survey Open File 2005-7, 101 p.

    Morra, German, and Surge, Donna M., 2005, Isotopic and elemental tracers of Cenozoic climate change: Boulder, CO, Geological Society of America (Special paper 395), 70 p., ISBN: 0813723957.

    O'Connor, Terry, 2005, Biosphere to lithosphere: New studies in vertebrate taphonomy: Proceedings of the 9th conference of the International Council of Archaeozoology, Durham, August 2002: Oxford, Oxbow; Oakville, CT, David Brown Book Company, 154 p., ISBN: 1842171186.

    Peccerillo, Angelo, 2005, Plio-Quaternary volcanism in Italy: Petrology, geochemistry, geodynamics: Berlin; New York: Springer, 365 p., ISBN: 354025885X.

    Peters, Kenneth E., Peters, K.E., Walters, C.C., and Moldowan, J.M., 2005, The Biomarker Guide. Volume 1: Biomarkers and Isotopes in the Environment and Human History. Volume 2: Biomarkers and Isotopes in Petroleum Exploration and Earth History. 2nd ed.: New York, Cambridge University Press.

    Powell, Joseph, F., 2005, The first Americans: Race, evolution, and the origin of Native Americans: Cambridge/New York, Cambridge University Press, 268 p., ISBN: 0521823501 (hbk.), 0521530350 (pbk.).

    Rasmussen, T., Hastrup, Annette, and Thomsen, Erik, 2005, Lagoon to deep-water foraminifera and ostracods from the Plio-Pleistocene Kallithea Bay section, Rhodes, Greece: Fredericksburg, VA, Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research (Special Publication 39), 290 p.

    Ruddiman, W.F., 2005, Plows, plagues, and petroleum: How humans took control of climate: Princeton University Press, 216 p., ISBN: 0691121648 (reviewed in: Science 311:472; Geotimes. 51(3):49-50; The Leading Edge. 27(7):892; Nature. 438:165-166).

    Sarna-Wojcicki, Andrei M., et al., 2005, Tephra layers of Blind Spring Valley and related upper Pliocene and Pleistocene tephra layers, California, Nevada, and Utah : isotopic ages, correlation, and magnetostratigraphy: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1701, 63 p., ISBN: 0607971754. []

    Smout, T.C., MacDonald, A.R., and Watson, F., 2005, A history of the native woodlands of Scotland, 1500-1920: Edinburgh University Press, 434 p. ISBN: 0748612416.

    Trumpler, Charlotte, ed., 2005, The past from above: Aerial photographs of archaeological sites: Paul Getty Museum, 415 p. ISBN: 0712224781 (reviewed in Science 311:613).

    Tuffreau, Alain, 2005, Peuplements humains et variations environnementales au Quaternaire: Colloque de Poitiers (18-20 septembre 2000): Oxford, England, John and Erica Hedges, 150 p., ISBN: 1841713988 (Text in French with summaries in English and French; BAR international series 1352)

    Veth, Peter Marius,Smith, M.A., and Hiscock, P., 2005, Desert peoples: Archaeological perspectives: Malden, MA, Blackwell Pub., 308 p., ISBN: 1405100907.

    Walker, Mike, 2005, Quaternary Dating Methods: West Sussex, UK, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 286 p., ISBN 0470869267 (hb); 0470869275 (pb).


    Anderson, John B., and Fillon, R.H., eds., 2004, Late Quaternary stratigraphic evolution of the northern Gulf of Mexico margin: SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special publication no. 79, 311 p., ISBN: 1565760883.

    Baines, S.J., and Worden, R.H., eds., 2004, Geological storage of carbon dioxide: Geological Society of London, Special Publication 233, 255 p., ISBN: 1862391637.

    Barnosky, Anthony D., ed., 2004, Biodiversity response to climate change in the middle Pleistocene: The
    Procupine Cave fauna from Colorado: Berkeley, CA, University of California Press, 385 p., ISBN: 0520240820.

    Battarbee, Richard W., Gasse, F., and Stickley, C.E., 2004, Past climate variability through Europe and Africa (Developments in paleoenvironmental research, v. 6): Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Springer, 638 p., ISBN: 1402021208.

    Bennett, Sean, J., and Simon, Andrew, eds., 2004, Riparian vegetation and fluvial geomorphology: Washington, DC, American Geophysical Union (Water science and application ; 8).

    Benson, Larry V., 2004, The tufas of Pyramid Lake, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey circular 1267, 14 p.
    ISBN: 0607975555.

    Benton, M.J., 2004, Vertebrate paleontology, 3rd ed.:

    Beug, H.-J., 2004, Leitfaden der Pollenbestimmung fur Mitteleuropa und Angrenzende Gebiete: Munich, Verlag Friedrich Pfeil, 120 p., ISBN: 3899370430 (reviewed in Journal of Quaternary Science 21(1):105).

    Cameron, David W., and Groves, C.P., 2004, Bones, stones, and molecules: "out of Africa" and human origins: Burlington, MA : Elsevier Academic Press, 402 p., ISBN: 0121569330. [Table of contents]

    Cecil, L. DeWayne, Green, J.R., and Thompson, L.G., eds., 2004, Earth paleoenvironments: Records preserved in mid- and low-latitude glaciers: Dordrecht; Boston, Kluwer Academic Publishers (Developments in
    paleoenvrionmental research ; v. 9).

    Crouch, Dora P., 2004, Geology and settlement; Greco-Roman patterns: New York, Oxford University Press.

    Delcourt, Paul A., and Delcourt, H.R., 2004, Prehistoric Native Americans and ecological change: Human ecosystems in eastern North America since the Pleistocene: Cambridge, UK; New York, Cambridge University Press, 203 p., ISBN: 0521662702.

    Dortch, Joe, 2004, Palaeo-environmental change and the persistence of human occupation in south-western Australian forests (BAR international series 1288): Oxford, England, Archaeopress, 226 p., CD-ROM, ISBN: 1841716383.

    Dunhill, G., Andrews, J.T., and Kristjánsdóttir, G.B., 2004, Radiocarbon date list X, Baffin Bay, Baffin Island, Iceland, Labrador Sea, and the northern North Atlantic (Occasional paper / Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado, no. 56): Boulder, CO, Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado, 77 p., map,

    Ehlers, J., and Gibbard, P.L., eds., 2004, Quaternary glaciations: Extent and chronology (Developments in quaternary science): Amsterdam, Elsevier, Pt. 1. Europe -- Pt. 2. North America -- Pt. 3. South America, Asia, Africa, Australasia, Antarctica. ISBN: 0444514627.

    Finlayson, C., 2004, Neanderthals and modern humans: An ecological and evolutionary perspective: Cambridge Unversity Press, 265 p. ISBN: 0521820871 (reviewed in J. Quaternary Science 21(2):206-207).

    Francus, Pierre, ed., 2004, Image analysis, sediments, and paleoenvironments: Developments in Paleoenvironmental Research, v. 7 (Springer), 330 p. ISBN: 1402020619.

    Fleming, N.C., ed., 2004, Submarine prehistoric archaeology of the North Sea: Research priorities and collaboration with industry (CBA Report 141): Council for British Archaeology, 150 p. ISBN: 190277146x (reviewed in J. Quaternary Science 21(4):418-419).

    Gillespie, A.R., Porter, S.C., and Atwater, B.F., eds., 2004, Quaternary period in the United States: Amsterdam; London, Elsevier (Developments in Quaternary science ; 1), 584 p. ISBN: 0444514716 (PBK)

    Goudi, A.S., ed., 2004, Encyclopedia of geomorphology: New York, Routledge (International Association of Geomorphologists).

    Gradstein, F.M., Ogg, J.G., and Smith, A.G., eds., 2004, A geologic time scale 2004: Cambridge, UK; New York, Cambridge University Press, 589 p., ISBN: 0521781426 (hbk.)
    0521786738 (pbk.). [Table of Contents]

    Griffiths, Huw, I., Krystufek, B., and Reed, J.M., eds., 2004, Balkan biodiversity : pattern and process in the European hotspot: Dordrecht; London, Kluwer Academic, 357 p., ISBN: 1402028547 (e-book)
    1402028539 (cased).

    Hambrey, M. J. and Alean, J., 2004, Glaciers, 2nd ed.: Cambridge, UK; New York, Cambridge University Press.

    Hogan, James F., Fred M. Phillips, and Bridget R. Scanlon, eds., 2004, Groundwater recharge in a desert environment: The southwestern United States: Washington, DC, American Geophysical Union.

    Huckell, Bruce B., and Kilby, J.D., eds., 2004, Readings in late pleistocene North America and early Paleoindians: Selections from American antiquity: Washington, DC, Society for American Archaeology, 299 p., ISBN: 0932839266.

    Jackson, Lawrence J., and Hinshelwood, A., 2004, The late Palaeo-Indian Great Lakes: Geological and archaeological investigations of late pleistocene and early Holocene environments (Archaeology paper no. 165): Gatineau, Québec, Canadian Museum of Civilization, 370 p., ISBN: 066019306X.

    Jung, Peter, 2004, The genus Lepicythara (Gastropoda:Turridae) from the Neogene and Pleistocene of tropical America (Bulletins of American paleontology, no. 366): Ithaca, NY, Paleontological Research Institution, 75 p., ISBN: 087710459X.

    Kovach, Robert L., 2004, Early earthquakes of the Americas: Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press.

    Lebreton, Vincent, 2004, Paysages et climats des premiers hominidés en Italie (BAR international series 204):
    Oxford, John and Erica Hedges Ltd., 195 p., ISBN: 1841713511.

    Lomolino, Mark V., and Heaney, L.R., eds., 2004, Frontiers of biogeography : new directions in the geography of nature: Sunderland, Mass., Sinauer Associates, 436 p., ISBN 0878934790 (casebound)
    0878934782 (paperbound). [Table of contents]

    Macdougall, J. D. Frozen earth: The once and future story of ice ages: Berkeley, CA, University of California Press.

    Molnar, Ralph E., 2004, Dragons in the dust : the paleobiology of the giant monitor lizard Megalania (Life of the Past Series): Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 410 p., ISBN: 0253343747. [Table of contents]

    O'Neill, Daniel T., 2004, The last giant of Beringia: The mystery of the Bering Land Bridge: Boulder, CO, Westview Press.

    Pasveer, Juliette M., 2004, The djief hunters : 26,000 years of rainforest exploitation on the Bird's Head of Papua, Indonesia (Modern quaternary research in Southeast Asia, v. 17): Leiden; New York, Balkema, 424 p., ISBN: 9058096637.

    Petersen, Kaj Strand, 2004, Late Quaternary environmental changes recorded in the Danish marine molluscan faunas: Copenhagen, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Ministry of the Environment (Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland bulletin ; 3), 268 p., ISBN: 8778711221.

    Posner, Richard A., 2004, Catastrophe: Risk and response: Oxford University Press, 332 p., ISBN: 0195178130 (reviewed in Science 307:1205).

    Pugh, D. T., 2004, Changing sea levels: Effects of tides, weather, and climate:Cambridge, UK; New York, Cambridge University Press.

    Raab, Mark, and Jones, T.L., eds., 2004, Prehistoric California: Archaeology and the myth of paradise (The anthropology of Pacific North America Series): Salt Lake City, UT, University of Utah Press, 266 p., ISBN 0874807840 (hardcover); 0874807859 (pbk.).

    Ralska-Jasiewiczowa, M., Latalowa, M., Wasylikowa, K., et al., eds., 2004, Late Glacial and Holocene history of vegetation in Poland based on isopollen maps: Krakow, Poland, W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, 444 p. ISBN: 8389648237.

    Rivals, Florent, 2004, Les petits bovidés (Caprini et Rupicaprini) pléistocènes dans le bassin méditerranéen et le Caucase: Etude paléontologique, biostratigraphique, archéozoologique et paléoécologique (BAR international series 1327): Oxford, Archaeopress, 252 p., ISBN: 1841716723.

    Rodríguez, Xosé Pedro, 2004, Technical systems of lithic production in the lower and middle Pleistocene of the Iberian Peninsula: Technological variability between northeastern sites and Sierra de Atapuerca sites (BAR international series 1323): Oxford, John and Erica Hedges Ltd., 184 p., ISBN: 1841713929.

    Saltus, R. W., and Haeussler, R.W., 2004, Magnetic properties of Quaternary deposits, Kenai Peninsula, Alaska : implications for aeromagnetic anomalies of upper Cook Inlet: U.S. Geological Survey Open-file report 2004-1202,

    Saville, A., ed., 2004, Mesolithic Scotland and its neighbors: Edinburgh, Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 480 p., ISBN: 0903903288 (reviewed in Journal of Quaternary Science 21(1):106).

    Smykatz-Klss, Werner, and Felix-Hennigensen, Peter, eds., 2004, Palaeoecology of Quaternary drylands: New York, Springer (Lecture notes in earth sciences ; 102), 250 p., ISBN: 3540403450.

    Stenseth, N.C., Ottersen, G., Hurrell, J.W., and Belgrano, A., eds., 2004, Marine ecosystems and climate variation: Oxford University Press, 266 p., ISNB: 0198507488 (reviewed in Science 308:358).

    van der Meer, Jaap J.M., 2004, Spitsbergen push moraines (Developments in quaternary science, v. 4): Amsterdam, Elsevier, 200 p., ISBN: 0444515445.

    Walters, James, C., et al., 2004, From ocean to ice: An examination of the Devonian bedrock and overlying Pleistocene sediments at Messerly & Morgan Quarries, Black Hawk County, Iowa: Geological Society of Iowa Guidebook 75, 41 p.


    Abler, Ronald, 2003, Global change and local places: Estimating, understanding, and reducing greenhouse gases (Association of American Geographers Global Change and Local Places Research Group): New York, Cambridge University Press.

    Anupama, K., and Achyuthan, H., eds., 2003, Late Quaternary Environment Change: Emerging Issues (Publications du Departement d'écologie, 42): Pondicherry, France, Institut Francais de Pondicherry, 288 p., ISSN 0971-3107.

    Coe, Angela, L., 2003, Sedimentary record of sea-level change: Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press.

    Easterbrook, Don J., ed., 2003, Quaternary geology of the United States: INQUA 2003 field guide volume: Reno, NV, Desert Research Institute, 438 p., ISBN: 0945920504.

    Enzel, Yehouda, Wells, S.G., and Lancaster, N., eds., 2003, Paleoenvironments and paleohydrology of the Mojave and southern Great Basin deserts: Geological Society of America Special Paper 368, 249 p., ISBN: 081372368X.

    Froese, D.G., and Zazula, G.D., eds., Field guide to quaternary research in the Klondike goldfields (Occasional papers in earth sciences; no. 6): Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada : Yukon Palaeontology Program, Dept. of Tourism and Culture, 155 p., ISBN: 1553621557.

    Gregory, K.J., and Benito, G., 2003, Palaeohydrology: Understanding global change: Chichester; Hoboken, John Wiley.

    Heusser, Calvin J., 2003, Ice Age Southern Andes: A chronicle of paleoecological events (Developments in quaternary science; 3): Amsterdam; London, Elsevier, 240 p., ISBN: 0444514783.

    Hewett, C.N. and Jackson, A., eds., 2003, Handbook of Atmospheric Science: Blackwell Science Ltd., 633 p., ISBN: 0632052864.

    International Association for Quaternary Research Congress (16th), 2003, XVI INQUA Congress, programs with abstracts : July 23-30, 2003, Reno Hilton Hotel and Conference Center, Reno, Nevada, USA:Reno, NV, Desert
    Research Institute.

    Issar, A., 2003, climate changes during the Holocene and their impact on hydrological systems: Cambridge, UK; New York, Cambridge University Press.

    Johnstone, Patrick D., 2003, Thickness of Quaternary deposits of Tazewell County, Illinois: Illinois State Geological Survey open file series 2003-6b, map.

    Kashiwaya, Kenji, ed., 2003, Long continental records from Lake Baikal: Tokyo; New York, 370 p., ISBN: 4431006435.

    Kennett, James P., et al, 2003, Methane hydrates in Quaternary climate change: The clathrate gun hypothesis: Washington, DC, American Geophysical Union, 216 p., ISBN: 0875902960.

    Kondolf, S. Matias, and Piegay, Herve, eds., 2003, Tools in fluvial geomorphology: Chichester, England, Wiley.

    Lidke, David J., et al., 2003, Map and data for Quaternary faults and folds in Washington State: U.S. Geological Survey Open-file report 03-428, (Related URL:

    Mashburn, Shana L., 2003, Aquifer characteristics, water availability, and water quality of the Quaternary aquifer, Osage County, northeastern Oklahoma, 2001-2002: USGS Water-resources investigations report 03-4235, 41 p.

    Mercader, Julio, ed., 2003, Under the canopy: The archaeology of tropical rain forest: New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers University Press, 322 p., ISBN: 081353142X.

    Mithen, S., 2004, After the Ice. A Global Human History, 20,000 - 5000 BC: London, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 636 p., ISBN: 0674015703 (reviewed in Science 303:1300).

    Moncel, Marie-Hélène, 2003, L'exploitation de l'espace et la mobilité des groupes humains au travers des assemblages lithiques à la fin du Pléistocène moyen et au début du Pléistocène supérieur: La moyenne vallée du Rhône entre Drôme et Ardèche, France (BAR international series; 1184): Oxford: Archaeopress, 180 p., ISBN: 1841713465.

    Price, Catherine R., 2003, Late Pleistocene and early Holocene small mammals in south west Britain: Environmental and taphonomic implications and their role in archaeological research (BAR British series; 347): Oxford, Archaeopress, 105 p., ISBN: 1841714852.

    Schubert, Blaine W., Mead, J.I., and Graham, R.W., 2003, Ice Age cave faunas of North America: Bloomington, IN, Indiana University Press, 299 p., ISBN: 0253342686.

    Schwab, W.C., et al, 2003, High-resolution Quaternary seismic stratigraphy of the New York Bight
    continental shelf : U.S. Geological Survey (U.S. Geological Survey open-file report02-152), CD-ROM.

    Shen, Chen, and Keates, S.G., eds., 2003, Current research in Chinese Pleistocene archaeology (BAR international series; 1179): Oxford, Archaeopress, 142 p., ISBN: 1841715468.

    Stock, Greg, ed., 2003, Tectonics, climate change and landscape evolution in the southern Sierra Nevada, California: Field trip guide book (Friends of the Pleistocene, Pacific Cell): Santa Cruz, CA, Department of Earth Sciences, University of California, 138 p.

    Storer, John E., 2003, 3rd International Mammoth Conference, 2003; Program and abstracts (Occasional papers in earth sciences ; no. 5): Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada : Yukon Palaeontology Program, Dept. of Tourism and Culture, 155 p., ISBN: 1553621549.

    Tonkov, Spassimir, ed., 2003, Aspects of Palynology and Palaeoecology: Festschrift in Honour of Elissaveta Bozilova: Sofia-Moscow, Pensoft, 281 p., ISBN 9546421790.

    Van der Hammen, T., and Santos, Alice G., eds., 2003, La Cordillera Central Colombiana Trasecto Parque Los Nevados. ECOANDES volume 5. Studies on Tropical Andean Ecosystems: Berlin, Gebruder Borntraeger, 545 p., ISBN: 344365004x [reviewed in J. Quaternary Science 21(1):107-108].

    Vita-Finzi, C., 2003, Monitoring the Earth: Physical geology in action: Terra, 189 p., ISBN: 1903544122 [reviewed in J. Quaternary Science 21(2):109-210]

    Weart, Spencer R., 2003, The Discovery of global warming: Harvard University Press, 240 p., ISBN: 0674011570 (reviewed in Science 304:685).

    Weldon, R.J., et al., 2003, An Update of Quaternary faults of central and eastern Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey open-file report 02-301, CD-ROM.

    Disciplines Related to Quaternary Research

    Geochemisty, including isotope geochemistry
    Geophysics, including rock magnetism and paleomagnetism
    Planetary geology,
    Soil science
    Structural geology

    Researchers study ice cores, ocean sediments, ocean circulation, lake sediments, fossil and modern animals and plants including invertebrates, invertebrates, insects, and pollen, cycles of the earth/sun, atmosphere.... Of importance are atmospheric, ocean, and terrestrial interactions, and the building of testable computer models.

    Created 9/1/04 lej
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign