Social Sciences

Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes against Humanity

Explores human rights issues and crimes against humanity as they relate to individual countries and the world at large. It traces the history of events that qualify as genocide and crimes against humanity, profiles perpetrators and heroes, and explains international laws and law proceedings aimed at ending genocide and crimes against humanity.

Encyclopedia of Love, Courtship, and Sexuality through History Volume 1: The Ancient World

Focuses on human sexuality, love, and the interactions between the sexes in ten ancient cultures from the beginning of time until the death of the Roman emperor Constantine in 337 CE.

Encyclopedia of Love, Courtship, and Sexuality through History Volume 2: The Medieval Era

Covers various topics relating to love, sex, and culture in the medieval world, defined roughly as the period from 300 to 1400 CE.

Encyclopedia of Love, Courtship, and Sexuality through History Volume 3: The Early Modern Era

Provides a view of the world through the lens of sex, love, and culture during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries (1400–1600).

Encyclopedia of Love, Courtship, and Sexuality through History Volume 4: The Colonial and Revolutionary Era

This reference work focuses on the topic of sex and culture in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.

Encyclopedia of Love, Courtship, and Sexuality through History Volume 5: The Nineteenth Century

Gives an introduction to key themes and topics relating to love and sex in the nineteenth century.

Encyclopedia of Love, Courtship, and Sexuality through History Volume 6: The Modern World

Provides entries on the many aspects of sexuality and the roles that love has played in world cultures throughout the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. It includes bibliographies of important books and articles as well as annotated websites.

Encyclopedia of Population

Provides coverage of demographic topics both in the core field and in neighboring disciplines. Encompasses the large-scale changes in emphasis and research directions in population studies during the last 20 years. Topics covered include: rapid demographic expansion in poor countries, low fertility rates, immigration, problems of old-age support, and the environmental impact of dense population.

Encyclopedia of Prostitution and Sex Work Volumes 1 and 2

This 2-volume set is the first to treat in an inclusive reference what is usually considered a societal failing and the underside of sexuality and economic survival. The A-to-Z encyclopedia offers wide-ranging entries related to prostitution and the sex industry, past and present, both worldwide (mostly in the West) and in the United States.

Encyclopedia of Race and Racism

Examines the anthropological, sociological, historical, economic, and scientific theories of race and racism in the modem era. Delves into the historic origins of ideas of race and racism and explores their social and scientific consequences. Includes biographies of significant theorists, as well as political and social leaders and notorious racists.

Encyclopedia of Racism in the United States

This set covers the period from colonial times until today and all the groups discriminated against at one time or another: Arabs and Muslims, who are the most recent targets, blacks, Asians, the indigenous, Latinos, European immigrants, and Jews. More than 450 essay entries present key terms, organizations, movements, incidents, forums, texts, individuals, legislation, theories, and the like.

Encyclopedia of Rape

Covers the historical scope and magnitude of the issue in the United States and globally. It provides informed perspectives on the key dimensions of the topic, from concepts, social movements, offenders, high-profile cases, legislation, influential activists, landmark texts, and victimology to representations in literature and art.

Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender: Culture Society History

Addresses issues of sex and gender at the personal and the social level; examines issues of identity, status, class, ethnicity, race, and nation; of sexuality and the body; of social institutions and the structures of representation. Topics include changing conceptions of "the feminine," the family and masculinity, religion, morality, cultural images, medical practice, public health, economy, society, and many more.

Encyclopedia of Sociology

This classic reference has been updated to reflect many changes in society and in the field of sociology in recent years. Articles covering core issues such as race, poverty, violence, economics, pregnancy, abortion, privacy, and epidemiology.

Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America

Has essays on specific minority and ethnic groups in the U.S., with an emphasis on culture (religions, holidays, customs, and language) in addition to information on historical background and settlement patterns. The encyclopedia also covers ethnoreligious groups such as Jews, Chaldeans, and Amish.

Historical and Multicultural History of Women's Reproductive Rights in the United States

Topics and authors take on diverse and often clashing positions, highlighting this issue's complex and highly charged nature. Arranged alphabetically by topic, articles representing racial and ethnic groups' experiences figure prominently, as do the effects of age, class, education, health, religion, and sexual preference on childbearing and -rearing practices, in and out of wedlock. It also includes articles on laws, court cases, political attitudes, prominent activists, and technological advances as they relate to reproductive rights.

Immigration in America Today: An Encyclopedia

This encyclopedia offers an interdisciplinary overview of the complex immigration-related issues that currently face the American government and social agencies.

International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences

Covers scholarship and fields that have emerged and matured since the publication of the original international edition. Highlights the expanding influence of economics in social science research and features new articles and biographies contributed by scholars from around the world on a wide array of global topics in the social sciences.

Macmillan Encyclopedia of Death and Dying
Covering all aspects of death and dying – biological, medical, social, sociological, psychological, religious, and philosophical – this encyclopedia provides a deep historical and cross-cultural perspective through the ages.