What a Gas! The U.S. Government and Exploding Gas Prices
What Are Gas Prices Now?
- Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update
- This site from the U.S. Department of Energy is updated on Mondays with current prices and
percent change over the last week and the last year for each region of the U.S.. Historical
data is available from the "Retail Gasoline Prices" and "On-Highway Diesel Prices" links at the
bottom of the page.
U.S. Retail Gasoline Prices
- Gas prices for U.S. states, cities, and regions are listed for the past three weeks, as well as
the percent change over the past week and year. Links are provided to information for the
various grades of gasoline.
- State of Illinois Gas Price Monitoring
- This site contains yesterday's average prices for various grades of gasoline and diesel in
individual Illinois communities, as well as linking to commercial sites where individual gas
stations' prices are listed. Other sections of the site have information on conserving fuel
and on public transportation options.
- This commercial site allows searching for individual gas stations within an Illinois community
and sorting them by price.
Why Are Gas Prices So High?
- Gas prices : how are they really set? : hearings before the Permanent Subcommittee of
[sic] Investigations of the Committee on Governmental Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred
Seventh Congress, second session, April 30 and May 2, 2002.
page PDF file; DOC.
Y 4.G 74/9:S.HRG.107-509 for print version).
- Most of the witnesses at this congressional hearing were either oil company executives or state
officials, although there were a couple of economists from academia. The exhibits include
statistical charts as well as reports from congressional staff and internal oil company documents
about price determination and marketing.
- A Primer on Gasoline Prices
- The U.S. Department of Energy published this booklet about the factors that affect the price of
gasoline and the reasons for fluctuations in gas prices over time and between regions.
- Understanding the Factors That Influence the Retail Price of Gasoline
(62 page PDF file)
- The Government Accountability Office published this detailed report on the factors that affect
the price of gasoline, as well as why prices vary between regions and over time.
- Crude oil : the source of higher gas prices? : hearing before the Subcommittee on Antitrust,
Competition Policy, and Consumer Rights of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, One Hundred Eighth Congress, second session,
April 7, 2004.
- Economists, industry representatives, and consumer advocates testified at this hearing about
one potential reason for the rise in gas prices.
How is the Government Trying to Help?
- Investigation of Gasoline Price Manipulation and Post-Katrina Gasoline Price Increases
- The Federal Trade Commission issued this extensive report in May, finding that oil companies
did not illegally manipulate gas prices after Hurricane Katrina.
- Fact Sheet: President Bush's Four-Part Plan to Confront High Gasoline Prices
- President Bush issued this plan last spring to ensure fair gasoline prices, increase fuel
efficiency, increase the supply of gasoline, and develop alternatives to oil-based fuels.
- Gas Price Reduction Act of 2006
- This is one example of the many recent bills that have been introduced in Congress to address
the causes and impacts of high gas prices. To find other bills on this subject, search at
http://thomas.loc.gov for terms like "gasoline price" or
- IRS Announces New Mileage Rates
- The Internal Revenue Service has increased the mileage reimbursement rate for federal employees
in the wake of Hurricane Katrina. Many other governments and private businesses base their
reimbursements to employees on this rate.
- Gasoline Prices: New Legislation and Proposals
(15 page PDF file)
- This report was written in May by the Congressional Research Service to summarize the many
ideas that have been talked about in Congress and put them in a historical context.
- Senators Introduce Legislation to Reduce Gasoline Consumption by Half a Trillion Gallons
- This press release from Senator Barack Obama (D-IL) describes a bill he cosponsored that would
reduce the U.S.'s dependence on oil. The full text of the bill and a link to its progress in
- Mitigating the impact of high gas prices on the American workforce : hearing before the
Subcommittee on the Federal Workforce and Agency Organization of the Committee on Government
Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, first session, November 16, 2005.
(92 page PDF file)
- The witnesses at this hearing talked about telecommuting, flexible schedules, and public
transportation as ways to reduce the impact of high gas prices.
- Gasoline Price Gouging: hearing before the Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation,
Senate, One Hundred Ninth Congress, 2nd Session, May 23, 2006
- This recent hearing brought industry representatives and consumer advocates together to discuss
the rise in gasoline prices and the possibility that gas prices are being artificially
What Can I Do?
- This web site helps consumers to find fuel-efficient and alternative fuel vehicles as well as
giving tips about maintenance and driving habits that increase miles per gallon.
- Personal Vehicles Initiative
- This is the Canadian perspective on responsible auto ownership, maintenance and driving, from
Natural Resources Canada.