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Lamp, Camphene;
Lamp, Camphene;
Resource Typeimage
TitleLamp, Camphene;
Coverage / Year1840 to 1865
DescriptionA tin lamp formed in a broad, short cylinder. Three upright cylindrical wick holders are mounted on top of the cylinder well separated from one another, indicating this is probably a camphene lamp.
InterpretationCamphene, a combination mineral spirits and alcohol was used as a lamp fuel for a short time in the middle of the 19th century. Because whale oil was so expensive camphene was used as a replacement. Camphene was extremely volatile. If the flame from one wick heated the other wick the heat could travel back into the reservoir and explode. Thus, camphene lamps have either single wicks, or double wicks pointed away from one another. This lamp has three well separated wick holders, an unusual feature.
Lesson Plans / ThemesAmerican Communities in History; Communities and Geography; How we learn about communities; Whaling Slide Show; Inventions Multimedia Time Line; School Museum; Introduction of artifacts as a primary source; What's That Relic?; Settling in the Midwest;
Learning Standards16 History; 18 Social Systems; 13 Science, Technology and Society;
Author or CreatorUnknown
Subject / KeywordsOil lamp; Light; Lighting device; Whaling; Whale; Whales; Whale oil; Camphene
Collection PublisherEarly American Museum;
Further InformationFor any further information related to this record, please contact the Collection Publisher. See http://images.library.uiuc.edu/projects/tdc for more information about this project.
Rights Management Statementhttp://images.library.uiuc.edu/projects/tdc/conditions.htm
Resource Identifier1968.001.1103
CONTENTdm file name46858172422004_68.1.1103.jpg
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