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Lamp, Camphene
Lamp, Camphene
Resource Typeimage
TitleLamp, Camphene
Coverage / Year1840 to 1865
DescriptionA trapezoidal wooden base holds a glass reservoir. The glass reservoir has a square peg at its base to hold it into the wood. The reservoir is globular and has a threaded tin wick fixture. The wicks are splayed as is typical of a camphene lamp and there are wick covers attached by chains.
InterpretationCamphene, a combination mineral spirits and alcohol was used as a lamp fuel for a short time in the middle of the 19th century. Because whale oil was so expensive camphene was used as a replacement. Camphene was extremely volatile. If the flame from one wick heated the other wick the heat could travel back into the reservoir and explode. Thus, camphene lamps have either single wicks, or double wicks pointed away from one another.
Lesson Plans / ThemesAmerican Communities in History; Communities and Geography; How we learn about communities; Whaling Slide Show; Inventions Multimedia Time Line; School Museum; Introduction of artifacts as a primary source; What's That Relic?; Settling in the Midwest;
Learning Standards16 History; 18 Social Systems; 13 Science, Technology and Society;
Author or CreatorUnknown
Subject / KeywordsWhale oil; Whale; Whaling; Lighting device; Light; Camphene; Lamps
Collection PublisherEarly American Museum;
Further InformationFor any further information related to this record, please contact the Collection Publisher. See http://images.library.uiuc.edu/projects/tdc for more information about this project.
Rights Management Statementhttp://images.library.uiuc.edu/projects/tdc/conditions.htm
Resource Identifier1968.001.1221
CONTENTdm file name32814172422004_68.1.1221.jpg
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