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President Herbert Hoover and Walter S. Gifford
President Herbert Hoover and Walter S. Gifford
Resource Typeimage
TitlePresident Herbert Hoover and Walter S. Gifford
Coverage / Yearc. 1930
DescriptionPhotograph, b/w
InterpretationPresident Herbert Hoover, shown here with one of his advisors Walter H. Gifford (president of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company). As the Republican presidential nominee in 1928 Hoover said "We in America today are nearer to the final triumph over poverty than ever before in the history of any land." Within months after his election the stock market crashed on October 29, 1929 and the United States spiraled into the Great Depression. By the end of Hoover's term as president, in 1932, 12 to 14 million Americans were unemployed. Hoover believed that aid to the hungry and unemployed should come from local (state and county) governments and not from the federal government. On the President's recommendation Congress established the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, on January 22, 1932, to provide indirect relief to the unemployed by lending insurance companies, banks, farm organizations, railroads, and state, county, and city governments money to stimulate economic activity and employment. He was roundly criticized for this, in spite of it being the creation of a new policy of government assistance to those in need during times of economic crisis, albeit indirect.
Lesson Plans / ThemesDepression Photo Essay; The Constitution and the U.S.;
Learning Standards16 History; 15 Economics;
Author or CreatorUnknown
SourceThe Tempering Years by Edwin P. Hoyt, 373 p., 1963, (facing p.57)
Subject / KeywordsHoover, Herbert, 1874-1964; Depressions--1929--United States; President; Presidents; Election
Collection PublisherIllinois State Library;
Further InformationFor any further information related to this record, please contact the Collection Publisher. See http://images.library.uiuc.edu/projects/tdc for more information about this project.
Rights Management Statementhttp://images.library.uiuc.edu/projects/tdc/conditions.htm
CONTENTdm file name60918141882003_hhover1.jpg
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