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October 31, 2005

Journals Offer NIH Wider Research Access

More than 50 medical and scientific non-profit publishers, representing more than 120 journals, have offered the National Institutes of Health access to their contents free of charge through their current links to the NIH's PubMed Central data archive. The links actually have existed for more than six years, but only a few journals have offered all of their contents -- newly released and older articles alike -- to non-subscribers for free. The journals embracing this policy for the first time will provide access to studies in plant science, dairy science, dentistry, entomology and ornithology in addition to new areas of biomedical research. If the NIH accepts, the public would gain online access to 1 million existing research articles that would increase by around 15,000 submissions every month, as well as an archive of 1.7 million full-text articles dating back to 1849. The 57 publishers approached Dr. Elias Zerhouni, the NIH's director, under the auspices of DCPRinciples, an organization founded two years ago to respond to the open-access movement and the concerns of librarians about the high cost of commercial journals. ..All of the participating non-profit journals offer free access to their contents, from right away to 12 months after publication, and these datelines would not change, but if the NIH accepts the organization's offer, only copy-edited articles would be released and there would be no problem with copyright issues. In addition, the public would have access not only to published NIH-funded research, but also to all research the journals publish, no matter what the funding source. United Press International 10/29/05

Posted by P. Kaufman at 7:48 AM

U. of Georgia Press Revokes Award and Recalls Book That Borrows From an Earlier Work

The University of Georgia Press has revoked a prominent fiction award to Brad Vice, whose short-story collection contains uncredited material from a book published decades ago, the publisher recently announced. The press has also recalled the collection, The Bear Bryant Funeral Train, from bookstores. In a written statement, the press said it had learned on October 13 "that one of the stories in Mr. Vice's collection, 'Tuscaloosa Knights,' contained uncredited material from the fourth chapter of the first section of Carl Carmer's Stars Fell on Alabama." It said it had immediately frozen stock of Mr. Vice's book and contacted the author, who "admitted that 'Tuscaloosa Knights' borrows heavily from Stars Fell on Alabama [and] that he had made a terrible mistake in neglecting to acknowledge Carmer's work." In 2004, the press had awarded Mr. Vice the Flannery O'Connor Award for Short Fiction for The Bear Bryant Funeral Train. Mr. Carmer's book, a nonfiction account of early-20th-century Alabama life, was originally published in 1934 but is still under copyright and was reissued by the University of Alabama Press in 2000. Mr. Vice's book was published in September….The University of Georgia Press said that the Flannery O'Connor Award would be given to one of the other finalists from last year's competition. Chronicle of Higher Education 10/31/05

Posted by P. Kaufman at 7:35 AM

October 27, 2005

Microsoft Joins Yahoo Book Project

Microsoft has said it will participate in a recently announced book-scanning project led by Yahoo and the Internet Archive. Unlike Google's much-maligned project, the Yahoo initiative, called the Open Content Alliance, will only scan books that are in the public domain or for which explicit permission has been granted by the copyright holder. In contrast, Google will scan copyrighted books unless copyright holders specifically request that their books be excluded, though only small portions of copyrighted books will be available online. For its part, Microsoft will finance the scanning of about 150,000 books, while Yahoo will pay for about 18,000 books to be digitized. The Open Content Alliance also differs from Google's project in that all of the content from the alliance will be available from a database to any search engine; Google will be the only means to access the content of its project. Microsoft will create an MSN Book Search service next year, though the business model for particular services and fees has not been set, according to Danielle Tiedt, general manager of search content acquisition at MSN. ZDNet, 25 October 2005 Edupage, October 26, 2005

Posted by P. Kaufman at 7:17 AM

October 25, 2005

Journal Cost-Effectiveness Calculator

Ted Bergstrom and Preston McAfee have created a Journal Cost-Effectiveness calculator. Enter a journal by title or ISSN and get back its its price per article, its price per citation, and rank (on these prices) relative to other journals in the fields of your choice. It does not cover all journals, but is remarkably useful for those it does cover. Open Access News 10/24/05

Posted by P. Kaufman at 11:25 AM

German Publishers to Build Own Online Book Network

German publishers, keen to defend their copyrights as Internet search engines seek to put the world's literature online, aim to set up their own web-based database allowing readers to browse, borrow or buy books. Search engine Google has angered publishers with proposals to scan copyrighted works without permission to make them searchable online. Critics fear the digital repository of books it would build up would give it a monopoly on culture. The German association of book publishers is planning to build a network by next year that will allow the full texts of their books to be searched online by search engines but will not hand the texts over to these companies. Google currently has agreements with publishers whereby it scans their books to allow readers to search the full texts online. The search results display only limited extracts. In the longer term, the German association wants to build its own search engine to offer services which could rival those offered by Google, Yahoo or Lycos, and even offer readers the chance to borrow books online. Reuters UK 10/23/05

Posted by P. Kaufman at 7:59 AM

Web Enjoying a Year of Robust Growth

The World Wide Web is expanding more in 2005 than any other year to date, says an article from the BBC News Web site based on a new report from monitoring firm Netcraft. With 17 million sites added just since January, Netcraft estimates there are now 74.4 million Web addresses -- quite an increase from the approximately 19,000 addresses recorded 10 years ago. Netcraft analyst Rich Miller says this year's surge signals an uptick in the number of small enterprises, fueled by the availability of new tools and services that make it easy and cheap to launch a Web business. Growth has also come as a result of the blogging phenomenon, and from registrars making better use of unused domains by asking them to exploit the advertising systems operated by Google and Yahoo. OCLC ABSTRACTS - October 24, 2005 (Vol. 8, Issue 43) BBC News 10/10/05

Posted by P. Kaufman at 7:57 AM

October 20, 2005

5 Big Publishing Houses Sue Google to Prevent Scanning of Copyrighted Works

The Association of American Publishers said Wednesday that five of its members had filed a copyright-infringement lawsuit against Google because it is scanning books from top research libraries for the Google Library Project. The publishers' group is coordinating and paying for the lawsuit. In their complaint, filed with the U.S. District Court in the Southern District of New York, the McGraw-Hill Companies, Pearson Education, the Penguin Group, Simon & Schuster, and John Wiley & Sons charge that Google is infringing copyright to "further its own commercial purposes." The publishers ask the court to forbid Google from reproducing their works and to require Google to delete or destroy records already scanned. The only remuneration the publishers ask is that Google pay their legal fees. Another organization, the Authors Guild, and three writers filed a similar complaint last month. Chronicle of Higher Education 10/20/05

Posted by P. Kaufman at 7:33 AM

October 19, 2005

Goals of Google Scholar Search Outlined in Recent Presentation

A recent ppt presentation, Searching Scholarly Literature: A Google Scholar Perspective, by Google Scholar principal engineer Anurag Acharya, states that the goal of the service is to "find all scholarly work...journals, conferences, reprints, reports...[from] all countries, all languages, all sources..." The presentation briefly highlights coverage by publisher, by category (with medical at 22%), and lists the countries with the most queries (US, UK, Australia, Germany, Mexico and Brazil). BeSpacific 10/18/05

Posted by P. Kaufman at 7:39 AM

October 18, 2005

Call for Stern Measures to Limit Patents and Copyrights

An international group of scientists, academics and artists has called for stern measures to restrict patents and copyrights, expressing concern that the increase of intellectual property (IP) protection is restraining the spread of knowledge and creativity. The Royal Society of Arts, London has developed a charter on IP that calls for an automatic presumption against producing new protection or widening existing rules. According to the charter, patents and copyrights should not be applied to business processes, computer code, abstract data or scientific theories. Sir John Sulston, who headed the centre at Cambridge University that helped map the human genome, is one of the signatories. According to the project supporters, the collaborative nature of such projects illustrates the potential for scientific inventions without authoritative IP protection. Some of the other signatories include William Neal Reynolds, professor of Law at Duke Law School, Gilberto Gil, musician and Culture Minister of Brazil, and Vandana Shiva, Director of India’s Research Foundation for Science Technology and Ecology. 10/18/05

Posted by P. Kaufman at 9:10 AM

October 17, 2005

Photo Agencies Scour the Web For Copyright Violations

Bloggers, beware: That photo of Tom Cruise and Katie Holmes on your Web site could be fodder for a lawsuit. Stock photography companies like Getty Images Inc. and Corbis Corp. are using high-tech tools to crack down on Web site owners who try to use their photographs without paying for them. While music and movie studios remain suspicious of the Internet, many stock photography companies have digitized their collections so that customers can easily access them online. At sites like and, advertisers, publishers and others looking to license professional photographs can browse and purchase millions of high-quality images. In making it easy for customers to find pictures, though, the sites have also made it easier to swipe a copy of an image and post it on the Web. The Wall Street Journal 10/14/05

Posted by P. Kaufman at 10:18 AM

BioMed Central Responds to ALPSP's Study 'The Facts about Open Access'

BioMed Central welcomes objective research into open access publishing. Unfortunately, however, the report published by ALPSP this week ("The Facts about Open Access") contains significant factual inaccuracies. We also disagree with many of the reports interpretations and conclusions. The two most serious problems with the report are that it inaccurately describes the peer review process operated by BioMed Central's journals, and it also draws unjustified conclusions concerning the long-term sustainability of open access journals. The overview of the report incorrectly states that BioMed Central does not operate external peer review on most of its journals. In fact, all of BioMed Central's journals operate full peer review using external peer reviewers. Full peer review is a condition of the inclusion of articles in NIH's PubMed Central, in which all 140+ of the journals published by BioMed Central are archived. The study groups BioMed Central together with Internet Scientific Publications (ISP) as a cohort, and indicates that this was done because over half of the responding open access journals were from these two publishers. ISP and BioMed Central have little in common as publishers, and so the conclusions drawn about BioMed Central by looking at this cohort are not meaningful and are often misleading. For example, the BioMed Central/ISP group of journals is reported to offer online manuscript submission on a lower percentage of journals than other journal groups. The report picks up on this as a surprising finding, suggesting implicitly that open access journals are lagging behind in this regard. In fact, BioMed Central offers online submission of manuscripts on every one of its journals. Not only that, but BioMed Central's manuscript submission system is widely praised by authors, many of whom tell us that it is the best online submission system they have used.
ALPSP Chief Executive Sally Morris comments in her introduction to the report that "Over 40% of the Open Access journals are not yet covering their costs and, unlike subscription journals, there is no reason why the passage of time - evidenced in increasing submissions, quality or impact - should actually change that". She goes on to suggest that this calls into question the sustainability of the open access publishing model. The suggestion that the economics of open access journals are unlikely to improve over time is not supported by the evidence in the report, and runs strongly counter to BioMed Central's direct experience. More at:

Posted by P. Kaufman at 9:59 AM

Panel Warns U.S. Not Keeping Pace in Science

A new report says that the United States stands to lose its leading position in science and research unless efforts are made to strengthen support for educational and other scientific programs. The panel that wrote the report was convened by the National Academies and included representatives from corporations and higher education, as well as Nobel laureates and former presidential appointees. The panel pointed to the narrowing scientific gap between the United States and countries such as China and India; recent results showing declining performance among U.S. students in science and math compared with students around the world; and economic factors that work against U.S. scientific interests. Among the report's recommendations are funding scholarships
to support 10,000 students annually to pursue careers in teaching math and science; allocating money for 30,000 students per year to study science, math, and engineering; and relaxing visa regulations to allow international students to find employment in the United States after they graduate. CNET, 13 October 2005 Edupage, October 14, 2005

Posted by P. Kaufman at 7:40 AM

October 14, 2005

Google Says It's Just Improving Card Catalogs

Google officials are on a press tour trying to clarify details of the company's controversial library-scanning project. Jim Gerber, director of content partnerships at Google, and Nathan Tyler, a public relations manager, stopped by The Chronicle's office today to present a PowerPoint presentation about their projects and to answer questions. They compared the vast, full-text index of millions of books that Google is building to a library card catalog -- a finding tool to locate the right book rather than a library of its own. "It's a more powerful version of the card catalog," said Mr. Gerber. The Chronicle Wired Campus Blog 10/14/05">

Posted by P. Kaufman at 10:53 AM

October 13, 2005

Yahoo Expands Its News Search System

Yahoo Inc. has announced the expansion of its News Search System. The new search system will include pictures and related web links contributed by users and bloggers. According to Yahoo, this combination of professionally edited reports and those of novice reporters will augment the sources of information.
A three-tier system has been created by Yahoo to find new items. The top ten stories and related pictures will be those produced by mainstream news organizations, and will be available on the primary Yahoo News website.
Users and readers looking for a detailed report need to go to the secondary level news site. This webpage consists of news items from 6,500 professional sources and hyperlinks to millions of blogs from its syndication service.
In short, this whole process of news searching is an amalgamation between a professionally edited version of the news and self-publishing. 10/13/05

Posted by P. Kaufman at 8:30 AM

Delivering on the Promise of Digital Data

The boom in digital technology has been a boon for research, resulting in a remarkable explosion in the number and quality of data collections and a marked expansion in their availability to a broad range of interested parties. But to ensure that the databases continue to be viable and are used to the fullest extent, the federal government, led by the National Science Foundation, must craft a clearer strategy for managing and financially supporting them, a National Science Board task force said in a report Tuesday. The report, “Long-Lived Data Collections: Enabling Research and Education in the 21st Century,” was prepared by a special committee of the science board’s Committee on Programs and Plans. Higher Education 10/13/05 Report:

Posted by P. Kaufman at 8:22 AM

October 12, 2005

Survey of Open-Access and Subscriber-Based Journals Finds Changes Afoot in Both Business Models

The first large-scale comparison of open-access journals with traditional ones reveals an industry in flux. While traditional journals are doing better financially, publications in both categories are contemplating changes in their business models, according to a study published on Tuesday. The study was published in book form as The Facts About Open Access by the Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers. The association financed the research with three other organizations, all of which are affiliated with traditional journals. The comparison was based on a survey of nearly 500 journals, and the results were first reported in March. "It's too early to tell whether full open access is a viable business model," said Cara S. Kaufman, who conducted the survey and is a principal at the Kaufman-Wills Group, publishing consultants in Baltimore. She found that more subscription-access journals break even or produce surpluses than do open-access journals. She also learned that more than half of all journals, whether traditional or openly accessible, were considering changing their business models within three years. (That rule had one exception: Only one-third of journals put out by members of the Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers were planning a change.) And in what may be the report's most surprising finding, Ms. Kaufman discovered that a larger fraction of traditional journals than open-access journals charge authors fees to publish. Because the most visible publishers in the open-access movement, the Public Library of Science and BioMed Central, charge authors fees, the movement itself has often been associated with that business model. Chronicle of Higher Education 10/12/05 Full text (overview is free) at

Posted by P. Kaufman at 7:28 AM

Book on Homosexuality in Antiquity and Essay on Pederasty Will Be Printed After All, Publisher Says

A DISPUTED VOLUME on homosexuality in the classical world will be published after all, Haworth Press announced on Tuesday, and the controversial essay that almost sank the book will also be published, but in a different venue. Late last month, the press announced the cancellation of Same-Sex Desire and Love in Greco-Roman Antiquity and in the Classical Tradition of the West, an edited volume that had been scheduled for publication in November. (It was to have been published simultaneously as a special issue of The Journal of Homosexuality, which is also published by Haworth.) The press scratched the book after conservative activists objected to one of its 15 essays, which they saw as a defense of pederasty in present-day society. On Tuesday, Haworth reversed course and announced that the book and journal would indeed be published -- but without the controversial essay, which was written by Bruce L. Rind, an adjunct instructor in psychology at Temple University. Mr. Rind's essay, meanwhile, will be published in a future "supplementary volume" of The Journal of Homosexuality, according to the press's announcement. Chronicle of Higher Education 10/12/05

Posted by P. Kaufman at 7:27 AM

October 10, 2005

Future Digital System for Government Publications

From the Government Printing Office (GPO) The Office of Innovation and New Technology is working to develop GPO’s Future Digital Information System. As outlined in the Strategic Vision, this Digital Content System will allow federal content creators to easily create and submit content that can then be preserved, authenticated, managed and delivered upon request. This future digital system (code named FDsys) will form the core of GPO’s future operations. Included in the FDsys will be all known Federal Government documents within the scope of GPO’s Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP), whether printed or born digital. This content will be entered into the system and then authenticated and catalogued according to GPO metadata and document creation standards. Content may include text and associated graphics, video and sound and other forms of content that emerge. Content will be available for Web searching and Internet viewing, downloading and printing, and as document masters for conventional and on-demand printing, or other dissemination methods. We are planning for system operation December 2007. Government Printing Office 10/7/05

Posted by P. Kaufman at 11:39 AM

October 7, 2005

Thomson Scientific adds JSTOR content to Web of Science

Thomson Scientific has recently announced that common subscribers of JSTOR and the Web of Science section of ISI Web of Knowledge can now get direct access to full-text articles in the JSTOR Scholarly Journal Archive via the Web of Science platform. The move is projected to add over 1.25 million articles to Web of Science. KnowledgeSpeak Newletter 10/7/05

Posted by P. Kaufman at 7:46 AM

Academic Press and Prolific Author Tell Google to Remove Their Books From Its Scanning Project

A well-known scholar and his publisher have demanded that Google withdraw his books from the digital archive that the Internet-search company is compiling from the holdings of five university and research libraries. "The basic problem is copyright violation," said Jacob Neusner, a research professor of theology at Bard College, who has written more than 900 books. In an interview on Thursday, Mr. Neusner said that he had asked Google to remove his works from its Google Library project, but Google had insisted that he fill out a separate form for each of his books. That was wrong, said Mr. Neusner, because under copyright law it is Google's responsibility to seek permission to use a copyrighted work. So the Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group, which has issued many of his books, took up the banner and has insisted that all of its works be removed from Google Library as well. Jed Lyons, president of Rowman & Littlefield, said that his company had not requested a royalty from Google for using the works. Nor will he. Chronicle of Higher Education 10/7/05

Posted by P. Kaufman at 7:43 AM

October 4, 2005

Will New Yorker Compilation Remain Completely OK?

Alex Beam wonders how the New Yorker had the legal right to produce their eight-disc COMPLETE NEW YORKER SET. As Beam points out, a similar venture from the National Geographic issued in 1997 has produced two different rulings from federal Appeals Courts in different districts. Photographer Jerry Greenberg won his suit against National Geographic, upheld in the 11th Circuit, and passed over for review by the Supreme Court. But a group of authors, including Jon Krakauer, lost their case against National Geographic before the Second Circuit--ironically, because of the Supreme Court's Tasini case, which benefitted freelancers on the sale of individual articles but protected certain "collected works." Beam notes that the National Geographic took their product out of the market two years ago. "An exasperated executive vice president Terry Adamson explains that the Society has spent 'millions of dollars' defending its right to publish its best-selling digital tome in several courts, with no firm decision yet rendered." Publishers Lunch 10/4/05 Boston Globe 10/4/05

Posted by P. Kaufman at 3:41 PM

October 3, 2005

Approach to Tenure

At many institutions, tenure has historically been determined by publishing and teaching records, with “service” a distant and poorly defined third criterion. With the idea of “public scholarship” — a broad term that encompasses any number of ways faculty members may work with and in various communities — gaining more attention, many scholars believe that tenure systems need revision. A large-scale effort to do that was announced Friday by Imagining America, a consortium of colleges that encourage faculty members to be active members of their local and national communities. The group announced the creation of a national commission — to be led by Nancy Cantor, chancellor of Syracuse University, and Steven D. Lavine, president of the California Institute of the Arts — that will develop new ways to evaluate faculty members in the arts and humanities. Members of the panel include other presidents, as well as deans and professors. The group hopes to produce models that deans and departments could use, to keep rigor high while also recognizing different forms of work. Inside Higher Education 10/3/05

Posted by P. Kaufman at 7:05 AM

In Challenge to Google, Yahoo Will Scan Books

An unusual alliance of corporations, nonprofit groups and universities plans to announce today an ambitious plan to digitize hundreds of thousands of books over the next several years and put them on the Internet, with the full text accessible to anyone. The effort is being led by Yahoo, which appears to be taking direct aim at a similar project announced by its archrival, Google, whose own program to create searchable digital copies of entire collections at leading research libraries has run into a series of challenges since it was announced nine months ago. The new project, called the Open Content Alliance, has the wide-ranging goal of digitizing historical works of fiction along with specialized technical papers. In addition to Yahoo, its members include the Internet Archive, the University of California, and the University of Toronto, as well as the National Archive in England and others." New York Times 10/3/05

Posted by P. Kaufman at 7:00 AM