April 11, 2007
Catalogue of living species reaches 1 million mark
The Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, a worldwide scientific effort to catalog all living species, has reportedly reached the 1 million milestone. Six years into the program, the total has reached 1,009,000 researchers report. The list, likely to be completed by 2011, is expected to reach a total of nearly 1.75 million species. The final catalog will include all known living organisms - from plants and animals to fungi and microorganisms such as bacteria, protozoa and viruses. The catalog does not include fossil species from the past.
The Catalogue of Life partnership
In June 2001 the Species 2000 and ITIS organizations decided to work together to create the Catalogue of Life. They declared a target for completing coverage for all 1.75 million known species by 2011. The two organizations remain separate and different in structure. However, by working together in creating a common product, the partnership has enabled them to reduce duplication of effort, make better use of resources, and to accelerate production. T
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) is a partnership of federal agencies and other organisations from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, with data stewards and experts from around the world (see http://www.itis.gov). The ITIS database is an automated reference of scientific and common names of biota of interest to North America. It contains more than 535,000 names for species in all kingdoms, and is accessible via the World Wide Web in English, French, Spanish, and Portuguese (http://itis.gbif.net). ITIS is part of the US National Biological Information Infrastructure (http://www.nbii.gov) and an associate member of GBIF.
About Species 2000
Species 2000 (http://www.sp2000.org) is an autonomous federation of taxonomic database custodians, involving taxonomists throughout the world. Its goal is to collate a uniform and validated index to the world's known species. It is a not-for-profit company limited by guarantee (registered in England No. 3479405) with six directors and taxonomic database organisations from around the world as members. It is sponsored by CODATA, IUBS and IUMS; is an associate participant in GBIF; and is recognised by UNEP and the CBD. There are two regional programmes: Species 2000 europa (http://www.sp2000europa.org), funded by the European Commission, working with global and regional databases based in Europe and Species 2000 Asia-Oceania (www.sp2000asiaoceania.org) working to promote taxonomy and taxonomic databasing in that region. The Phase II Programme is establising a number of regional/national hubs of which the European Hub, the Species 2000 China Node (http://www.sp2000.cn), and the N America Hub are the first to appear.
Posted by florador at April 11, 2007 10:36 AM