Chapter 13: Zoology
Chapter 13: Zoology
Zoology is "the scientific study of animals," according to the Oxford Dictionary of Biology, 4th ed, 2000. Entomology is treated separately in Chapter 12 since it has traditionally been treated as a separate discipline. The other branches of zoology such as ornithology or nematology are not separated in this chapter; rather, the arrangement is by type of material following the pattern established earlier.
Anatomical atlases and dissection manuals for non-human animals are found in this chapter; for human anatomy see Chapter 11, although some of the atlases and manuals in that chapter also briefly mention non-human animal anatomy.
Abstracts and Indexes
- Ornithological Worldwide Literature: OWL. Oxford, UK: Edward Grey Institute of Field Ornithology, 2002- . http://www.birdlit.org/OWL/.
This resource grew out of Recent Ornithological Literature, a publication that was a joint supplement to The Auk, The Emu, and Ibis from 1983 to 1999 but is now available only online. It attempts to provide comprehensive coverage of the world literature in ornithology, scanning about 1,500 titles and at the time of writing went back to about 1980.
- Index-Catalogue of Medical and Veterinary Zoology: Authors. v. 1-18, 1932-1952. Washington, DC: Animal Parasitology Institute. Supplement. v. 1-24, 1953-1983.
Index to the literature of animal parasites of humans and animals. Indispensable source for parasitologists. The first series was in alphabetical order by authors names. Issued as series of supplements. Digitized at the Texas A&M University Library site at http://repository.tamu.edu/handle/1969.1/90524.
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- American Association for Zoological Nomenclature (AAZN). URL: http://iczn.org/content/american-association-zoological-nomenclature-aazn.
Founded 1983, 250 members. For those interested in the systematics of both living and extinct animals. Publishes AAZN Newsletter.
- American Fisheries Society (AFS). 5410 Grosvenor Ln., Ste. 110, Bethesda, MD 20814-2199. E-Mail: email@example.com. URL: http://www.fisheries.org.
Founded in 1870, 9000 members. International organization for aquatic sciences and fisheries professionals. Publishes Fisheries: Bulletin of the American Fisheries Society, Journal of Aquatic Animal Health, Marine and Coastal Fisheries, North American Journal of Aquaculture, North American Journal of Fisheries Management, and Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. The Web site contains membership information, job postings, and links to other fisheries pages.
- American Malacological Society (AMS). Tunison Laboratory of Aquatic Science, 3075 Gracie Rd., Cortland, NY 13045. E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. URL: http://www.malacological.org/index.php.
Founded in 1931. 600 members. For professionals and hobbyists interested in mollusks. Publishes American Malacological Bulletin and supplements and AMS Newsletter. Formerly American Malacological Union. Web site includes membership information and links to other resources.
- American Ornithologists' Union (AOU). 5405 Villa View Dr., Farmington, NM 87402. E-Mail: email@example.com. URL: http://www.aou.org.
Founded 1883, 4,000 members. Publishes The Auk, Check-List of North American Birds, Handbook of North American Birds, Ornithological Monographs, and Ornithological Newsletter. Web site has membership information, bird-related links, and links to checklists for North and South America.
- American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists (ASIH). Florida International University, College of Arts and Science, Dept. of Biological Sciences, 11200 SW 8th St., Miami, FL 33199. E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. URL: http://www.asih.org.
Founded 1913, 3,600 members. For scientists and students interested in fish, amphibians, and reptiles. Publishes Copeia. Web site includes membership information.
- American Society of Mammalogists (ASM). PO Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044. E-Mail: email@example.com. URL: http://www.mammalsociety.org.
Founded in 1919, 3600 members. Publishes Journal of Mammalogy, Mammalian Species, and special publications. Web site includes membership information.
- Association of Field Ornithologists (AFO). c/o Kathryn Purcell, VP, Sierra Nevada Research Center, 2081 E Sierra Ave., Fresno, CA 93710. E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. URL: http://www.afonet.org.
Founded 1924, 2,400 members. Formerly Northeastern Bird-Banding Association. Publishes Journal of Field Ornithology. Web site primarily for membership information.
- Cooper Ornithological Society (COS). c/o Abby N. Powell, Sec., University of Alaska, Department of Biology and Wildlife Fairbanks, AK 99775-7020. E-Mail: email@example.com. URL: http://www.cooper.org.
Founded 1893, 2200 members. Professional ornithological society. Publishes Condor and Studies in Avian Biology. Web site primarily for publication and membership information.
- The Crustacean Society (TCS). PO Box 7065, Lawrence, KS 66044-7065. E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. URL: http://www.thecrustaceansociety.org/.
Founded 1980, 850 members. Publishes The Ecdysiast and The Journal of Crustacean Biology. Web site includes membership information, journal information, and related links.
- Herpetologists' League (HL). c/o Meredith Mahoney, Treas., ISM Research and Collections Center, 1011 E Ash St., Springfield, IL 62703. URL: http://www.herpetologistsleague.org.
Founded 1936, 2,000 members. Publishes Herpetologica and Herpetological Monographs. Web site includes information on membership and links to other herpetological societies.
- International Society of Protozoologists (ISOP). c/o David Montagnes, VP, University of Liverpool, School of Biological ScienceCrown St., Liverpool L69 7ZB, UK. E-Mail: email@example.com. URL: http://www.uga.edu/protozoa.
Founded 1947, 1125 members. Publishes Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, Newsletter, Illustrated Guide to the Protozoa. Web site includes membership information. Formerly: Society of Protozoologists.
- Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology (SICB). 1313 Dolley Madison Blvd., Ste. 402, McLean, VA 22101-3926. E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. URL: http://www.sicb.org.
Founded in 1890, 2300 members. For professional zoologists. Publishes Integrative and Comparative Biology. Formerly American Society of Zoologists; absorbed American Morphological Society. Web site primarily for membership information, but also includes searchable database of educational resources.
- Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles (SSAR). Zoo Atlanta, 800 Cherokee Ave. SE, Atlanta, GA 30315. E-Mail: email@example.com. URL: http://www.ssarherps.org.
Founded 1958, 2,700 members. Formerly: Ohio Herpetological Society. Publishes Herpetological Circulars, Herpetological Review, Journal of Herpetology. Web site includes membership information.
- Society of Nematologists (SON). PO Box 311, Marceline, MO 64658. E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. URL: http://www.nematologists.org.
Founded in 1961, 650 members. For people interested in basic and applied nematology. Publishes Journal of Nematology, and Nematology Newsletter. Web site provides membership information, related links, and information on publications and discussion groups.
- Wilson Ornithological Society (WOS). c/o OSNA Business Office, 400 Bosque Blvd., Ste. 680, Waco, TX 76710. E-Mail: email@example.com. URL: http://www.wilsonsociety.org.
Founded 1888. 2,500 members. For professional ornithologists and hobbyists interested in the scientific study of birds. Publishes Wilson Journal of Ornithology.
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- Hall, David H. and Zeynep F. Altun. C. elegans Atlas. Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2008. 348 p. $179.00; $128.00 (spiralbound). ISBN 0879697946; 9780879697945; 0879697156 (spiralbound); 9780879697150 (spiralbound).
This atlas provides detailed images and descriptions of internal and external structures of adult specimens of this important model organism. The images are from the online site WormBase, http://www.wormbase.org/, home to the C. elegans research community.
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Checklists and Identification Manuals
- Check-List of North American Birds: The Species of Birds of North America from the Arctic through Panama, Including the West Indies and Hawaiian Islands. 7th ed. Washington, DC: The Union, 1998. 829 p. ISBN 189127600X; 9781891276002.
The checklist is prepared by the Committee on Classification and Nomenclature of the American Ornithologists’ Union and is updated irregularly. Each species is listed with scientific and English name, original citation, habitat, distribution (summer and winter), and notes. The list and its supplements may also be found at http://www.aou.org/checklist/north/print.php.
- Clements, James F. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed. Ithaca, NY: Comstock. Associates/Cornell University Press, 2007. 843 p. $62.95. ISBN 0801445019; 9780801445019.
For dedicated birders, this checklist lists more than 9,800 species of birds and can serve as a lifelist. Each entry has a checkbox to use as a lifelist, common and scientific names, and distribution. A separate section lists extinct birds, and two appendixes outline the distribution of birds. The checklist is updated regularly at the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology’s Web site at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist.
- Gill, F. and D. Donsker, eds. IOC World Bird List. 2013- . http://www.worldbirdnames.org.
Provides lists of accepted common names for all bird species from around the world plus spelling guidelines for English common names. The site provides the avian taxonomy information used in the Tree of Life project (see Chapter 3).
- Monroe, Burt L. and Charles Gald Sibley. A World Checklist of Birds. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1993. 393 p. $75.00. ISBN 0300055471; 9780300055474.
This checklist is based on the taxonomic system of Sibley and Monroe (see below). As well as the usual Latin and English names and distribution of each species, the checklist provides a column for the dedicated birder to check off which of the 9,702 species he/she has seen. The list is also available on the Web at http://www.ornitaxa.com/SM/SMOrg/sm.html.
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Classification, Nomenclature, and Systematics
- Amphibiaweb: Information on Amphibian Biology and Conservation. Berkeley, CA: Amphibiaweb, 2000- . http://amphibiaweb.org/.
This database provides taxonomic information on all species of amphibians taken from Frost’s Amphibian Species of the World (below). The intent is to provide detailed taxonomic and ecological information on all species of amphibians of the world, currently over 7,000 species. The site also includes information on the decline in amphibian populations worldwide.
- Avibase. 2003- . http://avibase.bsc-eoc.org.
Contains over ten million records about 10,000 species of birds world-wide. Each account includes a recording of songs, taxonomy, common names in multiple languages, authorities accepting the name, and links to range maps and other ornithological Web sites.
- Collins, Joseph T. and Travis William Taggart. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles and Crocodilians. 6th ed. Lawrence, KS: Center for North American Herpetology, 2009. 44 p. ISBN 0972193715; 9780972193719.
Provides approved common names for the reptiles of North America. The guide is available at the Center for North American Herpetology's web site at http://www.cnah.org/. The first through fourth editions were published under the title Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians and Reptiles. The 7th edition is expected in early 2014.
- Eschmeyer, William N. Catalog of Fishes. San Francisco, CA: California Academy of Sciences, 1998. (Special publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, California Academy of Sciences, no. 1). ISBN 0940228475; 9780940228474.
Lists genera in alphabetical order with name, author, date, type specimen, remarks, and status. Separate sections list names by class and literature cited. Updates the author’s Catalog of the Genera of Recent Fishes, published in 1990. Available on the Web at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp.
- Frost, Darrel R. Amphibian Species of the World: An Online Reference. New York: American Museum of Natural History, 2013- . Version 5.6. http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.
Provides scientific name, authority, year of publication, type species, specimen, and location, distribution, and status. Updates the author’s Amphibian Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographical Reference, published in 1985.
- Index to Organism Names (ION). Philadelphia, PA: Thomson Scientific, 2007- . http://www.organismnames.com/.
This list of organismal names is taken from Zoological Record and contains information on millions of fossil and current species. Records include approved scientific name, source of the original description, and links to outside resources such as the Encyclopedia of Life, GBIF, and NCBI data. At the time of writing, only protozoa and animals were included, but the site plans on adding bacterial, plant, and fungal names from Biological Abstracts.
- Martin, Joel W. and George E. Davis. An Updated Classification of the Recent Crustacea. Los Angeles, CA: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, 2001. 124 p. (Science series, no. 39). ISBN 1891276271; 9781891276279.
Provides general notes about the relationship of crustacean taxa plus a detailed classification system. Also freely available as a PDF at http://web.vims.edu/tcs/LACM-39-01-final.pdf.
- Pyle, Richard. Zoobank. International Commission for Zoological Nomenclature: 2008- . http://zoobank.org/.
According to the Web site, "ZooBank is the official registry of Zoological Nomenclature, according to the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN)." The database contains lists of "nomenclatural acts" (usually descriptions of new species), and will eventually include registration of type specimens.
- Wilson, Don E. and DeeAnn M. Reeder. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. 3rd ed. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005. 2 v. $134.00 (set). ISBN 0801882214 (set); 9780801882210 (set).
A checklist, providing common name, original citation, type locality, distribution, status, synonyms, and comments for 5,416 species. The full text is also freely available at the Smithsonian Institute's site at http://www.vertebrates.si.edu/msw/mswcfapp/msw/index.cfm for non-commercial use.
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Dictionaries and Encyclopedias
- NatureServe Explorer: An Online Encyclopedia of Life. Arlington, VA: NatureServe, 2000- . http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/.
Authoritative conservation information on more than 70,000 plants, animals, and ecological communities of the United States and Canada. Provides detailed information on rare and endangered species but includes common plants and animals as well.
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Guides to the Literature
- Crawford, Richard L. Information Resources on Amphibians. Beltsville, MD: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, National Agricultural Library, Animal Welfare Information Center, 2008. (AWIC resource series, no. 42).
"The citations in this bibliography pertain to the health, care and housing of amphibians and reptiles owned as pets, exhibited in zoos and aquariums, or used for research.' (from the website) Freely available at http://www.nal.usda.gov/awic/pubs/Amphibians/amphibians.shtml. Updates Information Resources on Amphibians, Fish and Reptiles Used in Biomedical Research.
- Crawford, Richard L. Information Resources on Reptiles. Beltsville, MD: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, National Agricultural Library, Animal Welfare Information Center, 2008. (AWIC Resource Series, no. 43).
"The citations in this bibliography pertain to the health, care and housing of reptiles owned as pets, exhibited in zoos and aquariums, or used for research." (from the website) Freely available at http://www.nal.usda.gov/awic/pubs/Reptiles/reptiles.shtml.
- Taggart, Travis William. The Center for North American Herpetology CNAH: Home Page. Lawrence, KS: Center for North American Herpetology, 1994- . http://www.cnah.org/.
This Web portal provides links to information on amphibians and reptiles of the United States and Canada, including links to nomenclature, societies, news, meetings, forums, announcements, and much more. There is also a searchable database of over 2,000 literature references from 1586 on.
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Methods and Techniques
- American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists and Herpetological Animal Care and Use Committee. Guidelines for use of Live Amphibians and Reptiles in Field and Laboratory Research. Lawrence, KS: American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, 2004. http://www.asih.org/files/hacc-final.pdf.
This handbook provides guidelines for the ethical use of amphibians and reptiles in scientific studies.
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- The Auk: A Quarterly Journal of Ornithology. v. 1- , 1884- . Washington, DC: American Ornithologists' Union. Quarterly. Price varies. ISSN 0004-8038 (print); 1938-4254 (online).
The journal of the American Ornithologists' Union. "Topics of articles appearing in The Auk include the documentation, analysis, and interpretation of laboratory and field studies, theoretical or methodological developments, and reviews of information or ideas." Also publishes perspectives, comments, letters, and book reviews. Available as part of BioOne.1 and JSTOR. Backfiles available from JSTOR (subscription) or SORA (free, http://elibrary.unm.edu/sora/Auk/index.php).
- The Condor: An International Journal of Avian Biology. v. 1- , 1899- . Los Angeles, CA: Cooper Ornithological Society. Quarterly. Price varies. ISSN 0010-5422 (print); 1938-5129 (online).
The journal of the Cooper Ornithological Society. "The Condor is an international journal that publishes (quarterly) original research reports, review articles, and commentary pertaining to the biology of wild bird species." Backfiles are available online from JSTOR (subscription) or SORA (free, http://elibrary.unm.edu/sora/Condor/index.php).
- Journal of Field Ornithology. v. 51- , 1980- . New Ipswich, NH: Northeastern Bird-Banding Association. Quarterly. Price varies. ISSN 0273-8570 (print); 1557-9263 (online).
The journal "publishes original empirical and methodological papers dealing with the ecology, behavior, taxonomy, life history, and zoogeography of birds in their natural habitats." Also publishes bibliography of current foreign ornithological literature. The abstracts are in English and Spanish. Available as part of BioOne.1 and JSTOR. Backfiles available from JSTOR (subscription) or SORA (free, http://elibrary.unm.edu/sora/JFO/index.php). Formerly: Bird-Banding.
- The Wilson Journal of Ornithology. v. 118- , 2006- . Lawrence, KS: Wilson Ornithological Society. Quarterly. Price varies. ISSN 1559-4491 (print); 1938-5447 (online).
The journal of the Wilson Ornithological Society. "The principal focus of the Journal is the study of living birds, their behavior, ecology, adaptive physiology and conservation." Also publishes book reviews. Available as part of BioOne.1 and JSTOR. Backfiles available from JSTOR (subscription) or SORA (free, http://elibrary.unm.edu/sora/Wilson/index.php). Formerly: The Wilson Bulletin.