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Slavery, Racism and Reparations for African Americans


"African Americans and Movements for Reparations: Past, Present, and Future."  Journal of African American History 97 (Winter-Spring, 2011).  Special issue dedicated to the memory and scholarly legacy of Dr. Ronald W. Walters. 

Allen, Robert L. "Past Due: The African American Quest for Reparations." Black Scholar 28 (Summer 1998): 2-17.

America, Richard F.  Paying the Social Debt: What White America Owes Black America. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1993.

_____. "Reparations and Public Policy." Review of Black Political Economy 26 (Winter 1999): 77-83.

_____.  "Reparations and the Competitive Advantage of Inner Cities." Review of Black Political Economy 24 (Fall 1995-Winter 1996): 193-206.

_____.  "The Theory of Restitution: The African American Case."  In Boston, Thomas D., ed.  A Different Vision. Volume 2.  Race and public policy.  New York:  Routledge, 1997, pp. 154-62

_____., ed. The Wealth of Races: the Present Value of Benefits from Past Injustices. New York: Greenwood Press, 1990.

Ards, Angela. "Payment for Past Wrongs." Colorlines: Race, Culture, Action 4 (Fall 2001): 20-22.

Baraka, Amiri.  "The Case for Reparations."  Black Collegian 29 (October 1998):  26+

Barkan E. "Payback Time: Restitution and the Moral Economy of Nations. Tikkun 11 (September 1996): 52-57.

Berry, Mary Frances. "In Search of Callie House and the Origins of the Modern Reparations Movement."  Journal of African American History 91 (Summer 2006): 323-327.

Bittker, Boris I. The Case for Black Reparations. New York: Random House, 1973.

Bolner, James. "Toward a Theory of Racial Reparations." Phylon 29 (1968): 41-47.

Brock, Gregory J., et al. "State of the Art: The Cost of Being Black-White Americans' Perceptions and the Question of Reparations." Du Bois Review 3 (September 2006): 261-297.

Brooks, Roy L.  Atonement and Forgiveness: A New Model for Black Reparations. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004.

_____., ed. When Sorry Isn't Enough:  The Controversy over Apologies and Reparations for Human Injustice. New York:  New York University Press, 1999.

Browne, Robert S.  "Achieving Parity through Reparations." In America, Richard F., ed. The Wealth of Races: the Present Value of Benefits from Past Injustices. New York: Greenwood Press, 1990, pp. 199-206.

_____.  "The Economic Basis for Reparations to Black America." Review of Black Political Economy 21 (Winter 1993): 99-110.

_____. "The Economic Case for Reparations to Black America." American Economic Review 62 (1972): 39-46.

_____.  "Wealth Distribution and Its Impact on Minorities." Issue 4 (Summer 1974): 27-37.

Burroughs, Todd Steven. "1921 Tulsa Race Riot Survivors Denied Reparations." Crisis 112 (July-August 2005): 11+.

Bush, Lawrence and Jeffrey Dekro. "Jews and the Black Reparations Campaign." Tikkun 15 (July 2000): 12-.

Campo, Shelly, M. Somjen Frazer, Teresa Mastin. "In Black and White: Coverage of U.S. Slave Reparations by the Mainstream Black Press." Howard Journal of Communications 16 (July-September 2005): 201-223.

_____. "Predicting and Explaining Public Opinion Regarding U.S. Slavery Reparations."  Howard Journal of Communications 15 (April-June 2004): 115-130.

Cha-Jua, Sundiata Keita. "Slavery, Racist Violence, American Apartheid: The Case for Reparations." New Politics 8 (Summer 2001): 46-64.

Chisolm, Tunneen E. "Sweep Around Your Own Front Door: Examining the Argument for Legislative African American Reparations." University of Pennsylvania Law Review 147 (January 1999): 677+.

Collins, Chuck and Dedrick Muhammad. "Race, Wealth and the Commons." Poverty & Race 16 (May-June 2007): 3-7.

Dawson, Michael C. "Reparations: Justice and Greed in Black and White." Du Bois Review 1 (March 2004): 47-91.

Dotzler, Robert J. "Getting to Reparations: A Response to Fein." Sociological Practice 2 (2000): 177-182.

Dymski, Gary A. "Illegal Seizure and Market Disadvantage Approaches to Restitution:  A Comparison of the Japanese American and African Cases." Review of Black Political Economy 27 (2000): 49-80.

Feagin, Joe R. Racist America: Roots, Current Realities, and Future Reparations. New York: Routledge, 2000.

"Florida Urged to Pay Victims of '23 Race Riot."  New York Times, March 23, 1994, section B, page 8, column 4.  Discussion of reparations for destruction of town of Rosewood. 

Frye, Jerry K. "The 'Black Manifesto' and the Tactics of Objectification." Journal of Black Studies 5 (1974): 65-76.

Gonales, Patrisia and Roberto Rodrigue. "America Closed for Reparations." Progressive Populist 6 (August 1/15, 2000): 18+.

Harrington, Michael and Arnold S. Kaufman. "Black Reparations: Two Views." Dissent 16 (1969): 317-320.

Henry, Charles P. "The Politics of Racial Reparations." Journal of Black Studies 34 (November 2003): 131-152.

Hess, Penny and Omali Yeshitela. Overturning the Culture of Violence. St. Petersburg, FL: Burning Spear Uhuru Publications, 2000.

Hutchinson, Earl Ofari and Delores Bundy. "The Touchy Question of Reparations." Upscale 11 (May 2000): 14-15.

Jeffries, Judson L. "Juneteenth, Black Texans and the Case for Reparations." Negro Educational Review 55 (April-July 2004): 107-115.

Jones, Daryl. "Address to the Black Reparations and Self-Determination Conference." Vital Issues 9 (Winter 1999): 72-76.

Killian, Lewis M. "Black Power and White Reactions:  The Revitalization of Race-Thinking in the United States." American Academy of Political and Social Science 81 (March 1981): 42-54.

Kornweibel, Theodore, Jr. "Railroads, Race and Reparations." Souls 5 (Summer 2003): 23-32.

Lancaster, Donald Aquinas Jr. "The Alchemy and Legacy of the United States of America's Sanction of Slavery and Segregation: A Property Law and Equitable Remedy Analysis of African American Reparations." Howard Law Journal 43 (Winter 2000): 171-212.  

Lecky, Robert S. and H. Elliott Wright, eds. Black Manifesto: Religion, Racism, and Reparations. New York: Sheed and Ward, 1969.

Longwood, Merle. "Justice and Reparation: The Black Manifesto Reconsidered." Lutheran Quarterly 27 (1975): 203-219.

Marable, Manning. "Should America Apologize for Slavery?" About Time 26 (February-March 1998): 15+.

Matsuda, Mari.  "Looking to the Bottom: Critical Legal Studies and Reparations. In Crenshaw, Kimberle, ed.  Critical Race Theory: The Key Writings that Formed the Movement. New York: New Press, 1995.

Magee, Rhonda V.  "The Master's Tools, from the Bottom Up:  Responses to African-American Reparations Theory in Mainstream and Outsider Remedies Discourse." Virginia Law Review 79 (May 1993): 863-916.

Michelson, Melissa R. "The Black Reparations Movement: Public Opinion and Congressional Policy Making." Journal of Black Studies 32 (May 2002): 574-587.

Monteiro, Anthony. "Race, Class and Civilization: On Clarence J. Munford's Race and Reparations." Black Scholar 29 (Spring 1999): 46-59.

Morsell, John A. "The NAACP and Reparations." Crisis 77 (1970): 93-95, 101.

Munford, Clarence J.  Race and Reparations: A Black Perspective for the 21st Century. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1996.

Nixon, Ron. "Peculiar Profits: The Reparations Movement Pursues Slavery's Blue Chip Beneficiaries." Mother Jones 30 (July 2000): 17-18.

Ojo, Tokunbo. "Talkin' 'bout Those Reparations: There's More than One Way to Look at Compensation for Slavery." Toward Freedom 48 (February 2000): 20+.

Peoples, Betsy. "A Simple Gesture." Emerge 8 (September 1997): 42-44+

Reed, Adolph. "The Case against Reparations." The Progressive 64 (December 2000): 15-17.

Robinson, Randall. The Debt: What America Owes to Blacks. New York: Dutton, 2000.

Schedler, George. Racist Symbols and Reparations: Philosophical Reflections on Vestiges of the American Civil War. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 1998.

Schuchter, Arnold. Reparations: The Black Manifesto and Its Challenge to White America. Philadelphia:  Lippincott, 1970.

Simon, Julian and Larry Neal.  "A Calculation of the Black Reparations Bill."  Review of Black Political Economy 4 (Winter 1974):  75+.

Singer, Alan. "19th Century New York Complicity with Slavery: Documenting the Case for Reparations." Negro Educational Review 54 (January-April 2003): 17-29.

Turner, James. "Callie House: The Pursuit of Reparations as a Means for Social Justice."  Journal of African American History 91 (Summer 2006): 305-310.

Westley, Robert. "Fourteenth Amendment Jurisprudence: Race and the Rights of Groups." Ph.D. Thesis, Yale University, 1993.

_____. "Many Billions Gone:  Is it Time to Reconsider the Case for Black Reparations." Boston College Law Review 40 (December 1998): 429-476.

Winbush, Raymond A., ed.  Should America Pay?: Slavery and the Raging Debate Over Reparations. New York: Amistad, 2003.

Yamamoto, Eric K. "What's Next? Japanese American Redress and African American Reparations." Amerasia Journal 25 (1999): 1-17.



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