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African Diaspora



Ackah, William. Pan-Africanism, Exploring the Contradictions: Politics, Identity, and Development in Africa and the African Diaspora. Brookfield, VT: Ashgate, 1999. 123 pp.

Adeleke, Tunde. "Black Americans, Africa and History: A Reassessment of the Pan-African and Identity Paradigms." Western Journal of Black Studies 22 (Fall, 1998): 182-194.

Adu-Gyamfi, Yaw. "Orality in Writing: Its Cultural and Political Significance in Wole Soyinka's 'Ogun Abibiman'." Research in African Literatures 33 (Fall 2002).

Hasty, Jennifer. "Rites of Passage, Routes of Redemption: Emancipation tourism and the Wealth of Culture." Africa Today 49 (Fall 2002): 47-78.

Afnan, Abu'l-Qasim. Black Pearls: Servants in the Household of the Báb and Bahá'u'lláh. Los Angeles: Kalimát Press, 1988. 59 p. (Iran)

Akyeampong, Emmanuel. "Africans in the Diaspora: The Diaspora and Africa." African Affairs 99 (Apr. 2000): 183-215.

Ali, Munir M. "The Story of Islam's Coming to America: The African Connection." The Griot 22(Spring 2003): 45-54.

Ali, Shanti Sadiq. The African Dispersal in the Deccan: from Medieval to Modern Times. London: Sangam, 1996. 260 pp.

Almquist, Steve. "Not Quite the Gabbling of 'A Thing Most Brutish': Caliban's Kiswahili in Aimé Césaire's 'A Tempest'." Callaloo 29 (Spring 2006): 587-607, 702.

Amoko, A O. "The Problem with English Literature: Canonicity, Citizenship, and the Idea of Africa." Research in African Literatures 32 (Winter 2001): 19-43.

Anyinefa, Koffi. "Hello and Goodbye to Negritude: Senghor, Dadi, Dongala, and America." Research in African Literatures 27 (Summer 1996): 51-69.

Asante, Molefi Kete. "African Renaissance Conferences of the 21st Century: Dakar and Salvador in Perspective." Journal of Black Studies 37 (November 2006): 169-176.

Austerlitz, Paul. The Jazz Tinge in Dominican Music: A Black Atlantic Perspective. Black Music Research Journal 18 (Spring - Autumn, 1998): 1-19.

Azevedo, Mario, ed. Africana Studies: a Survey of Africa and the African Diaspora. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 1993. 530 pp.

Badejo, Deidre L. "African Feminism: (Re)Visioning the Social Order." Afrocentric Scholar 1 (May 1992).

Baptiste, Fitzroy A. "African Presence in India." Africa Quarterly 1998 38(1): 75-90; (2): 91-126.

Beier, Ulli, ed.  Voices of Independence: New Black Writing from Papua New Guinea. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1980. 251 pp.

Bonnett, Aubrey W. and G. Llewellyn Watson. Emerging Perspectives on the Black Diaspora. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1989. 368 pp.

Bogues, Anthony. "Politics, nation and postColony: Caribbean inflections." Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism 6 (March 2002): 1.

Brunson, James E. and Runoko Rashidi. Black Jade: the African Presence in the Ancient East and Other Essays. DeKalb, IL: KARA publishing, 1985. 144 pp.

Balutansky, Kathleen M. "Appreciating C. L. R. James, a Model of Modernity and Creolization." Latin American Research Review 32.2 (1997): 233-243.

Carby, Hazel V. Cultures in Babylon: Black Britain and African America. New York: Verso, 1999. 282 pp.

Cathran, Mary E. "Black Versus Black: The Relationships Among African, African American, and African Caribbean Persons." Journal of Black Studies 33 (May 2003): 576-604.

Chauhan, R. R. S. Africans in India: from Slavery to Royalty. New Delhi: Asian Publication Services, 1995. 264 pp.

Chivallon, Christine. "Can One Diaspora Hide Another? Differing Interpretations of Black Culture in the Americas." Social and Economic Studies 54 (June 2005): 71-105.

Christian, Mark. "African Centered Knowledge: A British Perspective." Western Journal of Black Studies 25 (Spring 2001): 12-20.

Clague, Mark. Instruments of Identity: Alton Augustus Adams Sr., the Navy Band of the Virgin Islands, and the Sounds of Social Change. Black Music Research Journal 18 (Spring - Autumn, 1998): 21-65.

Clarke, John Henrik. Africans at the Crossroads: Notes for an African World Revolution. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1991. 450 pp.

Clarke, John Henrik. "Pan-Africanism: a Brief History of an Idea in the African World." Présence Africaine 1988 (1): 26-56.

Cogdell DjeDje, Jacqueline. Remembering Kojo: History, Music, and Gender in the January Sixth Celebration of the Jamaican Accompong Maroons. Black Music Research Journal 18 (Spring - Autumn, 1998): 67-120.

Conniff, Michael L. and Thomas J. Davis.  Africans in the Americas: A History of the Black Diaspora.  New York:  St. Martin's, 1994. 356 pp.

Conyers, James L., Jr., ed. African American Sociology: a Social Study of the Pan-African Diaspora. Chicago: Nelson-Hall Publishers, 1999. 284 pp.

Conyers, James L., Jr. A Structural Analysis of Enslavement in the African Diaspora. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 2001. 427 pp.

Conyers, James L, Jr. "Africana Studies: In Labor and Posture for Amelioration." International Journal of Africana Studies 7.1 (Special edition 2001): 30-39.

Counter, S. Allen.  North Pole Legacy: Black, White and Eskimo.  Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1991. 222 pp.

Counter, S. Allen and David L. Evans.  I Sought My Brother: an Afro-American Reunion.   Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1981. 276 pp. (Suriname)

Covin, David. "Learning From Brazil's Unified Black Movement: Whither Goeth Black Nationalism?" National Political Science Review 7 (1999): 84-95.

Covin, David. "Symposium: Race and Democracy in the Americas: Race and Democracy in the Americas Project." National Political Science Review 9 (2003): 1-5.

Cox, David, Brian Cooper and Moses Adepoju. The Settlement of Black Africans in Australia. Bundoora, Vic.: La Trobe University, 1999. 69 pp.

Cox, Edward L. "'Race Men': The Pan-African Struggles of William Galwey Donovan and Theophilus Albert Marryshow for Political Change on Grenada, 1884-1925." Journal of Caribbean History 36.1 (2002): 69-VII.

Dixon, Kwame. "Beyond Race and Gender: Recent Works on Afro-Latin America." Latin American Research Review 41.3 (2006): 247-257.

Gramby-Sobukwe, Sharon. "Africa and U.S. Foreign Policy: Contributions of the Diaspora to Democratic African Leadership." Journal of Black Studies 35 (July 2005): 779-801.

Crosby, Edward W. "African Education: An Appraisal of Afrocentric Content vs. Eurocentric Form1." Afrocentric Scholar 2 (May 1993).

Crosby, Edward. "Black Studies and Africana Studies Curriculum Model in the United States." Afrocentric Scholar 2 (May 1993).

Curtin, Philip D. "The African Diaspora." Historical Reflections 6(1) 1979 : 1-17.

David, Arthur LaCurtiss. The African-European in World History.  Memphis, TN: W. E. G. Publishing Company, 2001. 77 pp.

Debo, Annette. "Signifying 'Afrika': Gwendolyn Brooks' Later Poetry." Callaloo 29 (Winter 2006): 168-181.

DeCosta-Willis, Miriam. "Meditations on History: The Middle Passage in the Afro-Hispanic Literary Imagination." Afro-Hispanic Review 22 (Spring 2003): 3-12.

DeLancey, Frenzella Elaine. "Afrocentricity, Science & Technology: Implications for Curriculum & Pedagogy." Afrocentric Scholar 2 (May 1993).

Dewar, Elaine. "Lunch with Luzia: the Fine African Features of the Oldest Woman in the Americas."  In Bones: Discovering the First Americans.  New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, 2002. 628 pp.

Dixon, Kwame. "Beyond Race and Gender: Recent Works on Afro-Latin America." Latin American Research Review 41.3 (2006): 247-257.

Drake, St. Clair. "The Black Diaspora in Pan-African Perspective." Black Scholar 1975 7(1): 2-13.

Eudell, Demetrius L. "Review Essays: A New Kind of Freedom: Some Notes on the Transformative Thought of C. L. R. James." Research in African Literatures 29 (Winter 1998): 156-173.

Earle, T.F. and K. J. P. Lowe, eds.  Black Africans in Renaissance Europe. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005. 434 pp.

Erskine, John Elphinstone.  Journal of a Cruise Among the Islands of the Western Pacific: Including the Feejees and Others Inhabited by the Polynesian Negro Races, in Her Majesty's Ship Havannah.  London: John Murray, 1853. 488 pp.

Faymonville, Carmen. "Black Germans and Transnational Identification." Callaloo 26 (Spring 2003): 364-382.

Ferreira da Silva, Denise. "Symposium: Race and Democracy in the Americas: Rewriting the Black Subject: "History" and "Culture" in the Black Brazilian Emancipatory Text." National Political Science Review 9 (2003): 126-137.

Fierce, Milfred C. The Pan-African Idea in the United States, 1900-1919: African-American Interest in Africa and Interaction With West Africa. New York: Garland Pub., 1993. 266 pp.

Fosu, Augustin Kwasi. "NEA Presidential Address: An Economic Theory of Pan-Africanism." Review of Black Political Economy 27 (Fall 1999): 7-12.

Francis, Wigmoore. "Nineteeth- and Early-twentieth-century Perspectives on Women in the Discourses of Radical Black Caribbean Men." Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism 7 (March 2003): 116.

Franklin, V. P. "'Location, Location, Location': The Cultural Geography of African Americans--Introduction to a Journey." Journal of African American History 87 (Winter 2002): 1-10.

Fredrickson, George M. Black Liberation: a Comparative History of Black Ideologies in the United States and South Africa. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. 390 pp.

Gaines, Kevin. "Black Studies, Afrocentrism and Coalition-Building: St. Clair Drake's 'Black Folk Here and There'." Black Scholar 32 (Spring 2002): 2-10.

Gilroy, Paul. The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992.

Gilroy, Paul. "Sounds Authentic: Black Music, Ethnicity, and the Challenge of a 'Changing' Same." Black Music Research Journal 11 (Autumn, 1991): 111-136.

Gramby-Sobukwe, Sharon. "Africa and U.S. Foreign Policy: Contributions of the Diaspora to Democratic African Leadership." Journal of Black Studies 35 (July 2005): 779-801.

Green, Charles. Manufacturing Powerlessness in the Black Diaspora: Inner-City Youth and the New Global Frontier. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press, 2001. 205 pp.

Green, Jeffrey. "'The Foremost Musician of His Race': Samuel Coleridge-Taylor of England, 1875-1912. Black Music Research Journal 10 (Autumn, 1990): 233-252.

Gutierrez Brockington, Lolita. "The African Diaspora in the Eastern Andes: Adaptation, Agency, and Fugitive Action, 1573-1677." Americas: A Quarterly Review of Inter-American Cultural History 2000 57(2): 207-224.

Harding, John, et al.  Blak Inside: 6 Indigenous Plays from Victoria.  Strawberry Hills, N.S.W.: Currency Press in association with Playbox Theatre, 2002. 

Harris, Joseph E. The African Diaspora. Alusine Jalloh and Stephen E Maizlish, eds. College Station, TX: Published for the University of Texas at Arlington by Texas A&M University Press, 152 pp.

Harris, Joseph E., ed. Global Dimensions of the African Diaspora. 2nd ed. Washington, DC: Howard University Press, 1993. 532 pp.

Harris, Michael D. "Confluences: Ile-Ife, Washington, D.C., and the TransAfrican artist." African Arts 30 (Spring 1997): 34-45

Hassan, Salah P. "Inaugural Issues: The Cultural Politics of the Early 'Présence Africaine', 1947-1955." Research in African Literatures 30 (Summer 1999): 194-221.

Hay, Michelle.  "Popular Culture: Pan-African Dimensions: A Survey of Scholarship." In Cultural life. Edited by Howard Dodson and Colin Palmer. East Lansing : Michigan State University Press, 2007

Higgins, Chester, Jr. Feeling the Spirit: Searching the World for the People of Africa. New York, NY: Bantam Books, 1994. 303 pp.

Hildebrand, Jennifer. "'Dere Were No Place In Heaven for Him, an' He Were Not Desired In Hell': Igbo Cultural Beliefs In African American Folk Expressions." Journal of African American History 91 (Spring 2006): 127-152.

Hine, Darlene Clark and Jacqueline McLeod, eds. Crossing Boundaries: Comparative History of Black People in Diaspora. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1999. 491 pp.

Hoffnung-Garskof, Jesse. "The Migrations of Arturo Schomburg: On Being 'Antillano', Negro, and Puerto Rican in New York: 1891-1938." Journal of American Ethnic History 21 (Fall 2001): 3-49.

Holton, Adalaine. "Decolonizing History: Arthur Schomburg's Afrodiasporic Archive." Journal of African American History 92 (Spring 2007): 218-238.

Howard, Rosalyn. "The 'Wild Indians' of Andros Island: Black Seminole Legacy in the Bahamas." Journal of Black Studies 37 (November 2006): 275-298.

Hunwick, John O. and Eve Troutt Powell. The African Diaspora in the Mediterranean Muslim World. Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener Publishers, 2001.

Hunwick, John O. "Black Slaves in the Mediterranean World: Introduction to a Neglected Aspect of the African Diaspora." Slavery & Abolition 1992 13(1): 5-38.

Hyman, Mark. Blacks Before America.  Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1994. 156 pp.

Iheduru, Obioma. "Social Values, Democracy, and the Problem of African American Identity." Journal of Black Studies 37.2 (Nov. 2006): 209-230.

Inikori, J. E. "The Origin of the Diaspora: the Slave Trade from Africa." Tarikh 1978 5(4): 1-19.

Irwin, Graham W. Africans Abroad: a Documentary History of the Black Diaspora in Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean During the Age of Slavery. New York: Columbia University Press, 1977. 408 pp.

Jagan, Cheddi. "Commentary By Excellency President Cheddi Jagan 18th Annual Conference of the National Council for Black Studies Georgetown, Guyana. June 1, 1994." Afrocentric Scholar 3 (December 1994)

Jakubiak, Katarzyna. "Between Failure and a New Creation: (Re)reading Yusef Komunyakaa's 'The Beast & Burden' in the Light of Paul Gilroy's 'Black Atlantic'." Callaloo 28 (Summer 2005): 865-881.

Jayasuriya, Shihan de Silva and Richard Pankhurst. The African Diaspora in the Indian Ocean. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2001.

Johnson, Sterling. Black Globalism: the International Politics of a Non-State Nation. Brookfield, VT: Ashgate, 1998. 262 pp.

Johnson, Vanessa D. "The Nguzo Saba as a Foundation for African American College Student Development Theory." Journal of Black Studies 31 (March 2001): 406-422.

Jones, Rhett S. "Sub-Africanities in Africa and the Americas." Western Journal of Black Studies 25 (Winter 2001): 228-237.

Joseph, Peniel E. "Dashikis and Democracy: Black Studies, Student Activism, and the Black Power Movement." Journal of African American History 88 (Spring 2003): 182-203.

Kand, Sylvie. "Look Homeward, Angel: Maroons and Mulattos in Haile Gerima's Sankofa." Research in African Literatures 29 (Summer 1998): 128-146.

Karenga, Maulana. "Symposium: Race and Democracy in the Americas: The Pan-African Initiative in the Americas: Culture, Common Struggle, and the Odu Ifa." National Political Science Review 9 (2003): 156-172.

Kelley, Robin D G. "How the West Was One: On the Uses and Limitations of Diaspora." Black Scholar 30 (Fall 2000-Winter 2001): 31-35.

Kelley, Venita A. "'Good Speech': An Interpretive Essay Investigating an African Philosophy of Communication." Western Journal of Black Studies 26 (Spring 2002): 44-53.

Kent, R.K.  "Palmares: An African State in Brazil." In Price, Richard, ed.  Maroon Societies. 3rd. ed.  Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Keto, C Tsehloane. "African Americans and South Africa to 1990: A Biblio-Historical Review." International Journal of Africana Studies 6 (November-December 2000): 58-84.

Khalidi, Omar. "African Diaspora in India: the Case of the Habashis of the Dakan." Islamic Culture 1989 63(1-2): 85-107.

Klintings, Prince Dennis. "Tourism Ghana: Joseph Project: Calling All Diasporan Africans." New African (March 2007): 58-60.

Lemelle, Sidney J., ed. Imagining Home: Class, Culture, and Nationalism in the African Diaspora. New York: Verso, 1994. 373 pp.

Lewis, Rupert. "The Contemporary Significance of the African Diaspora in the Americas." Caribbean Quarterly 1992 38(2-3): 73-80.

Lipski, John. "The Spanish of Equatorial Guinea: Research on La Hispanidad's Best-Kept Secret." Afro-Hispanic Review 21 (Spring-Fall 2002): 70-97.

Mann, Kristin. "Shifting Paradigms in the Study of the African Diaspora and of Atlantic History and Culture." Slavery & Abolition 2001 22(1): 3-21.

Mann, Kristin and Edna G. Bay. Rethinking the African Diaspora: the Making of a Black Atlantic World in the Bight of Benin and Brazil. Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2001. 160 pp.

Marah, John Karefah. African People in the Global Village: an Introduction to Pan African Studies. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1998. 309 pp.

Mayers-Johnson, Sheila. "The Word as a Conduit for African Consciousness: Mdw Ntr Through Ebonics." Journal of Culture and Its Transmission in the African World 1 (Winter 2004): 145, 147-174, 176.

Mazama, Ama. "The Afrocentric Paradigm: Contours and Definitions." Journal of Black Studies 31 (March 2001): 387-405.

Mazrui, Ali A.  "The World Economy and the African/African-American Connection."  In Cromwell, Adelaide M., ed.  Dynamics of the African- Afro-American Connectiion: From Dependency to Self-Reliance.  Washington, DC: Howard University Press, 1987.

Mazrui, Ali A. "Black Orientalism? Further Reflections on 'Wonders of the African World'." Black Scholar 30 (Spring 2000): 15-18.

McFerson, Hazel M.  "'Part-Black Americans' in the South Pacific."  Phylon 93 (June 1982): 177-180.

Meeks, Brian. "Reasoning with Caliban's Reason." Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism 6 (March 2002): 158.

Meriwether, James Hunter.  Proudly We can be Africans: Black Americans and Africa, 1935-1961.  Chapel Hill, NC:  University of North Carolina Press, 2002.  336 pp.

Miller, Monica L. "W.E.B. Du Bois and the Dandy as Diasporic Race Man." Callaloo 26 (Summer 2003): 738-765.

Minority Rights Group, ed.  Afro-Central Americans: Rediscovering the African Heritage. London: Minority Rights Group, 1996. 38 pp.

Moitt, Bernard. "Cheikh Anta Diop and the African Diaspora: Historical Continuity and Socio-Cultural Symbolism." Presence Africaine 1989 (1-2): 347-360.

Moore, T Owens. "A Fanonian Perspective on Double Consciousness." Journal of Black Studies 35 (July 2005): 751-762.

Morrison, Minion K C. "Symposium: Race and Democracy in the Americas: Race and Democracy in the U.S. and Brazil: The Evolution of a Program." National Political Science Review 9 (2003): 6-30.

Morosetti, Tiziana. "PANAFEST 2005: Review of ben Abdallah's 'The Slaves Revisited'." Research in African Literatures 38 (Summer 2007): 227-232.

Moudileno, Lydie. "Maryse Condé and the Fight Against Prejudice: Making Room for the Haitian Neighbor." Journal of Caribbean Literatures 4 (Fall 2006).

Murphy, Joseph M. Working the Spirit: Ceremonies of the African Diaspora. Boston: Beacon Press, 1994. 263 pp.

Nascimento, Elisa Larkin. Pan-Africanism and South America: Emergence of a Black Rebellion. Buffalo, NY: Afrodiaspora, 1980. 179 pp.

Neill, Rosemary.  White Out: How Politics is Killing Black Australia.  St. Leonards, N.S.W.: Allen & Unwin, 2003.  324 pp.

Nunez, Benjamin.  Dictionary of Afro-Latin American Civilization.  Westport, CT:  Greenwood Press, 1980. 525 pp.

Ogunyemi, Chikwenye Okonjo. "An Abiku-Ogbanje Atlas: A Pre-Text for Rereading Soyinka's 'Aké' and Morrison's 'Beloved'." African American Review 36 (Winter 2002): 663-678.

Ogunleye, Tolagbe M. "Àrokò, Mmomomme Twe, Nsibidi, Ogede, and Tusona: Africanisms in Florida's Self-Emancipated Africans' Resistance to Enslavement and War Stratagems." Journal of Black Studies 36 (January 2006): 396-414.

Okpewho, Isidore and Carole Boyce Davies, eds. The African Diaspora: African Origins and New World Identities. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1999. 566 pp.

Omosegbon, Oladele. "Black History: Common Memories Across the Atlantic." Western Journal Of Black Studies 24, no. 4 (Winter2000 2000): 216.

Onishi, Yuichiro. "The New Negro of the Pacific: How African Americans Forged Cross-Racial Solidarity with Japan, 1917-1922." Journal of African American History 92 (Spring 2007): 191-213.

Opitz, May, Katharina Oguntoye, and Dagmar Schultz, eds. Showing Our Colors: Afro-German Women Speak Out.   Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1991. 239 pp.

Page, William John.  "The Lakato Hypothesis: On the Origin of Melanesian People of the Fijian Islands." West African Journal of Archaeology 18 (1988): 31-72.

Palakshappa, T. C.  The Siddhis of North Kanara.  New Delhi: Sterling Publishers, 1976. 110 pp.

Palmer, Colin. "The African Diaspora" Black Scholar 2000 30(3-4): 56-59.

Palmer, Colin. "Defining and Studying the Modern African Diaspora" Perspectives: American Historical Association Newsletter 1998 36(6): 1, 22-25.

Panford, Kwamina. "Pan-Africanism, Africans in the Diaspora and the OAU." Western Journal of Black Studies 1996 20(3): 140-150.

Pescatello, Ann M. "The African Presence in Portuguese India." In Manning, Patrick. Slave Trades, 1500-1800: Globalization of Forced Labour. Brookfield, VT: Variorum, 1996.

Pescatello, Ann M.  Old Roots in New Lands: Historical and Anthropological Perspectives on Black Experiences in the Americas.  Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1977. 301 pp.

Pleck, Elizabeth. "Kwanzaa: The Making of a Black Nationalist Tradition, 1966-1990." Journal of American Ethnic History 20 (Summer 2001): 3-28.

Rabaka, Reiland. "W.E.B. Du Bois's Evolving Africana Philosophy of Education." Journal of Black Studies 33 (March 2003): 399-449.

Rahier, Jean Muteba. Representations of Blackness and the Performance of Identities. Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey, 1999. 264 pp.

Rahn, Jay. Turning the Analysis around: Africa-Derived Rhythms and Europe-Derived Music Theory. Black Music Research Journal 16 (Spring, 1996): 71-89.

Rashidi, Runoko. The Global African Community: the African Presence in Asia, Australia, and the South Pacific. Washington, DC: Institute for Independent Education, 1993. 25 pp.

Rashidi, Runoko and Ivan Van Sertima, eds. African Presence in Early Asia. 10th Anniversary ed. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 1995. 401 pp.

Ratcliff, Anthony J. "The Radical Evolution of Du Boisian Pan-Africanism." Journal Of Pan African Studies 5, no. 9 (March 2013): 151-170.

Reed, Pamela Yaa Asantewaa. "Africana Womanism and African Feminism: A Philosophical, Literary, and Cosmological Dialectic on Family." Western Journal of Black Studies 25 (Fall 2001): 168-176.

Richards, Paul. A Pan-African Composer? Coleridge-Taylor and Africa. Black Music Research Journal 21 (Autumn, 2001): 235-260.

Richards, Sandra L. "Yoruba Gods on the American Stage: August Wilson's 'Joe Turner's Come and Gone'." Research in African Literatures 30 (Winter 1999).

Richards, Yevette. "African and African-American Labor Leaders in the Struggle over International Affiliation." International Journal of African Historical Studies 31.2 (1998): 301-334.

Rohter, Larry.  "An Ancient Skull Challenges Long-Held Theories."  New York Times, October 26, 1999, section F, page 1, column 2.  BBC documentary Ancient Voices: The Hunt for the First Americans argues seafaring Aborigines or Melanesians arrived in the Americas long before Siberians, who walked across the Bering Straits after the last Ice Age.

Scobie, Edward. Global African Presence. Brooklyn, NY: A & B Books, 1994. 272 pp.

Segal, Ronald. The Black Diaspora. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1995. 477 pp.

Segal, Ronald. Islam's Black Slaves: the Other Black Diaspora. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2001. 273 pp.

Shain, Richard M. "Roots in Reverse: 'Cubanismo' in Twentieth-Century Senegalese Music." International Journal of African Historical Studies 35.1 (2002): 83-101.

Sharman, Russell Leigh. "Poetic Power: The Gendering of Literary Style in Puerto Limón." Afro-Hispanic Review 19 (Fall 2000): 70-79.

Soaba, Russell. "From 'Wanpis'."  In Beier, Ulli, ed. Voices of Independence: New Black Writing from Papua New Guinea. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1980, pp. 79-92. An exerpt from the novel Wanpis, published by the Institute of Papua New Guinea Studies, Port Moresby, 1978.

Smallwood, Andrew P. "Africana Studies and the Evolution of Multiculturalism Discourse in Higher Education." International Journal of Africana Studies 7 (Special edition 2001): 57-70.

Morris, Jerome E. "Malcolm X's Critique of the Education of Black People." Western Journal of Black Studies 25 (Summer 2001): 126-135.

Spencer, Jon Michael. The Rhythms of Black Folk: Race, Religion, and Pan-Africanism. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1995. 206 pp.

Steady, Filomina Chioma. The Black Woman Cross-Culturally. Rochester, VT: Schenkman Books, 1985. 645 pp.

Steady, Filomina Chioma,ed. Black Women, Globalization, and Economic Justice: Studies from Africa and the African Diaspora. Rochester, VT: Schenkman Books, 2001.

Subira Kifano. "Afrocentric Education in Supplementary Schools: Paradigm and practice at the Mary McLeod Bethune Institute."  Journal of Negro Education 65 (Spring 1996): 209-218.

Suggs, Henry Lewis. "The Response of the African American Press to the United States Occupation of Haiti, 1915-1934." Journal of African American History 87 (Winter 2002): 70-82.

Sweet, James H. "Teaching the Modern African Diaspora: a Case Study of the Atlantic Slave Trade." Radical History Review 2000 (77): 106-122.

Talib, Y.  "The African Diaspora in Asia."  In General History of Africa. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1988.  Vol. 3, pp. 704-733.

Temple, Christel N. "Strategies for Cultural Renewal in an American-Based Version of African Globalism." Journal of Black Studies 36 (January 2006): 301-317.

Terborg-Penn, Rosalyn. "Women and Slavery in the African Diaspora: a Cross-Cultural Approach to Historical Analysis." Sage: A Scholarly Journal on Black Women 1986 3(2): 11-15.

Terborg-Penn, Rosalyn, Sharon Harley and Andrea Benton, eds. Women in Africa and the African Diaspora. Washington, DC: Howard University Press, 1987. 234 pp.

Thompson, Betty Taylor. "Common Bonds from Africa to the U.S.: Africana Womanist Literary Analysis." Western Journal of Black Studies 25 (Fall 2001): 177-184.

Thompson, Vincent Bakpetu. Africans of the Diaspora: the Evolution of African Consciousness and Leadership in the Americas. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2000. 289 pp.

Thornton, John.  Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World, 1400-1680.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992. 309 pp.

Tolbert, Emory J., ed. Perspectives on the African Diaspora. 3rd ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2001.

Toyne, Sarah.  "Aborignes Were First Americans."  Sunday Times (London),  August 22, 1999, section Overseas News.

Triebel, Johannes.  Lutheran Theology in Afro-Melanesian Context.  Neuendettelsau, Germany: Institute for Studies of World Mission, 1986. 173 pp.

Verharen, Charles C. "Molefi Assante and an Afrocentric Curriculum." Western Journal of Black Studies 24 (Winter 2000): 223-238.

Van Den Berghe, Pierre L. "The African Diaspora in Mexico, Brazil, and the United States." Social Forces 1976 54(3): 530-545.

Van Sertima, Ivan. They Came Before Columbus. New York: Random House, 1976. 288 pp.

Von Eschen, Penny M. Race Against Empire: Black Americans and Anticolonialism, 1937-1957. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1997. 259 pp.

Walters, Ronald W. Pan Africanism in the African Diaspora: an Analysis of Modern Afrocentric Political Movements. Detroit: Wayne State, 1993. 450 pp.

Walters, Wendy W. "One of Dese Mornings, Bright and Fair,/Take My Wings and Cleave De Air": The Legend of the Flying Africans and Diasporic Consciousness." MELUS 22 (Fall 1997): 3-29.

Watson, Elwood. "Marcus Garvey's Garveyism: Message from a Forefather." Journal of Religious Thought 51 (Winter 1994-Spring 1995).

Walvin, James. Making the Black Atlantic: Britain and the African Diaspora. London: Cassell, 2000. 192 pp.

Westhauser, Karl E. "Revisiting the Jordan Thesis: 'White over Black' in Seventeenth-century England and America." Journal of Negro History 85 (Summer 2000): 112-122.

Winks, Robin.  The Blacks in Canada: A History.  New Haven, CT:  Yale University Press, 1971. 546 pp.

Wright, Donald R. "Out of Africa in Body and Mind: the Black Diaspora and Pan-Africanism." Journal of American Ethnic History 1997 17(1): 71-75.


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