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African Cultural Survivals in America



Adefila, Johnson Ajibade. "Slave Religion in the Antebellum South: A Study of the Role of Africanisms in the Black Response to Christianity." Phd. Thesis, Brandeis University, 1975.

Akyeampong, Emmanuel. Africans in the Diaspora: The Diaspora and Africa. African Affairs 99 (April 2000): 183-215.

Baird, Keith E. "Guy B. Johnson Revisited: Another Look at Gullah." Journal of Black Studies 1980 10(4): 425-435.

Barnes, Harden Alene. "Cross-Cultural Understanding among Peoples of African Descent: African Continuities as a Unifying Agent." Journal of Black Studies 1984 15(1): 31-40.

Baron, Robert. "Africa in the Americas: Melville J. Herskovits' Folkloristic and Anthropological Scholarship, 1923-1941." Phd. Thesis, University of Pennsylvania, 1994.

Bilby, Kenneth M. Obeah: Healing and Protection in West Indian Slave Life. Journal of Caribbean History 2004 38(2): 153+

Chivallon, Christine. "Can One Diaspora Hide Another? Differing Interpretations of Black Culture in the Americas." Social and Economic Studies 54 (June 2005): 71-105.

Cowan, Benjamin A. "African Roots/American Cultures: Africa in the Creation of the Americas." Journal of African American History 89 (Winter 2004): 82-85.

Creel, Margaret Washington. A Peculiar People: Slave Religion and Community Culture among the Gullahs. New York: New York University Press, 1988.

Dalgish, Gerard M. A Dictionary of Africanisms: Contributions of Sub-Saharan Africa to the English Language. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1982.

Ekwueme, Lazarus E.N. "African Music Retentions in the New World." Black Perspective in Music 1974 2(2): 128-144.

Ellison, Mary. "Echoes of Africa in 'To Sleep with Anger' and 'Eve's Bayou'." African American Review 39 (Spring-Summer 2005): 213-229.

Emanuel, Lezmore Evan. "Surviving Africanisms in Virgin Islands English Creole." Phd. Thesis, Howard University, 1970.

Fairley, Nancy J. "Dreaming Ancestors in Eastern Carolina." Journal of Black Studies 33 (May 2003): 543+

Ferris, W. R. and P. Oliver. "Savannah Syncopators: African Retentions in Blues." Ethnomusicology 1972 16(1): 132-137.

Fido, Elaine. "African Linguistic Survivals in the Caribbean." In Cobley, Alan Gregor and Alvin Thompson, eds. The African-Caribbean Connection: Historical and Cultural Perspectives. Bridgetown, Barbados: Dept. of History, University of the West Indies, 1990.

Foster, Herbert J. African Patterns in the Afro-American Family.  Journal of Black Studies 14(December 1983): 201-232.

Fountain, Daniel L. "Historians and Historical Archaeology: Slave Sites." Journal of Interdisciplinary History 1995 26(1): 67-77.

Franzone, Dorothy Lawrence. "A Critical and Cultural Analysis of an African People in the Americans: Africanisms in the Garifuna Culture of Belize." Phd. Thesis, Temple University, 1995.

Garrett, Romeo B. "African Survivals in American Culture." Journal of Negro History 1966 51(4): 239-245.

Goines, L. "Africanisms among the Bush Negroes of Surinam." Black Perspectives in Music 1975 3(1): 40-44.

Gordon, Jacob U. "Yoruba Cosmology and Culture in Brazil: A Study of African Survivals in the New World." Journal of Black Studies 10 (December 1979): 231-244.

Hale, Thomas A. and Gerard G. Pigeon. "Artist and Audience: The Problem of Africanisms in African Literature of Western Expression." In Priebe, Richard K. and Thomas A. Hale, eds. Artist and Audience: African Literature as a Shared Experience: Selected Proceedings from the 1977 African Literature Association Meeting. Washington, DC: Three Continents Press; the African Literature Association, 1979.

Hall, Robert L. "African Religious Retentions in Florida." In Colburn, David R. and Jane L. Landers, eds. The African American Heritage of Florida.  Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1995.

Harris, Daryl B. Postmodernist Diversions in African American Thought. Journal of Black Studies 36 (November 2005): 209-228.

Herskovits, Melville J. The Myth of the Negro Past. Boston: Beacon Press, 1958, 1941.

Herskovits, Melville J. and F. S. Herskovits. "Retentions and Reinterpretations in Rural Trinidad." In Comitas, Lambros and David Lowenthal, eds. Work and Family Life: West Indian Perspectives. Garden City, NY: Anchor Press, 1973.

Holloway, Joseph E. Africanisms in American Culture. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2005.

_____. "Africanisms in Gullah Oral Tradition." Western Journal of Black Studies 1989 13(3): 115-124.

Holloway, Joseph E. and Winifred Kellersberger Vass. The African Heritage Of American English. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993.

Hurston, Zora Neale.  Mules and Men.  Part 2: "Hoodoo." Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Company, 1935.

Jackson, Juanita, Sabra Slaughter and J. Herman Blake. "The Sea Islands as a Cultural Resource." Black Scholar 1974 5(6): 32-39.

James, J. "Politicizing the Spirit: American Africanisms and African Ancestors in the Essays of Toni Morrison." Cultural Studies 1995 9(2): 210-225.

Jeffries, Rosalind. "African Retentions in African American Quilts and Artifacts." International Review of African American Art 1994 11(2): 28-37.

Jenkins, Morris. Gullah Island Dispute Resolution: An Example of Afrocentric Restorative Justice. Journal of Black Studies 37 (November 2006): 299-319.

Johnson, Guy B. "The Gullah Dialect Revisited: A Note on Linguistic Acculturation." Journal of Black Studies 1980 10(4): 417-424.

Jones, Rhett S. "Sub-Africanities in Africa and the Americas." Western Journal of Black Studies 25 (Winter 2001): 228-237.

Jules-Rosette, Bennetta. "Creative Spirituality from Africa to America: Cross-Cultural Influences in Contemporary Religious Forms." Western Journal of Black Studies 1980 4(4): 273-285.

Kashif, Annette Ifama V. Wilder. "Generations of African-Influenced Names among African-Americans: Forms and Meanings." Phd. Thesis, Howard University, 1991.

King, James R. "African Survivals in the Black American Family: Key Factors in Stability." Journal of Afro-American Issues 1976 4(2): 153-167.

_____ "Factors Shaping African Survivals in America." Phd. Thesis, University of California At Irvine, 1976.

Kinney, E. S. "Africanisms in Music and Dance of the Americas." In Goldstein, Rhoda L., ed. Black Life and Culture in the United States. New York: Crowell, 1971.

Klingelhofer, Eric. "Aspects of Early Afro-American Material Culture: Artifacts from the Slave Quarters in Garrison Plantation, Maryland." Historical Archaeology 1987 21(2): 112-119.

Leedham, Nicola E. "Afrocentric Mythology and Cultural Retentions in the African American Novel." Phd. Thesis, University of South Carolina, 1995.

Leon, Eli. Models in Mind: African Prototypes in American Patchwork: January 15-March 29, 1992. Winston-Salem, NC: Diggs Gallery, Winston-Salem State University, 1992. 43p.

Mcdaniel, Lorna Angela. "Memory Songs: Community, Flight and Conflict in the Big Drum Ceremony of Carriacou, Grenada." Phd. Thesis, University of Maryland at College Park, 1986.

Mcfarland, Pancho. Chicano Rap Roots: Black-Brown Cultural Exchange and the Making of a Genre. Callaloo 29 (Summer 2006): 939+

Marshall, Kenneth E. Powerful and Righteous: The Transatlantic Survival and Cultural Resistance of an Enslaved African Family in the Eighteenth-Century New Jersey. Journal of American Ethnic History 23 (Winter 2004): 23-49.

Martin, Charles. Brazil: Such Nightmares, Such Dreams.  Black Renaissance 2 (Fall-Winter 1998): 118-140.

Mason, Philip L. "Cultural Influences on the Art and Crafts of Early Black American Artisans (1649-1865): Towards Implications for Art Education." Phd. Thesis, Ohio State University, 1983.

Matory, J. Lorand. "Surpassing 'Survival': On the Urbanity of 'Traditional Religion' in the Afro-Atlantic World. Black Scholar 30 (Fall 2000-Winter 2001): 36-43.

Meeussen, A. E. "Possible Linguistic Africanisms." Language Sciences 1975 (35): 1-5.

Mittelsdorf, Sibylle. "African Retentions in Jamaican Creole: A Reassessment." Phd. Thesis, Northwestern University, 1978.

Moore, Janie Gilliard. "Africanisms among Blacks of the Sea Islands." Journal of Black Studies 1980 10(4): 467-480.

Mufwene, Salikoko S. and Nancy Condon, eds. Creole Studies Near the End of the Twentieth Century: Africanisms in Afro-American Language Varieties. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1993.

Mukuna, Kazadi wa. Creative Practice in African Music: New Perspective in the Scrutiny of Africanisms in Diaspora. Black Music Research Journal 17 (Fall 1997): 239-250.

Ntloedibe, France. A Question of Origins: The Social and Cultural Roots of African American Cultures. Journal of African American History 91 (Fall 2006): 401-412.

Ogunleye, Tolagbe M. Aroko, Mmomomme Twe, Nsibidi, Ogede, and Tusona: Africanisms in Florida's Self-Emancipated Africans' Resistance to Enslavement and War Stratagems. Journal of Black Studies 36 (January 2006): 396-414.

Osa, Osayimwense. Africanism in the African American Children's Literature: Mildred Taylor's 'Song Of the Trees' and 'The Friendship,' and Eleonara Tate's 'The Secret Of Gumbo Grove'." Obsidian III 3 (Spring-Summer 2001): 89-99.

Osinubi, Viktor. Theorizing the Postcoloniality of African American English. Journal of Black Studies 32 (May 2002): 588-609.

Perry, Regenia A. "African Art and African American Folk Art: A Stylistic and Spiritual Kinship. Black Art." In Rozelle, Robert V. , ed. Ancestral Legacy: the African Impulse in African-American Art. Dallas: Dallas Museum of Art, 1989, pp. 35-52.

Places of Cultural Memory: African Reflections on the American Landscape: Conference Proceedings, May 9-12, 2001, Atlanta, Georgia. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National Park Service, 2001.

Pollitzer, William S. the Gullah People and Their African Heritage. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1999.

Ramsey, Guthrie P, Jr. African Discourse in Black Music Pedagogy and Analysis. Black Scholar 30 (Fall 2000-Winter 2001): 60-65

Rickford, John R. and Angela E. Rickford. "Cut-Eye and Suck-Teeth: African Words and Gestures in New World Guise." Journal of American Folklore 1976 89(353): 294-309.

Rowell, Charles Henry. Carrying Africa in Their Bodies: Introductory Notes from the Editor. Callaloo 26 (Winter 2003): 49-60.

Schaffer, Matt. Bound to Africa: The Mandika Legacy in the New World. History in Africa: An Annual Journal of Method (2005): 321+

Sekoni, Ropo. "Africanisms and Postmodernist Imagination in the Popular Fiction of Langston Hughes." In Trotman, C. James, ed. Hughes: the Man, His Art, and His Continuing Influence. New York: Garland Pub., 1995.

Shepherd, Verene A. Belonging and Unbelonging: The Impact of Migration on Discourses of Identy in Jamaican History. Journal of Caribbean History 2005 39(1): 1-18.

Shockley, Kmt G. Literatures and Definitions: Toward Understanding Afrocentric Education. Journal of Negro Education 76 (Spring 2007): 103-117.

Skinner, Elliott P. Transcending Traditions: African, Africa-American and African Diaspora Studies in the 21 St Century - the Past Must Be the Prologue. Black Scholar 30 (Fall 2000-Winter 2001): 4-11.

Smith, E. Valerie. The Sisterhood of Nossa Senhora da Boa Morte and the Brotherhood of Nossa Senhora do Rosario: African-Brazilian Cultural Adaptations to Antebellum Restrictions. Afro-Hispanic Review 21 (Spring-Fall 2002): 121-133.

Smith, Hope Munro. Caribbean Currents: Recent Studies in Caribbean Music. Latin American Research Review 2005 40(3): 202-205, 479-480.

Sweet, James H. "Male Homosexuality and Spiritism in the African Diaspora: The Legacies of a Link."  Journal of the History ff Sexuality 1996 7(2): 184-202.

Thompson, Robert Farris.  "African Influence on the Art of the United States."  In Robinson, Armstead L, Craig C. Foster and Donald H. Ogilvie, eds.  Black Studies in the University.  New Haven, CT:  Yale University Press, 1969,  pp. 122-170.

Thornton, John K. "African Dimensions of the Stono Rebellion." American Historical Review 1991 96(4): 1101-1113.

Tucker, Yvonne E. "The Ashe Effect: African Retentions and Adaptations in the Afro-Raku Pottery of Curtis Tucker and Yvonne E. Tucker". International Review of African American Art 1994 11(2): 61-66.

Turner, Lorenzo D. "African Survivals in the New World with Special Emphasis on the Arts."  In Davis, John A., ed.  Africa from the Point of View of American Negro Scholars. Paris: Présence Africaine, 1958.

_____. Africanisms in the Gullah Dialect. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1973, 1949.

Twining, Mary A. "An Examination of African Retentions in the Folk Culture of the South Carolina and Georgia Sea Islands." Phd. Thesis, Indiana University, 1977.

Twining, Mary A. and Keith E. Baird. "Preface: the Significance of Sea Island Culture." Journal of Black Studies 1980 10(4): 379-386.

_____, eds. Sea Island Roots: African Presence in the Carolinas and Georgia. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1991.

Twum-Akwaboah, Edward. From Pidginization to Creolization of Africanisms in Black American English. Los Angeles: University of California at Los Angeles, 1973. 46p.

Verharen, Charles C. Philosophy's Roles in Afrocentric Education. Journal of Black Studies 32 (January 2002): 295-321.

Wade-Lewis, Margaret. "The African Substratum in American English." Phd. Thesis, New York University, 1988.

Wahlman, Maude. "Africanisms in Afro-American Visionary Arts." In Baking in the Sun: Visionary Images from the South: Selections from the Collection of Sylvia and Warren Lowe. Lafayette: University Art Museum, University of Southwestern Louisiana, 1987.

Wahlman, Maude. Signs and Symbols: African Images in African-American Quilts. New York: Studio Books in Association with Museum of American Folk Art, 1993.

Walker, Sheila S.  African Roots/American Cultures: Africa in the Creation of the Americas. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2001.

Watson, R. L. "American Scholars and the Continuity of African Culture in the United States." Journal of Negro History 1978 63(4): 375-386.

Whitten, Norman L.  "Contemporary Patterns of Malign Occultism among Negroes in North Carolina."  Journal of American Folklore LXXV (October-December, 1962): 311-325.

Williams-Meyers, A. J. "Pinkster Carnival: Africanisms in the Hudson River Valley." Afro-Americans in New York Life and History 1985 9(1): 7-17.

Wright, Donald R. Out of Africa in the Body and Mind: The Black Diaspora and Pan Africanism. Journal of American Ethnic History 17 (Fall 1997): 71-75.


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