Issue 09/04

May 7, 2004

Paula Kaufman, University Librarian, Editor




A survey of more than 7,000 faculty members indicates that enthusiasm about electronic resources, evident several years ago, has been replaced by a gnawing dissatisfaction with the scholarly materials that are available online, according to the head of the group that sponsored a recent survey. In the survey 81 percent of the faculty members agreed that unavailability of journal articles was a "substantial problem" for them, up from 68 percent in a similar survey conducted in 2000. In addition, 65 percent of those surveyed last year strongly agreed that "the process of locating information in academic journal literature is tedious and often hit-or-miss, and the act of physically searching through hard-copy collections is much too time-consuming and onerous." Fifty-nine percent had agreed with that statement three years earlier. The survey was sponsored by Ithaka, a new nonprofit venture backed by three foundations, with the goal of promoting the use of information technology in higher education. The survey was mailed to 44,060 professors, of whom 7,403—or 17 percent—submitted responses. Because of the low response rate, the results should be viewed as suggestive rather than definitive, said Kevin Guthrie, president of Ithaka, who presented the results last Friday at the spring meeting of the Coalition for Networked Information, in Alexandria, Va.  Survey participants were given a list of possibly desirable characteristics of a scholarly journal and asked to select those that were "very important" to faculty members. The characteristic that received the most votes—from 87 percent of respondents—was wide circulation. Three-fourths said a journal should ensure that its archives will be preserved indefinitely, 69 percent said publishing an article should be free for authors, and 58 percent said the journal should be available to readers free. Fifty-two percent said the journal should be highly selective. The only characteristic selected by less than a majority was that the journal be accessible in developing nations, which was selected by 47 percent. Eighty-four percent of the survey respondents said that archiving of electronic resources was very important to them. Chronicle of Higher Education 4/22/04



Using a technique originally developed at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory to track the paths of subatomic particles, researchers are creating non-contact recordings of the earliest sound recordings. A light sensor captures images of the record's groove, and a computer uses the images to reconstruct the recording, filtering out any background noise to produce a blemish-free digital version, says the article. "If a recording is broken or cracked, it cannot be played at all using a stylus," says Carl Haber, who is leading the new project. "In our method, the separate pieces could be reassembled digitally."  Nature 4/19/04  Corante - Tech News: April 22, 2004



Just when you think you've got the hang of preserving the delicate papers of historic documents, along comes electronic parchment—as fragile as the real thing because rapidly changing technologies can render its content as unreadable as crumbing paper records. What's a government archive to do with the electronic records of, say, active military folks who will need documentation in 30 years to claim veterans' benefits or Food & Drug Administration records that document adverse reactions to drugs—long

after today's hardware and software are replaced by unimaginable innovations? The U.S. National Archives & Records Administration is in the midst of a plan to archive millions-billions of electronic government documents "so that anyone, anywhere, anytime, far into the future, can access these records with the technology in use then," says outgoing NARA director John W. Carlin. In addition to making a great leap forward in government archiving, he predicts the new products and processes will benefit other archivists—including colleges and universities, libraries and archives, small businesses and large corporations. The first installment of an operational ERA is scheduled to be up and running in 2007. (U.S. National Archives & Records Administration Prologue Spring 2004) ShelfLife, No. 153 (April 22 2004)



Russian literature scholars have a new resource at their fingertips: the Fundamental Electronic Library of Russian Literature and Folklore ( ) was launched in 2002 and has recently added an English version to facilitate non-Russian-speaking visitors. The site, known by the acronym FEB, has received high marks from academics who note its thoroughness and accuracy. For example, scholars can pore over five different versions of the complete works of Pushkin, including a 20-volume set published between 1937 and 1959. Every page of the set has been digitized and is available online, and Pushkin's poems, stories and letters are all reproduced in their original pre-Revolutionary orthography. FEB's 30 full-time staff members are busy on projects to add more authors' works (currently works by Tolstoy, Pushkin and Alexander Griboyedov are represented, as well as a number of ancient literary works). The site also includes several encyclopedias for philological research and FEB editor-in-chief Igor Pilshchikov says the resource may have a profound effect on that field: "In philology, as in other fields of the humanities, a great deal of effort is spent on routine tasks like searching. Traditionally, philologists spend about 80% of their time searching for material, and 20% actually analyzing it. With our site, this ratio can be reversed." (The Moscow Times 16-22 Apr 2004) ShelfLife, No. 153 (April 22 2004)

Pearson says it will put 300 of its most popular college textbooks online for the bargain price of "as much as" half of the print cost, starting this fall. The offerings will be made through Safari Books Online, a joint venture they are launching in conjunction with O'Reilly Media. But Mark Oppegard, CEO of textbook retailer Nebraska Book Co., says "The interactive books don't represent a real savings" versus buying a traditional book and then selling it back as a used book.  Meanwhile, Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich has asked the board of higher education to investigate the rise in textbook prices. According to a release from his office, regular book prices have risen 17 percent since 1998, while college textbooks have gone up by 35 percent in the same period.  Publishers Lunch 4/23/04

If Jian Wang had his way, everything would be digital. “I hate printers—they turn digital things into analog,” he jokes, wading through a sea of cubicles at Microsoft Research Asia in Beijing. Stopping at a desk, Wang picks up a rectangular, silvery pen about the size of a magic marker and scribbles some corrections on a paper document. But this is no ordinary pen. A few seconds later, his comments appear on a nearby computer screen—superimposed on the electronic version of the document in the exact spot where he wrote on the hard copy. Wang’s pen captures handwriting and lets users make changes to digital files—on paper. This “universal pen,” as Wang calls it, could transform the way people interact with computers. Wang’s digital pen also reflects an ongoing transformation in the process of invention at some large corporate labs—a hybridization of the lone inventor and traditional corporate R&D. Emerging Technologies Monday Update (04.26.04)


Creative Commons is a non-profit organization working to re-establish the balance between public and private gain in the proprietary control and use of creative work. Launched in December 2002, Creative Commons has developed a Web presence and framework of licenses and software for creators to license their work in digital form to the public on a non-commercial basis. In its first year, more than 1,000,000 objects have been placed under Creative Commons licenses. The mission of the new Science Commons is to recognize, preserve, and extend the historic openness and collaboration that is indispensable to progress in scientific and bio-medical research. In an increasingly proprietary knowledge economy, Science Commons seeks to promote a sharing of information that effectively supports basic research and development of useful innovations, drugs, and other solutions for the public good. The growing abundance of biological and other scientific data, and the explosion of technologies permitting their worldwide availability and distributed processing, present a unique opportunity. Science Commons seeks to enable scientists, innovators, and entrepreneurs to make the most of this historic opportunity and its promise for broadening collaboration and accelerating the pace and depth of discovery. Science Commons will work to counter the application of locks and legal restrictions on scientific data, discovery, and experience, while developing the incentives and means to ease their movement, examination, and productive use among researchers and industry. Creative Commons



An estimated 6 million people have stopped downloading copyrighted music from the Internet over fears that they may be sued by the recording industry, but the overall number of Americans who download music is rising with the popularity of iTunes, Napster and other legitimate online music services, according to a survey released by the Pew Internet & American Life Project. Approximately 23 million people are active downloaders of music, based on a phone survey of 1,371 adult Internet users conducted in February.  Washington Post 4/25/04 4/26/04

An Elsevier computer science imprint (Morgan Kaufmann) makes it abundantly clear that their new edition of a popular textbook ("used by more than 150,000 students") is designed to foil used-book resale. The book will also be priced uniformly at the equivalent of $64.95 throughout the world (down from $84.95 for the previous edition)-"to eliminate the motivation to re-import lower-priced International Student Editions." Of course the book is "much shorter" and published in paperback instead of hardcover. Meanwhile, a University of California student paper celebrates an agreement under which Thomson Learning will reduce the college bookstore price at UCLA on a popular calculus textbook by almost $23. The paper says, "Thomson Learning maintains that the price cut at UCLA was not provoked by the petition. 'They keep denying it to the very end,' UCSB CalPIRG representative Ashley McKenzie said. 'But for some reason, out of nowhere, they decided to negotiate on the textbook we've been targeting.'"  Publishers Lunch 4/27/04


The presentation slides are the next best thing to being at the Digital Library Federation 2004 Spring Forum in New Orleans. David Seaman, the DLF Executive Director, made a concerted effort to "harvest" all of the presentations then and there, and put them up on the web literally within hours of their presentation.  Besides being current, these presentations often describe cutting-edge digital library projects, from extending the OAI harvesting protocol to accommodate distributed full-text searching of math monographs to XML-based book publishing and beyond, there is something here for just about everyone who is interested in where libraries are going. But although the meeting was held in The Big Easy, it was clear from a number of presentations that building digital libraries would be better characterized as The Big Difficult.  Current Cites, April 2004  UIUC presentations were made by: Tom Habing on the OAI Registry

Nuala Koetter on the Open Emblem Portal

Chris Prom on the usability of electronic finding aids during directed searches



The $90 billion entertainment industry is teaching middle-school children a course in copyright law that some education specialists say is one-sided and promotes commercialism in the classroom. In the past year, the Motion Picture Association of America has spent approximately $200,000 to launch its program called ''What's The Diff?" to combat digital piracy. Despite the criticism, the trade group plans to continue the program next school year. The 45-minute class is taught by volunteers from the nonprofit business group Junior Achievement, and reaches about 900,000 children in primarily disadvantaged schools from Boston to Los Angeles. The volunteers, some of whom work in the entertainment industry, talk with students about the liabilities of downloading music and films from the Internet. Critics say that the program does not adequately explain the public's rights in copyright law, nor does it discuss the proliferation of legal websites that offer free music and films. Worse, say the program's detractors, is that it rewards those students who parrot the industry line with trips and free DVDs. At the end of the school year, students are asked to write an essay ''to get the word out that downloading copyrighted entertainment is illegal and unethical," according to the teachers' guide. Prizes include an all-expenses-paid trip to Hollywood, worth about $1,000; a Sony DVD player and library of 14 hit movies on DVDs, worth about $350 total; and a selection of 21 Hollywood classic DVDs, valued at $250. Teachers whose students win the contest will also be rewarded with prizes, such as a year's worth of free movie theater tickets for the teacher and a guest. 

Boston Globe, April 25, 2004



The House of Commons has posted the uncorrected transcript from the April 21 session of oral evidence. The witnesses on this transcript are Lynne Brindley (British Library), Peter Fox (Cambridge University Library), Frederick Friend (JISC and University College London), Di Martin (University of Hertfordshire), Jane Carr (Authors' Licensing & Collecting Society), James Crabbe (Animal and Microbial Sciences, University of Reading), Nigel Hitchin (Mathematics, Oxford), D.F. Williams (Tissue Engineering, University of Liverpool), John Fry (Microbial Ecology, Cardiff University), and David Williams (Tissue Engineering, University of Liverpool). "Any public use of, or reference to, the contents should make clear that neither witnesses nor Members have had the opportunity to correct the record. The transcript is not yet an approved formal record of these proceedings."  Open Access News 4/27/04



Net sales for the entire United States publishing industry are estimated to have increased by 4.6 percent from 2002 to 2003 to a grand total of $23.4 billion, according to figures released by the Association of American Publishers (AAP). Overall, trade sales rose 1.2 percent, with sales of $5.06 billion. Adult trade hardbound lost 2.4 percent ($2.45 billion), while paperbound sales were down 0.6 percent ($1.47 billion). Juvenile hardbound sales were up 28.6 percent ($698 million), however, paperbound sales were down a slight 5.2 percent with sales of $448.6 million. El-Hi (elementary/high school) sales were up 2.5 percent ($4.29 billion), while higher education sales rose 3.6 percent, with sales of $3.39 billion. Standardized test sales grew by a larger 12.4 percent ($591.9 million). Sales of professional and scholarly books were up 3.6 percent in 2003, with sales of $3.98 billion. Book clubs and mail order publications (down 9.0 percent, with sales of $1.31 billion) and mass market paperback sales (down 1.7 percent, with sales of $1.22 billion) both lost ground in 2003. Publishing sales of religious books (which includes many self help texts) grew tremendously in 2003 posting a gain of 50.2 percent or $1.26 billion.   The Write News Weekly 4-30-04



AARP and the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights (LCCR) have announced the official launch of (, an online home to an extensive archive of compelling firsthand accounts of America's struggle for civil rights. The site features a searchable archive and electronic story submission form, as well as interactive and multimedia content, feature articles, essays, interviews with past and present civil rights leaders, and special reports on contemporary civil rights issues. Related materials are also available on LCCR's website at The Write News Weekly 4-30-04



Out-of-control costs for scholarly publications have fueled new digital repository initiatives. The scholarly publishing system is broken. At research universities everywhere, scholarly work—in the form of articles, books, editing, reviewing of manuscripts—is handed over to commercial publishers, only to be bought back by the libraries at huge cost. Libraries scramble to judiciously stretch shrinking budgets for growing runs of books and journals—books and journals that are critical to the research and teaching activities of the university's faculty who, as authors and editors, contribute so generously to the publishers who sell them. The arrangement is bankrupting research library budgets and swelling the profit margins of commercial publishers. Although the California Digital Library has never strayed from its original mission, it now has infrastructure in place that allows it to focus on creating systemic change in the way authors and readers work. These technologies allow broader, freer, more creative uses of text and data from which badly needed services for the classroom, office, and lab can begin to be fashioned.  Open Access News 5/2/04

NOTE: With support from Provost Herman, the Library and CITES have begun to develop an Institutional Repository.  Watch this newsletter and other media for more information in the coming months.



The director of the Wellcome Trust summarizes its new report on open-access publishing. Excerpt: "Another issue is that once copyright is surrendered, anyone wanting to look at that research in the future, including the researchers and the body that funded them, must pay whether they read the paper journals or access them online. Thus, the Wellcome Trust, which funds £400m of research a year, is denied opportunities to disseminate the results of studies it funds. The National Health Service is a big funder of medical research. Some 90 per cent of the findings are published on the internet but the NHS must pay subscriptions to journals to read many of the results. The taxpayer paid for the research and will pay again for researchers to use it. There is an alternative: an extra 1 per cent of the research grant could be passed to the researchers who would use it to pay for their work to be published on online peer-reviewed journals that are freely available to anyone. It retains all the essential peer-review quality control of the old system but maximises the availability of research results....A report launched today by the Wellcome Trust, available to everyone at shows that publishing a paper in the traditional way costs between £800 and £1,500. Under open access, the cost is £550 to £1,100. The report shows this is an efficient, affordable and high quality model sustainable for the long term."  Open Access News 5/1/04



The British Library's Turning the Pages, an interactive display system, enables online visitors to enjoy some of the BL's most celebrated treasures, using a computer mouse in the same way that on-site visitors use touch-screen kiosks to "turn" the pages. The collection represents works from many different world religions and cultures, including the "Diamond Sutra" (Buddhism), Sultan Baybars' Qur'an (Islam), the "Golden Haggadah"

(Judaism), as well as several works from Christianity. Scientific works by Leonardo da Vinci, Elizabeth Blackwell and Andreas Vesalius are also represented. All ten works were chosen for their superb illustrations, and viewers can zoom in to examine portions of the text or use special features like a "mirror" to read DaVinci's notations in his Notebook. Clive Izard, Creative Projects Manager at the BL, says Turning the Pages' "full

availability on the Web marks a major landmark in making the wide range of material in the Library representing all world cultures available throughout all four corners of the globe." (British Library News Release 20 Apr 2004)  ShelfLife, No. 154 (April 29 2004)



Most searches conducted on general-use search engines such as Google deliver a plethora of irrelevant results—like links to Leonardo DiCaprio when the keyword is "Titanic." But for those seeking historical information, it's often better to start with specialized Web sites, such as those hosted by the National Archives or a maritime museum. Paul Miller, director of Common Information Environment (CIE), says there's a wealth of information on organizational Web sites, but most people never think to look there. "There's an awful lot of stuff there that's not being used to its full potential. Too much remains hidden among the low-quality information that clutters the Web and behind technical, commercial and administrative barriers." The goal of the CIE is to open up this treasure trove of data held on publicly funded Web sites—the so-called "hidden

Web"— to non-specialist researchers. The effort is sponsored by the British Library, the National Electronic Library of Health, the Joint Information Systems Committee and Resource, the council for museums, archives and libraries. To date, the CIE has created two demonstration projects that illustrate the organization's premise: one is for

location-based information and the other for health. The project is now working on additional projects, but must deal with copyright issues while underway. "Digital rights management is a big issue," says Miller, who adds that the solution is for public organizations to move more aggressively to procure content for use across different domains. (The Guardian 21 Apr 2004) ShelfLife, No. 154 (April 29 2004),13927,1195901,00.html



The draft Decision Framework for Federal Document Repositories (prepared by the GPO's Center for Research Libraries (CRL) for creating the specifications for a system of regional repositories for tangible federal government documents) will enable the Superintendent of Documents to evaluate the qualities, resources and capabilities of potential repository facilities and their governing organizations, and identify the configuration of light (accessible by many authorized users) and dark (secure, back-up) repositories most appropriate to ensure the persistent archiving and public availability of tangible federal documents. "Formation of such archives would enable Federal depository libraries to consolidate or reduce their local tangible collections secure in the knowledge that copies will be perpetually available from the GPO Collection." (GPO Access 24 Apr 2004) ShelfLife, No. 154 (April 29 2004)



The Symposium on Electronic Scientific, Technical, and Medical Journal

Publishing and Its Implications was held on May 19-20, 2003 at the National

Academies. The symposium took a broad look across the scientific, technical,

and medical (STM) journal enterprise to provide a better understanding of the implications of electronic publishing of STM journals on the health of scientific, engineering, and medical research. The symposium brought together experts in STM publishing, both producers and users of these publications, to: 1) Identify the recent technical changes in publishing, and other factors, that influence the decisions of journal publishers to produce journals electronically; 2) Identify the needs of the scientific, engineering, and medical community as users of journals, whether electronic

or printed; 3) Discuss the responses of not-for-profit and commercial STM publishers and of other stakeholders in the STM community to the opportunities and challenges posed by the shift to electronic publishing; and 4) Examine the spectrum of proposals that has been put forth to respond to the needs of users as the publishing industry shifts to electronic information production and dissemination. A copy of the project committee’s summary report is available at The full

Proceedings report will be available online later in May.

IP at the National Academies Newsletter, Vol. 2, No. 1



Pew Internet has conducted a survey of 2,700 musicians on their attitudes toward file sharing. The survey finds that musicians do not believe the suits will help musicians and songwriters and are divided in their views of the impact of online file sharing on the music industry. BNA's Internet Law News (ILN) - 5/3/04 Study at

From Peter Suber:  On April 6, 2004, Credit Suisse First Boston published a 48 page financial analysis of the STM journal industry by Simon Mays-Smith and four co-authors. Here's my summary of its important conclusions, not for investors but for scientists and scholars interested in OA.
* There are "three pillars" of STM publisher profits:  copyright, peer review, and bundling.  STM publishers won't be in trouble until one or more of them start to fall.  The first two are secure but the third is teetering.
* Taxpayers and governments pay for scientific journal research three times over:  (1) through research grants to scientists, (2) through university subsidies that pay the salaries of researchers, editors, and referees, and (3) through university subsidies that pay for journal subscriptions.  This is not sustainable.  Eventually taxpayers and governments will wake up to what is happening and put an end to it.  But governments outside the UK are doing nothing to shift to a more sustainable model, and the UK government will probably do nothing before 2005.
* Elsevier has higher profit margins on low-quality, low-submission journals than on high-quality, high-submission journals.  The lower rejection rates of the former bring down the cost per published paper without forcing a reduction in the price.  This is a reason for Elsevier to encourage bundling i.e. to reduce the freedom of librarians to cancel low-quality journals.  It's also a reason why recent cancellations of the Big Deal will cut into Elsevier profit margins.  (PS:  It's also a reason why the Elsevier business model, not the OA business model, contains built-in incentives to lower quality.)
* As profit margins decline, Elsevier will not have room to compensate by raising prices.  Its prices are already so high relative to its rivals that further increases will trigger more cancellations and increase interest in open access.
* It's true that Elsevier's cost per article for libraries has "fallen dramatically" in the past five years, and that it is now lower than that of many other publishers.  But this is due to bundling, not to price reductions.  Moreover, it is irrelevant to libraries, which complain that Elsevier titles take a share of their serials budgets well beyond their impact, quality, or usage. 
* Open access archiving is not a good substitute for journal publishing because it does not perform peer review.  (PS:  This is the only sign in the report that the authors just didn't get OA.  OA archiving is not intended to replace journal publishing and its advocates do not want to eliminate peer review.)
* OA benefits from the fact that more and more funding agencies endorse and support it.  But this gain is largely neutralized by the fact that many of the same funding agencies, and most universities, only reward researchers who publish in a certain set of high-impact journals.  It does not seem that this will change any time soon.
* OA journals have lower costs per article than toll-access journals, but this savings is more than offset by the revenue per article generated by toll-access journals.
* OA will not "undermine" or "destroy" the STM publishers, but it will reduce their profit margins and future growth.  OA threatens lower-impact toll-access journals more than higher-impact toll-access journals, but this is the bulk of the toll-access journal market.
* Three other factors that will slow the adoption of OA:  (1) those who benefit financially from OA cannot easily act in unison and gain little by acting alone, (2) most authors transfer copyright to journals, and (3) a large number of journals still use the Ingelfinger rule, the in-house rule prohibiting "prior publication" of submissions. SPARC Open Access Newsletter, 5/3/04



Inspiring Learning for All, a pioneering new Web site produced by The Museums, Libraries and Archives Council of the U.K., is designed to help cultural heritage organizations improve service and measure their impact on people’s learning. It challenges these organizations to focus their programs and events on creating effective learning environments and opportunities and to build learning partnerships inside and outside of the cultural heritage community. And it provides an extensive range of interactive support materials, such as checklists, templates, reports, research and best practices, as well as a unique “Measure Learning Toolkit,” to help these organizations place learning at the heart of all activities.  OCLC ABSTRACTS - May 3, 2004 (Vol. 7, No. 18)


Internet2: File Swapping Haven? -
Confounding efforts to combat campus file swapping, university students have begun trading copyrighted files using Internet2, the ultra-fast network developed by tech companies and universities. College campuses are the front lines of the recording industry's anti-peer-to-peer crusade, and many schools have placed restrictions on student downloading. However, "students often find a workaround," said Chris Hoofnagle, deputy counsel for the Electronic Privacy Information Center. And Internet2, known as i2hub, may prove to be that work around. UB Daily for 5/4/04








The Council on Library and Information Resources organized a conference in May 2003 to examine the key factors shaping the information environment in which libraries operate and how these factors will affect stewardship of the cultural and intellectual resources vital to education and research. To frame the discussion, CLIR asked four experts to address key features of the changing landscape."  Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog 5/3/04



In the time you may spend browsing in a bookstore for the right book, you can now publish one of your own. With advances in Print-On-Demand (POD) technology, the equipment is easy, fast, and small enough to operate in a 5,000-square-foot bookstore. Bookends, Ridgewood, NJ, recently launched BooksByBookends, which utilizes the patented InstaBook machine to print and perfect-bind 10 copies of a book, including cover, in the bookstore in less than an hour. Multiple copies of original manuscripts can be printed, as well as single copies of thousands of classics available from BooksByBookends.  Co-owner Walter Boyer wanted to launch BooksByBookends partly because of the fierce competition among booksellers. Within a five-mile area around Bookends, there is "a Waldens, two Borders, two B&N's—including their largest store in the tri-state area, and quite a few other independents," Boyer explained. "As a smaller bookstore, you have to keep reinventing yourself. We see it as a great way to differentiate ourselves. Chains have their own labels and printing facilities. By offering thousands of classics POD, we are greatly expanding our selection without physically stocking all that inventory. And we can offer the service at a far lower cost and in much smaller print runs than the other self-publishing options." Typically, BooksByBookends charges $15 per book with a minimum of 10 books; $100 for the next 10 copies; and $75 for the next 10. An initial formatting charge of $30 to $50 is also charged. Many services—custom cover design, editorial, copyright and ISBN registration, marketing, and distribution services are available at additional costs. Boyer plans to dedicate shelf space in the store to sell books published through BooksByBookends.  For more information, visit the BooksByBookends Web site, at  Bookselling This Week 5/5/04



The government would have to be "pretty brave" to demand open access publishing for all publicly funded scientific research journals, a government adviser said recently. Professor Sir Keith O'Nions, the director-general of the U.K. Research Councils, said that it would be "unwise" for ministers to demand that government-funded journals should be available without charge over the internet. He also raised concerns over the process of peer review under open access, with doubts having been expressed over who pays academics to validate journals for publication. His comments came as MPs on the Commons science and technology committee continued their investigation into the future of scientific publications. Backers of open access argue that it is unfair that scientists and academic institutions should have to pay to access publicly funded research under the current system. Under the new business model, the authors of the research would instead pay up to £3,000 to have their work appear, but would receive this money from the amount set aside by universities and libraries to take out subscriptions for the service. But Sir Keith, speaking on behalf of the Department of Trade and Industry, where the Research Councils are based, insisted: "I think it would be a pretty brave decision of the government at the present time to say it has sufficient confidence in the open access business model ... to shift rapidly from something it knows and trusts to an open access model."  The Guardian 5/6/04,3604,1210480,00.html


Best of What's Next 2004 - This PDA Is a Real Pocket PC


"Call it the smart communicator. In a few years, the functions in today's personal digital assistant (PDA)—notebook, to-do list, calendar, contacts—will be the least of it. Thanks to a variant of Moore's Law that says data-storage density doubles every 18 months, tomorrow's smart communicator will hold 250GB—enough to store 55 movies. Indeed, video—both viewing and recording—will be a killer app. One reason: 'There will be phenomenal leaps forward in display technology,' says Hank Nothhaft, chairman and CEO of Danger Labs, maker of the SideKick PDA. Say good-bye to your PDA's power-greedy liquid crystal display (LCD). Say hello to the smart communicator's energy-efficient, organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display....Another leap: high-speed wireless connectivity. As data-transfer speeds of 400 Kbps become standard, high-quality streaming video will become a reality. The potential of Bluetooth, a wireless technology with a range of about 30 feet, will also bloom on the smart communicator, giving it the ability to connect to remote keyboards and displays. 'You'll carry your whole life in your PDA,' says Scott Summit, designer of the award-winning Tapwave Zodiac PDA. 'And any device next to it—a computer, a TV—will reconfigure to run from it.' Business travelers will be able to use it with screen-and-keyboard combos in hotel rooms and airports, where the device's expanded mode, complete with projected keyboard, might be awkward. The smart communicator will have its own nervous system: sensors that assess the outside world and adjust the device's behavior accordingly. A built-in RFID (radio-frequency identification) reader will pick up data stored on RFID tags in nearby objects, so the PDA will automatically embed identification labels in the photos it takes. The onboard eye scanner will let you navigate pages with a mere glance at the menu bar. Light, heat and motion sensors will enable the device to know whether it's in your pocket or your hand, and pump up its cellphone's ring tone if needed. A tilt sensor will trigger the display to shift between portrait and landscape mode, and it'll offer finger-free scrolling. The microphone will measure ambient noise and adjust the volume to compensate in a loud restaurant. The GPS will detect when you're nearing home, and the communicator will signal ahead to turn on the heat or AC. Once you arrive, the Bluetooth network will automatically synchronize data between your communicator and your PC. With so much personal information packed in it, you'd think your smart communicator would be worth 10 times its weight in platinum to an identity thief. And it would be, if not for the combination of software encryption and biometrics it will employ to keep criminals out. If you lose it, the thumbprint-sensing power switch will cause the screen to display a message asking the finder to return it to you. It'll also secretly transmit its location via any available wireless network, so you can track it on a Web-based map. Don't be surprised if the map's blinking green dot is over your house--it just means you need to retrieve your smart communicator from under the sofa cushion." So what will library services look like to someone who carries their whole life in this smart communicator? Will our networks and peripherals be ready to interact with these devices when they enter the building?  The Shifted Librarian 5/5/04  Popular Science 5/04,12543,613615-2,00.html



Corbis, the private company founded by Microsoft founder Bill Gates in 1989, is transforming itself from a photo archive into a broad provider of visual services in the digital age. Since its inception, Corbis has quietly amassed the largest collection of stock photography and fine art images in the world, with 11 companies purchased during the last decade, beginning with the fabled Bettmann Archive, a repository of millions of historical photographs from the 20th century. As the collection has grown, Corbis' focus has shifted from cold-storage preservation to digitization and licensing arrangements, and increasingly the company is involved in the management of intellectual property rights on behalf of others. Corbis technology supports the archive for Reuters, and its rights clearance service helps Reuters make its photo collection available for commercial markets. Corbis acquired a small company called Second Line Search a couple of years ago to assist it in managing and securing licensing rights to images for clients. In additional to providing digital rights management services for customers, Corbis has also beefed up oversight of its own intellectual property rights through a digital watermark process that tracks where each of its images appear on the Internet, suing those who intentionally violate its copyright. That strategy has proven lucrative—in 2003 Corbis collected $1.6 million from legal actions taken against infringers. (San Jose Mercury News 25 Apr 2004) ShelfLife, No. 155 (May 6 2004)


The scholarly communications are also on line at