SCHOLARLY COMMUNICATION ISSUES

A NEWSLETTER FOR THE UIUC COMMUNITY

Issue 07/04

April 5, 2004

Paula Kaufman, University Librarian, Editor

 

 

FBI PROPOSES NETWORK REWIRING TO FACILITATE WIRETAPS

A far-reaching proposal from the FBI would require all broadband Internet providers, including cable modem and DSL companies, to rewire their networks to support easy wiretapping by police. If approved as drafted, the proposal could dramatically expand the scope of the agency's wiretap powers, raise costs for cable broadband companies and complicate Internet product development.  The FBI's request to the Federal Communications Commission aims to give police ready access to any form of Internet-based communications. Legal experts said the 85-page filing includes language that could be interpreted as forcing companies to build back doors into everything from instant messaging and voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) programs to Microsoft's Xbox Live game service. The introduction of new services that did not support a back door for police would be outlawed, and companies would be given 15 months to make sure that existing services comply. Because the eavesdropping scheme has the support of the Bush administration, the FCC is expected to take it very seriously. The request from federal police comes almost a year after representatives from the FBI's Electronic Surveillance Technology Section approached the FCC and asked that broadband providers be required to provide more efficient, standardized surveillance facilities. Such new rules were necessary, the FBI argued, because terrorists could otherwise frustrate legitimate wiretaps by placing phone calls over the Internet.  CNET News 3/12/04   http://news.com.com/2100-1028-5172948.html  

 

ELSEVIER’S SCOPUS RELEASED FOR EXPANDED TESTING

After two years of planning, development, and initial testing by a select group of about 20 university libraries, Elsevier has finally made an official announcement of the first fully functioning version of Scopus, its highly anticipated, full-text linking, abstracting and indexing database. The company is now providing access to another 30 academic libraries for final testing and user trials, will add more libraries over the next 6 months, and expects to have the commercial release available by the end of 2004. Scopus is designed to be an all science, comprehensive access point for a library, with coverage of 13,000 titles from over 4,000 STM publishers, plus coverage of over 100 open access journals by the summer. Scopus also simultaneously searches the scientific Web using Elsevier’s science-only Internet search engine, Scirus.  Drawing from all major databases, Scopus will also provide a complete service package that includes local customer support, customer-specific usage reports that will be COUNTER compliant, as well as on- and off-site training. SCOPUS is OpenURL compliant. Cited reference searching logically raises the question of competing with Thomson ISI’s Web of Science. While Scopus will surely be seen as a rival to Thomson ISI’s Web of Science, Elsevier representatives stated that Scopus was not designed to go head-to-head with ISI’s products, and pointed out the different functionality and the additional content in Scopus—13,000 titles versus 8,500 titles in Web of Science (which includes social science and humanities titles in the 8,500). However, Web of Science has back files to 1945. Today, March 15, 2004 http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/authored_newsitem.cws_home/companynews05_00098 Open Access News 3/15/04  http://www.infotoday.com/newsbreaks/nb040315-1.shtml

 

NSF REPORT: DIGITAL RESOURCES COULD DOUBLE RESEARCH OUTPUT

If the first decade of digital library research has proven anything, argue the authors of a report released this week, it is that our ability to generate data "exceeds our ability to manage and effectively use it." Increased investment, strategy, and a national commitment to developing a digital information infrastructure, however, could yield major benefits. The report, KNOWLEDGE LOST IN INFORMATION, was authored by the University of Pittsburgh's Ronald Larsen and Carnegie Mellon's Howard Wactlar.

Sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF), and based on an NSF workshop held last June in Chatham, MA, it lays out a framework for investing in digital library technology and expertise. Among the report's suggestions is for the NSF to provide $20 million annually for "exploratory research" of digital resources and $40 million annually for "transformative change to infrastructure and practice." These funds would help address issues from indexing and archiving to new technology and software development and new methods of scholarly inquiry and communication. The money also would pay for periodic review by a multi-disciplinary panel, which would evaluate progress both in terms of "technological and societal" conditions. For $60 million, the result is a bargain, the authors argue. "Experience over the past decade demonstrates the high return" on both exploratory and infrastructure digital library investment, they write. "Outcomes from this research will have untold social and economic payoffs." To read the report, go to http://www.sis.pitt.edu/~dlwkshop/ and click on Final Report at left.  Library Journal Academic News Wire: March 16, 2004

 

IEEE MEMBERS PROTEST SCHOLARLY EMBARGOES

The world's largest association of technical professionals is under attack by thousands of its members worldwide who are angry at the way it has chosen to comply with the US trade embargoes of Iran, Cuba, Libya, and Sudan.  More than 5100 people—most of them members of the Institute for Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)—have signed a petition calling on the organization to “cease discrimination against IEEE members from countries that are embargoed by the US government.” Members from nonembargoed countries are mad about several actions IEEE has taken—and hidden from them, they say—over the past 2 years: abruptly dropping embargoed members' services, not approaching other scientific organizations for help in fighting one particularly objectionable embargo regulation, and unilaterally pushing for federal ruling on its meaning that now prohibits all American societies from publishing almost all Iranian-authored papers. The controversy began in August 2001 when an American bank rejected a check IEEE had written to pay for a meeting room in Tehran, where it planned to hold a conference. Examining the trade embargo and talking with OFAC officials, IEEE lawyers decided that most services it provided to members in the four embargoed countries were likely illegal. In January 2002, IEEE dropped those members' E-mail aliases (@ieee.org) and their online access to IEEE journals, stopped giving them discounts on IEEE meeting fees, stopped elevating worthy members to senior member and fellow status, cut off student chapters, and forbade all chapters from using the IEEE logo. The only notice those members received was an IEEE E-mail saying that their journal subscription was the only service they could keep, according to an IEEE spokesperson. No arrangements were made for an orderly transfer to other E-mail addresses. That infuriated the 1700 Iranian members of IEEE, all but 200 of whom have since quit the organization, Foster says. Ferdun Hojabri, the San Diego–based president of the alumni association of Sharif University, Iran's most prestigious technological institution, accuses IEEE of removing the services “not on advice of the government, just their own interpretation.” What seems to upset the irate IEEE members most is the decision to seek clarification of the objectionable embargo regulation, a move that has a consortium of American publishers now considering suing to overturn the government's resulting decision. The regulation says that a law allowing informational materials to pass freely between the United States and embargoed countries doesn't apply to information that is not yet “fully created.” When IEEE asked informally in 2002 what that meant, OFAC said that peer review and style editing of journal articles might violate the embargo. Last September, OFAC ruled that editing embargoed submissions of any kind is illegal. Most other societies have ignored the ban, although the American Society for Microbiology refuses to publish any Iranian papers. The Scientist, March 16, 2004 Open Access News 3/16/04  http://www.biomedcentral.com/news/20040316/05

 

STILL SEARCHING FOR PERMANENT STORAGE MEDIA

What is the likely lifespan of today's CD-R, CD-RW and DVD-RW disks? Not very long, according to the Data Preservation Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology. CD-R is clearly the most reliable disk recording system so far, with its robust recording layer and greater tolerance for defects. DVD-R also gets a thumbs-up; preliminary results suggest its advanced error-correction systems really work, at least in the short term. NIST says all disks should be stored upright, since the weight is then carried on the non-read outer edge or inner spindle hole, rather than on dust grains on the reading surface. To reduce corrosion and evaporation, keep disks away from air. That implies that plastic sleeves are better than jewel cases, but the NIST advice is ambiguous, since it also says you should store disks in "plastic cases specified for CDs and DVDs." Storage areas should be cool (not freezing) and dark, since UV light has a destructive effect on some plastics and surface coatings. Humidity of about 40% and a clean atmosphere are best. Don't use adhesive labels on disk surfaces, says NIST, because glue solvents penetrate the thin lacquer top-coat and damage the reflective layer directly below. But don't try to remove existing labels or you could cause worse damage. Writing on the disk with a solvent-based felt-tip marker pen is even worse than labels. Water-based and alcohol-based markers are apparently okay. (Australian IT 2 Mar 2004) ShelfLife, No. 148 (March 18 2004) http://australianit.news.com.au/articles/0,7204,8836696%5E15418%5E%5Enbv%5E15309,00.html

 

GETTING TO THE HOWS AND WHYS OF ELECTRONIC RESEARCH

"We know a lot about who is using these electronic resources, when they are using them and where," says Brenda Dervin, a professor of communication at Ohio State University and principal investigator for a new study on electronic research. "But there is just a dabbling of research on the hows and whys. We want to know how people are choosing their electronic resources, why they are choosing some resources over others, and how they are fitting them into their personal and professional lives." Researchers hope their study will help librarians develop user-centered services, resources and systems by discovering (among other goals) how well system design features meet users' needs and their use of those systems. The project will include telephone and online interviews, and focus group meetings with undergraduate students, graduate students and faculty members at 44 central Ohio colleges and universities. In addition, 32 of the participants will be observed while they use electronic resources. The $1-million study—a collaboration of Ohio State, the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) and the Institute of Museum and Library Services - will conclude Dec. 31, 2005. (OCLC Abstract 8 Mar 2004)  ShelfLife, No. 148 (March 18 2004) http://www5.oclc.org/downloads/design/abstracts/03012004/researchgrant.htm;

http://www.oclc.org/research/projects/imls/default.htm

 

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS EMBARKS ON DIGITAL PRESERVATION PROJECT

The Library of Congress is in the preliminary stages of launching its national strategy for digital preservation. Currently, the Library is conducting tests on six alternative technical architecture approaches to the project, using a collection of materials covering the September 11 attacks. After selecting an architecture, the Library will work with NASA and other technical labs to develop a working prototype. The Library has also been working with 22 international experts to develop technical specifications for an open source Web crawler. The primary obstacle to be overcome is dealing with intellectual property issues, and responding to changes in intellectual property laws. Other external forces that will affect the success of the digital preservation program are the constantly changing technological standards and the continuing availability of federal funds to complete the project. (Federal Computer Week 9 Mar 2004) ShelfLife, No. 148 (March 18 2004)  http://www.fcw.com/fcw/articles/2004/0308/web-aiim-03-09-04.asp

 

NEW LC FILM, VIDEO PORTAL

This fall the Library of Congress will launch the Moving Image Collections, the first centralized database to provide a gateway to the world's moving-image collections. Funded with a $900,000 National Science Foundation grant, the portal will be constructed by the University of Washington, Rutgers Universities Libraries, and Georgia Institute of Technology's Interactive Media Technology Center. The Association of Moving Image Archivists originally commissioned the project with funding from the Library of Congress National Film Preservation Board. Since access and lending policies vary greatly among the different repositories, the portal will redirect visitors to the content providers, rather than store the Moving Image Collection at a central place. During its development phase, the project's Web site is gondolin.rutgers.edu/MIC. (Government Computer News 12 Mar 2004) ShelfLife, No. 148 (March 18 2004)   http://www.gcn.com/23_5/tech-report/25133-1.html

 

NEW SOFTWARE MERGES SEARCHING AND PUBLISHING FEATURES

A startup called Onfolio is launching a new personal information management application that makes it easier for people to use and share information that they've discovered online. The Onfolio product installs an icon on the toolbar of Microsoft's Internet Explorer browser. When the user clicks on the icon, Onfolio opens up a column on the left-hand side of the screen, just like the "favorites" button does. The software sucks up snippets, pages or whole documents with a single click, deleting advertisements and other extraneous information. Material can be annotated with notes and forwarded on to other friends or colleagues. "Heavy Internet users are searching for and finding dozens, even hundreds of things a day," says Onfolio founder and CEO J.J. Allaire. "There are great tools for finding stuff. But there are few tools for managing research." Allaire says Onfolio respects current and future digital rights protection technologies, but that his information-harvesting tool is just that—a tool—and that issues of fair use and copyright are left up to users. "There is a real desire to consume and republish information. It is a classic tradeoff between ease of use and copyright protection, which the industry is going to have to work out over the next five years." (Reuters 14 Mar 2004) ShelfLife, No. 148 (March 18 2004)   http://www.reuters.com/newsArticle.jhtml?type=technologyNews&storyID=4564095

 

FREE VS. OPEN ACCESS: DC PRINCIPLES OFFER MIDDLE GROUND IN HOT DEBATE

The groundswell of support for barrier-free access to scientific journals continued as a coalition of 48 leading scientific societies endorsed a set of principles for providing "free access" to research. Gathering in Washington, DC, representatives from the assembled organizations released "The DC Principles," seven tenets affirming their commitment to "innovative and independent publishing practices and to promoting the wide dissemination of information in our journals." While the language signals a strong commitment to the idea of free access, how such free access should be achieved is not addressed. Most noticeably, the principles do not specifically endorse open access, nor assail commercial publishing practices. Instead, a press release called the DC Principles "needed middle ground in the increasingly heated debate between those who advocate immediate unfettered online access to medical and scientific research findings and advocates of the current journal publishing system." Indeed, the seventh principle acknowledges the "co-existence of many publishing models," while calling for scientific societies to "to set high standards for the scholarly publishing enterprise.” The principles also call for free access to research for developing nations, and for long-term preservation strategies. In issuing the DC Principles, the 48 organizations join a growing chorus of individual scientists and professional organizations in the U.S. and Europe calling for free access to scientific journals. To view the DC Principles, visit http://www.dcprinciples.org. Library Journal Academic News Wire: March 18, 2004

 

NEW SOFTWARE FLAGS THE MOST RELEVANT SEARCH RESULTS

Search engines have gotten so efficient, it's not uncommon for a single search to return hundreds of thousands of hits. Wouldn't it be nice if someone would flag the most relevant ones for you? Researchers from Carnegie Mellon University have developed software that gives existing search engines that ability. The software, dubbed ScentTrails, increases the font size of links that have more connections to pages relevant to your search. Like conventional search engines, ScentTrails uses content cues on a page to determine how useful that page is, compared to your query. But ScentTrails takes searching a step further by indicating how many other relevant pages a given link is connected to. "A very strongly highlighted hyperlink indicates that many nearby pages match the query closely," says assistant computer science professor Christopher Olston. While the current prototype is very slow and works only within a single site, Olston believes that eventually the concept could be refined and used in Web-wide searches.

"We (also) need to find good methods for highlighting hyperlinks that can be applied across a diverse variety of Web pages, and do not unduly impact content readability," he said. "If link highlighting is too annoying or obtrusive, people will turn it off." (Technology Research News Mar 10-17 2004) ShelfLife, No. 149 (March 25 2004) http://www.trnmag.com/Stories/2004/031004/Search_tool_aids_browsing_031004.html

 

METACARTA USES GEOGRAPHY TO FINETUNE SEARCH RESULTS

Boston-based MetaCarta's Geographic Text Search uses a text search algorithm that retrieves search results that comply with the user's geographic keywords and then displays the information geographically on a map interface. The system was originally built with support from DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) and In-Q-Tel, a private fund established by the CIA. The mission was to create a link between content management systems and geographic information services (GIS). "What's really interesting is that when you look at the IT landscape is how much of it doesn't talk to each other because when people think about text documents, they don't think of maps, but the stuff they are talking about in the text can be interpreted, by a human, as being geographic," says MetaCarta founder John Frank. The process relies on what MetaCarta calls "geoparsing," which comprises three core technologies: natural language parsing, GIS, and system protocols such as Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) and Extensible Markup Language (XML). The Geographic Text Search software displays any geographic reference in a text document on a map interface, using icons to represent each document. Users click on the icon to retrieve that document. If a geographic reference has several interpretations (for instance, the city of Cambridge), the search tool scans through the rest of the document to see if it mentions "Massachusetts" or "England" before it plots it on the map. (Directions magazine 11 Mar 2004) ShelfLife, No. 149 (March 25 2004)  http://www.directionsmag.com/editorials.php?article_id=531

 

REVAMPED ERIC DATABASE TO FEATURE FULL TEXT

Computer Sciences Corp. has been awarded a five-year, $34.6-million contract to develop and operate a new database system for the Education Resources Information Center (ERIC), the world's largest education database comprising more than one million bibliographic records. The new ERIC database will enable users to search a comprehensive database of journal articles and document abstracts and descriptions. But the major difference users will notice is the inclusion of free full-text access to many of the documents as well as links to commercial vendors for purchasing documents when they are not available for free. Libraries will also be able to indicate their in-house holdings, so that patrons do not purchase material that they could just as easily check out at the reference desk. Until the new model becomes operational later this year, no new materials will be accepted for inclusion in the database. Once the new ERIC is up and running, the U.S. Education Department will contact publishers, education organizations and other database contributors to add new journal articles and other materials. (U.S. Department of Education Press Release 18 Mar 2004) ShelfLife, No. 149 (March 25 2004)  http://www.ed.gov/news/pressreleases/2004/03/03182004.html

 

NEW GUTENBERG BIBLE WEB SITE

The new Web site http://www.bl.uk/treasures/gutenberg/homepage.html offers digital images of the entire text of the British Library’s two copies of Johann Gutenberg’s Bible, the first book to be printed using the technique of printing invented by Gutenberg in the 1450s. Developed through a unique collaboration with Japan’s Keio University, NTT Inc., and the interactive consultancy Oyster Partners, the site lets users compare the two digital copies, highlight the differences between them, magnify images contained in their pages, and examine details not visible on the original printed copies. British Library 18 Mar 2004)  ShelfLife, No. 149 (March 25 2004)    http://www.bl.uk/cgi-bin/press.cgi?story=1414

 

“CRACKING THE SPINE OF THE SCIENCE CARTEL”

We've known since March 16 that Pat Brown, Mike Eisen, and Harold Varmus—the founders of PLoS—had won the 2004 Wired Magazine Rave Award in the category of science. But now the April issue of Wired has come out with a write-up of winners in each category. Excerpt from Ted Greenwald's article on PLoS, for cracking the spine of the science cartel: "If science is a search for universal laws of nature, why do scientific journals copyright the papers they publish and charge as much as $20,000 a year for a subscription? 'It's insane that the scientific community has allowed publishers to limit the impact of our research,' says UC Berkeley geneticist Michael Eisen. Starting in the late '90s, Eisen and two of his colleagues, Stanford molecular biologist Patrick Brown and Nobel Prize-winning oncologist Harold Varmus, tried to work with traditional publishers to make research more widely available on the Web, but the publishers wouldn't cooperate. So the three scientists devised an end run: the Public Library of Science. In October 2003, PLoS published [its] first open source, peer-reviewed journal, PLoS Biology.  Open Access News 3/26/04 http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/12.04/rave.html?pg=14

 

FREE CULTURE PUBLISHED AND AVAILABLE FREE

Lawrence Lessig's new book was published on March 25: Free Culture: How Big Media Uses Technology and the Law to Lock Down Culture and Control Creativity, Penguin Press, March 25, 2004. Lessig is releasing it under one of his own Creative Commons licenses, so that you are free to view the full-text online (a 352 page PDF file) and free to "redistribute, copy, or otherwise reuse/remix [it] provided that you do so for non-commercial purposes and credit Professor Lessig."  Open Access News 3/25/04 http://www.free-culture.cc/freecontent/. In a guest posting to Glenn Reynolds' blog, Lawrence Lessig explains why he's providing free online access to the full-text of his new book, Free Culture, why his publisher allows it, and why even Amazon links to the free edition. The theory is that those who sample the book online and then buy the priced edition will outnumber those who would have bought the book but decided against it when they found it online for free. If so, "then making it free makes sense for the publisher." It also makes sense for the spread of culture and knowledge. For the single most important consequence of being able to make my book available for free is that the ideas in the book can spread broadly. Many can't afford the book. Many come from countries where it is not now, nor will it ever be, sold. And so if we can find a way to both increase sales and spread the book more broadly than it could ever have been spread otherwise, then we should try. That's the idea behind the Open Access Movement in scientific publishing. Groups like the Public Library of Science are committed to finding a way to publish high-quality scientific research in a form that everyone, regardless of income or access to a library, can get access to. No one knows whether this is possible. But the key is to experiment: to see what works, and to see what works better.  Open Access News 3/31/04 http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/4585579/#040330

 

TREASURE DEPARTMENT TO END EMBARGO ON SCIENTIFIC EDITING

After months of protests by U.S. publishers, the federal government last week said it would ease restrictions on the publication of papers from countries under a U.S. trade embargo. But that good news was offset by its warning off more than 50 U.S. scientists from attending a conference last week in Cuba, part of what appears to be a broader crackdown on travel to the communist country. Both the publications and travel policies are run by the Department of Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), which is responsible for enforcing trade sanctions against embargoed countries, including Iran, Sudan, Libya, and Cuba. Last September, the agency ruled that U.S. journals needed a government license to edit submissions from these four countries because editing, by adding value to the manuscript, in effect represented a financial contribution to that country and violated the Trading With the Enemy Act. Last week, however, a senior OFAC official told Science that the agency had changed its position. OFAC 'anticipates' providing a 'general license' allowing all publishers to edit manuscripts from embargoed countries, the official said, effectively ending the ban."  Science 3/19/04 Open Access News 3/21/04 http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/303/5665/1742?ijkey=3V0cRJAZbA8g2&keytype=ref&siteid=sci

 

STAGGERING PRICE OF RESEARCH

An alarm bell is ringing in the ivory tower. Something's gone terribly wrong, frustrated scholars say, when scientific journals cost as much as new cars and diamond rings. Critics are complaining with growing intensity that the most important advances in human knowledge—the new research and discoveries of top universities—have been in effect seized and are being held for ransom by commercial publishers." The San Francisco Chronicle surveys recent large-scale university cancellations of Elsevier titles, OA initiatives like PLoS, and the Elsevier response.  San Francisco Chronicle 3/28/04 Open Access News 3/28/04  http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2004/03/28/BAGQE5SL3I1.DTL

 

FADIMAN LEAVING AMERICAN SCHOLAR

Anne Fadiman is leaving her job as editor of the well-regarded journal The American Scholar, published by the Phi Beta Kappa Society, in a dispute over a budget shortfall. She tells the NY Times, "I was asked to leave. It's completely true that Phi Beta Kappa's finances, like those of most nonprofit organizations, are in a parlous state. But I haven't been asked to cut the Scholar's budget." But the journal's publisher John Churchill "rejected the idea that Ms. Fadiman had been fired but said he expected her to resign." And he indicated that "Ms. Fadiman's successor would be asked to reduce a budget deficit of about $250,000 by 50 percent."  New York Times 3/30/04 http://www.nytimes.com/2004/03/30/books/30SCHO.html

 

STUDY SAYS THAT MUSIC SHARING DOES NOT KILL CD SALES

A study of file-sharing's effects on music sales says online music trading appears to have had little part in the recent slide in CD sales. Researchers at Harvard and the University of North Carolina tracked music downloads over 17 weeks in 2002, matching data on file transfers with actual market performance of the songs and albums being downloaded. BNA's Internet Law News (ILN) - 3/30/04  Study at http://www.unc.edu/~cigar/papers/FileSharing_March2004.pdf

Coverage at

http://news.com.com/2100-1027_3-5181562.html

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A34300-2004Mar29.html

 

OPEN ACCESS CAN MAKE THE RESEARCH RECORD LESS BIASED

The Wellcome Trust has released a new report, Public Health Sciences: Challenges and Opportunities, March 2004. It focuses on solving public health problems, not models of scientific publication. But it points out a natural connection: "At the heart of the public health science research process is the need to distinguish true and causative associations from those that arise from chance, bias and confounding. The failure to publish and report negative findings (which is driven by funding, scientific publishing and media considerations) accentuate positive research findings. The unrepresentative nature of many positive findings in public health science results in a flawed research record, the accumulation of non-replicated findings, the duplication of research and a misleading picture being conveyed to the public. Researchers, public policy makers and commercial and non-commercial funders must recognize the responsibility to release all research findings for the public record, whether negative or positive. Some progress is being made in the area of clinical trials, where registration of trials is becoming an obligation and the systematic review of previous work is now a necessary prelude to further trials. Similar measures must be taken in observational epidemiology (including genetic epidemiology) and in public health interventions. Open access publishing may facilitate the introduction of systems approaches to dealing with this issue."  Open Access News 3/30/04  www.wellcome.ac.uk/en/images/pub_health_sci_7867.pdf

 

SIX PUBLISHERS SETTLE WITH COPY SHOP OWNER

Six leading academic publishers have reached an out-of-court settlement with a copy-shop owner in Austin, Tex., whom the publishers accused of selling course materials online in violation of copyright law. The settlement stems from a lawsuit the publishers filed in January against the copy-shop owner, Samuel Odunsi, of Buda, Tex. A service run by Mr. Odunsi created electronic versions of course packs without the permission of the publishers or their licensing agent, the Copyright Clearance Center, according to the lawsuit. The course packs, called "NetPaks," were sold to students at the University of Texas at Austin.  The suit, which was settled this month, is believed to be among the first to take aim at the digital distribution of unauthorized course packs. Mr. Odunsi has agreed to pay the publishers damages and to "adopt compliant business practices going forward," according to a statement released Tuesday by the Copyright Clearance Center. The publishers in the case are Elsevier, John Wiley & Sons, Pearson Education, Princeton University Press, Sage Publications, and the University of Chicago Press.  Chronicle of Higher Education 3/20/04  http://chronicle.com/daily/2004/03/2004033102n.htm

 

ALPSP DELIVERS SET OF PUBLISHING PRINCIPLES

Following last week's release of the DC Principles, the UK- based Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers (ALPSP) has released its own principles for scholarly publishing. At the International Learned Journals Seminar in London on March 26, the group launched the ALPSP Principles of Scholarship-Friendly Journal Publishing Practice. The document is intended to serve as a guide to practices that best serve the needs of scholarship. The release of the ALPSP's principles is yet another effort by society, non-profit, and smaller commercial scholarly publishers, credited by librarians for keeping prices of their publications reasonable, to influence the current debate raging over the future of scholarly publishing. Although similar to the DC Principles, the ALPSP document offers a bit more depth on some issues. It uses a range of analyses and surveys carried out in recent years by ALPSP to assess the needs and practices of authors, readers, and scholarly journal publishers. Also, it addresses more specific concerns, including the posting of works by authors in pre- print archives or on their own web sites. The document notes that half of 149 publishers surveyed have no issue with authors posting their "submission version" papers on institutional or personal web sites, and that 60 percent allow authors to post final versions. As for open access, which the DC Principles did not directly address, the ALPSP document calls open access "an appealing idea" while raising questions about its viability. "Not all publishers will feel able to take this [open access] route." the document notes, "but all will be interested to learn from the findings of the pioneers." The ALPSP currently has 280 members in 30 countries. To view the ALPSP principles, visit http://www.alpsp.org/2004pdfs/SFpub210104.pdf  Library Journal Academic News Wire: March 30, 2004

 

UK INQUIRY COVERS SOME BASIC STM GROUND, BUT WILL IT BREAK NEW GROUND?

Uncorrected transcripts of the UK Parliament's Science and Technology Committee's Inquiry are now available, and stakeholders on all sides of the STM publishing debate faced some tough questions. At times, the questioning was contentious; at times it was fairly low-key. While some responses are rather striking, overall, little in either session should surprise those in the library community who have dealt with STM issues in depth for years. It remains unclear whether the sessions will yield any government actions or policy statements. The inquiry, however, certainly provided some interesting exchanges. The hearings took place over two days, March 1 and March 8, and followed up on written testimony offered prior to the hearings. The session apparently drew an impressive turnout, as the panel's chair, Ian Gibson, noted the large crowd in attendance, saying that Parliament rarely gets audiences so large for its inquiries. Gibson at one point joked that the committee might have to move to the famous Royal Albert Hall.   Library Journal Academic News Wire: April 01, 2004

For March 1: http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200304/cmselect/cmsctech/uc399-i/uc39902.htm

 

For March 8: http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200304/cmselect/cmsctech/uc399-ii/uc39902.htm

 

BOOK SENSE FINALISTS NAMED

The American Booksellers Association has posted the finalists in the five Book Sense Book of the Year categories. Next week, they'll announce the result of their Best of Book Sense survey, picking favorite titles from the last five years. The nominees:

Fiction
The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time, by Mark Haddon
The Da Vinci Code, by Dan Brown
The Master Butchers Singing Club, by Louise Erdrich
Mrs. Kimble, by Jennifer Haigh
The Time Traveler's Wife, by Audrey Niffenegger

Nonfiction
The Devil in the White City: Murder, Magic, and Madness at the Fair That Changed America, by Erik Larson
Flyboys: A True Story of Courage, by James Bradley
Michelangelo & The Pope's Ceiling, by Ross King
Mountains Beyond Mountains, by Tracy Kidder
Reading Lolita in Tehran: A Memoir in Books, by Azar Nafisi

Children's
Artemis Fowl: The Eternity Code (Book 3), by Eoin Colfer
Eragon: The Inheritance, Book I, by Christopher Paolini
Inkheart, by Cornelia Funke
The Second Summer of the Sisterhood, by Ann Brashares
The Tale of Despereaux, by Kate DiCamillo; illus. by Timothy Basil Ering

Children's Illustrated
Diary of a Wombat, by Jackie French; illus. by Bruce Whatley
Diary of a Worm, by Doreen Cronin; illus. by Harry Bliss
How I Became a Pirate, by Melinda Long; illus. by David Shannon
Old Turtle and the Broken Truth, by Douglas Wood; illus. by Jon J. Muth
Olivia ... and the Missing Toy, by Ian Falconer

Paperback
Atonement, by Ian McEwan
The Dive From Clausen's Pier, by Ann Packer
Lamb: The Gospel According to Biff, Christ's Childhood Pal, by Christopher Moore
Life of Pi, by Yann Martel
The Secret Life of Bees, by Sue Monk Kidd

Publishers Lunch 4/2/04  http://news.bookweb.org/2397.html

 

CATALOGING: IT'S NOT JUST FOR LIBRARIES ANYMORE

Any book lover worth her salt has, at some time, purchased a book she already owns. And when you look at the way most of us organize our books, it's not hard to understand how that could happen. Computer and business-related books might be on shelves in the office, fiction on the living room bookcase, books too big for that bookcase stacked on the coffee table - and, of course, the books you're currently reading stacked on the nightstand. As columnist Kendall Grant Clark notes, it's no wonder librarians are so incredibly anal retentive - they have to be! Clark, writing on "the dijalog lifestyle," suggests that coming up with an at-home cataloging system can go a long way toward organizing a personal library. Based on the Library of Congress Classification (LCC) system, he recommends a variant he calls "LCC@Home. Without going into too much detail, the basic idea is that you organize and label your home library using LCC, then use a publicly available online library database as a search tool. The database tells you where the book should be, and you can then find it on your shelves. (O'Reilly xml.com 17 Mar 2004)  ShelfLife, No. 150 (April 1 2004) http://www.xml.com/pub/a/2004/03/17/dijalog.html

 

HOUSE PANEL TACKLES COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT

The US House Judiciary intellectual property subcommittee has approved a sweeping new copyright bill, dubbed the "Piracy Deterrence and Education Act", which would boost penalties for P2P file trading and increase federal police powers against Internet copyright infringement. At the same hearing, the House subcommittee also approved a bill that would increase criminal penalties for selling counterfeit labels that could go on CD-ROMs or software packages, and another bill to increase felony penalties for using false contact information when registering a domain name.  BNA's Internet Law News (ILN) - 4/1/04  Coverage at http://news.com.com/2100-1028_3-5182898.html

Bill at http://i.i.com.com/cnwk.1d/pdf/ne/2004/pdea2004.pdf

 

DOJ CREATES TASK FORCE FOR COPYRIGHT VIOLATIONS

The US Justice Department has created a task force to evaluate prosecutions of copyright violations. The task force will determine how best to meet the evolving challenges that law enforcement faces in intellectual property matters.  BNA's Internet Law News (ILN) - 4/1/04 http://news.com.com/2110-1023_3-5182781.html

 

REPORT ON UNIVERSITY P2P PRACTICES

The Education Task Force of the Joint Committee of the Higher Education and Entertainment Communities, along with the American Council on Education, recently released "University Policies and Practices Addressing Improper Peer-to-Peer File Sharing." Penn State President Graham Spanier co-chairs the Joint Committee and Stanford President John Hennessey chairs the Education Task Force.  ITRU Update #15 (4.2.04)  The report is available here: http://www.acenet.edu/hena/pdf/P2P2.pdf

The ACE announcement on the report is available here: http://www.acenet.edu/hena/feature/index.cfm

 

The scholarly communications are also on line at http://door.library.uiuc.edu/administration/scholarly_communication/